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Title: Origins of Diamond Surface Noise Probed by Correlating Single-Spin Measurements with Surface Spectroscopy

Abstract

The nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center in diamond exhibits spin-dependent fluorescence and long spin coherence times under ambient conditions, enabling applications in quantum information processing and sensing. NV centers near the surface can have strong interactions with external materials and spins, enabling new forms of nanoscale spectroscopy. However, NV spin coherence degrades within 100 nm of the surface, suggesting that diamond surfaces are plagued with ubiquitous defects. Prior work on characterizing near-surface noise has primarily relied on using NV centers themselves as probes; while this has the advantage of exquisite sensitivity, it provides only indirect information about the origin of the noise. Here we demonstrate that surface spectroscopy methods and single-spin measurements can be used as complementary diagnostics to understand sources of noise. We find that surface morphology is crucial for realizing reproducible chemical termination, and use this insight to achieve a highly ordered, oxygen-terminated surface with suppressed noise. We observe NV centers within 10 nm of the surface with coherence times extended by an order of magnitude.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); National Science Foundation (NSF); Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA); USDOD; Australian Research Council (ARC)
OSTI Identifier:
1566898
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1594722
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0018978; DMR-1752047; D18AC00015; CE170100012; 1541959; AC02-98CH10886
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review. X
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review. X Journal Volume: 9 Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2160-3308
Publisher:
American Physical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 42 ENGINEERING; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; NV centers; Quantum sensing; Surface and interfacial phenomena; Structural properties; Defects; Vacancies

Citation Formats

Sangtawesin, Sorawis, Dwyer, Bo L., Srinivasan, Srikanth, Allred, James J., Rodgers, Lila V. H., De Greve, Kristiaan, Stacey, Alastair, Dontschuk, Nikolai, O’Donnell, Kane M., Hu, Di, Evans, D. Andrew, Jaye, Cherno, Fischer, Daniel A., Markham, Matthew L., Twitchen, Daniel J., Park, Hongkun, Lukin, Mikhail D., and de Leon, Nathalie P. Origins of Diamond Surface Noise Probed by Correlating Single-Spin Measurements with Surface Spectroscopy. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevX.9.031052.
Sangtawesin, Sorawis, Dwyer, Bo L., Srinivasan, Srikanth, Allred, James J., Rodgers, Lila V. H., De Greve, Kristiaan, Stacey, Alastair, Dontschuk, Nikolai, O’Donnell, Kane M., Hu, Di, Evans, D. Andrew, Jaye, Cherno, Fischer, Daniel A., Markham, Matthew L., Twitchen, Daniel J., Park, Hongkun, Lukin, Mikhail D., & de Leon, Nathalie P. Origins of Diamond Surface Noise Probed by Correlating Single-Spin Measurements with Surface Spectroscopy. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevX.9.031052.
Sangtawesin, Sorawis, Dwyer, Bo L., Srinivasan, Srikanth, Allred, James J., Rodgers, Lila V. H., De Greve, Kristiaan, Stacey, Alastair, Dontschuk, Nikolai, O’Donnell, Kane M., Hu, Di, Evans, D. Andrew, Jaye, Cherno, Fischer, Daniel A., Markham, Matthew L., Twitchen, Daniel J., Park, Hongkun, Lukin, Mikhail D., and de Leon, Nathalie P. Thu . "Origins of Diamond Surface Noise Probed by Correlating Single-Spin Measurements with Surface Spectroscopy". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevX.9.031052.
@article{osti_1566898,
title = {Origins of Diamond Surface Noise Probed by Correlating Single-Spin Measurements with Surface Spectroscopy},
author = {Sangtawesin, Sorawis and Dwyer, Bo L. and Srinivasan, Srikanth and Allred, James J. and Rodgers, Lila V. H. and De Greve, Kristiaan and Stacey, Alastair and Dontschuk, Nikolai and O’Donnell, Kane M. and Hu, Di and Evans, D. Andrew and Jaye, Cherno and Fischer, Daniel A. and Markham, Matthew L. and Twitchen, Daniel J. and Park, Hongkun and Lukin, Mikhail D. and de Leon, Nathalie P.},
abstractNote = {The nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center in diamond exhibits spin-dependent fluorescence and long spin coherence times under ambient conditions, enabling applications in quantum information processing and sensing. NV centers near the surface can have strong interactions with external materials and spins, enabling new forms of nanoscale spectroscopy. However, NV spin coherence degrades within 100 nm of the surface, suggesting that diamond surfaces are plagued with ubiquitous defects. Prior work on characterizing near-surface noise has primarily relied on using NV centers themselves as probes; while this has the advantage of exquisite sensitivity, it provides only indirect information about the origin of the noise. Here we demonstrate that surface spectroscopy methods and single-spin measurements can be used as complementary diagnostics to understand sources of noise. We find that surface morphology is crucial for realizing reproducible chemical termination, and use this insight to achieve a highly ordered, oxygen-terminated surface with suppressed noise. We observe NV centers within 10 nm of the surface with coherence times extended by an order of magnitude.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevX.9.031052},
journal = {Physical Review. X},
number = 3,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevX.9.031052

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Cited by: 10 works
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