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Title: Comparing Experimental Measurements of Limiting Current in Polymer Electrolytes with Theoretical Predictions

Abstract

The limiting current is an important transport property of an electrolyte as it provides an upper bound on how fast a cell can be charged or discharged. We have measured the limiting current in lithium-lithium symmetric cells with a standard polymer electrolyte, a mixture of poly(ethylene oxide) and lithium bis(trifluoromethane) sulfonamide salt at 90°C. The cells were polarized with increasing current density. The steady-state cell potential was a smooth function of current density until the limiting current was exceeded. An abrupt increase in cell potential was taken as an experimental signature of the limiting current. The electrolyte mixture was fully characterized using electrochemical methods to determine the conductivity, salt diffusion coefficient, cation transference number, and thermodynamic factor as a function of salt concentration. We used Newman’s concentrated solution theory to predict both cell potential and salt concentration profiles as functions of position in the cell at the experimentally applied current density. The theoretical limiting current was taken to be the current at which the calculated salt concentration at the cathode was zero. We see quantitative agreement between experimental measurements and theoretical predictions for the limiting current. This agreement is obtained without resorting to any adjustable parameters.

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
OSTI Identifier:
1566203
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1605225
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of the Electrochemical Society Journal Volume: 166 Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Publisher:
IOP Publishing - The Electrochemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Gribble, Daniel A., Frenck, Louise, Shah, Deep B., Maslyn, Jacqueline A., Loo, Whitney S., Mongcopa, Katrina Irene S., Pesko, Danielle M., and Balsara, Nitash P. Comparing Experimental Measurements of Limiting Current in Polymer Electrolytes with Theoretical Predictions. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1149/2.0391914jes.
Gribble, Daniel A., Frenck, Louise, Shah, Deep B., Maslyn, Jacqueline A., Loo, Whitney S., Mongcopa, Katrina Irene S., Pesko, Danielle M., & Balsara, Nitash P. Comparing Experimental Measurements of Limiting Current in Polymer Electrolytes with Theoretical Predictions. United States. doi:10.1149/2.0391914jes.
Gribble, Daniel A., Frenck, Louise, Shah, Deep B., Maslyn, Jacqueline A., Loo, Whitney S., Mongcopa, Katrina Irene S., Pesko, Danielle M., and Balsara, Nitash P. Tue . "Comparing Experimental Measurements of Limiting Current in Polymer Electrolytes with Theoretical Predictions". United States. doi:10.1149/2.0391914jes.
@article{osti_1566203,
title = {Comparing Experimental Measurements of Limiting Current in Polymer Electrolytes with Theoretical Predictions},
author = {Gribble, Daniel A. and Frenck, Louise and Shah, Deep B. and Maslyn, Jacqueline A. and Loo, Whitney S. and Mongcopa, Katrina Irene S. and Pesko, Danielle M. and Balsara, Nitash P.},
abstractNote = {The limiting current is an important transport property of an electrolyte as it provides an upper bound on how fast a cell can be charged or discharged. We have measured the limiting current in lithium-lithium symmetric cells with a standard polymer electrolyte, a mixture of poly(ethylene oxide) and lithium bis(trifluoromethane) sulfonamide salt at 90°C. The cells were polarized with increasing current density. The steady-state cell potential was a smooth function of current density until the limiting current was exceeded. An abrupt increase in cell potential was taken as an experimental signature of the limiting current. The electrolyte mixture was fully characterized using electrochemical methods to determine the conductivity, salt diffusion coefficient, cation transference number, and thermodynamic factor as a function of salt concentration. We used Newman’s concentrated solution theory to predict both cell potential and salt concentration profiles as functions of position in the cell at the experimentally applied current density. The theoretical limiting current was taken to be the current at which the calculated salt concentration at the cathode was zero. We see quantitative agreement between experimental measurements and theoretical predictions for the limiting current. This agreement is obtained without resorting to any adjustable parameters.},
doi = {10.1149/2.0391914jes},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society},
number = 14,
volume = 166,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1149/2.0391914jes

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Cited by: 3 works
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