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Title: Hierarchically Structured CeO2 Catalyst Particles From Nanocellulose/Alginate Templates for Upgrading of Fast Pyrolysis Vapors

Abstract

Hierarchically structured porous materials often exhibit advantageous functionality for many applications including catalysts, adsorbents, and filtration systems. In this study, we report a facile approach to achieve hierarchically structured, porous cerium oxide (CeO2) catalyst particles using a templating method based on nanocellulose, a class of renewable, plant-derived nanomaterials. We demonstrate the catalyst performance benefits provided by this templating method in the context of Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis (CFP) which is a promising conversion technology to produce renewable fuel and chemical products from biomass and other types of organic waste. We show that variations in the porous structures imparted by this templating method may be achieved by modifying the content of cellulose nanofibrils, cellulose nanocrystals, and alginate in the templating suspensions. Nitrogen physisorption reveals that nearly 10-fold increases in surface area can be achieved using this method with respect to commercially available cerium oxide powder. Multiscale electron microscopy further verifies that bio-derived templating can alter the morphology of the catalyst nanostructure and tune the distribution of meso- and macro-porosity within the catalyst particles while maintaining CeO2 crystal structure. CFP experiments demonstrate that the templated catalysts display substantially higher activity on a gravimetric basis than their non-templated counterpart, and that variations in themore » catalyst architecture can impact the distribution of upgraded pyrolysis products. Finally, we demonstrate that the templating method described here may be extended to other materials derived from metal chlorides to achieve 3-dimensional networks of hierarchical porosity.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Transportation Office. Bioenergy Technologies Office
OSTI Identifier:
1572417
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1574198
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-2700-75394
Journal ID: ISSN 2296-2646; 730
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Frontiers in Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Frontiers in Chemistry Journal Volume: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2296-2646
Publisher:
Frontiers Media SA
Country of Publication:
Switzerland
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; nanocellulose; catalysis; fast pyrolysis; hierarchical structure; templated synthesis; CCTPL

Citation Formats

Moyer, Kathleen, Conklin, Davis R., Mukarakate, Calvin, Vardon, Derek R., Nimlos, Mark R., and Ciesielski, Peter N. Hierarchically Structured CeO2 Catalyst Particles From Nanocellulose/Alginate Templates for Upgrading of Fast Pyrolysis Vapors. Switzerland: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.3389/fchem.2019.00730.
Moyer, Kathleen, Conklin, Davis R., Mukarakate, Calvin, Vardon, Derek R., Nimlos, Mark R., & Ciesielski, Peter N. Hierarchically Structured CeO2 Catalyst Particles From Nanocellulose/Alginate Templates for Upgrading of Fast Pyrolysis Vapors. Switzerland. doi:10.3389/fchem.2019.00730.
Moyer, Kathleen, Conklin, Davis R., Mukarakate, Calvin, Vardon, Derek R., Nimlos, Mark R., and Ciesielski, Peter N. Wed . "Hierarchically Structured CeO2 Catalyst Particles From Nanocellulose/Alginate Templates for Upgrading of Fast Pyrolysis Vapors". Switzerland. doi:10.3389/fchem.2019.00730.
@article{osti_1572417,
title = {Hierarchically Structured CeO2 Catalyst Particles From Nanocellulose/Alginate Templates for Upgrading of Fast Pyrolysis Vapors},
author = {Moyer, Kathleen and Conklin, Davis R. and Mukarakate, Calvin and Vardon, Derek R. and Nimlos, Mark R. and Ciesielski, Peter N.},
abstractNote = {Hierarchically structured porous materials often exhibit advantageous functionality for many applications including catalysts, adsorbents, and filtration systems. In this study, we report a facile approach to achieve hierarchically structured, porous cerium oxide (CeO2) catalyst particles using a templating method based on nanocellulose, a class of renewable, plant-derived nanomaterials. We demonstrate the catalyst performance benefits provided by this templating method in the context of Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis (CFP) which is a promising conversion technology to produce renewable fuel and chemical products from biomass and other types of organic waste. We show that variations in the porous structures imparted by this templating method may be achieved by modifying the content of cellulose nanofibrils, cellulose nanocrystals, and alginate in the templating suspensions. Nitrogen physisorption reveals that nearly 10-fold increases in surface area can be achieved using this method with respect to commercially available cerium oxide powder. Multiscale electron microscopy further verifies that bio-derived templating can alter the morphology of the catalyst nanostructure and tune the distribution of meso- and macro-porosity within the catalyst particles while maintaining CeO2 crystal structure. CFP experiments demonstrate that the templated catalysts display substantially higher activity on a gravimetric basis than their non-templated counterpart, and that variations in the catalyst architecture can impact the distribution of upgraded pyrolysis products. Finally, we demonstrate that the templating method described here may be extended to other materials derived from metal chlorides to achieve 3-dimensional networks of hierarchical porosity.},
doi = {10.3389/fchem.2019.00730},
journal = {Frontiers in Chemistry},
number = ,
volume = 7,
place = {Switzerland},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.3389/fchem.2019.00730

