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Title: Characterizing organic carbon dynamics during biostimulation of a uranium contaminated field site

Abstract

Uranium contamination of groundwater remains a pressing problem at many former uranium mining and milling operations, such as the Rifle, Integrated Field Research Challenge (IFRC) site. Biostimulation of the subsurface with an organic carbon source such as acetate, followed by the microbially-induced reductive precipitation of uranium has been proposed as an effective remediation strategy. While uranium bioreduction has been studied in several field experiments, the transformation and fate of injected carbon remains poorly understood. This study evaluated the impact of added organic carbon on the long-term biogeochemical attenuation of uranium in the subsurface of a former mill tailings site. Fluorescence and ultraviolet–visible absorbance analyses were used together with dissolved organic carbon (DOC) measurements to track organic carbon dynamics during and post-biostimulation of the 2011 Rifle IFRC experiment. An electron mass balance was performed on well CD01 to account for any unidentified carbon sinks. Measured DOC values increased to 1.76 mM-C during biostimulation, and to 3.18 mM-C post-biostimulation over background DOC values of 0.3–0.4 mM-C. Elevated DOC levels persisted for 90 days after acetate injections ceased. The electron mass balance revealed that assumed electron acceptors would not account for the total amount of acetate consumed. Excitation–emission matrices showed an increase in signals associated with solublemore » microbial products, during biostimulation, which disappeared post-biostimulation despite an increase in total DOC. Specific ultraviolet absorbance analyses, indicated that DOC present post-biostimulation is less aromatic in nature, compared to background DOC. Furthermore, our results suggest that microbes convert injected acetate into a form of solid phase organic matter that may be available to sustain iron reduction post-stimulation.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [2]
  1. Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1564015
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Biogeochemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 143; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-2563
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
38 RADIATION CHEMISTRY, RADIOCHEMISTRY, AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY; 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; Soluble microbial products; Uranium; Bioremediation; Excitation–emission matrices; Groundwater; Dissolved organic carbon

Citation Formats

Dangelmayr, Martin A., Figueroa, Linda A., Williams, Kenneth H., and Long, Philip E. Characterizing organic carbon dynamics during biostimulation of a uranium contaminated field site. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1007/s10533-019-00553-w.
Dangelmayr, Martin A., Figueroa, Linda A., Williams, Kenneth H., & Long, Philip E. Characterizing organic carbon dynamics during biostimulation of a uranium contaminated field site. United States. doi:10.1007/s10533-019-00553-w.
Dangelmayr, Martin A., Figueroa, Linda A., Williams, Kenneth H., and Long, Philip E. Tue . "Characterizing organic carbon dynamics during biostimulation of a uranium contaminated field site". United States. doi:10.1007/s10533-019-00553-w.
@article{osti_1564015,
title = {Characterizing organic carbon dynamics during biostimulation of a uranium contaminated field site},
author = {Dangelmayr, Martin A. and Figueroa, Linda A. and Williams, Kenneth H. and Long, Philip E.},
abstractNote = {Uranium contamination of groundwater remains a pressing problem at many former uranium mining and milling operations, such as the Rifle, Integrated Field Research Challenge (IFRC) site. Biostimulation of the subsurface with an organic carbon source such as acetate, followed by the microbially-induced reductive precipitation of uranium has been proposed as an effective remediation strategy. While uranium bioreduction has been studied in several field experiments, the transformation and fate of injected carbon remains poorly understood. This study evaluated the impact of added organic carbon on the long-term biogeochemical attenuation of uranium in the subsurface of a former mill tailings site. Fluorescence and ultraviolet–visible absorbance analyses were used together with dissolved organic carbon (DOC) measurements to track organic carbon dynamics during and post-biostimulation of the 2011 Rifle IFRC experiment. An electron mass balance was performed on well CD01 to account for any unidentified carbon sinks. Measured DOC values increased to 1.76 mM-C during biostimulation, and to 3.18 mM-C post-biostimulation over background DOC values of 0.3–0.4 mM-C. Elevated DOC levels persisted for 90 days after acetate injections ceased. The electron mass balance revealed that assumed electron acceptors would not account for the total amount of acetate consumed. Excitation–emission matrices showed an increase in signals associated with soluble microbial products, during biostimulation, which disappeared post-biostimulation despite an increase in total DOC. Specific ultraviolet absorbance analyses, indicated that DOC present post-biostimulation is less aromatic in nature, compared to background DOC. Furthermore, our results suggest that microbes convert injected acetate into a form of solid phase organic matter that may be available to sustain iron reduction post-stimulation.},
doi = {10.1007/s10533-019-00553-w},
journal = {Biogeochemistry},
number = 1,
volume = 143,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {2}
}

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