skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Plant–Pathogen Warfare under Changing Climate Conditions

Abstract

Global environmental changes caused by natural and human activities have accelerated in the past 200 years. The increase in greenhouse gases is predicted to continue to raise global temperature and change water availability in the 21st century. In this Review, we explore the profound effect the environment has on plant diseases — a susceptible host will not be infected by a virulent pathogen if the environmental conditions are not conducive for disease. The change in CO2 concentrations, temperature, and water availability can have positive, neutral, or negative effects on disease development, as each disease may respond differently to these variations. However, the concept of disease optima could potentially apply to all pathosystems. Plant resistance pathways, including pattern-triggered immunity to effector-triggered immunity, RNA interference, and defense hormone networks, are all affected by environmental factors. On the pathogen side, virulence mechanisms, such as the production of toxins and virulence proteins, as well as pathogen reproduction and survival are influenced by temperature and humidity. For practical reasons, most laboratory investigations into plant–pathogen interactions at the molecular level focus on well-established pathosystems and use a few static environmental conditions that capture only a fraction of the dynamic plant–pathogen–environment interactions that occur in nature. Finally,more » there is great need for future research to increasingly use dynamic environmental conditions in order to fully understand the multidimensional nature of plant–pathogen interactions and produce disease-resistant crop plants that are resilient to climate change.« less

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). MSU-DOE Plant Research Laboratory
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1564284
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1607747
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-91ER20021
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Current Biology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Current Biology Journal Volume: 28 Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 0960-9822
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Cell Biology

Citation Formats

Velásquez, André C., Castroverde, Christian Danve M., and He, Sheng Yang. Plant–Pathogen Warfare under Changing Climate Conditions. United Kingdom: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2018.03.054.
Velásquez, André C., Castroverde, Christian Danve M., & He, Sheng Yang. Plant–Pathogen Warfare under Changing Climate Conditions. United Kingdom. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2018.03.054
Velásquez, André C., Castroverde, Christian Danve M., and He, Sheng Yang. Mon . "Plant–Pathogen Warfare under Changing Climate Conditions". United Kingdom. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2018.03.054.
@article{osti_1564284,
title = {Plant–Pathogen Warfare under Changing Climate Conditions},
author = {Velásquez, André C. and Castroverde, Christian Danve M. and He, Sheng Yang},
abstractNote = {Global environmental changes caused by natural and human activities have accelerated in the past 200 years. The increase in greenhouse gases is predicted to continue to raise global temperature and change water availability in the 21st century. In this Review, we explore the profound effect the environment has on plant diseases — a susceptible host will not be infected by a virulent pathogen if the environmental conditions are not conducive for disease. The change in CO2 concentrations, temperature, and water availability can have positive, neutral, or negative effects on disease development, as each disease may respond differently to these variations. However, the concept of disease optima could potentially apply to all pathosystems. Plant resistance pathways, including pattern-triggered immunity to effector-triggered immunity, RNA interference, and defense hormone networks, are all affected by environmental factors. On the pathogen side, virulence mechanisms, such as the production of toxins and virulence proteins, as well as pathogen reproduction and survival are influenced by temperature and humidity. For practical reasons, most laboratory investigations into plant–pathogen interactions at the molecular level focus on well-established pathosystems and use a few static environmental conditions that capture only a fraction of the dynamic plant–pathogen–environment interactions that occur in nature. Finally, there is great need for future research to increasingly use dynamic environmental conditions in order to fully understand the multidimensional nature of plant–pathogen interactions and produce disease-resistant crop plants that are resilient to climate change.},
doi = {10.1016/j.cub.2018.03.054},
journal = {Current Biology},
number = 10,
volume = 28,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2018.03.054

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 55 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Local adaptation to temperature in populations and clonal lineages of the Irish potato famine pathogen Phytophthora infestans
journal, August 2016

  • Mariette, Nicolas; Androdias, Annabelle; Mabon, Romain
  • Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 6, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1002/ece3.2282

Simultaneous Application of Heat, Drought, and Virus to Arabidopsis Plants Reveals Significant Shifts in Signaling Networks
journal, June 2013

  • Prasch, Christian Maximilian; Sonnewald, Uwe
  • Plant Physiology, Vol. 162, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1104/pp.113.221044

RNA-based antiviral immunity
journal, August 2010

  • Ding, Shou-Wei
  • Nature Reviews Immunology, Vol. 10, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1038/nri2824

