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Title: Single-shot 3D coherent diffractive imaging of core-shell nanoparticles with elemental specificity

Abstract

We report 3D coherent diffractive imaging (CDI) of Au/Pd core-shell nanoparticles with 6.1nm spatial resolution with elemental specificity. We measured single-shot diffraction patterns of the nanoparticles using intense x-ray free electron laser pulses. By exploiting the curvature of the Ewald sphere and the symmetry of the nanoparticle, we reconstructed the 3D electron density of 34 core-shell structures from these diffraction patterns. To extract 3D structural information beyond the diffraction signal, we implemented a super-resolution technique by taking advantage of CDI’s quantitative reconstruction capabilities. We used high-resolution model fitting to determine the Au core size and the Pd shell thickness to be 65.0±1.0nm and 4.0±0.5nm, respectively. We also identified the 3D elemental distribution inside the nanoparticles with an accuracy of 3%. To further examine the model fitting procedure, we simulated noisy diffraction patterns from a Au/Pd core-shell model and a solid Au model and confirmed the validity of the method. We anticipate this super-resolution CDI method can be generally used for quantitative 3D imaging of symmetrical nanostructures with elemental specificity.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [2];  [2];  [7];  [7];  [1];  [8] more »;  [9];  [8];  [8];  [8];  [6]; ORCiD logo [9];  [5];  [9]; ORCiD logo [7];  [7];  [3];  [1] « less
  1. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  2. ShanghaiTech Univ. (China)
  3. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)
  4. RIKEN, Hyogo (Japan); Pohang Accelerator Lab. (PAL) (Korea, Republic of)
  5. RIKEN, Hyogo (Japan); Pohang Univ. of Science and Technology (POSTECH) (Korea, Republic of)
  6. National Univ. of Singapore (Singapore)
  7. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States); National Inst. of Standards and Technology (NIST), Boulder, CO (United States)
  8. Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Inst., Hyogo (Japan)
  9. RIKEN, Hyogo (Japan)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1565679
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; AC05-00OR22725; CNS-0821794
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Pryor, Alan, Rana, Arjun, Xu, Rui, Rodriguez, Jose A., Yang, Yongsoo, Gallagher-Jones, Marcus, Jiang, Huaidong, Kanhaiya, Krishan, Nathanson, Michael, Park, Jaehyun, Kim, Sunam, Kim, Sangsoo, Nam, Daewoong, Yue, Yu, Fan, Jiadong, Sun, Zhibin, Zhang, Bosheng, Gardner, Dennis F., Dias, Carlos Sato Baraldi, Joti, Yasumasa, Hatsui, Takaki, Kameshima, Takashi, Inubushi, Yuichi, Tono, Kensuke, Lee, Jim Yang, Yabashi, Makina, Song, Changyong, Ishikawa, Tetsuya, Kapteyn, Henry C., Murnane, Margaret M., Heinz, Hendrik, and Miao, Jianwei. Single-shot 3D coherent diffractive imaging of core-shell nanoparticles with elemental specificity. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-26182-1.
Pryor, Alan, Rana, Arjun, Xu, Rui, Rodriguez, Jose A., Yang, Yongsoo, Gallagher-Jones, Marcus, Jiang, Huaidong, Kanhaiya, Krishan, Nathanson, Michael, Park, Jaehyun, Kim, Sunam, Kim, Sangsoo, Nam, Daewoong, Yue, Yu, Fan, Jiadong, Sun, Zhibin, Zhang, Bosheng, Gardner, Dennis F., Dias, Carlos Sato Baraldi, Joti, Yasumasa, Hatsui, Takaki, Kameshima, Takashi, Inubushi, Yuichi, Tono, Kensuke, Lee, Jim Yang, Yabashi, Makina, Song, Changyong, Ishikawa, Tetsuya, Kapteyn, Henry C., Murnane, Margaret M., Heinz, Hendrik, & Miao, Jianwei. Single-shot 3D coherent diffractive imaging of core-shell nanoparticles with elemental specificity. United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-26182-1.
Pryor, Alan, Rana, Arjun, Xu, Rui, Rodriguez, Jose A., Yang, Yongsoo, Gallagher-Jones, Marcus, Jiang, Huaidong, Kanhaiya, Krishan, Nathanson, Michael, Park, Jaehyun, Kim, Sunam, Kim, Sangsoo, Nam, Daewoong, Yue, Yu, Fan, Jiadong, Sun, Zhibin, Zhang, Bosheng, Gardner, Dennis F., Dias, Carlos Sato Baraldi, Joti, Yasumasa, Hatsui, Takaki, Kameshima, Takashi, Inubushi, Yuichi, Tono, Kensuke, Lee, Jim Yang, Yabashi, Makina, Song, Changyong, Ishikawa, Tetsuya, Kapteyn, Henry C., Murnane, Margaret M., Heinz, Hendrik, and Miao, Jianwei. Tue . "Single-shot 3D coherent diffractive imaging of core-shell nanoparticles with elemental specificity". United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-26182-1. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1565679.
@article{osti_1565679,
title = {Single-shot 3D coherent diffractive imaging of core-shell nanoparticles with elemental specificity},
author = {Pryor, Alan and Rana, Arjun and Xu, Rui and Rodriguez, Jose A. and Yang, Yongsoo and Gallagher-Jones, Marcus and Jiang, Huaidong and Kanhaiya, Krishan and Nathanson, Michael and Park, Jaehyun and Kim, Sunam and Kim, Sangsoo and Nam, Daewoong and Yue, Yu and Fan, Jiadong and Sun, Zhibin and Zhang, Bosheng and Gardner, Dennis F. and Dias, Carlos Sato Baraldi and Joti, Yasumasa and Hatsui, Takaki and Kameshima, Takashi and Inubushi, Yuichi and Tono, Kensuke and Lee, Jim Yang and Yabashi, Makina and Song, Changyong and Ishikawa, Tetsuya and Kapteyn, Henry C. and Murnane, Margaret M. and Heinz, Hendrik and Miao, Jianwei},
abstractNote = {We report 3D coherent diffractive imaging (CDI) of Au/Pd core-shell nanoparticles with 6.1nm spatial resolution with elemental specificity. We measured single-shot diffraction patterns of the nanoparticles using intense x-ray free electron laser pulses. By exploiting the curvature of the Ewald sphere and the symmetry of the nanoparticle, we reconstructed the 3D electron density of 34 core-shell structures from these diffraction patterns. To extract 3D structural information beyond the diffraction signal, we implemented a super-resolution technique by taking advantage of CDI’s quantitative reconstruction capabilities. We used high-resolution model fitting to determine the Au core size and the Pd shell thickness to be 65.0±1.0nm and 4.0±0.5nm, respectively. We also identified the 3D elemental distribution inside the nanoparticles with an accuracy of 3%. To further examine the model fitting procedure, we simulated noisy diffraction patterns from a Au/Pd core-shell model and a solid Au model and confirmed the validity of the method. We anticipate this super-resolution CDI method can be generally used for quantitative 3D imaging of symmetrical nanostructures with elemental specificity.},
doi = {10.1038/s41598-018-26182-1},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = 1,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

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