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Title: First measurement of neutrino oscillation parameters using neutrinos and antineutrinos by NOvA

Abstract

The NOvA experiment has made a $$4.4\sigma$$-significant observation of $$\bar\nu_{e}$$ appearance in a 2 GeV $$\bar\nu_{\mu}$$ beam at a distance of 810 km. Using $$12.33\times10^{20}$$ protons on target delivered to the Fermilab NuMI neutrino beamline, the experiment recorded 27 $$\bar\nu_{\mu} \rightarrow \bar\nu_{e}$$ candidates with a background of 10.3 and 102 $$\bar\nu_{\mu} \rightarrow \bar\nu_{\mu}$$ candidates. This new antineutrino data is combined with neutrino data to measure the oscillation parameters $$|\Delta m^2_{32}| = 2.48^{+0.11}_{-0.06}\times10^{-3}$$ eV$^2/c^4$, $$\sin^2 \theta_{23} = 0.56^{+0.04}_{-0.03}$$ in the normal neutrino mass hierarchy and upper octant and excludes most values near $$\delta_{\rm CP}=\pi/2$$ for the inverted mass hierarchy by more than 3$$\sigma$$. The data favor the normal neutrino mass hierarchy by 1.9$$\sigma$$ and $$\theta_{23}$$ values in the upper octant by 1.6$$\sigma$$.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Org.:
NOvA Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1570074
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1546014
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1906.04907; FERMILAB-PUB-19-272-ND
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007; PRLTAO; oai:inspirehep.net:1739571
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 123; Journal Issue: 15; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Acero, M. A., Adamson, P., Aliaga, L., Alion, T., Allakhverdian, V., Altakarli, S., Anfimov, N., Antoshkin, A., Aurisano, A., Back, A., Backhouse, C., Baird, M., Balashov, N., Baldi, P., Bambah, B. A., Bashar, S., Bays, K., Bending, S., Bernstein, R., Bhatnagar, V., Bhuyan, B., Bian, J., Blackburn, T., Blair, J., Booth, A. C., Bour, P., Bromberg, C., Buchanan, N., Butkevich, A., Calvez, S., Campbell, M., Carroll, T. J., Catano-Mur, E., Cedeno, A., Childress, S., Choudhary, B. C., Chowdhury, B., Coan, T. E., Colo, M., Cooper, J., Corwin, L., Cremonesi, L., Davies, G. S., Derwent, P. F., Ding, P., Djurcic, Z., Doyle, D., Dukes, E. C., Duyang, H., Edayath, S., Ehrlich, R., Elkins, M., Feldman, G. J., Filip, P., Flanagan, W., Frank, M. J., Gallagher, H. R., Gandrajula, R., Gao, F., Germani, S., Giri, A., Gomes, R. A., Goodman, M. C., Grichine, V., Groh, M., Group, R., Guo, B., Habig, A., Hakl, F., Hartnell, J., Hatcher, R., Hatzikoutelis, A., Heller, K., Hewes, J., Himmel, A., Holin, A., Howard, B., Huang, J., Hylen, J., Jediny, F., Johnson, C., Judah, M., Kakorin, I., Kalra, D., Kaplan, D. M., Keloth, R., Klimov, O., Koerner, L. W., Kolupaeva, L., Kotelnikov, S., Kourbanis, I., Kreymer, A., Kulenberg, Ch., Kumar, A., Kuruppu, C. D., Kus, V., Lackey, T., Lang, K., Lin, S., Lokajicek, M., Lozier, J., Luchuk, S., Maan, K., Magill, S., Mann, W. A., Marshak, M. L., Martinez-Casales, M., Matveev, V., Méndez, D. P., Messier, M. D., Meyer, H., Miao, T., Miller, W. H., Mishra, S. R., Mislivec, A., Mohanta, R., Moren, A., Mualem, L., Muether, M., Mufson, S., Mulder, K., Murphy, R., Musser, J., Naples, D., Nayak, N., Nelson, J. K., Nichol, R., Nikseresht, G., Niner, E., Norman, A., Nosek, T., Olshevskiy, A., Olson, T., Paley, J., Patterson, R. B., Pawloski, G., Pershey, D., Petrova, O., Petti, R., Phan, D. D., Plunkett, R. K., Potukuchi, B., Principato, C., Psihas, F., Radovic, A., Raj, V., Rameika, R. A., Rebel, B., Rojas, P., Ryabov, V., Samoylov, O., Sanchez, M. C., Sánchez Falero, S., Seong, I. S., Shanahan, P., Sheshukov, A., Singh, P., Singh, V., Smith, E., Smolik, J., Snopok, P., Solomey, N., Song, E., Sousa, A., Soustruznik, K., Strait, M., Suter, L., Sutton, A., Talaga, R. L., Tapia Oregui, B., Tas, P., Thayyullathil, R. B., Thomas, J., Tiras, E., Torbunov, D., Tripathi, J., Tsaris, A., Torun, Y., Urheim, J., Vahle, P., Vasel, J., Vinton, L., Vokac, P., Vrba, T., Wallbank, M., Wang, B., Warburton, T. K., Wetstein, M., While, M., Whittington, D., Wojcicki, S. G., Wolcott, J., Yadav, N., Yallappa Dombara, A., Yonehara, K., Yu, S., Zadorozhnyy, S., Zalesak, J., Zamorano, B., and Zwaska, R. First measurement of neutrino oscillation parameters using neutrinos and antineutrinos by NOvA. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.151803.
