skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Anomalous Hall effect in thin films of the Weyl antiferromagnet Mn3 Sn

Abstract

The Weyl antiferromagnet Mn3Sn has been recently attracting significant attention as it exhibits various useful functions such as a large anomalous Hall effect that is normally absent in antiferromagnets. Here, we report the thin film fabrication of the single phase of Mn3Sn and the observation of the large anomalous Hall effect at room temperature despite its vanishingly small magnetization. Here, our work on the high-quality thin film growth of the Weyl antiferromagnet paves the path for developing antiferromagnetic spintronics.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [5]
  1. Univ. of Tokyo (Japan). Inst. for Solid State Physics; Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), Saitama (Japan). CREST
  2. Univ. of Tokyo (Japan). Inst. for Solid State Physics
  3. Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  4. Univ. of Tokyo (Japan). Inst. for Solid State Physics; Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), Saitama (Japan). CREST; Inst. of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN), Wako (Japan). Center for Emergent Matter Science
  5. Univ. of Tokyo (Japan). Inst. for Solid State Physics; Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), Saitama (Japan). CREST; Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States). Inst. for Quantum Matter and Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Institute for Quantum Matter (IQM). Spins and Heat in Nanoscale Electronic Systems (SHINES); Univ. of California, Riverside, CA (United States); Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology of Japan; Japan Science and Technology Agency
OSTI Identifier:
1566656
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012670; SC0019331
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 113; Journal Issue: 20; Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; optics; thermal conductivity; defects; charge transport; superconductivity; magnetism and spin physics; quantum information science; materials and chemistry by design; synthesis (novel materials); phonons; thermoelectric; spin dynamics; spintronics

Citation Formats

Higo, Tomoya, Qu, Danru, Li, Yufan, Chien, C. L., Otani, Yoshichika, and Nakatsuji, Satoru. Anomalous Hall effect in thin films of the Weyl antiferromagnet Mn3 Sn. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5064697.
Higo, Tomoya, Qu, Danru, Li, Yufan, Chien, C. L., Otani, Yoshichika, & Nakatsuji, Satoru. Anomalous Hall effect in thin films of the Weyl antiferromagnet Mn3 Sn. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5064697
Higo, Tomoya, Qu, Danru, Li, Yufan, Chien, C. L., Otani, Yoshichika, and Nakatsuji, Satoru. Mon . "Anomalous Hall effect in thin films of the Weyl antiferromagnet Mn3 Sn". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5064697. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1566656.
@article{osti_1566656,
title = {Anomalous Hall effect in thin films of the Weyl antiferromagnet Mn3 Sn},
author = {Higo, Tomoya and Qu, Danru and Li, Yufan and Chien, C. L. and Otani, Yoshichika and Nakatsuji, Satoru},
abstractNote = {The Weyl antiferromagnet Mn3Sn has been recently attracting significant attention as it exhibits various useful functions such as a large anomalous Hall effect that is normally absent in antiferromagnets. Here, we report the thin film fabrication of the single phase of Mn3Sn and the observation of the large anomalous Hall effect at room temperature despite its vanishingly small magnetization. Here, our work on the high-quality thin film growth of the Weyl antiferromagnet paves the path for developing antiferromagnetic spintronics.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5064697},
journal = {Applied Physics Letters},
number = 20,
volume = 113,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 22 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Evidence for magnetic Weyl fermions in a correlated metal
journal, September 2017

  • Kuroda, K.; Tomita, T.; Suzuki, M. -T.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 16, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4987

Determination of the magnetic structure of Mn 3 Sn using generalized neutron polarization analysis
journal, November 1990


Large anomalous Nernst effect at room temperature in a chiral antiferromagnet
journal, July 2017

  • Ikhlas, Muhammad; Tomita, Takahiro; Koretsune, Takashi
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 13, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys4181

Anomalous Nernst and Righi-Leduc Effects in Mn 3 Sn : Berry Curvature and Entropy Flow
journal, August 2017


Giant Anomalous Hall Effect in the Chiral Antiferromagnet Mn 3 Ge
journal, June 2016


The emergence of spin electronics in data storage
journal, November 2007

  • Chappert, Claude; Fert, Albert; Van Dau, Frédéric Nguyen
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 6, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2024

A spin-valve-like magnetoresistance of an antiferromagnet-based tunnel junction
journal, March 2011

  • Park, B. G.; Wunderlich, J.; Martí, X.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 10, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2983

