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Title: Box, stalked, and upside-down? Draft genomes from diverse jellyfish (Cnidaria, Acraspeda) lineages: Alatina alata (Cubozoa), Calvadosia cruxmelitensis (Staurozoa), and Cassiopea xamachana (Scyphozoa)

Abstract

Abstract Background Anthozoa, Endocnidozoa, and Medusozoa are the 3 major clades of Cnidaria. Medusozoa is further divided into 4 clades, Hydrozoa, Staurozoa, Cubozoa, and Scyphozoa—the latter 3 lineages make up the clade Acraspeda. Acraspeda encompasses extraordinary diversity in terms of life history, numerous nuisance species, taxa with complex eyes rivaling other animals, and some of the most venomous organisms on the planet. Genomes have recently become available within Scyphozoa and Cubozoa, but there are currently no published genomes within Staurozoa and Cubozoa. Findings Here we present 3 new draft genomes of Calvadosia cruxmelitensis (Staurozoa), Alatina alata (Cubozoa), and Cassiopea xamachana (Scyphozoa) for which we provide a preliminary orthology analysis that includes an inventory of their respective venom-related genes. Additionally, we identify synteny between POU and Hox genes that had previously been reported in a hydrozoan, suggesting this linkage is highly conserved, possibly dating back to at least the last common ancestor of Medusozoa, yet likely independent of vertebrate POU-Hox linkages. Conclusions These draft genomes provide a valuable resource for studying the evolutionary history and biology of these extraordinary animals, and for identifying genomic features underlying venom, vision, and life history traits in Acraspeda.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [5]
  1. Department of Biology, Pennsylvania State University, 326 Mueller, University Park, PA, 16801, USA
  2. Department of Invertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, 10th Street & Constitution Avenue NW, Washington DC, 20560, USA, National Center for Biotechnology Information, 8600 Rockville Pike MSC 3830, Bethesda, MD, 20894, USA
  3. Data Science Lab, Office of the Chief Information Officer, Smithsonian Institution, 10th Street & Constitution Avenue NW, Washington DC, 20560, USA
  4. Department of Invertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, 10th Street & Constitution Avenue NW, Washington DC, 20560, USA, UPMC, CNRS, FR2424, ABiMS, Station Biologique, Place Georges Teissier, 29680 Roscoff, France
  5. Whitney Laboratory for Marine Bioscience, University of Florida, 9505 Ocean Shore Boulevard, St. Augustine, FL, 32080, USA, Department of Biology, University of Florida, 220 Bartram Hall, Gainesville, FL, 32611, USA
  6. National Center for Biotechnology Information, 8600 Rockville Pike MSC 3830, Bethesda, MD, 20894, USA
  7. National Center for Biotechnology Information, 8600 Rockville Pike MSC 3830, Bethesda, MD, 20894, USA, Department of Mathematics, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Barnaby, British Columbia, BC, V5A 1S6, Canada
  8. Iridian Genomes, Inc., 6213 Swords Way, Bethesda, MD, 20817, USA
  9. Department of Invertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, 10th Street & Constitution Avenue NW, Washington DC, 20560, USA, National Systematics Laboratory of NOAA's Fisheries Service, 1315 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD, 20910, USA
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1564356
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
GigaScience
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: GigaScience Journal Volume: 8 Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2047-217X
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Ohdera, Aki, Ames, Cheryl L., Dikow, Rebecca B., Kayal, Ehsan, Chiodin, Marta, Busby, Ben, La, Sean, Pirro, Stacy, Collins, Allen G., Medina, Mónica, and Ryan, Joseph F. Box, stalked, and upside-down? Draft genomes from diverse jellyfish (Cnidaria, Acraspeda) lineages: Alatina alata (Cubozoa), Calvadosia cruxmelitensis (Staurozoa), and Cassiopea xamachana (Scyphozoa). United Kingdom: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1093/gigascience/giz069.
Ohdera, Aki, Ames, Cheryl L., Dikow, Rebecca B., Kayal, Ehsan, Chiodin, Marta, Busby, Ben, La, Sean, Pirro, Stacy, Collins, Allen G., Medina, Mónica, & Ryan, Joseph F. Box, stalked, and upside-down? Draft genomes from diverse jellyfish (Cnidaria, Acraspeda) lineages: Alatina alata (Cubozoa), Calvadosia cruxmelitensis (Staurozoa), and Cassiopea xamachana (Scyphozoa). United Kingdom. doi:10.1093/gigascience/giz069.
Ohdera, Aki, Ames, Cheryl L., Dikow, Rebecca B., Kayal, Ehsan, Chiodin, Marta, Busby, Ben, La, Sean, Pirro, Stacy, Collins, Allen G., Medina, Mónica, and Ryan, Joseph F. Mon . "Box, stalked, and upside-down? Draft genomes from diverse jellyfish (Cnidaria, Acraspeda) lineages: Alatina alata (Cubozoa), Calvadosia cruxmelitensis (Staurozoa), and Cassiopea xamachana (Scyphozoa)". United Kingdom. doi:10.1093/gigascience/giz069.
@article{osti_1564356,
title = {Box, stalked, and upside-down? Draft genomes from diverse jellyfish (Cnidaria, Acraspeda) lineages: Alatina alata (Cubozoa), Calvadosia cruxmelitensis (Staurozoa), and Cassiopea xamachana (Scyphozoa)},
author = {Ohdera, Aki and Ames, Cheryl L. and Dikow, Rebecca B. and Kayal, Ehsan and Chiodin, Marta and Busby, Ben and La, Sean and Pirro, Stacy and Collins, Allen G. and Medina, Mónica and Ryan, Joseph F.},
abstractNote = {Abstract Background Anthozoa, Endocnidozoa, and Medusozoa are the 3 major clades of Cnidaria. Medusozoa is further divided into 4 clades, Hydrozoa, Staurozoa, Cubozoa, and Scyphozoa—the latter 3 lineages make up the clade Acraspeda. Acraspeda encompasses extraordinary diversity in terms of life history, numerous nuisance species, taxa with complex eyes rivaling other animals, and some of the most venomous organisms on the planet. Genomes have recently become available within Scyphozoa and Cubozoa, but there are currently no published genomes within Staurozoa and Cubozoa. Findings Here we present 3 new draft genomes of Calvadosia cruxmelitensis (Staurozoa), Alatina alata (Cubozoa), and Cassiopea xamachana (Scyphozoa) for which we provide a preliminary orthology analysis that includes an inventory of their respective venom-related genes. Additionally, we identify synteny between POU and Hox genes that had previously been reported in a hydrozoan, suggesting this linkage is highly conserved, possibly dating back to at least the last common ancestor of Medusozoa, yet likely independent of vertebrate POU-Hox linkages. Conclusions These draft genomes provide a valuable resource for studying the evolutionary history and biology of these extraordinary animals, and for identifying genomic features underlying venom, vision, and life history traits in Acraspeda.},
doi = {10.1093/gigascience/giz069},
journal = {GigaScience},
number = 7,
volume = 8,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

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DOI: 10.1093/gigascience/giz069

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