Post-Anthesis Moisture Increased Fusarium Head Blight and Deoxynivalenol Levels in North Carolina Winter Wheat
journal, April 2009

  • Cowger, Christina; Patton-Özkurt, Jennifer; Brown-Guedira, Gina
  • Phytopathology®, Vol. 99, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1094/PHYTO-99-4-0320

The regulatory VirA protein of Agrobacterium tumefaciens does not function at elevated temperatures.
journal, January 1993


Pathogen Tactics to Manipulate Plant Cell Death
journal, July 2016

  • Mukhtar, M. Shahid; McCormack, Maggie E.; Argueso, Cristiana T.
  • Current Biology, Vol. 26, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2016.02.051

TALE-induced bHLH transcription factors that activate a pectate lyase contribute to water soaking in bacterial spot of tomato
journal, January 2017

  • Schwartz, Allison R.; Morbitzer, Robert; Lahaye, Thomas
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 114, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1620407114

Intracellular innate immune surveillance devices in plants and animals
journal, December 2016


Environmental influences on maize-Aspergillus flavus interactions and aflatoxin production
journal, January 2014


Perception of the plant immune signal salicylic acid
journal, August 2014


Heat shock protein 90 is required for sexual and asexual development, virulence, and heat shock response in Fusarium graminearum
journal, June 2016

  • Bui, Duc-Cuong; Lee, Yoonji; Lim, Jae Yun
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep28154

Chestnut Blight: The Classical Problem of an Introduced Pathogen
journal, January 1987


Effect of Temperature on Geminivirus-Induced RNA Silencing in Plants
journal, July 2005

  • Chellappan, Padmanabhan; Vanitharani, Ramachandran; Ogbe, Francis
  • Plant Physiology, Vol. 138, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1104/pp.105.066563

Effect of relative humidity on germination of ascospores and macroconidia of Gibberella zeae and deoxynivalenol production
journal, February 2005


Modulation of plant immunity by light, circadian rhythm, and temperature
journal, August 2013


The Top 10 fungal pathogens in molecular plant pathology: Top 10 fungal pathogens
journal, April 2012


Quantifying airborne dispersal routes of pathogens over continents to safeguard global wheat supply
journal, September 2017


Tricking the Guard: Exploiting Plant Defense for Disease Susceptibility
journal, October 2012


High humidity represses Cf-4/Avr4- and Cf-9/Avr9-dependent hypersensitive cell death and defense gene expression
journal, July 2005


Deciphering the Rhizosphere Microbiome for Disease-Suppressive Bacteria
journal, May 2011


Crop losses to pests
journal, December 2005


viral silencing suppressors: Tools forged to fine-tune host-pathogen coexistence
journal, May 2015


Growth–Defense Tradeoffs in Plants: A Balancing Act to Optimize Fitness
journal, August 2014

  • Huot, Bethany; Yao, Jian; Montgomery, Beronda L.
  • Molecular Plant, Vol. 7, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1093/mp/ssu049

RNA Silencing Is Resistant to Low-Temperature in Grapevine
journal, December 2013


Crop connectivity under climate change: future environmental and geographic risks of potato late blight in Scotland
journal, June 2016

  • Skelsey, Peter; Cooke, David E. L.; Lynott, James S.
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 22, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13368

Antagonism between salicylic and abscisic acid reflects early host-pathogen conflict and moulds plant defence responses
journal, August 2009


Climate Change Impacts on Global Food Security
journal, August 2013


Phytopathogen Effectors Subverting Host Immunity: Different Foes, Similar Battleground
journal, October 2012


Effect of Temperature, Vector Life Stage, and Plant Access Period on Transmission of Banana bunchy top virus to Banana
journal, June 2008


A Top Ten list for economically important plant viruses
journal, November 2014


Transcriptional Basis of Drought-Induced Susceptibility to the Rice Blast Fungus Magnaporthe oryzae
journal, October 2016

  • Bidzinski, Przemyslaw; Ballini, Elsa; Ducasse, Aurélie
  • Frontiers in Plant Science, Vol. 7
  • DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2016.01558

Quantitative Disease Resistance and Quantitative Resistance Loci in Breeding
journal, July 2010


Research priorities for harnessing plant microbiomes in sustainable agriculture
journal, March 2017


