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Title: Hierarchically Structured CeO2 Catalyst Particles From Nanocellulose/Alginate Templates for Upgrading of Fast Pyrolysis Vapors

Abstract

Hierarchically structured porous materials often exhibit advantageous functionality for many applications including catalysts, adsorbents, and filtration systems. In this study, we report a facile approach to achieve hierarchically structured, porous cerium oxide (CeO2) catalyst particles using a templating method based on nanocellulose, a class of renewable, plant-derived nanomaterials. We demonstrate the catalyst performance benefits provided by this templating method in the context of Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis (CFP) which is a promising conversion technology to produce renewable fuel and chemical products from biomass and other types of organic waste. We show that variations in the porous structures imparted by this templating method may be achieved by modifying the content of cellulose nanofibrils, cellulose nanocrystals, and alginate in the templating suspensions. Nitrogen physisorption reveals that nearly 10-fold increases in surface area can be achieved using this method with respect to commercially available cerium oxide powder. Multiscale electron microscopy further verifies that bio-derived templating can alter the morphology of the catalyst nanostructure and tune the distribution of meso- and macro-porosity within the catalyst particles while maintaining CeO2 crystal structure. CFP experiments demonstrate that the templated catalysts display substantially higher activity on a gravimetric basis than their non-templated counterpart, and that variations in themore » catalyst architecture can impact the distribution of upgraded pyrolysis products. Finally, we demonstrate that the templating method described here may be extended to other materials derived from metal chlorides to achieve 3-dimensional networks of hierarchical porosity.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States). Interdisciplinary Materials Science Program
  2. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States). National Bioenergy Center
  3. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States). Biosciences Center
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Sustainable Transportation Office. Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO)
OSTI Identifier:
1572417
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1574198
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-2700-75394
Journal ID: ISSN 2296-2646
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Frontiers in Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2296-2646
Publisher:
Frontiers Research Foundation
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; nanocellulose; catalysis; fast pyrolysis; hierarchical structure; templated synthesis; CCTPL

Citation Formats

Moyer, Kathleen, Conklin, Davis R., Mukarakate, Calvin, Vardon, Derek R., Nimlos, Mark R., and Ciesielski, Peter N. Hierarchically Structured CeO2 Catalyst Particles From Nanocellulose/Alginate Templates for Upgrading of Fast Pyrolysis Vapors. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.3389/fchem.2019.00730.
Moyer, Kathleen, Conklin, Davis R., Mukarakate, Calvin, Vardon, Derek R., Nimlos, Mark R., & Ciesielski, Peter N. Hierarchically Structured CeO2 Catalyst Particles From Nanocellulose/Alginate Templates for Upgrading of Fast Pyrolysis Vapors. United States. https://doi.org/10.3389/fchem.2019.00730
Moyer, Kathleen, Conklin, Davis R., Mukarakate, Calvin, Vardon, Derek R., Nimlos, Mark R., and Ciesielski, Peter N. Wed . "Hierarchically Structured CeO2 Catalyst Particles From Nanocellulose/Alginate Templates for Upgrading of Fast Pyrolysis Vapors". United States. https://doi.org/10.3389/fchem.2019.00730.
@article{osti_1572417,
title = {Hierarchically Structured CeO2 Catalyst Particles From Nanocellulose/Alginate Templates for Upgrading of Fast Pyrolysis Vapors},
author = {Moyer, Kathleen and Conklin, Davis R. and Mukarakate, Calvin and Vardon, Derek R. and Nimlos, Mark R. and Ciesielski, Peter N.},
abstractNote = {Hierarchically structured porous materials often exhibit advantageous functionality for many applications including catalysts, adsorbents, and filtration systems. In this study, we report a facile approach to achieve hierarchically structured, porous cerium oxide (CeO2) catalyst particles using a templating method based on nanocellulose, a class of renewable, plant-derived nanomaterials. We demonstrate the catalyst performance benefits provided by this templating method in the context of Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis (CFP) which is a promising conversion technology to produce renewable fuel and chemical products from biomass and other types of organic waste. We show that variations in the porous structures imparted by this templating method may be achieved by modifying the content of cellulose nanofibrils, cellulose nanocrystals, and alginate in the templating suspensions. Nitrogen physisorption reveals that nearly 10-fold increases in surface area can be achieved using this method with respect to commercially available cerium oxide powder. Multiscale electron microscopy further verifies that bio-derived templating can alter the morphology of the catalyst nanostructure and tune the distribution of meso- and macro-porosity within the catalyst particles while maintaining CeO2 crystal structure. CFP experiments demonstrate that the templated catalysts display substantially higher activity on a gravimetric basis than their non-templated counterpart, and that variations in the catalyst architecture can impact the distribution of upgraded pyrolysis products. Finally, we demonstrate that the templating method described here may be extended to other materials derived from metal chlorides to achieve 3-dimensional networks of hierarchical porosity.},
doi = {10.3389/fchem.2019.00730},
journal = {Frontiers in Chemistry},
number = ,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.3389/fchem.2019.00730

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Cited by: 7 works
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