skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Implementation and Initial Evaluation of the Glimmer Community Ice Sheet Model in the Community Earth System Model

Abstract

The Glimmer Community Ice Sheet Model (Glimmer-CISM) has been implemented in the Community Earth System Model (CESM). Glimmer-CISM is forced by a surface mass balance (SMB) computed in multiple elevation classes in the CESM land model and downscaled to the ice sheet grid. Ice sheet evolution is governed by the shallow-ice approximation with thermomechanical coupling and basal sliding. This paper describes and evaluates the initial model implementation for the Greenland Ice Sheet (GIS). The ice sheet model was spun up using the SMB from a coupled CESM simulation with preindustrial forcing. The model's sensitivity to three key ice sheet parameters was explored by running an ensemble of 100 GIS simulations to quasi equilibrium and ranking each simulation based on multiple diagnostics. With reasonable parameter choices, the steady-state GIS geometry is broadly consistent with observations. The simulated ice sheet is too thick and extensive, however, in some marginal regions where the SMB is anomalously positive. The top-ranking simulations were continued using surface forcing from CESM simulations of the twentieth century (1850–2005) and twenty-first century (2005–2100, with RCP8.5 forcing). In these simulations the GIS loses mass, with a resulting global-mean sea level rise of 16 mm during 1850–2005 and 60 mm duringmore » 2005–2100. This mass loss is caused mainly by increased ablation near the ice sheet margin, offset by reduced ice discharge to the ocean. Projected sea level rise is sensitive to the initial geometry, showing the importance of realistic geometry in the spun-up ice sheet.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [3]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Utrecht Univ., Utrecht (Netherlands). Inst. for Marine and Atmospheric Research; Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Geography
  3. National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF); UT-Battelle LLC/ORNL, Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory (BAPL), West Mifflin, PA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1565231
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Climate
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 26; Journal Issue: 19; Journal ID: ISSN 0894-8755
Publisher:
American Meteorological Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences; Arctic; Ice sheets; Climate models; Coupled models

Citation Formats

Lipscomb, William H., Fyke, Jeremy G., Vizcaíno, Miren, Sacks, William J., Wolfe, Jon, Vertenstein, Mariana, Craig, Anthony, Kluzek, Erik, and Lawrence, David M. Implementation and Initial Evaluation of the Glimmer Community Ice Sheet Model in the Community Earth System Model. United States: N. p., 2013. Web. doi:10.1175/jcli-d-12-00557.1.
Lipscomb, William H., Fyke, Jeremy G., Vizcaíno, Miren, Sacks, William J., Wolfe, Jon, Vertenstein, Mariana, Craig, Anthony, Kluzek, Erik, & Lawrence, David M. Implementation and Initial Evaluation of the Glimmer Community Ice Sheet Model in the Community Earth System Model. United States. doi:10.1175/jcli-d-12-00557.1.
Lipscomb, William H., Fyke, Jeremy G., Vizcaíno, Miren, Sacks, William J., Wolfe, Jon, Vertenstein, Mariana, Craig, Anthony, Kluzek, Erik, and Lawrence, David M. Tue . "Implementation and Initial Evaluation of the Glimmer Community Ice Sheet Model in the Community Earth System Model". United States. doi:10.1175/jcli-d-12-00557.1. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1565231.
@article{osti_1565231,
title = {Implementation and Initial Evaluation of the Glimmer Community Ice Sheet Model in the Community Earth System Model},
author = {Lipscomb, William H. and Fyke, Jeremy G. and Vizcaíno, Miren and Sacks, William J. and Wolfe, Jon and Vertenstein, Mariana and Craig, Anthony and Kluzek, Erik and Lawrence, David M.},
abstractNote = {The Glimmer Community Ice Sheet Model (Glimmer-CISM) has been implemented in the Community Earth System Model (CESM). Glimmer-CISM is forced by a surface mass balance (SMB) computed in multiple elevation classes in the CESM land model and downscaled to the ice sheet grid. Ice sheet evolution is governed by the shallow-ice approximation with thermomechanical coupling and basal sliding. This paper describes and evaluates the initial model implementation for the Greenland Ice Sheet (GIS). The ice sheet model was spun up using the SMB from a coupled CESM simulation with preindustrial forcing. The model's sensitivity to three key ice sheet parameters was explored by running an ensemble of 100 GIS simulations to quasi equilibrium and ranking each simulation based on multiple diagnostics. With reasonable parameter choices, the steady-state GIS geometry is broadly consistent with observations. The simulated ice sheet is too thick and extensive, however, in some marginal regions where the SMB is anomalously positive. The top-ranking simulations were continued using surface forcing from CESM simulations of the twentieth century (1850–2005) and twenty-first century (2005–2100, with RCP8.5 forcing). In these simulations the GIS loses mass, with a resulting global-mean sea level rise of 16 mm during 1850–2005 and 60 mm during 2005–2100. This mass loss is caused mainly by increased ablation near the ice sheet margin, offset by reduced ice discharge to the ocean. Projected sea level rise is sensitive to the initial geometry, showing the importance of realistic geometry in the spun-up ice sheet.},
doi = {10.1175/jcli-d-12-00557.1},
journal = {Journal of Climate},
number = 19,
volume = 26,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 53 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: Schematic of CESM 1.0, which consists of five physical components (atmosphere, ocean, land surface, sea ice, and ice sheet) linked by a coupler. The surface mass balance and surface temperature of ice sheets are computed in the land model for 10 elevation classes in each glaciated grid cellmore » and then are passed via the coupler to the dynamic ice sheet model. The atmosphere and land models exchange fields hourly, and the land model passes fields to the ice sheet model daily. Within the ice sheet model, the surface mass balance (SMB) is accumulated and averaged over the mass balance time step, typically 1 year.« less

