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Title: Insights from the APOKASC determination of the evolutionary state of red-giant stars by consolidation of different methods

Abstract

ABSTRACT The internal working of low-mass stars is of great significance to both the study of stellar structure and the history of the Milky Way. Asteroseismology has the power to directly sense the internal structure of stars and allows for the determination of the evolutionary state – i.e. has helium burning commenced or is the energy generated only by the fusion in the hydrogen-burning shell? We use observational data from red-giant stars in a combination (known as APOKASC) of asteroseismology (from the Kepler mission) and spectroscopy (from SDSS/APOGEE). The new feature of the analysis is that the APOKASC evolutionary state determination is based on the comparison of diverse approaches to the investigation of the frequency-power spectrum. The high level of agreement between the methods is a strong validation of the approaches. Stars for which there is not a consensus view are readily identified. The comparison also facilitates the identification of unusual stars including those that show evidence for very strong coupling between p and g cavities. The comparison between the classification based on the spectroscopic data and asteroseismic data have led to a new value for the statistical uncertainty in APOGEE temperatures. These consensus evolutionary states will be used asmore » an input for methods that derive masses and ages for these stars based on comparison of observables with stellar evolutionary models (‘grid-based modelling’) and as a training set for machine-learning and other data-driven methods of evolutionary state determination.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [3]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [7];  [8]; ORCiD logo [9];  [10]
  1. School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK, Stellar Astrophysics Centre, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 120, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
  2. Stellar Astrophysics Centre, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 120, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark, Max-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg 3, D-37077 Göttingen, Germany
  3. Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
  4. Institut für Astrophysik, Universität Wien, Türkenschanzstrasse 17, A-1180 Vienna, Austria
  5. LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Université de Paris, 5 place Jules Janssen, F-92195 Meudon, France
  6. School of Physics, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052, Australia
  7. Institute of Space Sciences (ICE, CSIC) Campus UAB, Carrer de Can Magrans, s/n, E-08193 Bellaterra, Spain, Institut d’Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), C/Gran Capita, 2-4, E-08034 Barcelona, Spain
  8. Stellar Astrophysics Centre, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 120, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark, School of Physics, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052, Australia, Sydney Institute for Astronomy (SIfA), School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
  9. Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
  10. Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço, Universidade do Porto, CAUP, Rua das Estrelas, P-50-762 Porto, Portugal
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1564334
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Journal Volume: 489 Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Elsworth, Yvonne, Hekker, Saskia, Johnson, Jennifer A., Kallinger, Thomas, Mosser, Benoit, Pinsonneault, Marc, Hon, Marc, Kuszlewicz, James, Miglio, Andrea, Serenelli, Aldo, Stello, Dennis, Tayar, Jamie, and Vrard, Mathieu. Insights from the APOKASC determination of the evolutionary state of red-giant stars by consolidation of different methods. United Kingdom: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz2356.
Elsworth, Yvonne, Hekker, Saskia, Johnson, Jennifer A., Kallinger, Thomas, Mosser, Benoit, Pinsonneault, Marc, Hon, Marc, Kuszlewicz, James, Miglio, Andrea, Serenelli, Aldo, Stello, Dennis, Tayar, Jamie, & Vrard, Mathieu. Insights from the APOKASC determination of the evolutionary state of red-giant stars by consolidation of different methods. United Kingdom. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz2356.
Elsworth, Yvonne, Hekker, Saskia, Johnson, Jennifer A., Kallinger, Thomas, Mosser, Benoit, Pinsonneault, Marc, Hon, Marc, Kuszlewicz, James, Miglio, Andrea, Serenelli, Aldo, Stello, Dennis, Tayar, Jamie, and Vrard, Mathieu. Thu . "Insights from the APOKASC determination of the evolutionary state of red-giant stars by consolidation of different methods". United Kingdom. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz2356.
@article{osti_1564334,
title = {Insights from the APOKASC determination of the evolutionary state of red-giant stars by consolidation of different methods},
author = {Elsworth, Yvonne and Hekker, Saskia and Johnson, Jennifer A. and Kallinger, Thomas and Mosser, Benoit and Pinsonneault, Marc and Hon, Marc and Kuszlewicz, James and Miglio, Andrea and Serenelli, Aldo and Stello, Dennis and Tayar, Jamie and Vrard, Mathieu},
abstractNote = {ABSTRACT The internal working of low-mass stars is of great significance to both the study of stellar structure and the history of the Milky Way. Asteroseismology has the power to directly sense the internal structure of stars and allows for the determination of the evolutionary state – i.e. has helium burning commenced or is the energy generated only by the fusion in the hydrogen-burning shell? We use observational data from red-giant stars in a combination (known as APOKASC) of asteroseismology (from the Kepler mission) and spectroscopy (from SDSS/APOGEE). The new feature of the analysis is that the APOKASC evolutionary state determination is based on the comparison of diverse approaches to the investigation of the frequency-power spectrum. The high level of agreement between the methods is a strong validation of the approaches. Stars for which there is not a consensus view are readily identified. The comparison also facilitates the identification of unusual stars including those that show evidence for very strong coupling between p and g cavities. The comparison between the classification based on the spectroscopic data and asteroseismic data have led to a new value for the statistical uncertainty in APOGEE temperatures. These consensus evolutionary states will be used as an input for methods that derive masses and ages for these stars based on comparison of observables with stellar evolutionary models (‘grid-based modelling’) and as a training set for machine-learning and other data-driven methods of evolutionary state determination.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stz2356},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = 4,
volume = 489,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2019},
month = {8}
}

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