Acero, M. A., Adamson, P., Aliaga, L., Alion, T., Allakhverdian, V., Altakarli, S., Anfimov, N., Antoshkin, A., Aurisano, A., Back, A., Backhouse, C., Baird, M., Balashov, N., Baldi, P., Bambah, B. A., Bashar, S., Bays, K., Bending, S., Bernstein, R., Bhatnagar, V., Bhuyan, B., Bian, J., Blackburn, T., Blair, J., Booth, A. C., Bour, P., Bromberg, C., Buchanan, N., Butkevich, A., Calvez, S., Campbell, M., Carroll, T. J., Catano-Mur, E., Cedeno, A., Childress, S., Choudhary, B. C., Chowdhury, B., Coan, T. E., Colo, M., Cooper, J., Corwin, L., Cremonesi, L., Davies, G. S., Derwent, P. F., Ding, P., Djurcic, Z., Doyle, D., Dukes, E. C., Duyang, H., Edayath, S., Ehrlich, R., Elkins, M., Feldman, G. J., Filip, P., Flanagan, W., Frank, M. J., Gallagher, H. R., Gandrajula, R., Gao, F., Germani, S., Giri, A., Gomes, R. A., Goodman, M. C., Grichine, V., Groh, M., Group, R., Guo, B., Habig, A., Hakl, F., Hartnell, J., Hatcher, R., Hatzikoutelis, A., Heller, K., Hewes, J., Himmel, A., Holin, A., Howard, B., Huang, J., Hylen, J., Jediny, F., Johnson, C., Judah, M., Kakorin, I., Kalra, D., Kaplan, D. M., Keloth, R., Klimov, O., Koerner, L. W., Kolupaeva, L., Kotelnikov, S., Kourbanis, I., Kreymer, A., Kulenberg, Ch., Kumar, A., Kuruppu, C. D., Kus, V., Lackey, T., Lang, K., Lin, S., Lokajicek, M., Lozier, J., Luchuk, S., Maan, K., Magill, S., Mann, W. A., Marshak, M. L., Martinez-Casales, M., Matveev, V., Méndez, D. P., Messier, M. D., Meyer, H., Miao, T., Miller, W. H., Mishra, S. R., Mislivec, A., Mohanta, R., Moren, A., Mualem, L., Muether, M., Mufson, S., Mulder, K., Murphy, R., Musser, J., Naples, D., Nayak, N., Nelson, J. K., Nichol, R., Nikseresht, G., Niner, E., Norman, A., Nosek, T., Olshevskiy, A., Olson, T., Paley, J., Patterson, R. B., Pawloski, G., Pershey, D., Petrova, O., Petti, R., Phan, D. D., Plunkett, R. K., Potukuchi, B., Principato, C., Psihas, F., Radovic, A., Raj, V., Rameika, R. A., Rebel, B., Rojas, P., Ryabov, V., Samoylov, O., Sanchez, M. C., Sánchez Falero, S., Seong, I. S., Shanahan, P., Sheshukov, A., Singh, P., Singh, V., Smith, E., Smolik, J., Snopok, P., Solomey, N., Song, E., Sousa, A., Soustruznik, K., Strait, M., Suter, L., Sutton, A., Talaga, R. L., Tapia Oregui, B., Tas, P., Thayyullathil, R. B., Thomas, J., Tiras, E., Torbunov, D., Tripathi, J., Tsaris, A., Torun, Y., Urheim, J., Vahle, P., Vasel, J., Vinton, L., Vokac, P., Vrba, T., Wallbank, M., Wang, B., Warburton, T. K., Wetstein, M., While, M., Whittington, D., Wojcicki, S. G., Wolcott, J., Yadav, N., Yallappa Dombara, A., Yonehara, K., Yu, S., Zadorozhnyy, S., Zalesak, J., Zamorano, B., & Zwaska, R. First measurement of neutrino oscillation parameters using neutrinos and antineutrinos by NOvA. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.151803.
