DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Proximity-Induced Magnetic Order in a Transferred Topological Insulator Thin Film on a Magnetic Insulator

Abstract

Breaking the time reversal symmetry (TRS) in a topological insulator (TI) by introducing a magnetic order gives rise to exotic quantum phenomena. One of the promising routes to inducing a magnetic order in a TI is utilizing magnetic proximity effect between a TI and a strong magnetic insulator (MI). Here, we demonstrate a TI/MI heterostructure prepared through transferring a molecular beam epitaxy (MBE)-grown Bi2Se3 film onto a yttrium iron garnet (YIG) substrate via wet transfer. The transferred Bi2Se3 exhibits excellent quality over a large scale. Moreover, through wet transfer we are able to engineer the interface and perform a comparative study to probe the proximity coupling between Bi2Se3 and YIG under different interface conditions. A detailed investigation of both the anomalous Hall effect and quantum corrections to the conductivity in magnetotransport measurements reveals an induced magnetic order as well as TRS breaking in the transferred Bi2Se3 film on YIG. In contrast, a thin layer of AlOx at the interface obstructs the proximity coupling and preserves the TRS, indicating the critical role of the interface in mediating magnetic proximity effect.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [3];  [3];  [3]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  2. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing (China)
  3. Univ. of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu (China)
  4. Beijing Univ. of Technology (China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Spins and Heat in Nanoscale Electronic Systems (SHINES); Univ. of California, Riverside, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1566357
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012670; SC000686
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Nano
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1936-0851
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; phonons; thermal conductivity; thermoelectric; spin dynamics; spintronics; topological insulator; magnetic insulator; wet transfer; magnetic proximity effect; interface; quantum interference

Citation Formats

Che, Xiaoyu, Murata, Koichi, Pan, Lei, He, Qing Lin, Yu, Guoqiang, Shao, Qiming, Yin, Gen, Deng, Peng, Fan, Yabin, Ma, Bo, Liang, Xiao, Zhang, Bin, Han, Xiaodong, Bi, Lei, Yang, Qing-Hui, Zhang, Huaiwu, and Wang, Kang L. Proximity-Induced Magnetic Order in a Transferred Topological Insulator Thin Film on a Magnetic Insulator. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1021/acsnano.8b02647.
Che, Xiaoyu, Murata, Koichi, Pan, Lei, He, Qing Lin, Yu, Guoqiang, Shao, Qiming, Yin, Gen, Deng, Peng, Fan, Yabin, Ma, Bo, Liang, Xiao, Zhang, Bin, Han, Xiaodong, Bi, Lei, Yang, Qing-Hui, Zhang, Huaiwu, & Wang, Kang L. Proximity-Induced Magnetic Order in a Transferred Topological Insulator Thin Film on a Magnetic Insulator. United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.8b02647
Che, Xiaoyu, Murata, Koichi, Pan, Lei, He, Qing Lin, Yu, Guoqiang, Shao, Qiming, Yin, Gen, Deng, Peng, Fan, Yabin, Ma, Bo, Liang, Xiao, Zhang, Bin, Han, Xiaodong, Bi, Lei, Yang, Qing-Hui, Zhang, Huaiwu, and Wang, Kang L. Mon . "Proximity-Induced Magnetic Order in a Transferred Topological Insulator Thin Film on a Magnetic Insulator". United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.8b02647. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1566357.
@article{osti_1566357,
title = {Proximity-Induced Magnetic Order in a Transferred Topological Insulator Thin Film on a Magnetic Insulator},
author = {Che, Xiaoyu and Murata, Koichi and Pan, Lei and He, Qing Lin and Yu, Guoqiang and Shao, Qiming and Yin, Gen and Deng, Peng and Fan, Yabin and Ma, Bo and Liang, Xiao and Zhang, Bin and Han, Xiaodong and Bi, Lei and Yang, Qing-Hui and Zhang, Huaiwu and Wang, Kang L.},
abstractNote = {Breaking the time reversal symmetry (TRS) in a topological insulator (TI) by introducing a magnetic order gives rise to exotic quantum phenomena. One of the promising routes to inducing a magnetic order in a TI is utilizing magnetic proximity effect between a TI and a strong magnetic insulator (MI). Here, we demonstrate a TI/MI heterostructure prepared through transferring a molecular beam epitaxy (MBE)-grown Bi2Se3 film onto a yttrium iron garnet (YIG) substrate via wet transfer. The transferred Bi2Se3 exhibits excellent quality over a large scale. Moreover, through wet transfer we are able to engineer the interface and perform a comparative study to probe the proximity coupling between Bi2Se3 and YIG under different interface conditions. A detailed investigation of both the anomalous Hall effect and quantum corrections to the conductivity in magnetotransport measurements reveals an induced magnetic order as well as TRS breaking in the transferred Bi2Se3 film on YIG. In contrast, a thin layer of AlOx at the interface obstructs the proximity coupling and preserves the TRS, indicating the critical role of the interface in mediating magnetic proximity effect.},
doi = {10.1021/acsnano.8b02647},
journal = {ACS Nano},
number = 5,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 15 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Experimental Realization of a Three-Dimensional Topological Insulator, Bi2Te3
journal, June 2009