Climate Change and Infectious Diseases: From Evidence to a Predictive Framework
journal, August 2013


ABA Is an Essential Signal for Plant Resistance to Pathogens Affecting JA Biosynthesis and the Activation of Defenses in Arabidopsis
journal, May 2007

  • Adie, Bruce A. T.; Pérez-Pérez, Julián; Pérez-Pérez, Manuel M.
  • The Plant Cell, Vol. 19, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1105/tpc.106.048041

Elevated Temperature Differentially Influences Effector-Triggered Immunity Outputs in Arabidopsis
journal, November 2015

  • Menna, Alexandra; Nguyen, Dang; Guttman, David S.
  • Frontiers in Plant Science, Vol. 6
  • DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2015.00995

CAMTA-Mediated Regulation of Salicylic Acid Immunity Pathway Genes in Arabidopsis Exposed to Low Temperature and Pathogen Infection
journal, October 2017

  • Kim, Yong Sig; An, Chuanfu; Park, Sunchung
  • The Plant Cell, Vol. 29, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1105/tpc.16.00865

A modified two-component regulatory system is involved in temperature-dependent biosynthesis of the Pseudomonas syringae phytotoxin coronatine.
journal, January 1995


World-Wide Importance of Phoma Stem Canker (Leptosphaeria maculans and L. biglobosa) on Oilseed Rape (Brassica napus)
journal, January 2006

  • Fitt, B. D. L.; Brun, H.; Barbetti, M. J.
  • European Journal of Plant Pathology, Vol. 114, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10658-005-2233-5

Effect of Diseases on Soybean Yield in the Top Eight Producing Countries in 2006
journal, January 2010


Interplay Between Innate Immunity and the Plant Microbiota
journal, August 2017


Top 10 plant pathogenic bacteria in molecular plant pathology: Top 10 plant pathogenic bacteria
journal, June 2012


Anthropogenic contribution to global occurrence of heavy-precipitation and high-temperature extremes
journal, April 2015


Yam diseases and its management in Nigeria [English]
journal, December 2003

  • Amusa, A. N.; Adegbite, A. A.; Muhammed, S.
  • African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 2, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB2003.000-1099

Attenuation of Cf-Mediated Defense Responses at Elevated Temperatures Correlates With a Decrease in Elicitor-Binding Sites
journal, October 2002

  • de Jong, Camiel F.; Takken, Frank L. W.; Cai, Xinzhong
  • Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, Vol. 15, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1094/MPMI.2002.15.10.1040

Climate change is predicted to alter the current pest status of Globodera pallida and G. rostochiensis in the United Kingdom
journal, March 2017

  • Jones, Laura M.; Koehler, Ann-Kristin; Trnka, Mirek
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 23, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13676

Nanosensor Technology Applied to Living Plant Systems
journal, June 2017


Natural and anthropogenic changes in atmospheric CO 2 over the last 1000 years from air in Antarctic ice and firn
journal, February 1996

  • Etheridge, D. M.; Steele, L. P.; Langenfelds, R. L.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 101, Issue D2
  • DOI: 10.1029/95JD03410

A Kinase-START Gene Confers Temperature-Dependent Resistance to Wheat Stripe Rust
journal, March 2009


Crop pests and pathogens move polewards in a warming world
journal, September 2013

  • Bebber, Daniel P.; Ramotowski, Mark A. T.; Gurr, Sarah J.
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 3, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1990

Insect vector-mediated transmission of plant viruses
journal, May 2015


High Humidity Induces Abscisic Acid 8′-Hydroxylase in Stomata and Vasculature to Regulate Local and Systemic Abscisic Acid Responses in Arabidopsis
journal, November 2008

  • Okamoto, Masanori; Tanaka, Yoko; Abrams, Suzanne R.
  • Plant Physiology, Vol. 149, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1104/pp.108.130823

Five Reasons to Consider Phytophthora infestans a Reemerging Pathogen
journal, July 2015


More Intense, More Frequent, and Longer Lasting Heat Waves in the 21st Century
journal, August 2004


Genetic diversity and disease control in rice
journal, August 2000

  • Zhu, Youyong; Chen, Hairu; Fan, Jinghua
  • Nature, Vol. 406, Issue 6797
  • DOI: 10.1038/35021046

Effect of Moisture Conditions and Pre-Incubation at Low Temperature on Bacterial Wilt of Tomato Caused by Ralstonia solanacearum
journal, January 2004