Save / Share:

Works referencing / citing this record:

A glacier runoff extension to the Precipitation Runoff Modeling System: A Glacier Runoff Extension to PRMS
journal, November 2016

  • Van Beusekom, A. E.; Viger, R. J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, Vol. 121, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015jf003789

Coupling population dynamics with earth system models: the POPEM model
journal, September 2017

  • Navarro, Andrés; Moreno, Raúl; Jiménez-Alcázar, Alfonso
  • Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Vol. 26, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11356-017-0127-7

Glacial Inception in Marine Isotope Stage 19: An Orbital Analog for a Natural Holocene Climate
journal, July 2018


Applying the Community Ice Sheet Model to evaluate PMIP3 LGM climatologies over the North American ice sheets
journal, March 2019


Rising Oceans Guaranteed: Arctic Land Ice Loss and Sea Level Rise
journal, July 2018

  • Moon, Twila; Ahlstrøm, Andreas; Goelzer, Heiko
  • Current Climate Change Reports, Vol. 4, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/s40641-018-0107-0

Semi-brittle rheology and ice dynamics in DynEarthSol3D
journal, January 2017


A glacier runoff extension to the Precipitation Runoff Modeling System: A Glacier Runoff Extension to PRMS
journal, November 2016

  • Van Beusekom, A. E.; Viger, R. J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, Vol. 121, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015jf003789

Applying the Community Ice Sheet Model to evaluate PMIP3 LGM climatologies over the North American ice sheets
journal, March 2019


Coupling population dynamics with earth system models: the POPEM model
journal, September 2017

  • Navarro, Andrés; Moreno, Raúl; Jiménez-Alcázar, Alfonso
  • Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Vol. 26, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11356-017-0127-7

Rising Oceans Guaranteed: Arctic Land Ice Loss and Sea Level Rise
journal, July 2018

  • Moon, Twila; Ahlstrøm, Andreas; Goelzer, Heiko
  • Current Climate Change Reports, Vol. 4, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/s40641-018-0107-0

Glacial Inception in Marine Isotope Stage 19: An Orbital Analog for a Natural Holocene Climate
journal, July 2018


Semi-brittle rheology and ice dynamics in DynEarthSol3D
journal, January 2017


Optimal initial conditions for coupling ice sheet models to Earth system models: PEREGO ET AL.
journal, September 2014

  • Perego, Mauro; Price, Stephen; Stadler, Georg
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, Vol. 119, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014jf003181

Decadal simulation and comprehensive evaluation of CESM/CAM5.1 with advanced chemistry, aerosol microphysics, and aerosol-cloud interactions
journal, February 2015

  • He, Jian; Zhang, Yang; Glotfelty, Tim
  • Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014ms000360

Modeling the Arctic freshwater system and its integration in the global system: Lessons learned and future challenges: MODELING THE ARCTIC FRESHWATER SYSTEM
journal, March 2016

  • Lique, Camille; Holland, Marika M.; Dibike, Yonas B.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 121, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015jg003120

Improving the Representation of Polar Snow and Firn in the Community Earth System Model: IMPROVING POLAR SNOW AND FIRN IN CESM
journal, November 2017

  • van Kampenhout, Leonardus; Lenaerts, Jan T. M.; Lipscomb, William H.
  • Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, Vol. 9, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1002/2017ms000988

