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Title: Low-dimensional perovskite nanoplatelet synthesis using in situ photophysical monitoring to establish controlled growth

Abstract

Perovskite nanoparticles have attracted the attention of research groups around the world for their impressive photophysical properties, facile synthesis and versatile surface chemistry. Here, we report a synthetic route that takes advantage of a suite of soluble precursors to generate CsPbBr3 perovskite nanoplatelets with fine control over size, thickness and optical properties. We demonstrate near unit cell precision, creating well characterized materials with sharp, narrow emission lines at 430, 460 and 490 nm corresponding to nanoplatelets that are 2, 4, and 6 unit cells thick, respectively. Nanoplatelets were characterized with optical spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy to explicitly correlate growth conditions, thickness and resulting photophysical properties. Detailed in situ photoluminescence spectroscopic studies were carried out to understand and optimize particle growth by correlating light emission with nanoplatelet growth across a range of synthetic conditions. It was found that nanoplatelet thickness and emission wavelength increase as the ratio of oleic acid to oleyl amine or the reaction temperature is increased. Using this information, we control the lateral size, width and corresponding emission wavelength of the desired nanoplatelets by modulating the temperature and ratios of the ligand.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [1]; ORCiD logo [4];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  3. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne (Switzerland)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Workforce Development for Teachers and Scientists (WDTS)
OSTI Identifier:
1564046
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1529707
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nanoscale
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 37; Journal ID: ISSN 2040-3364
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Do, Mai, Kim, Irene, Kolaczkowski, Matthew A., Kang, Jun, Kamat, Gaurav A., Yuan, Zhenghao, Barchi, Nicola S., Wang, Lin -Wang, Liu, Yi, Jurow, Matthew J., and Sutter-Fella, Carolin M. Low-dimensional perovskite nanoplatelet synthesis using in situ photophysical monitoring to establish controlled growth. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1039/c9nr04010b.
Do, Mai, Kim, Irene, Kolaczkowski, Matthew A., Kang, Jun, Kamat, Gaurav A., Yuan, Zhenghao, Barchi, Nicola S., Wang, Lin -Wang, Liu, Yi, Jurow, Matthew J., & Sutter-Fella, Carolin M. Low-dimensional perovskite nanoplatelet synthesis using in situ photophysical monitoring to establish controlled growth. United States. doi:10.1039/c9nr04010b.
Do, Mai, Kim, Irene, Kolaczkowski, Matthew A., Kang, Jun, Kamat, Gaurav A., Yuan, Zhenghao, Barchi, Nicola S., Wang, Lin -Wang, Liu, Yi, Jurow, Matthew J., and Sutter-Fella, Carolin M. Tue . "Low-dimensional perovskite nanoplatelet synthesis using in situ photophysical monitoring to establish controlled growth". United States. doi:10.1039/c9nr04010b. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1564046.
@article{osti_1564046,
title = {Low-dimensional perovskite nanoplatelet synthesis using in situ photophysical monitoring to establish controlled growth},
author = {Do, Mai and Kim, Irene and Kolaczkowski, Matthew A. and Kang, Jun and Kamat, Gaurav A. and Yuan, Zhenghao and Barchi, Nicola S. and Wang, Lin -Wang and Liu, Yi and Jurow, Matthew J. and Sutter-Fella, Carolin M.},
abstractNote = {Perovskite nanoparticles have attracted the attention of research groups around the world for their impressive photophysical properties, facile synthesis and versatile surface chemistry. Here, we report a synthetic route that takes advantage of a suite of soluble precursors to generate CsPbBr3 perovskite nanoplatelets with fine control over size, thickness and optical properties. We demonstrate near unit cell precision, creating well characterized materials with sharp, narrow emission lines at 430, 460 and 490 nm corresponding to nanoplatelets that are 2, 4, and 6 unit cells thick, respectively. Nanoplatelets were characterized with optical spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy to explicitly correlate growth conditions, thickness and resulting photophysical properties. Detailed in situ photoluminescence spectroscopic studies were carried out to understand and optimize particle growth by correlating light emission with nanoplatelet growth across a range of synthetic conditions. It was found that nanoplatelet thickness and emission wavelength increase as the ratio of oleic acid to oleyl amine or the reaction temperature is increased. Using this information, we control the lateral size, width and corresponding emission wavelength of the desired nanoplatelets by modulating the temperature and ratios of the ligand.},
doi = {10.1039/c9nr04010b},
journal = {Nanoscale},
number = 37,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

