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Title: Interactive Buildings: A Review

Abstract

Buildings are widely regarded as potential sources for demand flexibility. The flexibility of thermal and electric load in buildings is a result of their interactive nature and its impact on the building’s performance. In this paper, the interaction of a building with the three interaction counterparts of the physical environment, civil infrastructure networks and other buildings is investigated. The literature review presents a wide variety of pathways of interaction and their associated potential impacts on building performance metrics such as net energy use, emissions, occupant comfort and operational cost. It is demonstrated that all of these counterparts of interaction should be considered to harness the flexibility potential of the buildings while maintaining other buildings performance metrics at a desired level. Juxtaposed with the upside potential for providing demand flexibility, numerous implementation challenges are identified that are associated with the evaluation and financial valuation of the capacity for demand flexibility, the aggregated flexibility potential, as well as the control and communication to facilitate the interactions.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)
  2. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States); National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1566050
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5500-74918
Journal ID: ISSN 2071-1050; SUSTDE
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Sustainability (Basel)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Sustainability (Basel); Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 2071-1050
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; interactive buildings; demand flexibility; demand response; grid services; microgrids

Citation Formats

Fallahi, Zahra, and Henze, Gregor P. Interactive Buildings: A Review. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.3390/su11143988.
Fallahi, Zahra, & Henze, Gregor P. Interactive Buildings: A Review. United States. doi:10.3390/su11143988.
Fallahi, Zahra, and Henze, Gregor P. Tue . "Interactive Buildings: A Review". United States. doi:10.3390/su11143988. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1566050.
@article{osti_1566050,
title = {Interactive Buildings: A Review},
author = {Fallahi, Zahra and Henze, Gregor P.},
abstractNote = {Buildings are widely regarded as potential sources for demand flexibility. The flexibility of thermal and electric load in buildings is a result of their interactive nature and its impact on the building’s performance. In this paper, the interaction of a building with the three interaction counterparts of the physical environment, civil infrastructure networks and other buildings is investigated. The literature review presents a wide variety of pathways of interaction and their associated potential impacts on building performance metrics such as net energy use, emissions, occupant comfort and operational cost. It is demonstrated that all of these counterparts of interaction should be considered to harness the flexibility potential of the buildings while maintaining other buildings performance metrics at a desired level. Juxtaposed with the upside potential for providing demand flexibility, numerous implementation challenges are identified that are associated with the evaluation and financial valuation of the capacity for demand flexibility, the aggregated flexibility potential, as well as the control and communication to facilitate the interactions.},
doi = {10.3390/su11143988},
journal = {Sustainability (Basel)},
number = 14,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

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