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Title: Long-term phenology of two North American secondary cavity-nesters in response to changing climate conditions

Abstract

Wildlife populations can respond to changes in climate conditions by either adapting or moving to areas with preferred climate regimes. We studied nesting responses of two bird species, western bluebird ( Sialia mexicana) and ash-throated flycatcher ( Myiarchus cinerascens), to changing climate conditions (i.e., rising temperatures and increased drought stress) over 21 years in northern New Mexico. We used data from 1649 nests to assess whether the two species responded to changing climate conditions through phenological shifts in breeding time or shifts in nesting elevation. We also examined changes in reproductive output (i.e., clutch size). Our data show that western bluebirds significantly increased nesting elevation over a 19-year period by approximately 5 m per year. Mean spring temperature was the best predictor of western bluebird nesting elevation. Higher nesting elevations were not correlated with hatch dates or clutch sizes in western bluebirds, suggesting that nesting at higher elevations does not affect breeding time or reproductive output. We did not observe significant changes in nesting elevation or breeding dates in ash-throated flycatchers. Nesting higher in elevation may allow western bluebirds to cope with the increased temperatures and droughts. However, this climate niche conservatism may pose a risk for the conservation ofmore » the species if climate change and habitat loss continue to occur. The lack of significant changes detected in nesting elevation, breeding dates, and reproductive output in ash-throated flycatchers suggests a higher tolerance for changing environmental conditions in this species. This is consistent with the population increases reported for flycatchers in areas experiencing dramatic climate changes.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States). Biosecurity and Public Health
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States). Environmental Stewardship
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1571596
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-18-30750
Journal ID: ISSN 0028-1042
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Naturwissenschaften
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 106; Journal Issue: 11-12; Journal ID: ISSN 0028-1042
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; Phenology; Climate change; Birds; New Mexico; Clutch size; Nesting elevation

Citation Formats

Wysner, Tyler Elizabeth, Bartlow, Andrew William, Hathcock, Charles Dean, and Fair, Jeanne Marie. Long-term phenology of two North American secondary cavity-nesters in response to changing climate conditions. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1007/s00114-019-1650-9.
Wysner, Tyler Elizabeth, Bartlow, Andrew William, Hathcock, Charles Dean, & Fair, Jeanne Marie. Long-term phenology of two North American secondary cavity-nesters in response to changing climate conditions. United States. doi:10.1007/s00114-019-1650-9.
Wysner, Tyler Elizabeth, Bartlow, Andrew William, Hathcock, Charles Dean, and Fair, Jeanne Marie. Fri . "Long-term phenology of two North American secondary cavity-nesters in response to changing climate conditions". United States. doi:10.1007/s00114-019-1650-9. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1571596.
@article{osti_1571596,
title = {Long-term phenology of two North American secondary cavity-nesters in response to changing climate conditions},
author = {Wysner, Tyler Elizabeth and Bartlow, Andrew William and Hathcock, Charles Dean and Fair, Jeanne Marie},
abstractNote = {Wildlife populations can respond to changes in climate conditions by either adapting or moving to areas with preferred climate regimes. We studied nesting responses of two bird species, western bluebird (Sialia mexicana) and ash-throated flycatcher (Myiarchus cinerascens), to changing climate conditions (i.e., rising temperatures and increased drought stress) over 21 years in northern New Mexico. We used data from 1649 nests to assess whether the two species responded to changing climate conditions through phenological shifts in breeding time or shifts in nesting elevation. We also examined changes in reproductive output (i.e., clutch size). Our data show that western bluebirds significantly increased nesting elevation over a 19-year period by approximately 5 m per year. Mean spring temperature was the best predictor of western bluebird nesting elevation. Higher nesting elevations were not correlated with hatch dates or clutch sizes in western bluebirds, suggesting that nesting at higher elevations does not affect breeding time or reproductive output. We did not observe significant changes in nesting elevation or breeding dates in ash-throated flycatchers. Nesting higher in elevation may allow western bluebirds to cope with the increased temperatures and droughts. However, this climate niche conservatism may pose a risk for the conservation of the species if climate change and habitat loss continue to occur. The lack of significant changes detected in nesting elevation, breeding dates, and reproductive output in ash-throated flycatchers suggests a higher tolerance for changing environmental conditions in this species. This is consistent with the population increases reported for flycatchers in areas experiencing dramatic climate changes.},
doi = {10.1007/s00114-019-1650-9},
journal = {Naturwissenschaften},
number = 11-12,
volume = 106,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

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