Present-day and future Antarctic ice sheet climate and surface mass balance in the Community Earth System Model
journal, February 2016


Ice flux evolution in fast flowing areas of the Greenland ice sheet over the 20th and 21st centuries
journal, March 2017

  • Peano, Daniele; Colleoni, Florence; Quiquet, AurÉLien
  • Journal of Glaciology, Vol. 63, Issue 239
  • DOI: 10.1017/jog.2017.12

E3SMv0‐HiLAT: A Modified Climate System Model Targeted for the Study of High‐Latitude Processes
journal, August 2019

  • Hecht, Matthew; Veneziani, Milena; Weijer, Wilbert
  • Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, Vol. 11, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1029/2018ms001524

The Community Land Model Version 5: Description of New Features, Benchmarking, and Impact of Forcing Uncertainty
journal, December 2019

  • Lawrence, David M.; Fisher, Rosie A.; Koven, Charles D.
  • Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, Vol. 11, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1029/2018ms001583

An Overview of Interactions and Feedbacks Between Ice Sheets and the Earth System
journal, June 2018

  • Fyke, Jeremy; Sergienko, Olga; Löfverström, Marcus
  • Reviews of Geophysics, Vol. 56, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1029/2018rg000600

Decline in Atlantic Primary Production Accelerated by Greenland Ice Sheet Melt
journal, October 2019

  • Kwiatkowski, Lester; Naar, Joseph; Bopp, Laurent
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 46, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1029/2019gl085267

The Community Earth System Model Version 2 (CESM2)
journal, February 2020

  • Danabasoglu, G.; Lamarque, J. ‐F.; Bacmeister, J.
  • Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, Vol. 12, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1029/2019ms001916

Improving the representation of anthropogenic CO2 emissions in climate models: impact of a new parameterization for the Community Earth System Model (CESM)
journal, January 2018

  • Navarro, Andrés; Moreno, Raúl; Tapiador, Francisco J.
  • Earth System Dynamics, Vol. 9, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.5194/esd-9-1045-2018

MPAS-Albany Land Ice (MALI): a variable-resolution ice sheet model for Earth system modeling using Voronoi grids
journal, January 2018

  • Hoffman, Matthew J.; Perego, Mauro; Price, Stephen F.
  • Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 11, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.5194/gmd-11-3747-2018

LIVVkit 2.1: automated and extensible ice sheet model validation
journal, January 2019

  • Evans, Katherine J.; Kennedy, Joseph H.; Lu, Dan
  • Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 12, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.5194/gmd-12-1067-2019

Description and evaluation of the Community Ice Sheet Model (CISM) v2.1
journal, January 2019

  • Lipscomb, William H.; Price, Stephen F.; Hoffman, Matthew J.
  • Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 12, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.5194/gmd-12-387-2019

Albany/FELIX : a parallel, scalable and robust, finite element, first-order Stokes approximation ice sheet solver built for advanced analysis
journal, January 2015

  • Tezaur, I. K.; Perego, M.; Salinger, A. G.
  • Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 8, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.5194/gmd-8-1197-2015

OBLIMAP 2.0: a fast climate model–ice sheet model coupler including online embeddable mapping routines
journal, January 2016

  • Reerink, Thomas J.; van de Berg, Willem Jan; van de Wal, Roderik S. W.
  • Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 9, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.5194/gmd-9-4111-2016

Basal control of supraglacial meltwater catchments on the Greenland Ice Sheet
journal, January 2018


Regional grid refinement in an Earth system model: impacts on the simulated Greenland surface mass balance
journal, January 2019

  • van Kampenhout, Leonardus; Rhoades, Alan M.; Herrington, Adam R.
  • The Cryosphere, Vol. 13, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.5194/tc-13-1547-2019

Surface mass balance downscaling through elevation classes in an Earth system model: application to the Greenland ice sheet
journal, January 2019

  • Sellevold, Raymond; van Kampenhout, Leonardus; Lenaerts, Jan T. M.
  • The Cryosphere, Vol. 13, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.5194/tc-13-3193-2019

Parameterization of basal friction near grounding lines in a one-dimensional ice sheet model
journal, January 2014

  • Leguy, G. R.; Asay-Davis, X. S.; Lipscomb, W. H.
  • The Cryosphere, Vol. 8, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.5194/tc-8-1239-2014

Ice-dynamic projections of the Greenland ice sheet in response to atmospheric and oceanic warming
journal, January 2015


Simulating the Greenland ice sheet under present-day and palaeo constraints including a new discharge parameterization
journal, January 2015