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Deactivation of Multilayered MFI Nanosheet Zeolite during Upgrading of Biomass Pyrolysis Vapors
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Real-time monitoring of the deactivation of HZSM-5 during upgrading of pine pyrolysis vapors
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Molybdenum incorporated mesoporous silica catalyst for production of biofuels and value-added chemicals via catalytic fast pyrolysis
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Engineering of silica-supported platinum catalysts with hierarchical porosity combining latex synthesis, sonochemistry and sol-gel process – II. Catalytic performance
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Chiral Nematic Mesoporous Carbon Derived From Nanocrystalline Cellulose
journal, September 2011

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Chiral Nematic Mesoporous Carbon Derived From Nanocrystalline Cellulose
    journal, September 2011

    • Shopsowitz, Kevin E.; Hamad, Wadood Y.; MacLachlan, Mark J.
    • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 50, Issue 46
    • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201105479

    Biological Chitin-MOF Composites with Hierarchical Pore Systems for Air-Filtration Applications
    journal, August 2015

    • Wisser, Dorothea; Wisser, Florian M.; Raschke, Silvia
    • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 54, Issue 43
    • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201504572

    Ceria-Based Solid Catalysts for Organic Chemistry
    journal, May 2010


    A Perspective on Catalytic Strategies for Deoxygenation in Biomass Pyrolysis
    journal, August 2016


    Heat and Mass Transfer Effects in a Furnace-Based Micropyrolyzer
    journal, August 2016

    • Proano-Aviles, Juan; Lindstrom, Jake K.; Johnston, Patrick A.
    • Energy Technology, Vol. 5, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1002/ente.201600279

    Advancing catalytic fast pyrolysis through integrated multiscale modeling and experimentation: Challenges, progress, and perspectives
    journal, April 2018

    • Ciesielski, Peter N.; Pecha, M. Brennan; Bharadwaj, Vivek S.
    • Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Energy and Environment, Vol. 7, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1002/wene.297

    Condensation reactions of propanal over CexZr1−xO2 mixed oxide catalysts
    journal, September 2010


    Stabilization of furanics to cyclic ketone building blocks in the vapor phase
    journal, October 2019


    Production of nanocrystalline cellulose from lignocellulosic biomass: Technology and applications
    journal, April 2013


    Preparation methods of alginate nanoparticles
    journal, July 2014

    • Paques, Jerome P.; van der Linden, Erik; van Rijn, Cees J. M.
    • Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, Vol. 209
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.cis.2014.03.009

    Sol–gel synthesis highly porous titanium dioxide microspheres with cellulose nanofibrils-based aerogel templates
    journal, January 2015


    Ultrahigh intercalation pseudocapacitance of mesoporous orthorhombic niobium pentoxide from a novel cellulose nanocrystal template
    journal, January 2015


    Template synthesis of porous titania using cellulose nanocrystals
    journal, May 2007


    Engineering of silica-supported platinum catalysts with hierarchical porosity combining latex synthesis, sonochemistry and sol-gel process – II. Catalytic performance
    journal, January 2018


    Hierarchical zeolites: Synthesis and catalytic properties
    journal, March 2018


    Modeling HCCI combustion of biofuels: A review
    journal, April 2012


    Cellulose Nanofibril Hydrogel Tubes as Sacrificial Templates for Freestanding Tubular Cell Constructs
    journal, February 2016


    Review of Hydrogels and Aerogels Containing Nanocellulose
    journal, April 2017


    Correction To Wood-Derived Materials for Green Electronics, Biological Devices, and Energy Applications
    journal, September 2016


    Ceria Catalysts at Nanoscale: How Do Crystal Shapes Shape Catalysis?
    journal, June 2017


    Multifunctional Cellulolytic Enzymes Outperform Processive Fungal Cellulases for Coproduction of Nanocellulose and Biofuels
    journal, February 2017


    Deactivation of Multilayered MFI Nanosheet Zeolite during Upgrading of Biomass Pyrolysis Vapors
    journal, May 2017


    Role of Biopolymers in the Deactivation of ZSM-5 during Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass
    journal, June 2018

    • Stanton, Alexander R.; Iisa, Kristiina; Mukarakate, Calvin
    • ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, Vol. 6, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b01333

    Photocatalytic Antifouling Graphene Oxide-Mediated Hierarchical Filtration Membranes with Potential Applications on Water Purification
    journal, September 2014

    • Xu, Chao; Xu, Yuelian; Zhu, Jiaoli
    • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 6, Issue 18
    • DOI: 10.1021/am5040945

    From Hydrocolloids to High Specific Surface Area Porous Supports for Catalysis
    journal, September 2005

    • Valentin, Romain; Molvinger, Karine; Viton, Christophe
    • Biomacromolecules, Vol. 6, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1021/bm050264j

    Properties and Reactivity of Nanostructured CeO 2 Powders:  Comparison among Two Synthesis Procedures
    journal, December 2005

