skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Requirements and sensitivity analysis for temporally- and spatially-resolved thermometry using neutron resonance spectroscopy

Abstract

Neutron resonance spectroscopy (NRS) has been used extensively to make temperature measurements that are accurate, absolute, and nonperturbative within the interior of material samples under extreme conditions applied quasistatically. Yet NRS has seldom been used in dynamic experiments. There is a compelling incentive to do so because of the significant shortcomings of alternative techniques. An important barrier to adopting dynamic NRS thermometry is the difficulty in fielding it with conventional spallation neutron sources. To enable time-dependent and spatially resolved temperature measurements in dynamic environments, more compact neutron sources that can be used at user facilities in conjunction with other diagnostic probes (such as x-ray light sources) are required. Such sources may be available using ultrafast high-intensity optical lasers. We evaluate such possibilities by determining the sensitivities of the temperature estimate on neutron-beam and diagnostic parameters. Based on that evaluation, requirements are set on a pulsed neutron-source and diagnostics to make a meaningful dynamic temperature measurement. Dynamic thermometry measurements are examined in this context when driven by two alternative fast-neutron sources: the Los Alamos Neutron Scattering Center (LANSCE) proton accelerator driving isotropic spallation neutrons as a baseline and a laser-plasma ion accelerator driving a neutron beam from deuterium breakup. Strategies tomore » close the gap between the required and demonstrated performance of laser-based fast-neutron sources are presented. A short-pulse high-intensity laser with state-of-the-art pulse contrast and an energy of a few hundred Joules would drive a compact neutron source suitable for NRS thermometry that could transform the dynamic study of materials.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Defense Programs (DP) (NA-10)
OSTI Identifier:
1571591
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1562563
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-18-21191
Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 90; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION

Citation Formats

Fernández, Juan Carlos, Barnes, Cris William, Mocko, Michael Jeffrey, and Zavorka, Lukas. Requirements and sensitivity analysis for temporally- and spatially-resolved thermometry using neutron resonance spectroscopy. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5031038.
Fernández, Juan Carlos, Barnes, Cris William, Mocko, Michael Jeffrey, & Zavorka, Lukas. Requirements and sensitivity analysis for temporally- and spatially-resolved thermometry using neutron resonance spectroscopy. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5031038.
Fernández, Juan Carlos, Barnes, Cris William, Mocko, Michael Jeffrey, and Zavorka, Lukas. Wed . "Requirements and sensitivity analysis for temporally- and spatially-resolved thermometry using neutron resonance spectroscopy". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5031038. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1571591.
@article{osti_1571591,
title = {Requirements and sensitivity analysis for temporally- and spatially-resolved thermometry using neutron resonance spectroscopy},
author = {Fernández, Juan Carlos and Barnes, Cris William and Mocko, Michael Jeffrey and Zavorka, Lukas},
abstractNote = {Neutron resonance spectroscopy (NRS) has been used extensively to make temperature measurements that are accurate, absolute, and nonperturbative within the interior of material samples under extreme conditions applied quasistatically. Yet NRS has seldom been used in dynamic experiments. There is a compelling incentive to do so because of the significant shortcomings of alternative techniques. An important barrier to adopting dynamic NRS thermometry is the difficulty in fielding it with conventional spallation neutron sources. To enable time-dependent and spatially resolved temperature measurements in dynamic environments, more compact neutron sources that can be used at user facilities in conjunction with other diagnostic probes (such as x-ray light sources) are required. Such sources may be available using ultrafast high-intensity optical lasers. We evaluate such possibilities by determining the sensitivities of the temperature estimate on neutron-beam and diagnostic parameters. Based on that evaluation, requirements are set on a pulsed neutron-source and diagnostics to make a meaningful dynamic temperature measurement. Dynamic thermometry measurements are examined in this context when driven by two alternative fast-neutron sources: the Los Alamos Neutron Scattering Center (LANSCE) proton accelerator driving isotropic spallation neutrons as a baseline and a laser-plasma ion accelerator driving a neutron beam from deuterium breakup. Strategies to close the gap between the required and demonstrated performance of laser-based fast-neutron sources are presented. A short-pulse high-intensity laser with state-of-the-art pulse contrast and an energy of a few hundred Joules would drive a compact neutron source suitable for NRS thermometry that could transform the dynamic study of materials.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5031038},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 9,
volume = 90,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Fiber‐coupled optical pyrometer for shock‐wave studies
journal, March 1995