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Manipulating the Transition Dipole Moment of CsPbBr 3 Perovskite Nanocrystals for Superior Optical Properties
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Picosecond energy transfer and multiexciton transfer outpaces Auger recombination in binary CdSe nanoplatelet solids
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Solution Synthesis Approach to Colloidal Cesium Lead Halide Perovskite Nanoplatelets with Monolayer-Level Thickness Control
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Precise Control of Quantum Confinement in Cesium Lead Halide Perovskite Quantum Dots via Thermodynamic Equilibrium
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journal, February 2015

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Organolead Halide Perovskite Nanocrystals: Branched Capping Ligands Control Crystal Size and Stability
journal, June 2016

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Peptide-Passivated Lead Halide Perovskite Nanocrystals Based on Synergistic Effect between Amino and Carboxylic Functional Groups
    journal, January 2017

    • Luo, Binbin; Naghadeh, Sara Bonabi; Allen, A'Lester
    • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 27, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201604018

    Perovskite Materials for Light-Emitting Diodes and Lasers
    journal, May 2016

    • Veldhuis, Sjoerd A.; Boix, Pablo P.; Yantara, Natalia
    • Advanced Materials, Vol. 28, Issue 32
    • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201600669

    Unravelling the Correlation between the Aspect Ratio of Nanotubular Structures and Their Electrochemical Performance To Achieve High-Rate and Long-Life Lithium-Ion Batteries
    journal, August 2014

    • Tang, Yuxin; Zhang, Yanyan; Deng, Jiyang
    • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 53, Issue 49
    • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201406719

    Organolead Halide Perovskite Nanocrystals: Branched Capping Ligands Control Crystal Size and Stability
    journal, June 2016

    • Luo, Binbin; Pu, Ying-Chih; Lindley, Sarah A.
    • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 55, Issue 31
    • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201602236

    Design of Complex Nanomaterials for Energy Storage: Past Success and Future Opportunity
    journal, December 2017


    Intriguing Optoelectronic Properties of Metal Halide Perovskites
    journal, June 2016


    The Bright Side of Perovskites
    journal, October 2016

    • Colella, Silvia; Mazzeo, Marco; Rizzo, Aurora
    • The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 7, Issue 21
    • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.6b01799

    Tunable Anisotropic Photon Emission from Self-Organized CsPbBr 3 Perovskite Nanocrystals
    journal, June 2017


    Precise Control of Quantum Confinement in Cesium Lead Halide Perovskite Quantum Dots via Thermodynamic Equilibrium
    journal, May 2018


    Manipulating the Transition Dipole Moment of CsPbBr 3 Perovskite Nanocrystals for Superior Optical Properties
    journal, March 2019


    Existence of a Size-Dependent Stokes Shift in CsPbBr 3 Perovskite Nanocrystals
    journal, June 2017


    Tuning the Size of CsPbBr 3 Nanocrystals: All at One Constant Temperature
    journal, January 2018


    Highly Dynamic Ligand Binding and Light Absorption Coefficient of Cesium Lead Bromide Perovskite Nanocrystals
    journal, January 2016


    Role of Acid–Base Equilibria in the Size, Shape, and Phase Control of Cesium Lead Bromide Nanocrystals
    journal, January 2018


    Highly Luminescent Colloidal Nanoplates of Perovskite Cesium Lead Halide and Their Oriented Assemblies
    journal, December 2015

    • Bekenstein, Yehonadav; Koscher, Brent A.; Eaton, Samuel W.
    • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 137, Issue 51
    • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b11199

    Solution Synthesis Approach to Colloidal Cesium Lead Halide Perovskite Nanoplatelets with Monolayer-Level Thickness Control
    journal, January 2016

    • Akkerman, Quinten A.; Motti, Silvia Genaro; Srimath Kandada, Ajay Ram
    • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 138, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b12124

    Colloidal Synthesis of Quantum Confined Single Crystal CsPbBr 3 Nanosheets with Lateral Size Control up to the Micrometer Range
    journal, June 2016

    • Shamsi, Javad; Dang, Zhiya; Bianchini, Paolo
    • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 138, Issue 23
    • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.6b03166

    Benzoyl Halides as Alternative Precursors for the Colloidal Synthesis of Lead-Based Halide Perovskite Nanocrystals
    journal, January 2018

    • Imran, Muhammad; Caligiuri, Vincenzo; Wang, Mengjiao
    • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 140, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b13477

    High Aspect Ratio Electrospun CuO Nanofibers as Anode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries with Superior Cycleability
    journal, August 2012

