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Title: A survey of nuclear pasta in the intermediate-density regime I: Shapes and energies

Abstract

Nuclear pasta, emerging due to the competition between the long-range Coulomb force and the short-range strong force, is believed to be present in astrophysical scenarios, such as neutron stars and core-collapse supernovae. Its structure can have a high impact e.g. on neutrino transport or the tidal deformability of neutron stars. We study several possible pasta configurations, all of them minimal surface configurations, which are expected to appear in the mid-density regime of nuclear pasta, i.e. around 40% of the nuclear saturation density. In particular we are interested in the energy spectrum for different pasta configurations considered. Employing the density functional theory (DFT) approach, we calculate the binding energy of the different configurations for three values of the proton content XP = 1/10, 1/3 and 1/2, by optimizing their periodic length. We study finite temperature effects and the impact of electron screening. [Results] Nuclear pasta lowers the energy significantly compared to uniform matter, especially for XP ≥ 1/3. However, the different configurations have very similar binding energies. For large proton content, XP ≳ 1/3, the pasta configurations are very stable, for lower proton content temperatures of a few MeV are enough for the transition to uniform matter. Electron screening has amore » small influence on the binding energy of nuclear pasta, but increases its periodic length. Nuclear pasta in the mid-density regime lowers the energy of the matter for all proton fractions under study. Here, it can survive even large temperatures of several MeV. Since various configurations have very similar energy, it is to expect that many configurations can coexist simultaneously already at small temperatures.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [3]
  1. GSI Helmholzzentrum fur Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt (Germany)
  2. GSI Helmholzzentrum fur Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt (Germany); Technische Univ. Darmstadt, Darmstadt (Germany)
  3. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR). Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing (SciDAC)
Contributing Org.:
GSI Helmholzzentrum fur Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt (Germany) Institut fur Kernphysik (Theoriezentrum), Technische Universitat Darmstadt (Germany)
OSTI Identifier:
1571271
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0018083
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 100; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9985
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Schuetrumpf, Bastian, Martínez-Pinedo, Gabriel, Afibuzzaman, Md, and Aktulga, Hasan Metin. A survey of nuclear pasta in the intermediate-density regime I: Shapes and energies. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.100.045806.
Schuetrumpf, Bastian, Martínez-Pinedo, Gabriel, Afibuzzaman, Md, & Aktulga, Hasan Metin. A survey of nuclear pasta in the intermediate-density regime I: Shapes and energies. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.100.045806
Schuetrumpf, Bastian, Martínez-Pinedo, Gabriel, Afibuzzaman, Md, and Aktulga, Hasan Metin. Fri . "A survey of nuclear pasta in the intermediate-density regime I: Shapes and energies". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.100.045806. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1571271.
@article{osti_1571271,
title = {A survey of nuclear pasta in the intermediate-density regime I: Shapes and energies},
author = {Schuetrumpf, Bastian and Martínez-Pinedo, Gabriel and Afibuzzaman, Md and Aktulga, Hasan Metin},
abstractNote = {Nuclear pasta, emerging due to the competition between the long-range Coulomb force and the short-range strong force, is believed to be present in astrophysical scenarios, such as neutron stars and core-collapse supernovae. Its structure can have a high impact e.g. on neutrino transport or the tidal deformability of neutron stars. We study several possible pasta configurations, all of them minimal surface configurations, which are expected to appear in the mid-density regime of nuclear pasta, i.e. around 40% of the nuclear saturation density. In particular we are interested in the energy spectrum for different pasta configurations considered. Employing the density functional theory (DFT) approach, we calculate the binding energy of the different configurations for three values of the proton content XP = 1/10, 1/3 and 1/2, by optimizing their periodic length. We study finite temperature effects and the impact of electron screening. [Results] Nuclear pasta lowers the energy significantly compared to uniform matter, especially for XP ≥ 1/3. However, the different configurations have very similar binding energies. For large proton content, XP ≳ 1/3, the pasta configurations are very stable, for lower proton content temperatures of a few MeV are enough for the transition to uniform matter. Electron screening has a small influence on the binding energy of nuclear pasta, but increases its periodic length. Nuclear pasta in the mid-density regime lowers the energy of the matter for all proton fractions under study. Here, it can survive even large temperatures of several MeV. Since various configurations have very similar energy, it is to expect that many configurations can coexist simultaneously already at small temperatures.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.100.045806},
journal = {Physical Review C},
number = 4,
volume = 100,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {8}
}

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