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Title: Detecting Sub-GeV Dark Matter with Superconducting Nanowires

Abstract

We propose the use of superconducting nanowires as both target and sensor for direct detection of subGeV dark matter. With excellent sensitivity to small energy deposits on electrons and demonstrated low dark counts, such devices could be used to probe electron recoils from dark matter scattering and absorption processes. We demonstrate the feasibility of this idea using measurements of an existing fabricated tungsten-silicide nanowire prototype with 0.8-eV energy threshold and 4.3 ng with 10 000 s of exposure, which showed no dark counts. The results from this device already place meaningful bounds on dark matter-electron interactions, including the strongest terrestrial bounds on sub-eV dark photon absorption to date. Future expected fabrication on larger scales and with lower thresholds should enable probing of new territory in the direct detection landscape, establishing the complementarity of this approach to other existing proposals.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); Israel Science Foundation; US-Israel Binational Science Foundation (BSF); Israeli Centers of Research Excellence (I-CORE); German Israel Foundation; Azrieli Foundation (Canada)
OSTI Identifier:
1570032
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1595772
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0019129; 1112/17; 2016155; 1937/12; I-2487-303.7/2017
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review Letters Journal Volume: 123 Journal Issue: 15; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Particle dark matter; Nanowires

Citation Formats

Hochberg, Yonit, Charaev, Ilya, Nam, Sae-Woo, Verma, Varun, Colangelo, Marco, and Berggren, Karl K. Detecting Sub-GeV Dark Matter with Superconducting Nanowires. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.151802.
Hochberg, Yonit, Charaev, Ilya, Nam, Sae-Woo, Verma, Varun, Colangelo, Marco, & Berggren, Karl K. Detecting Sub-GeV Dark Matter with Superconducting Nanowires. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.151802.
Hochberg, Yonit, Charaev, Ilya, Nam, Sae-Woo, Verma, Varun, Colangelo, Marco, and Berggren, Karl K. Thu . "Detecting Sub-GeV Dark Matter with Superconducting Nanowires". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.151802.
@article{osti_1570032,
title = {Detecting Sub-GeV Dark Matter with Superconducting Nanowires},
author = {Hochberg, Yonit and Charaev, Ilya and Nam, Sae-Woo and Verma, Varun and Colangelo, Marco and Berggren, Karl K.},
abstractNote = {We propose the use of superconducting nanowires as both target and sensor for direct detection of subGeV dark matter. With excellent sensitivity to small energy deposits on electrons and demonstrated low dark counts, such devices could be used to probe electron recoils from dark matter scattering and absorption processes. We demonstrate the feasibility of this idea using measurements of an existing fabricated tungsten-silicide nanowire prototype with 0.8-eV energy threshold and 4.3 ng with 10 000 s of exposure, which showed no dark counts. The results from this device already place meaningful bounds on dark matter-electron interactions, including the strongest terrestrial bounds on sub-eV dark photon absorption to date. Future expected fabrication on larger scales and with lower thresholds should enable probing of new territory in the direct detection landscape, establishing the complementarity of this approach to other existing proposals.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.151802},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 15,
volume = 123,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.151802

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 12 works
Citation information provided by
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

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