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Title: Super-Resolution Microscopy Reveals Shape and Distribution of Dislocations in Single Crystal Nanocomposites

Abstract

With their potential to offer new properties, single crystals containing nanoparticles provide an attractive class of nanocomposite materials. Yet, to fully profit from these, it is essential that we can characterise their 3D structures, identifying the locations of individual nanoparticles, and the defects present within the host crystals. With calcite crystals containing quantum dots as a model system, we here use 3D stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (STORM) to locate the positions of the nanoparticles within the host crystal. The nanoparticles are shown to preferentially associate with dislocations in a manner previously recognised for atomic impurities, rendering these defects visible by STORM. Our images also demonstrate that the types of dislocations formed at the crystal/ substrate interface vary according to the nucleation face, and dislocation loops are observed that have entirely different geometries to classic misfit dislocations. This approach offers a rapid, easily accessed, and non-destructive method for visualising the dislocations present within crystals, and gives insight into the mechanisms by which additives become occluded within crystals.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [5];  [6];  [2]
  1. Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland); Univ. of Leeds, Leeds (United Kingdom)
  2. Univ. of Leeds, Leeds (United Kingdom)
  3. Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), Oxford (United Kingdom). Rutherford Appleton Lab. (RAL), Central Laser Facility
  4. Univ. of Leeds, Leeds (United Kingdom); Univ. of Central Lancashire, Preston (United Kingdom)
  5. Univ. College London, London (United Kingdom); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  6. Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC); Swiss National Science Foundation (SNF)
OSTI Identifier:
1570673
Report Number(s):
BNL-212196-2019-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 1433-7851; ANIE
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Angewandte Chemie (International Edition)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Angewandte Chemie (International Edition); Journal Volume: 58; Journal Issue: 48; Journal ID: ISSN 1433-7851
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; calcium carbonate; crystal growth; defect; dislocation; nanostructure; STORM

Citation Formats

Ihli, Johannes, Green, David C., Lynch, Christophe, Holden, Mark A., Lee, Phillip A., Zhang, Shuheng, Robinson, Ian K., Webb, Stephen E.D., and Meldrum, Fiona C. Super-Resolution Microscopy Reveals Shape and Distribution of Dislocations in Single Crystal Nanocomposites. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1002/anie.201905293.
Ihli, Johannes, Green, David C., Lynch, Christophe, Holden, Mark A., Lee, Phillip A., Zhang, Shuheng, Robinson, Ian K., Webb, Stephen E.D., & Meldrum, Fiona C. Super-Resolution Microscopy Reveals Shape and Distribution of Dislocations in Single Crystal Nanocomposites. United States. doi:10.1002/anie.201905293.
Ihli, Johannes, Green, David C., Lynch, Christophe, Holden, Mark A., Lee, Phillip A., Zhang, Shuheng, Robinson, Ian K., Webb, Stephen E.D., and Meldrum, Fiona C. Tue . "Super-Resolution Microscopy Reveals Shape and Distribution of Dislocations in Single Crystal Nanocomposites". United States. doi:10.1002/anie.201905293. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1570673.
@article{osti_1570673,
title = {Super-Resolution Microscopy Reveals Shape and Distribution of Dislocations in Single Crystal Nanocomposites},
author = {Ihli, Johannes and Green, David C. and Lynch, Christophe and Holden, Mark A. and Lee, Phillip A. and Zhang, Shuheng and Robinson, Ian K. and Webb, Stephen E.D. and Meldrum, Fiona C.},
abstractNote = {With their potential to offer new properties, single crystals containing nanoparticles provide an attractive class of nanocomposite materials. Yet, to fully profit from these, it is essential that we can characterise their 3D structures, identifying the locations of individual nanoparticles, and the defects present within the host crystals. With calcite crystals containing quantum dots as a model system, we here use 3D stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (STORM) to locate the positions of the nanoparticles within the host crystal. The nanoparticles are shown to preferentially associate with dislocations in a manner previously recognised for atomic impurities, rendering these defects visible by STORM. Our images also demonstrate that the types of dislocations formed at the crystal/ substrate interface vary according to the nucleation face, and dislocation loops are observed that have entirely different geometries to classic misfit dislocations. This approach offers a rapid, easily accessed, and non-destructive method for visualising the dislocations present within crystals, and gives insight into the mechanisms by which additives become occluded within crystals.},
doi = {10.1002/anie.201905293},
journal = {Angewandte Chemie (International Edition)},
number = 48,
volume = 58,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

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