Topological antiferromagnetic spintronics
journal, March 2018


Antiferromagnetic spintronics
journal, February 2018


Large anomalous Hall effect in a non-collinear antiferromagnet at room temperature
journal, October 2015

  • Nakatsuji, Satoru; Kiyohara, Naoki; Higo, Tomoya
  • Nature, Vol. 527, Issue 7577
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature15723

Noncollinear antiferromagnetic Mn 3 Sn films
journal, May 2018


Large anomalous Hall effect driven by a nonvanishing Berry curvature in the noncolinear antiferromagnet Mn 3 Ge
journal, April 2016

  • Nayak, Ajaya K.; Fischer, Julia Erika; Sun, Yan
  • Science Advances, Vol. 2, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1501870

Magnetic Structure and Weak Ferromagnetism of Mn 3 Sn Studied by Polarized Neutron Diffraction
journal, August 1982

  • Tomiyoshi, Shōichi; Yamaguchi, Yasuo
  • Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, Vol. 51, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1143/JPSJ.51.2478

Magnetic anisotropy of single-crystalline Mn 3 Sn in triangular and helix-phase states
journal, August 2015

  • Duan, T. F.; Ren, W. J.; Liu, W. L.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 107, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4929447

Spintronics of antiferromagnetic systems (Review Article)
journal, January 2014

  • Gomonay, E. V.; Loktev, V. M.
  • Low Temperature Physics, Vol. 40, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4862467

Cluster multipole theory for anomalous Hall effect in antiferromagnets
journal, March 2017


Magnetic phase dependence of the anomalous Hall effect in Mn 3 Sn single crystals
journal, March 2018

  • Sung, N. H.; Ronning, F.; Thompson, J. D.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 112, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5021133

Room-temperature antiferromagnetic memory resistor
journal, January 2014

  • Marti, X.; Fina, I.; Frontera, C.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 13, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3861

Antiferromagnetic metal spintronics
journal, August 2011

  • MacDonald, A. H.; Tsoi, M.
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 369, Issue 1948
  • DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2011.0014

Electrical switching of an antiferromagnet
journal, January 2016


Large magneto-optical Kerr effect and imaging of magnetic octupole domains in an antiferromagnetic metal
journal, January 2018


Theory of spin torques and giant magnetoresistance in antiferromagnetic metals
journal, June 2006


Antiferromagnetic spintronics
journal, March 2016

  • Jungwirth, T.; Marti, X.; Wadley, P.
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 11, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2016.18

Topological Weyl semimetals in the chiral antiferromagnetic materials Mn 3 Ge and Mn 3 Sn
journal, January 2017


Spin-orbit coupling induced anisotropy effects in bimetallic antiferromagnets: A route towards antiferromagnetic spintronics
journal, June 2010


Anomalous Hall effect
journal, May 2010


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Anomalous Hall Effect–Like Behavior with In‐Plane Magnetic Field in Noncollinear Antiferromagnetic Mn 3 Sn Films
    journal, February 2019


    Imaging and writing magnetic domains in the non-collinear antiferromagnet Mn3Sn
    journal, November 2019


    Controlled growth and magnetic property of a-plane-oriented Mn 3 Sn thin films
    journal, March 2019

    • Oh, Seungjun; Morita, Tadashi; Ikeda, Tomoki
    • AIP Advances, Vol. 9, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5079688

    Terahertz conductivity of the magnetic Weyl semimetal Mn 3 Sn films
    journal, July 2019

    • Cheng, Bing; Wang, Youcheng; Barbalas, D.
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 115, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5093414

    Orientation-dependent THz emission in non-collinear antiferromagnetic Mn 3 Sn and Mn 3 Sn-based heterostructures
    journal, October 2019

    • Zhou, Xiaofeng; Song, Bangju; Chen, Xianzhe
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 115, Issue 18
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5121384

    Fabrication and evaluation of highly c-plane oriented Mn 3 Sn thin films
    journal, January 2020

    • Ikeda, Tomoki; Tsunoda, Masakiyo; Oogane, Mikihiko
    • AIP Advances, Vol. 10, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5130459

    Structural and magnetic properties of Mn 3 Ge films with Pt and Ru seed layers
    journal, January 2020

    • Kobayashi, A.; Higo, T.; Nakatsuji, S.
    • AIP Advances, Vol. 10, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5130522

    Evaluation of spin diffusion length and spin Hall angle of the antiferromagnetic Weyl semimetal Mn 3 Sn
    journal, May 2019