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Title: Tunable Axion Plasma Haloscopes

Abstract

We propose a new strategy for searching for dark matter axions using tunable cryogenic plasmas. Unlike current experiments, which repair the mismatch between axion and photon masses by breaking translational invariance (cavity and dielectric haloscopes), a plasma haloscope enables resonant conversion by matching the axion mass to a plasma frequency. A key advantage is that the plasma frequency is unrelated to the physical size of the device, allowing large conversion volumes. Furthermore, we identify wire metamaterials as a promising candidate plasma, wherein the plasma frequency can be tuned by varying the interwire spacing. For realistic experimental sizes, we estimate competitive sensitivity for axion masses of 35–400 μeV, at least.

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP)
OSTI Identifier:
1567920
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1634999
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012567
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review Letters Journal Volume: 123 Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; axions; metamaterials; particle dark matter; low-temperature plasma; dark matter detectors

Citation Formats

Lawson, Matthew, Millar, Alexander J., Pancaldi, Matteo, Vitagliano, Edoardo, and Wilczek, Frank. Tunable Axion Plasma Haloscopes. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.141802.
Lawson, Matthew, Millar, Alexander J., Pancaldi, Matteo, Vitagliano, Edoardo, & Wilczek, Frank. Tunable Axion Plasma Haloscopes. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.141802.
Lawson, Matthew, Millar, Alexander J., Pancaldi, Matteo, Vitagliano, Edoardo, and Wilczek, Frank. Tue . "Tunable Axion Plasma Haloscopes". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.141802.
@article{osti_1567920,
title = {Tunable Axion Plasma Haloscopes},
author = {Lawson, Matthew and Millar, Alexander J. and Pancaldi, Matteo and Vitagliano, Edoardo and Wilczek, Frank},
abstractNote = {We propose a new strategy for searching for dark matter axions using tunable cryogenic plasmas. Unlike current experiments, which repair the mismatch between axion and photon masses by breaking translational invariance (cavity and dielectric haloscopes), a plasma haloscope enables resonant conversion by matching the axion mass to a plasma frequency. A key advantage is that the plasma frequency is unrelated to the physical size of the device, allowing large conversion volumes. Furthermore, we identify wire metamaterials as a promising candidate plasma, wherein the plasma frequency can be tuned by varying the interwire spacing. For realistic experimental sizes, we estimate competitive sensitivity for axion masses of 35–400 μeV, at least.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.141802},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 14,
volume = 123,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.141802

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 21 works
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Tunable superconducting Josephson dielectric metamaterial
    journal, October 2019

    • Trepanier, M.; Zhang, Daimeng; Filippenko, L. V.
    • AIP Advances, Vol. 9, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5126963

    Geometric inflation and dark energy with axion F ( R ) gravity
    journal, February 2020