    • Natile, Marta M.; Boccaletti, Giovanni; Glisenti, Antonella
    • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 17, Issue 25
    • DOI: 10.1021/cm051352d

    Cellulose Nanocrystals: Chemistry, Self-Assembly, and Applications
    journal, June 2010

    • Habibi, Youssef; Lucia, Lucian A.; Rojas, Orlando J.
    • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 110, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1021/cr900339w

    Ketonization of Carboxylic Acids: Mechanisms, Catalysts, and Implications for Biomass Conversion
    journal, October 2013

    • Pham, Tu N.; Sooknoi, Tawan; Crossley, Steven P.
    • ACS Catalysis, Vol. 3, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1021/cs400501h

    A Sustainable Template for Mesoporous Zeolite Synthesis
    journal, February 2014

    • White, Robin J.; Fischer, Anna; Goebel, Caren
    • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 136, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1021/ja411586h

    Ordered Mesoporous CeO 2 Synthesized by Nanocasting from Cubic Ia3d Mesoporous MCM-48 Silica: Formation, Characterization and Photocatalytic Activity
    journal, October 2008

    • Ji, Pengfei; Zhang, Jinlong; Chen, Feng
    • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 112, Issue 46
    • DOI: 10.1021/jp8054087

    Inorganic Hollow Nanotube Aerogels by Atomic Layer Deposition onto Native Nanocellulose Templates
    journal, February 2011

    • Korhonen, Juuso T.; Hiekkataipale, Panu; Malm, Jari
    • ACS Nano, Vol. 5, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1021/nn200108s

    Free-standing mesoporous silica films with tunable chiral nematic structures
    journal, November 2010

    • Shopsowitz, Kevin E.; Qi, Hao; Hamad, Wadood Y.
    • Nature, Vol. 468, Issue 7322, p. 422-425
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature09540

    Chemistry challenges to enable a sustainable bioeconomy
    journal, September 2017


    Synthesis of mesoporous silica by sol–gel mineralisation of cellulose nanorod nematic suspensions
    journal, February 2003

    • Dujardin, Erik; Blaseby, Matthew; Mann, Stephen
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 13, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1039/b212689c

    Surfactant-assisted synthesis of CeO2 nanoparticles and their application in wastewater treatment
    journal, January 2012

    • Li, He; Wang, Guofeng; Zhang, Fei
    • RSC Advances, Vol. 2, Issue 32
    • DOI: 10.1039/c2ra21590j

    Key advances in the chemical modification of nanocelluloses
    journal, January 2014


    Real-time monitoring of the deactivation of HZSM-5 during upgrading of pine pyrolysis vapors
    journal, January 2014

    • Mukarakate, Calvin; Zhang, Xiaodong; Stanton, Alexander R.
    • Green Chem., Vol. 16, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1039/c3gc42065e

    Catalytic conversion of biomass pyrolysis vapors into hydrocarbon fuel precursors
    journal, January 2015

    • Mante, Ofei D.; Rodriguez, Jose A.; Senanayake, Sanjaya D.
    • Green Chemistry, Vol. 17, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1039/c4gc02238f

    Molybdenum incorporated mesoporous silica catalyst for production of biofuels and value-added chemicals via catalytic fast pyrolysis
    journal, January 2015

    • Budhi, Sridhar; Mukarakate, Calvin; Iisa, Kristiina
    • Green Chemistry, Vol. 17, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1039/c4gc02477j

    Review: nanocelluloses as versatile supports for metal nanoparticles and their applications in catalysis
    journal, January 2016

    • Kaushik, Madhu; Moores, Audrey
    • Green Chemistry, Vol. 18, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1039/c5gc02500a

    Hierarchically porous materials: synthesis strategies and structure design
    journal, January 2017

    • Yang, Xiao-Yu; Chen, Li-Hua; Li, Yu
    • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 46, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1039/c6cs00829a

    Ultralight, highly thermally insulating and fire resistant aerogel by encapsulating cellulose nanofibers with two-dimensional MoS 2
    journal, January 2017

    • Yang, Lei; Mukhopadhyay, Alolika; Jiao, Yucong
    • Nanoscale, Vol. 9, Issue 32
    • DOI: 10.1039/c7nr02243c

    A critical review of the current knowledge regarding the biological impact of nanocellulose
    journal, December 2016

    • Endes, C.; Camarero-Espinosa, S.; Mueller, S.
    • Journal of Nanobiotechnology, Vol. 14, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1186/s12951-016-0230-9

    Catalytic Upgrading of Biomass Fast Pyrolysis Vapors with Nano Metal Oxides: An Analytical Py-GC/MS Study
    journal, November 2010

    • Lu, Qiang; Zhang, Zhi-Fei; Dong, Chang-Qing
    • Energies, Vol. 3, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.3390/en3111805

    Synthesis and Characterization of Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles by Hydroxide Mediated Approach
    journal, December 2012

    • Chelliah, Muruganantham; Rayappan, John Bosco Balaguru; Krishnan, Uma Maheshwari
    • Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. 12, Issue 16
    • DOI: 10.3923/jas.2012.1734.1737