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Title: Understanding the linkage between electric vehicle charging network coverage and charging opportunity using GPS travel data

Abstract

Using GPS travel survey data from three metropolitan areas, this paper estimates the relationship between plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) public charging infrastructure coverage and charging opportunity. The former is defined as the percentage of public areas with charging stations installed and the latter represents the drivers probability of accessing a public charger at their trip stops (stop-based) or during at least one stop of their travel day (trip chain-based). Understanding this relationship is important to PEV manufacturers and electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) providers, as well as government agencies, for evaluating different levels of EVSE deployment and estimating the impact of its availability on PEV adoption. Heuristic procedures are developed to estimate stop- and trip chain-based charging opportunities. Charging opportunity reflects the visibility of EVSE as the incremental security that charging stations enable, while evaluating the potential of a driver to access EVSE at travel stops or during the day, for different levels of EVSE deployment on the transportation network. The metrics proposed do not assess the probability of completing trips with electric vehicles of a given range. The analysis results indicate that drivers’ trip destinations concentrate in a few popular places and EVSE deployment in these areas could achievemore » relatively high levels of charging opportunity. This finding is also robust to regional variations.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. Lamar Univ., Beaumont, TX (United States). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1567006
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 98; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0968-090X
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; Electric vehicle; Charging opportunity; Charging infrastructure; Charging coverage

Citation Formats

Kontou, Eleftheria, Liu, Changzheng, Xie, Fei, Wu, Xing, and Lin, Zhenhong. Understanding the linkage between electric vehicle charging network coverage and charging opportunity using GPS travel data. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1016/j.trc.2018.11.008.
Kontou, Eleftheria, Liu, Changzheng, Xie, Fei, Wu, Xing, & Lin, Zhenhong. Understanding the linkage between electric vehicle charging network coverage and charging opportunity using GPS travel data. United States. doi:10.1016/j.trc.2018.11.008.
Kontou, Eleftheria, Liu, Changzheng, Xie, Fei, Wu, Xing, and Lin, Zhenhong. Tue . "Understanding the linkage between electric vehicle charging network coverage and charging opportunity using GPS travel data". United States. doi:10.1016/j.trc.2018.11.008. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1567006.
@article{osti_1567006,
title = {Understanding the linkage between electric vehicle charging network coverage and charging opportunity using GPS travel data},
author = {Kontou, Eleftheria and Liu, Changzheng and Xie, Fei and Wu, Xing and Lin, Zhenhong},
abstractNote = {Using GPS travel survey data from three metropolitan areas, this paper estimates the relationship between plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) public charging infrastructure coverage and charging opportunity. The former is defined as the percentage of public areas with charging stations installed and the latter represents the drivers probability of accessing a public charger at their trip stops (stop-based) or during at least one stop of their travel day (trip chain-based). Understanding this relationship is important to PEV manufacturers and electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) providers, as well as government agencies, for evaluating different levels of EVSE deployment and estimating the impact of its availability on PEV adoption. Heuristic procedures are developed to estimate stop- and trip chain-based charging opportunities. Charging opportunity reflects the visibility of EVSE as the incremental security that charging stations enable, while evaluating the potential of a driver to access EVSE at travel stops or during the day, for different levels of EVSE deployment on the transportation network. The metrics proposed do not assess the probability of completing trips with electric vehicles of a given range. The analysis results indicate that drivers’ trip destinations concentrate in a few popular places and EVSE deployment in these areas could achieve relatively high levels of charging opportunity. This finding is also robust to regional variations.},
doi = {10.1016/j.trc.2018.11.008},
journal = {Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies},
number = C,
volume = 98,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {1}
}

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Works referencing / citing this record:

Charging Station and Power Network Planning for Integrated Electric Vehicles (EVs)
journal, July 2019