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Title: Train Traffic as a Powerful Noise Source for Monitoring Active Faults With Seismic Interferometry

Abstract

Laboratory experiments report that detectable seismic velocity changes should occur in the vicinity of fault zones prior to earthquakes. However, operating permanent active seismic sources to monitor natural faults at seismogenic depth is found to be nearly impossible to achieve. We show that seismic noise generated by vehicle traffic, and especially heavy freight trains, can be turned into a powerful repetitive seismic source to continuously probe the Earth's crust at a few kilometers depth. Results of an exploratory seismic experiment in Southern California demonstrate that correlations of train-generated seismic signals allow daily reconstruction of direct P body waves probing the San Jacinto Fault down to 4-km depth. This new approach may facilitate monitoring most of the San Andreas Fault system using the railway and highway network of California.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [1]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5]; ORCiD logo [6]
  1. ISterre, Université Grenoble Alpes Gières France
  2. Department of Earth SciencesUniversity of Southern California Los Angeles CA USA
  3. IGPPUniversity of California, San Diego La Jolla CA USA
  4. EAPSMIT Cambridge MA USA
  5. Sisprobe Grenoble France
  6. Royal Observatory of Belgium Brussels Belgium
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); French National Research Agency (ANR); European Research Council (ERC); European Union's Horizon 2020; National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1568939
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1568940; OSTI ID: 1612605
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0016520; TERC 2018, FaultProbe; 817803, FAULTSCAN; 742335, F‐IMAGE; 776622, PACIFIC; PLR‐1643761
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Geophysical Research Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Geophysical Research Letters Journal Volume: 46 Journal Issue: 16; Journal ID: ISSN 0094-8276
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; geology; earthquakes monitoring; seismic interferometry; vehicle traffic seismic noise; body waves

Citation Formats

Brenguier, F., Boué, P., Ben‐Zion, Y., Vernon, F., Johnson, C. W., Mordret, A., Coutant, O., Share, P. ‐E., Beaucé, E., Hollis, D., and Lecocq, T. Train Traffic as a Powerful Noise Source for Monitoring Active Faults With Seismic Interferometry. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1029/2019GL083438.
Brenguier, F., Boué, P., Ben‐Zion, Y., Vernon, F., Johnson, C. W., Mordret, A., Coutant, O., Share, P. ‐E., Beaucé, E., Hollis, D., & Lecocq, T. Train Traffic as a Powerful Noise Source for Monitoring Active Faults With Seismic Interferometry. United States. doi:10.1029/2019GL083438.
Brenguier, F., Boué, P., Ben‐Zion, Y., Vernon, F., Johnson, C. W., Mordret, A., Coutant, O., Share, P. ‐E., Beaucé, E., Hollis, D., and Lecocq, T. Fri . "Train Traffic as a Powerful Noise Source for Monitoring Active Faults With Seismic Interferometry". United States. doi:10.1029/2019GL083438.
@article{osti_1568939,
title = {Train Traffic as a Powerful Noise Source for Monitoring Active Faults With Seismic Interferometry},
author = {Brenguier, F. and Boué, P. and Ben‐Zion, Y. and Vernon, F. and Johnson, C. W. and Mordret, A. and Coutant, O. and Share, P. ‐E. and Beaucé, E. and Hollis, D. and Lecocq, T.},
abstractNote = {Laboratory experiments report that detectable seismic velocity changes should occur in the vicinity of fault zones prior to earthquakes. However, operating permanent active seismic sources to monitor natural faults at seismogenic depth is found to be nearly impossible to achieve. We show that seismic noise generated by vehicle traffic, and especially heavy freight trains, can be turned into a powerful repetitive seismic source to continuously probe the Earth's crust at a few kilometers depth. Results of an exploratory seismic experiment in Southern California demonstrate that correlations of train-generated seismic signals allow daily reconstruction of direct P body waves probing the San Jacinto Fault down to 4-km depth. This new approach may facilitate monitoring most of the San Andreas Fault system using the railway and highway network of California.},
doi = {10.1029/2019GL083438},
journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
number = 16,
volume = 46,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {8}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1029/2019GL083438

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Cited by: 5 works
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