A tunable topological insulator in the spin helical Dirac transport regime
journal, July 2009


Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface
journal, May 2009

  • Zhang, Haijun; Liu, Chao-Xing; Qi, Xiao-Liang
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 5, Issue 6, p. 438-442
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys1270

Z2 Topological Order and the Quantum Spin Hall Effect
journal, September 2005


Topological invariants of time-reversal-invariant band structures
journal, March 2007


Topological field theory of time-reversal invariant insulators
journal, November 2008

  • Qi, Xiao-Liang; Hughes, Taylor L.; Zhang, Shou-Cheng
  • Physical Review B, Vol. 78, Issue 19, Article No. 195424
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.78.195424

Colloquium: Topological insulators
journal, November 2010


The birth of topological insulators
journal, March 2010


Magnetoelectric Polarizability and Axion Electrodynamics in Crystalline Insulators
journal, April 2009


Quantum Anomalous Hall Effect in Hg 1 y Mn y Te Quantum Wells
journal, October 2008


Quantized Anomalous Hall Effect in Magnetic Topological Insulators
journal, June 2010


Experimental Observation of the Quantum Anomalous Hall Effect in a Magnetic Topological Insulator
journal, March 2013


Scale-Invariant Quantum Anomalous Hall Effect in Magnetic Topological Insulators beyond the Two-Dimensional Limit
journal, September 2014


Trajectory of the anomalous Hall effect towards the quantized state in a ferromagnetic topological insulator
journal, August 2014

  • Checkelsky, J. G.; Yoshimi, R.; Tsukazaki, A.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 10, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys3053

High-precision realization of robust quantum anomalous Hall state in a hard ferromagnetic topological insulator
journal, March 2015

  • Chang, Cui-Zu; Zhao, Weiwei; Kim, Duk Y.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 14, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4204

Observation of the Quantum Anomalous Hall Insulator to Anderson Insulator Quantum Phase Transition and its Scaling Behavior
journal, September 2016


Origin of the low critical observing temperature of the quantum anomalous Hall effect in V-doped (Bi, Sb)2Te3 film
journal, September 2016

  • Li, W.; Claassen, M.; Chang, Cui-Zu
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep32732

Smearing of the quantum anomalous Hall effect due to statistical fluctuations of magnetic dopants
journal, October 2016


Massive Dirac surface states in topological insulator/magnetic insulator heterostructures
journal, February 2013


Magnetic proximity effect at the three-dimensional topological insulator/magnetic insulator interface
journal, October 2013


Exchange-Coupling-Induced Symmetry Breaking in Topological Insulators
journal, April 2013


Quantum Anomalous Hall Effect in Magnetic Insulator Heterostructure
journal, February 2015

  • Xu, Gang; Wang, Jing; Felser, Claudia
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 15, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl504871u

A high-temperature ferromagnetic topological insulating phase by proximity coupling
journal, May 2016

  • Katmis, Ferhat; Lauter, Valeria; Nogueira, Flavio S.
  • Nature, Vol. 533, Issue 7604
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature17635

Proximity Induced High-Temperature Magnetic Order in Topological Insulator - Ferrimagnetic Insulator Heterostructure
journal, May 2014

  • Lang, Murong; Montazeri, Mohammad; Onbasli, Mehmet C.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 14, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl500973k

A comparative transport study of Bi 2 Se 3 and Bi 2 Se 3 /yttrium iron garnet
journal, June 2014

  • Jiang, Zilong; Katmis, Ferhat; Tang, Chi
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 104, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4881975

Proximity-Driven Enhanced Magnetic Order at Ferromagnetic-Insulator–Magnetic-Topological-Insulator Interface
journal, August 2015


Surface-State-Dominated Spin-Charge Current Conversion in Topological-Insulator–Ferromagnetic-Insulator Heterostructures
journal, August 2016


Strongly exchange-coupled and surface-state-modulated magnetization dynamics in Bi2Se3/yttrium iron garnet heterostructures
journal, January 2018


GROWTH OF QUANTUM WELL FILMS OF TOPOLOGICAL INSULATOR Bi 2 Se 3 ON INSULATING SUBSTRATE
journal, June 2011


Thickness-Independent Transport Channels in Topological Insulator Bi 2 Se 3 Thin Films
journal, September 2012