  • Islam, Tajul MD; Toyota, Koki
  • Microbes and Environments, Vol. 19, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1264/jsme2.19.244

Tomato yellow leaf curl virus, an emerging virus complex causing epidemics worldwide
journal, November 2000


Plant immune response to pathogens differs with changing temperatures
journal, September 2013

  • Cheng, Cheng; Gao, Xiquan; Feng, Baomin
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms3530

Bud Rot Caused by Phytophthora palmivora : A Destructive Emerging Disease of Oil Palm
journal, April 2016


Native root-associated bacteria rescue a plant from a sudden-wilt disease that emerged during continuous cropping
journal, August 2015

  • Santhanam, Rakesh; Luu, Van Thi; Weinhold, Arne
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 112, Issue 36
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1505765112

Abscisic Acid Determines Basal Susceptibility of Tomato to Botrytis cinerea and Suppresses Salicylic Acid-Dependent Signaling Mechanisms
journal, February 2002

  • Audenaert, Kris; De Meyer, Geert B.; Höfte, Monica M.
  • Plant Physiology, Vol. 128, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1104/pp.010605

A benefit of high temperature: increased effectiveness of a rice bacterial blight disease resistance gene
journal, October 2009


Production, survival and infectivity of oospores of Phytophthora infestans
journal, December 2000


Sugarbeet leaf spot disease (Cercospora beticola Sacc.)+
journal, May 2004


Functional Characterization of the Gene Cluster from Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola NPS3121 Involved in Synthesis of Phaseolotoxin
journal, January 2007

  • Aguilera, Selene; López-López, Karina; Nieto, Yudith
  • Journal of Bacteriology, Vol. 189, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1128/JB.01845-06

Agrobacterium tumefaciens and Plant Cell Interactions and Activities Required for Interkingdom Macromolecular Transfer
journal, November 2006


Biology of Pentalonia nigronervosa (Hemiptera, Aphididae) on Banana Using Different Rearing Methods
journal, February 2007


Migrate or evolve: options for plant pathogens under climate change
journal, April 2013

  • Chakraborty, Sukumar
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 19, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12205

Gray leaf Spot: A Disease of Global Importance in Maize Production
journal, October 1999


Rice versus Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae: a unique pathosystem
journal, May 2013


Groundnut Rossette: A Virus Disease Affecting Groundnut Production in Sub-Saharan Africa
journal, August 1999


Improved plant resistance to drought is promoted by the root-associated microbiome as a water stress-dependent trait: Root bacteria protect plants from drought
journal, March 2014

  • Rolli, Eleonora; Marasco, Ramona; Vigani, Gianpiero
  • Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 17, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1111/1462-2920.12439

The interaction of plant biotic and abiotic stresses: from genes to the field
journal, March 2012

  • Atkinson, N. J.; Urwin, P. E.
  • Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol. 63, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1093/jxb/ers100

Open or Close the Gate – Stomata Action Under the Control of Phytohormones in Drought Stress Conditions
journal, January 2013


A Simple Generic Infection Model for Foliar Fungal Plant Pathogens
journal, January 2005

  • Magarey, R. D.; Sutton, T. B.; Thayer, C. L.
  • Phytopathology®, Vol. 95, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1094/PHYTO-95-0092

Reconsidering Leaf Wetness Duration Determination for Plant Disease Management
journal, March 2015


Ratoon stunting disease
journal, June 2002


Effects of Temperature, Humidity, and Wounding on Development of Phytophthora Rot of Cucumber Fruit
journal, December 2010


Ambient Ozone and Plant Health
journal, January 2001

  • Krupa, Sagar; McGrath, Margaret Tuttle; Andersen, Christian P.
  • Plant Disease, Vol. 85, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1094/PDIS.2001.85.1.4

Is the efficacy of biological control against plant diseases likely to be more durable than that of chemical pesticides?
journal, July 2015


Contrasting Mechanisms of Defense Against Biotrophic and Necrotrophic Pathogens
journal, September 2005


Plant Responses to Simultaneous Biotic and Abiotic Stress: Molecular Mechanisms
journal, October 2014


Plant intracellular innate immune receptor Resistance to Pseudomonas syringae pv. maculicola 1 (RPM1) is activated at, and functions on, the plasma membrane
journal, April 2011

  • Gao, Z.; Chung, E. -H.; Eitas, T. K.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 108, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1104410108