Acero, M. A., Adamson, P., Aliaga, L., Alion, T., Allakhverdian, V., Altakarli, S., Anfimov, N., Antoshkin, A., Aurisano, A., Back, A., Backhouse, C., Baird, M., Balashov, N., Baldi, P., Bambah, B. A., Bashar, S., Bays, K., Bending, S., Bernstein, R., Bhatnagar, V., Bhuyan, B., Bian, J., Blackburn, T., Blair, J., Booth, A. C., Bour, P., Bromberg, C., Buchanan, N., Butkevich, A., Calvez, S., Campbell, M., Carroll, T. J., Catano-Mur, E., Cedeno, A., Childress, S., Choudhary, B. C., Chowdhury, B., Coan, T. E., Colo, M., Cooper, J., Corwin, L., Cremonesi, L., Davies, G. S., Derwent, P. F., Ding, P., Djurcic, Z., Doyle, D., Dukes, E. C., Duyang, H., Edayath, S., Ehrlich, R., Elkins, M., Feldman, G. J., Filip, P., Flanagan, W., Frank, M. J., Gallagher, H. R., Gandrajula, R., Gao, F., Germani, S., Giri, A., Gomes, R. A., Goodman, M. C., Grichine, V., Groh, M., Group, R., Guo, B., Habig, A., Hakl, F., Hartnell, J., Hatcher, R., Hatzikoutelis, A., Heller, K., Hewes, J., Himmel, A., Holin, A., Howard, B., Huang, J., Hylen, J., Jediny, F., Johnson, C., Judah, M., Kakorin, I., Kalra, D., Kaplan, D. M., Keloth, R., Klimov, O., Koerner, L. W., Kolupaeva, L., Kotelnikov, S., Kourbanis, I., Kreymer, A., Kulenberg, Ch., Kumar, A., Kuruppu, C. D., Kus, V., Lackey, T., Lang, K., Lin, S., Lokajicek, M., Lozier, J., Luchuk, S., Maan, K., Magill, S., Mann, W. A., Marshak, M. L., Martinez-Casales, M., Matveev, V., Méndez, D. P., Messier, M. D., Meyer, H., Miao, T., Miller, W. H., Mishra, S. R., Mislivec, A., Mohanta, R., Moren, A., Mualem, L., Muether, M., Mufson, S., Mulder, K., Murphy, R., Musser, J., Naples, D., Nayak, N., Nelson, J. K., Nichol, R., Nikseresht, G., Niner, E., Norman, A., Nosek, T., Olshevskiy, A., Olson, T., Paley, J., Patterson, R. B., Pawloski, G., Pershey, D., Petrova, O., Petti, R., Phan, D. D., Plunkett, R. K., Potukuchi, B., Principato, C., Psihas, F., Radovic, A., Raj, V., Rameika, R. A., Rebel, B., Rojas, P., Ryabov, V., Samoylov, O., Sanchez, M. C., Sánchez Falero, S., Seong, I. S., Shanahan, P., Sheshukov, A., Singh, P., Singh, V., Smith, E., Smolik, J., Snopok, P., Solomey, N., Song, E., Sousa, A., Soustruznik, K., Strait, M., Suter, L., Sutton, A., Talaga, R. L., Tapia Oregui, B., Tas, P., Thayyullathil, R. B., Thomas, J., Tiras, E., Torbunov, D., Tripathi, J., Tsaris, A., Torun, Y., Urheim, J., Vahle, P., Vasel, J., Vinton, L., Vokac, P., Vrba, T., Wallbank, M., Wang, B., Warburton, T. K., Wetstein, M., While, M., Whittington, D., Wojcicki, S. G., Wolcott, J., Yadav, N., Yallappa Dombara, A., Yonehara, K., Yu, S., Zadorozhnyy, S., Zalesak, J., Zamorano, B., and Zwaska, R. Fri . "First measurement of neutrino oscillation parameters using neutrinos and antineutrinos by NOvA". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.151803.
