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Title: Effect of mineralogy on friction-dilation relationships for simulated faults: Implications for permeability evolution in caprock faults

Abstract

This paper experimentally explores the frictional sliding behavior of two simulated gouges: one, a series ofquartz–smectite mixtures, and the other, powdered natural rocks, aiming to evaluate and codify the effect ofmineralogy on gouge dilation and frictional strength, stability, and healing. Specifically, velocity-stepping andslide-hold-slide experiments were performed in a double direct shear configuration to analyze frictional consti-tutive parameters at room temperature, under normal stresses of 10, 20, and 40 MPa. Gouge dilation wasmeasured based on the applied step-wise changes in shear velocity. The frictional response of the quartz–smectitemixtures and powdered natural rocks are affected by their phyllosilicate content. Frictional strength and healingrates decrease with increasing phyllosilicate content, and at 20 wt.% a transition from velocity-weakening tovelocity-strengthening behavior was noted. For both suites of gouges, dilation is positively correlated with fric-tional strength and healing rates, and negatively correlated with frictional stability. Changes in the permeabilityof gouge-filled faults were estimated from changes in mean porosity, indexed through measured magnitudes ofgouge dilation. This combined analysis implies that the reactivation of caprock faultsfilled with phyllosilicate-rich gouges may have a strong influence on permeability evolution in caprock faults.

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Fossil Energy (FE)
OSTI Identifier:
1567973
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1799770
Grant/Contract Number:  
FE0023354
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Geoscience Frontiers
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Geoscience Frontiers Journal Volume: 11 Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1674-9871
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
Country unknown/Code not available
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; Geology; Fault gouge; Mineralogy; Strength and stability; Frictional healing; Gouge dilation; Permeability

Citation Formats

Zhang, Fengshou, An, Mengke, Zhang, Lianyang, Fang, Yi, and Elsworth, Derek. Effect of mineralogy on friction-dilation relationships for simulated faults: Implications for permeability evolution in caprock faults. Country unknown/Code not available: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gsf.2019.05.014.
Zhang, Fengshou, An, Mengke, Zhang, Lianyang, Fang, Yi, & Elsworth, Derek. Effect of mineralogy on friction-dilation relationships for simulated faults: Implications for permeability evolution in caprock faults. Country unknown/Code not available. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gsf.2019.05.014
Zhang, Fengshou, An, Mengke, Zhang, Lianyang, Fang, Yi, and Elsworth, Derek. Sun . "Effect of mineralogy on friction-dilation relationships for simulated faults: Implications for permeability evolution in caprock faults". Country unknown/Code not available. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gsf.2019.05.014.
@article{osti_1567973,
title = {Effect of mineralogy on friction-dilation relationships for simulated faults: Implications for permeability evolution in caprock faults},
author = {Zhang, Fengshou and An, Mengke and Zhang, Lianyang and Fang, Yi and Elsworth, Derek},
abstractNote = {This paper experimentally explores the frictional sliding behavior of two simulated gouges: one, a series ofquartz–smectite mixtures, and the other, powdered natural rocks, aiming to evaluate and codify the effect ofmineralogy on gouge dilation and frictional strength, stability, and healing. Specifically, velocity-stepping andslide-hold-slide experiments were performed in a double direct shear configuration to analyze frictional consti-tutive parameters at room temperature, under normal stresses of 10, 20, and 40 MPa. Gouge dilation wasmeasured based on the applied step-wise changes in shear velocity. The frictional response of the quartz–smectitemixtures and powdered natural rocks are affected by their phyllosilicate content. Frictional strength and healingrates decrease with increasing phyllosilicate content, and at 20 wt.% a transition from velocity-weakening tovelocity-strengthening behavior was noted. For both suites of gouges, dilation is positively correlated with fric-tional strength and healing rates, and negatively correlated with frictional stability. Changes in the permeabilityof gouge-filled faults were estimated from changes in mean porosity, indexed through measured magnitudes ofgouge dilation. This combined analysis implies that the reactivation of caprock faultsfilled with phyllosilicate-rich gouges may have a strong influence on permeability evolution in caprock faults.},
doi = {10.1016/j.gsf.2019.05.014},
journal = {Geoscience Frontiers},
number = 2,
volume = 11,
place = {Country unknown/Code not available},
year = {2020},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gsf.2019.05.014

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