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Title: Strain localization in dry sheared granular materials: A compactivity-based approach

Abstract

Shear banding is widely observed in natural fault zones as well as in laboratory experiments on granular materials. Understanding the dynamics of strain localization under different loading conditions is essential for quantifying strength evolution of fault gouge, energy partitioning during earthquakes and characterizing rheological transitions and fault zone structure changes. To that end, we develop a physics-based continuum model for strain localization in sheared granular materials. The grain-scale dynamics is described by the Shear Transformation Zone (STZ) theory, a non-equilibrium statistical thermodynamic framework for viscoplastic deformation in amorphous materials. Using a finite strain computational framework, we investigate the initiation and growth of complex shear bands under a variety of loading conditions and identify implication for strength evolution and ductile to brittle transition. Our numerical results show similar localization patterns to field and lab observations and suggest that shear zones show more ductile response at higher confining pressures, lower dilatancy and loose initial conditions. Lower pressures, higher dilatancy and dense initial conditions favor a brittle response and larger strength drops. These findings shed light on a range of mechanisms for strength evolution in dry sheared granular materials and provide a critical input to physicsbased multiscale models of fault zone instabilities.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Center for Geologic Storage of CO2 (GSCO2); Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1566381
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1467159
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012504; SC0C12504
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review E
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 98; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0045
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; defects; mechanical behavior; carbon sequestration; mesostructured materials

Citation Formats

Ma, Xiao, and Elbanna, Ahmed. Strain localization in dry sheared granular materials: A compactivity-based approach. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/physreve.98.022906.
Ma, Xiao, & Elbanna, Ahmed. Strain localization in dry sheared granular materials: A compactivity-based approach. United States. doi:10.1103/physreve.98.022906.
Ma, Xiao, and Elbanna, Ahmed. Wed . "Strain localization in dry sheared granular materials: A compactivity-based approach". United States. doi:10.1103/physreve.98.022906. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1566381.
@article{osti_1566381,
title = {Strain localization in dry sheared granular materials: A compactivity-based approach},
author = {Ma, Xiao and Elbanna, Ahmed},
abstractNote = {Shear banding is widely observed in natural fault zones as well as in laboratory experiments on granular materials. Understanding the dynamics of strain localization under different loading conditions is essential for quantifying strength evolution of fault gouge, energy partitioning during earthquakes and characterizing rheological transitions and fault zone structure changes. To that end, we develop a physics-based continuum model for strain localization in sheared granular materials. The grain-scale dynamics is described by the Shear Transformation Zone (STZ) theory, a non-equilibrium statistical thermodynamic framework for viscoplastic deformation in amorphous materials. Using a finite strain computational framework, we investigate the initiation and growth of complex shear bands under a variety of loading conditions and identify implication for strength evolution and ductile to brittle transition. Our numerical results show similar localization patterns to field and lab observations and suggest that shear zones show more ductile response at higher confining pressures, lower dilatancy and loose initial conditions. Lower pressures, higher dilatancy and dense initial conditions favor a brittle response and larger strength drops. These findings shed light on a range of mechanisms for strength evolution in dry sheared granular materials and provide a critical input to physicsbased multiscale models of fault zone instabilities.},
doi = {10.1103/physreve.98.022906},
journal = {Physical Review E},
number = 2,
volume = 98,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

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