@article{osti_1570074,
title = {First measurement of neutrino oscillation parameters using neutrinos and antineutrinos by NOvA},
author = {Acero, M. A. and Adamson, P. and Aliaga, L. and Alion, T. and Allakhverdian, V. and Altakarli, S. and Anfimov, N. and Antoshkin, A. and Aurisano, A. and Back, A. and Backhouse, C. and Baird, M. and Balashov, N. and Baldi, P. and Bambah, B. A. and Bashar, S. and Bays, K. and Bending, S. and Bernstein, R. and Bhatnagar, V. and Bhuyan, B. and Bian, J. and Blackburn, T. and Blair, J. and Booth, A. C. and Bour, P. and Bromberg, C. and Buchanan, N. and Butkevich, A. and Calvez, S. and Campbell, M. and Carroll, T. J. and Catano-Mur, E. and Cedeno, A. and Childress, S. and Choudhary, B. C. and Chowdhury, B. and Coan, T. E. and Colo, M. and Cooper, J. and Corwin, L. and Cremonesi, L. and Davies, G. S. and Derwent, P. F. and Ding, P. and Djurcic, Z. and Doyle, D. and Dukes, E. C. and Duyang, H. and Edayath, S. and Ehrlich, R. and Elkins, M. and Feldman, G. J. and Filip, P. and Flanagan, W. and Frank, M. J. and Gallagher, H. R. and Gandrajula, R. and Gao, F. and Germani, S. and Giri, A. and Gomes, R. A. and Goodman, M. C. and Grichine, V. and Groh, M. and Group, R. and Guo, B. and Habig, A. and Hakl, F. and Hartnell, J. and Hatcher, R. and Hatzikoutelis, A. and Heller, K. and Hewes, J. and Himmel, A. and Holin, A. and Howard, B. and Huang, J. and Hylen, J. and Jediny, F. and Johnson, C. and Judah, M. and Kakorin, I. and Kalra, D. and Kaplan, D. M. and Keloth, R. and Klimov, O. and Koerner, L. W. and Kolupaeva, L. and Kotelnikov, S. and Kourbanis, I. and Kreymer, A. and Kulenberg, Ch. and Kumar, A. and Kuruppu, C. D. and Kus, V. and Lackey, T. and Lang, K. and Lin, S. and Lokajicek, M. and Lozier, J. and Luchuk, S. and Maan, K. and Magill, S. and Mann, W. A. and Marshak, M. L. and Martinez-Casales, M. and Matveev, V. and Méndez, D. P. and Messier, M. D. and Meyer, H. and Miao, T. and Miller, W. H. and Mishra, S. R. and Mislivec, A. and Mohanta, R. and Moren, A. and Mualem, L. and Muether, M. and Mufson, S. and Mulder, K. and Murphy, R. and Musser, J. and Naples, D. and Nayak, N. and Nelson, J. K. and Nichol, R. and Nikseresht, G. and Niner, E. and Norman, A. and Nosek, T. and Olshevskiy, A. and Olson, T. and Paley, J. and Patterson, R. B. and Pawloski, G. and Pershey, D. and Petrova, O. and Petti, R. and Phan, D. D. and Plunkett, R. K. and Potukuchi, B. and Principato, C. and Psihas, F. and Radovic, A. and Raj, V. and Rameika, R. A. and Rebel, B. and Rojas, P. and Ryabov, V. and Samoylov, O. and Sanchez, M. C. and Sánchez Falero, S. and Seong, I. S. and Shanahan, P. and Sheshukov, A. and Singh, P. and Singh, V. and Smith, E. and Smolik, J. and Snopok, P. and Solomey, N. and Song, E. and Sousa, A. and Soustruznik, K. and Strait, M. and Suter, L. and Sutton, A. and Talaga, R. L. and Tapia Oregui, B. and Tas, P. and Thayyullathil, R. B. and Thomas, J. and Tiras, E. and Torbunov, D. and Tripathi, J. and Tsaris, A. and Torun, Y. and Urheim, J. and Vahle, P. and Vasel, J. and Vinton, L. and Vokac, P. and Vrba, T. and Wallbank, M. and Wang, B. and Warburton, T. K. and Wetstein, M. and While, M. and Whittington, D. and Wojcicki, S. G. and Wolcott, J. and Yadav, N. and Yallappa Dombara, A. and Yonehara, K. and Yu, S. and Zadorozhnyy, S. and Zalesak, J. and Zamorano, B. and Zwaska, R.},
abstractNote = {The NOvA experiment has made a $4.4\sigma$-significant observation of $\bar\nu_{e}$ appearance in a 2 GeV $\bar\nu_{\mu}$ beam at a distance of 810 km. Using $12.33\times10^{20}$ protons on target delivered to the Fermilab NuMI neutrino beamline, the experiment recorded 27 $\bar\nu_{\mu} \rightarrow \bar\nu_{e}$ candidates with a background of 10.3 and 102 $\bar\nu_{\mu} \rightarrow \bar\nu_{\mu}$ candidates. This new antineutrino data is combined with neutrino data to measure the oscillation parameters $|\Delta m^2_{32}| = 2.48^{+0.11}_{-0.06}\times10^{-3}$ eV$^2/c^4$, $\sin^2 \theta_{23} = 0.56^{+0.04}_{-0.03}$ in the normal neutrino mass hierarchy and upper octant and excludes most values near $\delta_{\rm CP}=\pi/2$ for the inverted mass hierarchy by more than 3$\sigma$. The data favor the normal neutrino mass hierarchy by 1.9$\sigma$ and $\theta_{23}$ values in the upper octant by 1.6$\sigma$.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.151803},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 15,
volume = 123,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

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DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.151803

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