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Title: Two-dimensional simulations of mixing in classical novae: The effect of white dwarf composition and mass

Abstract

Context. Classical novae are explosive phenomena that take place in stellar binary systems. They are powered by mass transfer from a low-mass main sequence star onto either a CO or ONe white dwarf. The material accumulates for 104–105 yr until ignition under degenerate conditions, resulting in a thermonuclear runaway. The nuclear energy released produces peak temperatures of ~0.1–0.4 GK. During these events, 10 –7–10 –3 M enriched in intermediate-mass elements, with respect to solar abundances, are ejected into the interstellar medium. Yet, the origin of the large metallicity enhancements and the inhomogeneous distribution of chemical species observed in high-resolution spectra of ejected nova shells is not fully understood.Aims. Recent multidimensional simulations have demonstrated that Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities that operate at the core-envelope interface can naturally produce self-enrichment of the accreted envelope with material from the underlying white dwarf at levels that agree with observations. Yet, such multidimensional simulations have been performed for a small number of cases and much of the parameter space remains unexplored.Methods. We explored the dredge-up, driven by Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities, for white dwarf masses in the range 0.8–1.25 M and different core compositions, that is, CO-rich and ONe-rich substrates. We present a set of five numericalmore » simulations performed in two dimensions aimed at analyzing the possible impact of the white dwarf mass, and composition, on the metallicity enhancement and explosion characteristics.Results. At the time we stop the simulations, we observe greater mixing (~30% higher when measured in the same conditions) and more energetic outbursts for ONe-rich substrates than for CO-rich substrates and more massive white dwarfs.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona (Spain); Institut d’Estudis Espacials de Catalunya, Barcelona (Spain)
  3. Univ. of Pisa (Italy)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
OSTI Identifier:
1564241
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 619; Journal Issue: NA; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-6361
Publisher:
EDP Sciences
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; novae, cataclysmic variables; nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances; hydrodynamics; instabilities; convection; turbulence

Citation Formats

Casanova, Jordi, José, Jordi, and Shore, Steven N. Two-dimensional simulations of mixing in classical novae: The effect of white dwarf composition and mass. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201833422.
Casanova, Jordi, José, Jordi, & Shore, Steven N. Two-dimensional simulations of mixing in classical novae: The effect of white dwarf composition and mass. United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201833422.
Casanova, Jordi, José, Jordi, and Shore, Steven N. Thu . "Two-dimensional simulations of mixing in classical novae: The effect of white dwarf composition and mass". United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201833422.
@article{osti_1564241,
title = {Two-dimensional simulations of mixing in classical novae: The effect of white dwarf composition and mass},
author = {Casanova, Jordi and José, Jordi and Shore, Steven N.},
abstractNote = {Context. Classical novae are explosive phenomena that take place in stellar binary systems. They are powered by mass transfer from a low-mass main sequence star onto either a CO or ONe white dwarf. The material accumulates for 104–105 yr until ignition under degenerate conditions, resulting in a thermonuclear runaway. The nuclear energy released produces peak temperatures of ~0.1–0.4 GK. During these events, 10–7–10–3 M⊙ enriched in intermediate-mass elements, with respect to solar abundances, are ejected into the interstellar medium. Yet, the origin of the large metallicity enhancements and the inhomogeneous distribution of chemical species observed in high-resolution spectra of ejected nova shells is not fully understood.Aims. Recent multidimensional simulations have demonstrated that Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities that operate at the core-envelope interface can naturally produce self-enrichment of the accreted envelope with material from the underlying white dwarf at levels that agree with observations. Yet, such multidimensional simulations have been performed for a small number of cases and much of the parameter space remains unexplored.Methods. We explored the dredge-up, driven by Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities, for white dwarf masses in the range 0.8–1.25 M⊙ and different core compositions, that is, CO-rich and ONe-rich substrates. We present a set of five numerical simulations performed in two dimensions aimed at analyzing the possible impact of the white dwarf mass, and composition, on the metallicity enhancement and explosion characteristics.Results. At the time we stop the simulations, we observe greater mixing (~30% higher when measured in the same conditions) and more energetic outbursts for ONe-rich substrates than for CO-rich substrates and more massive white dwarfs.},
doi = {10.1051/0004-6361/201833422},
journal = {Astronomy and Astrophysics},
number = NA,
volume = 619,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {11}
}

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