skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Aqueous density fractionation of nanocarbons from colliding-wave PBX9502 detonation soot

Abstract

The study of solid carbon (nanocarbon) nucleation and growth from detonating high explosives is limited because of the difficulty directly evaluating chemical reactions behind the shock front. Understanding the correlation between detonation conditions and nanocarbon formation requires isolation, purification, and analysis of the carbon products. Aqueous density fractionation of products recovered from a colliding wave TATB-based high explosive (PBX9502) detonation are evaluated as an environmentally benign, “green” chemical processing approach for the separation of carbon materials from metal and metal oxide byproducts. Recovery of material sufficient for X-ray scattering analysis was obtained in two fractions. X-ray scattering showed the less dense fraction (ρ < 1 g/cm3) contains hollow spherical core (davg = 27.8 nm) nanoparticles with a shell (thickness=3.6 nm) composed of predominately sp2 hybridized carbon. Particles contained within the dense fraction (ρ > 1 g/cm3) were a mixture of oblate spheroids (major axis length=43.8 nm and minor axis=2.9 nm) and small polydisperse solid spherical particles (davg = 2.4 nm) composed of both sp2 and sp3 bonded carbon with residual contamination from the brass detonators.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [4]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD (United States).
  3. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); United States Air Force Academy, Colorado Springs, CO (United States)
  4. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
OSTI Identifier:
1565883
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-28019
Journal ID: ISSN 0094-243X
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
AIP Conference Proceedings
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 1979; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: Shock Compression of Condensed Matter - 2017, St. Louis, MO (United States), 9-14 July 2017; Journal ID: ISSN 0094-243X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Firestone, Millicent A., Ringstrand, Bryan, Mogavero, Brian, Despard, J. Tyler, Kelso, Kwyntero, Gustavsen, Richard L., Dattelbaum, Dana M., Podlesak, David W., and Seifert, Sönke. Aqueous density fractionation of nanocarbons from colliding-wave PBX9502 detonation soot. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5045007.
Firestone, Millicent A., Ringstrand, Bryan, Mogavero, Brian, Despard, J. Tyler, Kelso, Kwyntero, Gustavsen, Richard L., Dattelbaum, Dana M., Podlesak, David W., & Seifert, Sönke. Aqueous density fractionation of nanocarbons from colliding-wave PBX9502 detonation soot. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5045007.
Firestone, Millicent A., Ringstrand, Bryan, Mogavero, Brian, Despard, J. Tyler, Kelso, Kwyntero, Gustavsen, Richard L., Dattelbaum, Dana M., Podlesak, David W., and Seifert, Sönke. Tue . "Aqueous density fractionation of nanocarbons from colliding-wave PBX9502 detonation soot". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5045007. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1565883.
@article{osti_1565883,
title = {Aqueous density fractionation of nanocarbons from colliding-wave PBX9502 detonation soot},
author = {Firestone, Millicent A. and Ringstrand, Bryan and Mogavero, Brian and Despard, J. Tyler and Kelso, Kwyntero and Gustavsen, Richard L. and Dattelbaum, Dana M. and Podlesak, David W. and Seifert, Sönke},
abstractNote = {The study of solid carbon (nanocarbon) nucleation and growth from detonating high explosives is limited because of the difficulty directly evaluating chemical reactions behind the shock front. Understanding the correlation between detonation conditions and nanocarbon formation requires isolation, purification, and analysis of the carbon products. Aqueous density fractionation of products recovered from a colliding wave TATB-based high explosive (PBX9502) detonation are evaluated as an environmentally benign, “green” chemical processing approach for the separation of carbon materials from metal and metal oxide byproducts. Recovery of material sufficient for X-ray scattering analysis was obtained in two fractions. X-ray scattering showed the less dense fraction (ρ < 1 g/cm3) contains hollow spherical core (davg = 27.8 nm) nanoparticles with a shell (thickness=3.6 nm) composed of predominately sp2 hybridized carbon. Particles contained within the dense fraction (ρ > 1 g/cm3) were a mixture of oblate spheroids (major axis length=43.8 nm and minor axis=2.9 nm) and small polydisperse solid spherical particles (davg = 2.4 nm) composed of both sp2 and sp3 bonded carbon with residual contamination from the brass detonators.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5045007},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 1979,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Nanodiamond: A high impact nanomaterial
journal, February 2017

  • Nunn, Nicholas; Torelli, Marco; McGuire, Gary
  • Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science, Vol. 21, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.cossms.2016.06.008

The dynamics of carbon nanostructures at detonation of condensed high explosives
journal, December 2015

  • Satonkina, Nataliya P.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 118, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4938192

Nanocarbon condensation in detonation
journal, February 2017


Preparation of chitosan/graphene oxide composite film with enhanced mechanical strength in the wet state
journal, January 2011


A quenchable superhard carbon phase synthesized by cold compression of carbon nanotubes
journal, September 2004

  • Wang, Z.; Zhao, Y.; Tait, K.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 101, Issue 38
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0405877101

Amyloid- β peptide aggregation and the influence of carbon nanoparticles
journal, January 2016


Structural evolution of detonation carbon in composition B by X-ray scattering
conference, January 2017

  • Firestone, Millicent A.; Dattelbaum, Dana M.; Podlesak, David W.
  • SHOCK COMPRESSION OF CONDENSED MATTER - 2015: Proceedings of the Conference of the American Physical Society Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter, AIP Conference Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4971468

Detonation-assisted self-assembly synthesis of carbon onions using organics with long carbon chain
journal, December 2016


Extreme condition nanocarbon formation under air and argon atmospheres during detonation of composition B-3
journal, January 2018


Brilliant explosions
journal, November 2012

  • Aharonovich, Igor; Shenderova, Olga
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 11, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3493

Comparison of carbon in shungite rocks to other natural carbons: An X-ray and TEM study
journal, February 2001