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Title: Evidence for a universal Fermi-liquid scattering rate throughout the phase diagram of the copper-oxide superconductors

Abstract

Abstract The phase diagram of the cuprate superconductors continues to pose formidable scientific challenges. While these materials are typically viewed as doped Mott insulators, it is well known that they are Fermi liquids at high hole-dopant concentrations. It was recently demonstrated that at moderate doping, in the pseudogap (PG) region of the phase diagram, the charge carriers are also best described as a Fermi liquid. Nevertheless, the relationship between the two Fermi-liquid (FL) regions and the nature of the strange-metal (SM) state at intermediate doping have remained unsolved. Here we show for the case of the model cuprate superconductor HgBa 2 CuO 4+ δ that the normal-state transport scattering rate determined from the cotangent of the Hall angle remains quadratic in temperature across the PG temperature, upon entering the SM state, and that it is doping-independent below optimal doping. Analysis of prior transport results for other cuprates reveals that this behavior is universal throughout the entire phase diagram and points to a pervasive FL transport scattering rate. These observations can be reconciled with a variety of other experimental results for the cuprates upon considering the possibility that the PG phenomenon is associated with the gradual, non-uniform localization ofmore » one hole per planar CuO 2 unit.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1572739
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC-0006858; 725521
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
New Journal of Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: New Journal of Physics Journal Volume: 21 Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 1367-2630
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Barišić, N., Chan, M. K., Veit, M. J., Dorow, C. J., Ge, Y., Li, Y., Tabis, W., Tang, Y., Yu, G., Zhao, X., and Greven, M. Evidence for a universal Fermi-liquid scattering rate throughout the phase diagram of the copper-oxide superconductors. United Kingdom: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1088/1367-2630/ab4d0f.
Barišić, N., Chan, M. K., Veit, M. J., Dorow, C. J., Ge, Y., Li, Y., Tabis, W., Tang, Y., Yu, G., Zhao, X., & Greven, M. Evidence for a universal Fermi-liquid scattering rate throughout the phase diagram of the copper-oxide superconductors. United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1088/1367-2630/ab4d0f
Barišić, N., Chan, M. K., Veit, M. J., Dorow, C. J., Ge, Y., Li, Y., Tabis, W., Tang, Y., Yu, G., Zhao, X., and Greven, M. Fri . "Evidence for a universal Fermi-liquid scattering rate throughout the phase diagram of the copper-oxide superconductors". United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1088/1367-2630/ab4d0f.
@article{osti_1572739,
title = {Evidence for a universal Fermi-liquid scattering rate throughout the phase diagram of the copper-oxide superconductors},
author = {Barišić, N. and Chan, M. K. and Veit, M. J. and Dorow, C. J. and Ge, Y. and Li, Y. and Tabis, W. and Tang, Y. and Yu, G. and Zhao, X. and Greven, M.},
abstractNote = {Abstract The phase diagram of the cuprate superconductors continues to pose formidable scientific challenges. While these materials are typically viewed as doped Mott insulators, it is well known that they are Fermi liquids at high hole-dopant concentrations. It was recently demonstrated that at moderate doping, in the pseudogap (PG) region of the phase diagram, the charge carriers are also best described as a Fermi liquid. Nevertheless, the relationship between the two Fermi-liquid (FL) regions and the nature of the strange-metal (SM) state at intermediate doping have remained unsolved. Here we show for the case of the model cuprate superconductor HgBa 2 CuO 4+ δ that the normal-state transport scattering rate determined from the cotangent of the Hall angle remains quadratic in temperature across the PG temperature, upon entering the SM state, and that it is doping-independent below optimal doping. Analysis of prior transport results for other cuprates reveals that this behavior is universal throughout the entire phase diagram and points to a pervasive FL transport scattering rate. These observations can be reconciled with a variety of other experimental results for the cuprates upon considering the possibility that the PG phenomenon is associated with the gradual, non-uniform localization of one hole per planar CuO 2 unit.},
doi = {10.1088/1367-2630/ab4d0f},
journal = {New Journal of Physics},
number = 11,
volume = 21,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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https://doi.org/10.1088/1367-2630/ab4d0f

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Cited by: 4 works
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