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Title: Reversible epitaxial electrodeposition of metals in battery anodes

Abstract

The propensity of metals to form irregular and nonplanar electrodeposits at liquid-solid interfaces has emerged as a fundamental barrier to high-energy, rechargeable batteries that use metal anodes. We report an epitaxial mechanism to regulate nucleation, growth, and reversibility of metal anodes. The crystallographic, surface texturing, and electrochemical criteria for reversible epitaxial electrodeposition of metals are defined and their effectiveness demonstrated by using zinc (Zn), a safe, low-cost, and energy-dense battery anode material. Graphene, with a low lattice mismatch for Zn, is shown to be effective in driving deposition of Zn with a locked crystallographic orientation relation. The resultant epitaxial Zn anodes achieve exceptional reversibility over thousands of cycles at moderate and high rates. Reversible electrochemical epitaxy of metals provides a general pathway toward energy-dense batteries with high reversibility.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1572594
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012673
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Science Journal Volume: 366 Journal Issue: 6465; Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8075
Publisher:
American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Zheng, Jingxu, Zhao, Qing, Tang, Tian, Yin, Jiefu, Quilty, Calvin D., Renderos, Genesis D., Liu, Xiaotun, Deng, Yue, Wang, Lei, Bock, David C., Jaye, Cherno, Zhang, Duhan, Takeuchi, Esther S., Takeuchi, Kenneth J., Marschilok, Amy C., and Archer, Lynden A. Reversible epitaxial electrodeposition of metals in battery anodes. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1126/science.aax6873.
Zheng, Jingxu, Zhao, Qing, Tang, Tian, Yin, Jiefu, Quilty, Calvin D., Renderos, Genesis D., Liu, Xiaotun, Deng, Yue, Wang, Lei, Bock, David C., Jaye, Cherno, Zhang, Duhan, Takeuchi, Esther S., Takeuchi, Kenneth J., Marschilok, Amy C., & Archer, Lynden A. Reversible epitaxial electrodeposition of metals in battery anodes. United States. doi:10.1126/science.aax6873.
Zheng, Jingxu, Zhao, Qing, Tang, Tian, Yin, Jiefu, Quilty, Calvin D., Renderos, Genesis D., Liu, Xiaotun, Deng, Yue, Wang, Lei, Bock, David C., Jaye, Cherno, Zhang, Duhan, Takeuchi, Esther S., Takeuchi, Kenneth J., Marschilok, Amy C., and Archer, Lynden A. Thu . "Reversible epitaxial electrodeposition of metals in battery anodes". United States. doi:10.1126/science.aax6873.
@article{osti_1572594,
title = {Reversible epitaxial electrodeposition of metals in battery anodes},
author = {Zheng, Jingxu and Zhao, Qing and Tang, Tian and Yin, Jiefu and Quilty, Calvin D. and Renderos, Genesis D. and Liu, Xiaotun and Deng, Yue and Wang, Lei and Bock, David C. and Jaye, Cherno and Zhang, Duhan and Takeuchi, Esther S. and Takeuchi, Kenneth J. and Marschilok, Amy C. and Archer, Lynden A.},
abstractNote = {The propensity of metals to form irregular and nonplanar electrodeposits at liquid-solid interfaces has emerged as a fundamental barrier to high-energy, rechargeable batteries that use metal anodes. We report an epitaxial mechanism to regulate nucleation, growth, and reversibility of metal anodes. The crystallographic, surface texturing, and electrochemical criteria for reversible epitaxial electrodeposition of metals are defined and their effectiveness demonstrated by using zinc (Zn), a safe, low-cost, and energy-dense battery anode material. Graphene, with a low lattice mismatch for Zn, is shown to be effective in driving deposition of Zn with a locked crystallographic orientation relation. The resultant epitaxial Zn anodes achieve exceptional reversibility over thousands of cycles at moderate and high rates. Reversible electrochemical epitaxy of metals provides a general pathway toward energy-dense batteries with high reversibility.},
doi = {10.1126/science.aax6873},
journal = {Science},
number = 6465,
volume = 366,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1126/science.aax6873

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