Manifestation of Topological Protection in Transport Properties of Epitaxial Bi 2 Se 3 Thin Films
journal, August 2012


Demonstration of surface transport in a hybrid Bi2Se3/Bi2Te3 heterostructure
journal, October 2013

  • Zhao, Yanfei; Chang, Cui-Zu; Jiang, Ying
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 3, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep03060

Transferring MBE-Grown Topological Insulator Films to Arbitrary Substrates and Metal–Insulator Transition via Dirac Gap
journal, February 2014

  • Bansal, Namrata; Cho, Myung Rae; Brahlek, Matthew
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 14, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl404363b

Dual-Gated Topological Insulator Thin-Film Device for Efficient Fermi-Level Tuning
journal, February 2015


Crossover of the three-dimensional topological insulator Bi2Se3 to the two-dimensional limit
journal, June 2010

  • Zhang, Yi; He, Ke; Chang, Cui-Zu
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 6, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys1689

Competing Weak Localization and Weak Antilocalization in Ultrathin Topological Insulators
journal, December 2012

  • Lang, Murong; He, Liang; Kou, Xufeng
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 13, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl303424n

Large bulk resistivity and surface quantum oscillations in the topological insulator Bi 2 Te 2 Se
journal, December 2010


Observation of Dirac Holes and Electrons in a Topological Insulator
journal, June 2011


Above 400-K robust perpendicular ferromagnetic phase in a topological insulator
journal, June 2017


Transport Magnetic Proximity Effects in Platinum
journal, September 2012


Investigation of magnetic proximity effect in Ta/YIG bilayer Hall bar structure
journal, May 2014

  • Yang, Yumeng; Wu, Baolei; Yao, Kui
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 115, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4863486

Proximity-Induced Ferromagnetism in Graphene Revealed by the Anomalous Hall Effect
journal, January 2015


Electron interaction-driven insulating ground state in Bi 2 Se 3 topological insulators in the two-dimensional limit
journal, April 2011


Thickness-dependent bulk properties and weak antilocalization effect in topological insulator Bi 2 Se 3
journal, August 2011


Impurity Effect on Weak Antilocalization in the Topological Insulator Bi 2 Te 3
journal, April 2011


Spin-Orbit Interaction and Magnetoresistance in the Two Dimensional Random System
journal, February 1980

  • Hikami, S.; Larkin, A. I.; Nagaoka, Y.
  • Progress of Theoretical Physics, Vol. 63, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1143/PTP.63.707

Weak localization of bulk channels in topological insulator thin films
journal, September 2011


Chemical-Potential-Dependent Gap Opening at the Dirac Surface States of Bi 2 Se 3 Induced by Aggregated Substitutional Cr Atoms
journal, February 2014


Hedgehog spin texture and Berry’s phase tuning in a magnetic topological insulator
journal, June 2012

  • Xu, Su-Yang; Neupane, Madhab; Liu, Chang
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 8, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys2351

Competition between Weak Localization and Antilocalization in Topological Surface States
journal, August 2011


Electrically tuned magnetic order and magnetoresistance in a topological insulator
journal, September 2014

  • Zhang, Zuocheng; Feng, Xiao; Guo, Minghua
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5915

Magnetic proximity effect in the three-dimensional topological insulator/ferromagnetic insulator heterostructure
journal, December 2013


Effects of electron-electron collisions with small energy transfers on quantum localisation
journal, December 1982

  • Altshuler, B. L.; Aronov, A. G.; Khmelnitsky, D. E.
  • Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics, Vol. 15, Issue 36
  • DOI: 10.1088/0022-3719/15/36/018

Scaling Theory of Localization: Absence of Quantum Diffusion in Two Dimensions
journal, March 1979


Weak antilocalization and electron-electron interaction effects in Cu-doped Bi 2 Se 3 films
journal, March 2012


Weak antilocalization and electron–electron interaction in coupled multiple-channel transport in a Bi 2 Se 3 thin film
journal, January 2016

  • Jing, Yumei; Huang, Shaoyun; Zhang, Kai
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 8, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5NR07296D

Tunable surface conductivity in Bi 2 Se 3 revealed in diffusive electron transport
journal, June 2011


Finite-Temperature Conductivity and Magnetoconductivity of Topological Insulators
journal, April 2014


Works referencing / citing this record:

Evidence for exchange Dirac gap in magnetotransport of topological insulator–magnetic insulator heterostructures
journal, July 2019


Magnetizing topological surface states of Bi 2 Se 3 with a CrI 3 monolayer
journal, May 2019