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Title: Room temperature giant magnetostriction in single-crystal nickel nanowires

Abstract

Magnetostriction is the emergence of a mechanical deformation induced by an external magnetic field. The conversion of magnetic energy into mechanical energy via magnetostriction at the nanoscale is the basis of many electromechanical systems such as sensors, transducers, actuators, and energy harvesters. However, cryogenic temperatures and large magnetic fields are often required to drive the magnetostriction in such systems, rendering this approach energetically inefficient and impractical for room-temperature device applications. Here, we report the experimental observation of giant magnetostriction in single-crystal nickel nanowires at room temperature. We determined the average values of the magnetostrictive constants of a Ni nanowire from the shifts of the measured diffraction patterns using the 002 and 111 Bragg reflections. At an applied magnetic field of 600 Oe, the magnetostrictive constants have values of λ 100 = -0.161% and λ 111 = -0.067%, two orders of magnitude larger than those in bulk nickel. Using Bragg coherent diffraction imaging (BCDI), we obtained the three-dimensional strain distribution inside the Ni nanowire, revealing nucleation of local strain fields at two different values of the external magnetic field. Our analysis indicates that the enhancement of the magnetostriction coefficients is mainly due to the increases in the shape, surface-induced, and stress-inducedmore » anisotropies, which facilitate magnetization along the nanowire axis and increase the total magnetoelastic energy of the system.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [5]; ORCiD logo [5];  [3];  [6]; ORCiD logo [3];  [3]; ORCiD logo [7]
  1. New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces, NM (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS)
  3. Univ. of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States)
  4. New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces, NM (United States)
  5. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  6. Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States)
  7. New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces, NM (United States); Univ. of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
OSTI Identifier:
1572337
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-19-26170
Journal ID: ISSN 1884-4049
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001; SC0001805; AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
NPG Asia Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1884-4049
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group Asia
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Material Science; x-ray imaging, Giant magnetostriction, nickel nanowires, room temperature, coherent diffractive imaging, magnetic-field-induced strain; x-ray imaging; giant magnetostriction; nickel nanowires; room temperature; coherent diffractive imaging; magnetic-field-induced strain

Citation Formats

Pateras, Anastasios, Harder, Ross, Manna, Sohini, Kiefer, Boris, Sandberg, Richard L., Trugman, Stuart, Kim, Jong Woo, de la Venta, Jose, Fullerton, Eric E., Shpyrko, Oleg G., and Fohtung, Edwin. Room temperature giant magnetostriction in single-crystal nickel nanowires. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1038/s41427-019-0160-8.
Pateras, Anastasios, Harder, Ross, Manna, Sohini, Kiefer, Boris, Sandberg, Richard L., Trugman, Stuart, Kim, Jong Woo, de la Venta, Jose, Fullerton, Eric E., Shpyrko, Oleg G., & Fohtung, Edwin. Room temperature giant magnetostriction in single-crystal nickel nanowires. United States. doi:10.1038/s41427-019-0160-8.
Pateras, Anastasios, Harder, Ross, Manna, Sohini, Kiefer, Boris, Sandberg, Richard L., Trugman, Stuart, Kim, Jong Woo, de la Venta, Jose, Fullerton, Eric E., Shpyrko, Oleg G., and Fohtung, Edwin. Fri . "Room temperature giant magnetostriction in single-crystal nickel nanowires". United States. doi:10.1038/s41427-019-0160-8. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1572337.
@article{osti_1572337,
title = {Room temperature giant magnetostriction in single-crystal nickel nanowires},
author = {Pateras, Anastasios and Harder, Ross and Manna, Sohini and Kiefer, Boris and Sandberg, Richard L. and Trugman, Stuart and Kim, Jong Woo and de la Venta, Jose and Fullerton, Eric E. and Shpyrko, Oleg G. and Fohtung, Edwin},
abstractNote = {Magnetostriction is the emergence of a mechanical deformation induced by an external magnetic field. The conversion of magnetic energy into mechanical energy via magnetostriction at the nanoscale is the basis of many electromechanical systems such as sensors, transducers, actuators, and energy harvesters. However, cryogenic temperatures and large magnetic fields are often required to drive the magnetostriction in such systems, rendering this approach energetically inefficient and impractical for room-temperature device applications. Here, we report the experimental observation of giant magnetostriction in single-crystal nickel nanowires at room temperature. We determined the average values of the magnetostrictive constants of a Ni nanowire from the shifts of the measured diffraction patterns using the 002 and 111 Bragg reflections. At an applied magnetic field of 600 Oe, the magnetostrictive constants have values of λ100 = -0.161% and λ111 = -0.067%, two orders of magnitude larger than those in bulk nickel. Using Bragg coherent diffraction imaging (BCDI), we obtained the three-dimensional strain distribution inside the Ni nanowire, revealing nucleation of local strain fields at two different values of the external magnetic field. Our analysis indicates that the enhancement of the magnetostriction coefficients is mainly due to the increases in the shape, surface-induced, and stress-induced anisotropies, which facilitate magnetization along the nanowire axis and increase the total magnetoelastic energy of the system.},
doi = {10.1038/s41427-019-0160-8},
journal = {NPG Asia Materials},
number = 1,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

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