    • Sahay, Rahul; Suresh Kumar, Palaniswamy; Aravindan, Vanchiappan
    • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 116, Issue 34
    • DOI: 10.1021/jp3053949

    Quantum Confinement Effects and Electronic Properties of SnO 2 Quantum Wires and Dots
    journal, March 2010

    • Deng, Hui-Xiong; Li, Shu-Shen; Li, Jingbo
    • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 114, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1021/jp911035z

    Soluble, Exfoliated Hexagonal Boron Nitride Nanosheets
    journal, November 2009

    • Lin, Yi; Williams, Tiffany V.; Connell, John W.
    • The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 1, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1021/jz9002108

    Nanocrystals of Cesium Lead Halide Perovskites (CsPbX 3 , X = Cl, Br, and I): Novel Optoelectronic Materials Showing Bright Emission with Wide Color Gamut
    journal, February 2015

    • Protesescu, Loredana; Yakunin, Sergii; Bodnarchuk, Maryna I.
    • Nano Letters, Vol. 15, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1021/nl5048779

    Colloidal lead halide perovskite nanocrystals: synthesis, optical properties and applications
    journal, November 2016

    • Huang, He; Polavarapu, Lakshminarayana; Sichert, Jasmina A.
    • NPG Asia Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1038/am.2016.167

    The rise of graphene
    journal, March 2007

    • Geim, A. K.; Novoselov, K. S.
    • Nature Materials, Vol. 6, Issue 3, p. 183-191
    • DOI: 10.1038/nmat1849

    Picosecond energy transfer and multiexciton transfer outpaces Auger recombination in binary CdSe nanoplatelet solids
    journal, March 2015

    • Rowland, Clare E.; Fedin, Igor; Zhang, Hui
    • Nature Materials, Vol. 14, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4231

    Freestanding palladium nanosheets with plasmonic and catalytic properties
    journal, December 2010

    • Huang, Xiaoqing; Tang, Shaoheng; Mu, Xiaoliang
    • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 6, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2010.235

    Perovskite photonic sources
    journal, April 2016


    Near-infrared-triggered photon upconversion tuning in all-inorganic cesium lead halide perovskite quantum dots
    journal, August 2018


    Biological applications of high aspect ratio nanoparticles
    journal, January 2004

    • Bauer, Laura Ann; Birenbaum, Nira S.; Meyer, Gerald J.
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 14, Issue 4, p. 517-526
    • DOI: 10.1039/b312655b

    Crystal growth by oriented attachment: kinetic models and control factors
    journal, January 2014

    • Xue, Xiaogang; Penn, R. Lee; Leite, Edson Roberto
    • CrystEngComm, Vol. 16, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1039/c3ce42129e

    Shape matters: synthesis and biomedical applications of high aspect ratio magnetic nanomaterials
    journal, January 2015

    • Fratila, Raluca M.; Rivera-Fernández, Sara; de la Fuente, Jesús M.
    • Nanoscale, Vol. 7, Issue 18
    • DOI: 10.1039/c5nr01100k

    Commentary: The Materials Project: A materials genome approach to accelerating materials innovation
    journal, July 2013

    • Jain, Anubhav; Ong, Shyue Ping; Hautier, Geoffroy
    • APL Materials, Vol. 1, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4812323

    Efficient iterative schemes for ab initio total-energy calculations using a plane-wave basis set
    journal, October 1996


    From ultrasoft pseudopotentials to the projector augmented-wave method
    journal, January 1999


    Generalized Gradient Approximation Made Simple [Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3865 (1996)]
    journal, February 1997


    Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films
    journal, October 2004


    Ultrathin PbS Sheets by Two-Dimensional Oriented Attachment
    journal, July 2010


    Perovskite-Based Solar Cells
    journal, October 2013


    Properties and potential optoelectronic applications of lead halide perovskite nanocrystals
    journal, November 2017

    • Kovalenko, Maksym V.; Protesescu, Loredana; Bodnarchuk, Maryna I.
    • Science, Vol. 358, Issue 6364
    • DOI: 10.1126/science.aam7093

    Revealing the Dynamics of Hybrid Metal Halide Perovskite Formation via Multimodal In Situ Probes
    journal, December 2019

    • Song, Tze‐Bin; Yuan, Zhenghao; Mori, Megumi
    • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 30, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201908337

    Light Generation in Lead Halide Perovskite Nanocrystals: LEDs, Color Converters, Lasers, and Other Applications
    journal, October 2019