The Effect of Sweet Potato Virus Disease and its Viral Components on Gene Expression Levels in Sweetpotato
journal, September 2006

  • Kokkinos, C. D.; Clark, C. A.; McGregor, C. E.
  • Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, Vol. 131, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.21273/JASHS.131.5.657

Ambient temperature perception in papaya for papaya ringspot virus interaction
journal, February 2009

  • Mangrauthia, Satendra K.; Singh Shakya, Viplendra P.; Jain, R. K.
  • Virus Genes, Vol. 38, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11262-009-0336-3

uORF-mediated translation allows engineered plant disease resistance without fitness costs
journal, May 2017


Effects of Elevated Atmospheric CO 2 Concentration on the Infection of Rice Blast and Sheath Blight
journal, April 2006

  • Kobayashi, T.; Ishiguro, K.; Nakajima, T.
  • Phytopathology®, Vol. 96, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1094/PHYTO-96-0425

Analysis of Temperature Modulation of Plant Defense Against Biotrophic Microbes
journal, May 2009

  • Wang, Yi; Bao, Zhilong; Zhu, Ying
  • Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, Vol. 22, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1094/MPMI-22-5-0498

Threshold Microsclerotial Inoculum for Cotton Verticillium Wilt Determined Through Wet-Sieving and Real-Time Quantitative PCR
journal, February 2015


Diverse mechanisms of resistance to Pseudomonas syringae in a thousand natural accessions of Arabidopsis thaliana
journal, March 2017

  • Velásquez, André C.; Oney, Matthew; Huot, Bethany
  • New Phytologist, Vol. 214, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1111/nph.14517

The Role of Intermittent Wind in the Dispersal of Fungal Pathogens
journal, September 1990


Isochorismate synthase is required to synthesize salicylic acid for plant defence
journal, November 2001

  • Wildermuth, Mary C.; Dewdney, Julia; Wu, Gang
  • Nature, Vol. 414, Issue 6863
  • DOI: 10.1038/35107108

The N gene of tobacco confers resistance to tobacco mosaic virus in transgenic tomato.
journal, August 1996

  • Whitham, S.; McCormick, S.; Baker, B.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 93, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.93.16.8776

Low temperature inhibits RNA silencing-mediated defence by the control of siRNA generation
journal, February 2003


The Pseudomonas syringae Type III Effector HopAM1 Enhances Virulence on Water-Stressed Plants
journal, March 2008

  • Goel, Ajay K.; Lundberg, Derek; Torres, Miguel A.
  • Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, Vol. 21, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1094/MPMI-21-3-0361

Regulation of Stomatal Defense by Air Relative Humidity
journal, October 2016

  • Panchal, Shweta; Chitrakar, Reejana; Thompson, Blaine K.
  • Plant Physiology, Vol. 172, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1104/pp.16.00696

Evidence for Increased Aggressiveness in a Recent Widespread Strain of Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici Causing Stripe Rust of Wheat
journal, January 2009

  • Milus, Eugene A.; Kristensen, Kristian; Hovmøller, Mogens S.
  • Phytopathology®, Vol. 99, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1094/PHYTO-99-1-0089

Effects of Daily Temperature Highs on Development of Phakopsora pachyrhizi on Soybean
journal, August 2012


Toward a Metabolic Theory of Ecology
journal, July 2004

  • Brown, James H.; Gillooly, James F.; Allen, Andrew P.
  • Ecology, Vol. 85, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1890/03-9000

Virus infection mediates the effects of elevated CO2 on plants and vectors
journal, March 2016

  • Trębicki, Piotr; Vandegeer, Rebecca K.; Bosque-Pérez, Nilsa A.
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep22785

Exploitation of interspecific diversity for monocot crop improvement
journal, January 2013


Rapid global spread of two aggressive strains of a wheat rust fungus
journal, September 2008


The Arabidopsis ZED1 pseudokinase is required for ZAR1-mediated immunity induced by the Pseudomonas syringae type III effector HopZ1a
journal, October 2013

  • Lewis, J. D.; Lee, A. H. -Y.; Hassan, J. A.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 110, Issue 46
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1315520110

Resistance of Cotton Towards Xanthomonas campestris pv. malvacearum
journal, September 2005


Worse Comes to Worst: Bananas and Panama Disease—When Plant and Pathogen Clones Meet
journal, November 2015


