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Title: Scientists’ warning to humanity: microorganisms and climate change

Abstract

In the Anthropocene, in which we now live, climate change is impacting most life on Earth. Microorganisms support the existence of all higher trophic life forms. To understand how humans and other life forms on Earth (including those we are yet to discover) can withstand anthropogenic climate change, it is vital to incorporate knowledge of the microbial ‘unseen majority’. We must learn not just how microorganisms affect climate change (including production and consumption of greenhouse gases) but also how they will be affected by climate change and other human activities. This Consensus Statement documents the central role and global importance of microorganisms in climate change biology. It also puts humanity on notice that the impact of climate change will depend heavily on responses of microorganisms, which are essential for achieving an environmentally sustainable future.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5]; ORCiD logo [6];  [2]; ORCiD logo [7];  [8];  [9];  [10];  [11]; ORCiD logo [12]; ORCiD logo [13];  [14]; ORCiD logo [15]; ORCiD logo [16]; ORCiD logo [17]; ORCiD logo [18];  [19] more »; ORCiD logo [20];  [21];  [22]; ORCiD logo [17]; ORCiD logo [23]; ORCiD logo [24]; ORCiD logo [25];  [26]; ORCiD logo [23]; ORCiD logo [27];  [28];  [14]; ORCiD logo [29] « less
  1. The Univ. of New South Wales, Sydney (Australia)
  2. Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (United States)
  3. Technical Univ. Braunschweig (Germany)
  4. Univ. of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States)
  5. Norwegian Univ. of Life Sciences, Ås (Norway)
  6. Univ. of Liverpool (United Kingdom)
  7. Alfred Wegener Inst., Bremerhaven (Germany); Max Planck Inst. for Marine Microbiology, Bremen (Germany)
  8. Univ. of Tasmania, Hobart (Australia)
  9. Univ. of Vermont, Burlington, VT (United States)
  10. ETH Zurich (Switzerland)
  11. Polytechnic Univ. of Marche, Ancona (Italy); Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Naples (Italy)
  12. Montana State Univ., Bozeman, MT (United States)
  13. Univ. of Amsterdam (Netherlands)
  14. Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  15. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  16. Univ. of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI (United States)
  17. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  18. Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, MA (United States)
  19. Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States)
  20. Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA (United States)
  21. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
  22. Univ. of Edinburgh (United Kingdom)
  23. The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)
  24. Western Sydney Univ., Penrith (Australia)
  25. Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, AB (Canada)
  26. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)
  27. The Univ. of Melbourne, Parkville (Australia); Australian Inst. of Marine Science, Townsville (Australia)
  28. Univ. of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX (United States)
  29. Univ. of Queensland, Brisbane (Australia)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1572481
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-143378
Journal ID: ISSN 1740-1526
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Reviews Microbiology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 17; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 1740-1526
Publisher:
Springer Nature
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Cavicchioli, Ricardo, Ripple, William J., Timmis, Kenneth N., Azam, Farooq, Bakken, Lars R., Baylis, Matthew, Behrenfeld, Michael J., Boetius, Antje, Boyd, Philip W., Classen, Aimée T., Crowther, Thomas W., Danovaro, Roberto, Foreman, Christine M., Huisman, Jef, Hutchins, David A., Jansson, Janet K., Karl, David M., Koskella, Britt, Mark Welch, David B., Martiny, Jennifer B. H., Moran, Mary Ann, Orphan, Victoria J., Reay, David S., Remais, Justin V., Rich, Virginia I., Singh, Brajesh K., Stein, Lisa Y., Stewart, Frank J., Sullivan, Matthew B., van Oppen, Madeleine J. H., Weaver, Scott C., Webb, Eric A., and Webster, Nicole S.. Scientists’ warning to humanity: microorganisms and climate change. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41579-019-0222-5.
Cavicchioli, Ricardo, Ripple, William J., Timmis, Kenneth N., Azam, Farooq, Bakken, Lars R., Baylis, Matthew, Behrenfeld, Michael J., Boetius, Antje, Boyd, Philip W., Classen, Aimée T., Crowther, Thomas W., Danovaro, Roberto, Foreman, Christine M., Huisman, Jef, Hutchins, David A., Jansson, Janet K., Karl, David M., Koskella, Britt, Mark Welch, David B., Martiny, Jennifer B. H., Moran, Mary Ann, Orphan, Victoria J., Reay, David S., Remais, Justin V., Rich, Virginia I., Singh, Brajesh K., Stein, Lisa Y., Stewart, Frank J., Sullivan, Matthew B., van Oppen, Madeleine J. H., Weaver, Scott C., Webb, Eric A., & Webster, Nicole S.. Scientists’ warning to humanity: microorganisms and climate change. United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41579-019-0222-5
Cavicchioli, Ricardo, Ripple, William J., Timmis, Kenneth N., Azam, Farooq, Bakken, Lars R., Baylis, Matthew, Behrenfeld, Michael J., Boetius, Antje, Boyd, Philip W., Classen, Aimée T., Crowther, Thomas W., Danovaro, Roberto, Foreman, Christine M., Huisman, Jef, Hutchins, David A., Jansson, Janet K., Karl, David M., Koskella, Britt, Mark Welch, David B., Martiny, Jennifer B. H., Moran, Mary Ann, Orphan, Victoria J., Reay, David S., Remais, Justin V., Rich, Virginia I., Singh, Brajesh K., Stein, Lisa Y., Stewart, Frank J., Sullivan, Matthew B., van Oppen, Madeleine J. H., Weaver, Scott C., Webb, Eric A., and Webster, Nicole S.. Tue . "Scientists’ warning to humanity: microorganisms and climate change". United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41579-019-0222-5. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1572481.
@article{osti_1572481,
title = {Scientists’ warning to humanity: microorganisms and climate change},
author = {Cavicchioli, Ricardo and Ripple, William J. and Timmis, Kenneth N. and Azam, Farooq and Bakken, Lars R. and Baylis, Matthew and Behrenfeld, Michael J. and Boetius, Antje and Boyd, Philip W. and Classen, Aimée T. and Crowther, Thomas W. and Danovaro, Roberto and Foreman, Christine M. and Huisman, Jef and Hutchins, David A. and Jansson, Janet K. and Karl, David M. and Koskella, Britt and Mark Welch, David B. and Martiny, Jennifer B. H. and Moran, Mary Ann and Orphan, Victoria J. and Reay, David S. and Remais, Justin V. and Rich, Virginia I. and Singh, Brajesh K. and Stein, Lisa Y. and Stewart, Frank J. and Sullivan, Matthew B. and van Oppen, Madeleine J. H. and Weaver, Scott C. and Webb, Eric A. and Webster, Nicole S.},
abstractNote = {In the Anthropocene, in which we now live, climate change is impacting most life on Earth. Microorganisms support the existence of all higher trophic life forms. To understand how humans and other life forms on Earth (including those we are yet to discover) can withstand anthropogenic climate change, it is vital to incorporate knowledge of the microbial ‘unseen majority’. We must learn not just how microorganisms affect climate change (including production and consumption of greenhouse gases) but also how they will be affected by climate change and other human activities. This Consensus Statement documents the central role and global importance of microorganisms in climate change biology. It also puts humanity on notice that the impact of climate change will depend heavily on responses of microorganisms, which are essential for achieving an environmentally sustainable future.},
doi = {10.1038/s41579-019-0222-5},
journal = {Nature Reviews Microbiology},
number = 9,
volume = 17,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

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