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Title: Active Microheology, Hall Effect, and Jamming in Chiral Fluids

Abstract

We investigate the motion of a probe particle driven through a chiral fluid composed of circularly swimming disks. We find that the probe particle travels in both the longitudinal direction, parallel to the driving force, and in the transverse direction, perpendicular to the driving force, giving rise to a Hall angle. Under constant driving force, we show that the probe particle velocity in both the longitudinal and transverse directions exhibits nonmonotonic behavior as a function of the activity of the circle swimmers. The Hall angle is maximized when a resonance occurs between the frequency of the chiral disks and the motion of the probe particle. As the density of the chiral fluid increases, the Hall angle gradually decreases before reaching zero when the system enters a jammed state. We demonstrate that the onset of jamming depends on the chiral particle swimming frequency, with a fluid state appearing at low frequencies and a jammed solid occurring at high frequencies.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1571613
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1546444
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-19-20759
Journal ID: 2470-0045 ; 2470-0053 (Electronic)
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001; 892333218NCA000001
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review E
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 100; Journal Issue: 1
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Reichhardt, Charles, and Reichhardt, Cynthia Jane. Active Microheology, Hall Effect, and Jamming in Chiral Fluids. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.100.012604.
Reichhardt, Charles, & Reichhardt, Cynthia Jane. Active Microheology, Hall Effect, and Jamming in Chiral Fluids. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.100.012604.
Reichhardt, Charles, and Reichhardt, Cynthia Jane. Mon . "Active Microheology, Hall Effect, and Jamming in Chiral Fluids". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.100.012604.
@article{osti_1571613,
title = {Active Microheology, Hall Effect, and Jamming in Chiral Fluids},
author = {Reichhardt, Charles and Reichhardt, Cynthia Jane},
abstractNote = {We investigate the motion of a probe particle driven through a chiral fluid composed of circularly swimming disks. We find that the probe particle travels in both the longitudinal direction, parallel to the driving force, and in the transverse direction, perpendicular to the driving force, giving rise to a Hall angle. Under constant driving force, we show that the probe particle velocity in both the longitudinal and transverse directions exhibits nonmonotonic behavior as a function of the activity of the circle swimmers. The Hall angle is maximized when a resonance occurs between the frequency of the chiral disks and the motion of the probe particle. As the density of the chiral fluid increases, the Hall angle gradually decreases before reaching zero when the system enters a jammed state. We demonstrate that the onset of jamming depends on the chiral particle swimming frequency, with a fluid state appearing at low frequencies and a jammed solid occurring at high frequencies.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevE.100.012604},
journal = {Physical Review E},
number = 1,
volume = 100,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
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