The Ecogeography of Andean Potatoes
journal, June 1998


Progress towards the understanding and control of sugar beet rhizomania disease
journal, January 2009


The severity of wheat diseases increases when plants and pathogens are acclimatized to elevated carbon dioxide
journal, April 2015

  • Váry, Zsolt; Mullins, Ewen; McElwain, Jennifer C.
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 21, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12899

The effect of temperature on the development of bacterial leaf blight on rice.
journal, January 1982

  • Horino, Osamu; Mew, Twing Wah; Yamada, Toshiaki
  • Japanese Journal of Phytopathology, Vol. 48, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.3186/jjphytopath.48.72

Effects of Temperature and Moisture on Development of Fusarium graminearum Perithecia in Maize Stalk Residues
journal, October 2015

  • Manstretta, Valentina; Rossi, Vittorio
  • Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 82, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1128/AEM.02436-15

Temperature Modulates Plant Defense Responses through NB-LRR Proteins
journal, April 2010


Potential Effects of Diurnal Temperature Oscillations on Potato Late Blight with Special Reference to Climate Change
journal, February 2015


Elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide and ozone alter soybean diseases at SoyFACE: ATMOSPHERIC CHANGE ALTERS DISEASES AT SOYFACE
journal, January 2010


The Emergence of Ug99 Races of the Stem Rust Fungus is a Threat to World Wheat Production
journal, September 2011


Plant Stomata Function in Innate Immunity against Bacterial Invasion
journal, September 2006


Crop losses due to diseases and their implications for global food production losses and food security
journal, July 2012


Survival of Sclerotia of Rhizoctonia solani AG3PT and Effect of Soil-Borne Inoculum Density on Disease Development on Potato
journal, November 2012

  • Ritchie, Faye; Bain, Ruairidh; Mcquilken, Mark
  • Journal of Phytopathology, Vol. 161, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1111/jph.12052

Impact of Temperature on In Planta Expression of Genes Involved in Synthesis of the Pseudomonas syringae Phytotoxin Coronatine
journal, October 2004

  • Weingart, Helge; Stubner, Stephan; Schenk, Alexander
  • Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, Vol. 17, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1094/MPMI.2004.17.10.1095

Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato hijacks the Arabidopsis abscisic acid signalling pathway to cause disease
journal, February 2007

  • de Torres-Zabala, Marta; Truman, William; Bennett, Mark H.
  • The EMBO Journal, Vol. 26, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1038/sj.emboj.7601575

Molecular marker assisted gene stacking for biotic and abiotic stress resistance genes in an elite rice cultivar
journal, September 2015


Regulation of pattern recognition receptor signalling in plants
journal, August 2016

  • Couto, Daniel; Zipfel, Cyril
  • Nature Reviews Immunology, Vol. 16, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1038/nri.2016.77

Arabidopsis ZED1-related kinases mediate the temperature-sensitive intersection of immune response and growth homeostasis
journal, May 2017

  • Wang, Zhicai; Cui, Dayong; Liu, Jing
  • New Phytologist, Vol. 215, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1111/nph.14585

Rapeseed research and production in China
journal, April 2017


Environmental Conditions Affect Botrytis cinerea Infection of Mature Grape Berries More Than the Strain or Transposon Genotype
journal, August 2015


Bacteria establish an aqueous living space in plants crucial for virulence
journal, November 2016

  • Xin, Xiu-Fang; Nomura, Kinya; Aung, Kyaw
  • Nature, Vol. 539, Issue 7630
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature20166

Identification and characterization of Sr13 , a tetraploid wheat gene that confers resistance to the Ug99 stem rust race group
journal, October 2017

  • Zhang, Wenjun; Chen, Shisheng; Abate, Zewdie
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 114, Issue 45
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1706277114

Lights, camera, action: high-throughput plant phenotyping is ready for a close-up
journal, April 2015


Scab of Wheat and Barley: A Re-emerging Disease of Devastating Impact
journal, December 1997


Roles of CAMTA transcription factors and salicylic acid in configuring the low-temperature transcriptome and freezing tolerance of Arabidopsis
journal, May 2013

  • Kim, YongSig; Park, Sunchung; Gilmour, Sarah J.
  • The Plant Journal, Vol. 75, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1111/tpj.12205

On the Trail of a Cereal Killer: Exploring the Biology of Magnaporthe grisea
journal, October 2003