  • Holmes, N. C.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 66, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1145597

Temperature measurement in a Paris-Edinburgh cell by neutron resonance spectroscopy
journal, September 2005

  • Stone, H. J.; Tucker, M. G.; Meducin, F. M.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 98, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2060934

Modern Nuclear Data Evaluation with the TALYS Code System
journal, December 2012


Temporal contrast control at the PHELIX petawatt laser facility by means of tunable sub-picosecond optical parametric amplification
journal, November 2013


The Los Alamos Neutron Science Center Spallation Neutron Sources
journal, January 2017


Improved pulse contrast on the Texas Petawatt Laser
journal, May 2016


Efficient quasi-monoenergetic ion beams from laser-driven relativistic plasmas
journal, December 2015

  • Palaniyappan, Sasi; Huang, Chengkun; Gautier, Donald C.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10170

Transient temperature measurement using embedded thermocouples
journal, June 1998


Resonant Absorption of Neutrons by Crystals
journal, July 1962


Laser-plasmas in the relativistic-transparency regime: Science and applications
journal, May 2017

  • Fernández, Juan C.; Cort Gautier, D.; Huang, Chengkung
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 24, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4983991

Remote determination of sample temperature by neutron resonance spectroscopy
journal, August 2005

  • Stone, H. J.; Tucker, M. G.; Le Godec, Y.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 547, Issue 2-3
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2005.03.140

On the statistical uncertainties associated with line profile fitting
journal, October 1982

  • Landman, D. A.; Roussel-Dupre, R.; Tanigawa, G.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 261
  • DOI: 10.1086/160383

Lattice Vibrations in Aluminum and the Temperature Dependence of X-Ray Bragg Intensities
journal, December 1966


Capture of Neutrons by Atoms in a Crystal
journal, January 1939


Dynamics of relativistic transparency and optical shuttering in expanding overdense plasmas
journal, August 2012

  • Palaniyappan, Sasi; Hegelich, B. Manuel; Wu, Hui-Chun
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 8, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys2390

Temperature measurements of shock heated materials using multispectral pyrometry: Application to bismuth
journal, June 1999


Neutron diffraction at simultaneous high temperatures and pressures, with measurement of temperature by neutron radiography
journal, December 2001


Laser generated neutron source for neutron resonance spectroscopy
journal, October 2010

  • Higginson, D. P.; McNaney, J. M.; Swift, D. C.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 17, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3484218

Current-mode detector for neutron time-of-flight studies
journal, November 1990

  • Bowman, J. D.; Szymanski, J. J.; Yuan, V. W.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 297, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1016/0168-9002(90)91365-i

Temperature measurement by neutron resonance radiography
journal, February 1989

  • Mayers, J.; Baciocco, G.; Hannon, A. C.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 275, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1016/0168-9002(89)90724-9

Non-intrusive temperature measurement of the components of a working catalyst by neutron resonance radiography
journal, January 1989

  • Frost, J. C.; Meehan, P.; Morris, S. R.
  • Catalysis Letters, Vol. 2, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/bf00774591

Characterization of a novel, short pulse laser-driven neutron source
journal, May 2013

  • Jung, D.; Falk, K.; Guler, N.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 20, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4804640

Examples of Likelihoods and Comparison with Point Estimates and Large Sample Approximations
journal, June 1969

  • Sprott, D. A.; Kalbfleisch, John D.
  • Journal of the American Statistical Association, Vol. 64, Issue 326
  • DOI: 10.2307/2283633

Indicator to estimate temperature sensitivity of resonance in temperature measurement by neutron resonance spectroscopy
journal, March 2011

  • Gu, Mu; Fang, Hong; Liu, Bo
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 269, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nimb.2011.01.003

Neutron imaging with the short-pulse laser driven neutron source at the Trident laser facility
journal, October 2016

  • Guler, N.; Volegov, P.; Favalli, A.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4964248

Release path temperatures of shock-compressed tin from dynamic reflectance and radiance measurements
journal, August 2013

  • La Lone, B. M.; Stevens, G. D.; Turley, W. D.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 114, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4817764