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Title: Dust survival rates in clumps passing through the Cas A reverse shock – I. Results for a range of clump densities

Abstract

ABSTRACT The reverse shock in the ejecta of core-collapse supernovae is potentially able to destroy newly formed dust material. In order to determine dust survival rates, we have performed a set of hydrodynamic simulations using the grid-based code astrobear in order to model a shock wave interacting with clumpy supernova ejecta. Dust motions and destruction rates were computed using our newly developed external, post-processing code paperboats, which includes gas drag, grain charging, sputtering, and grain–grain collisions. We have determined dust destruction rates for the oxygen-rich supernova remnant Cassiopeia A as a function of initial grain sizes and clump gas density. We found that up to $$30\,\mathrm{{{\ \rm per\ cent}}}$$ of the carbon dust mass is able to survive the passage of the reverse shock if the initial grain size distribution is narrow with radii around ∼10–50 nm for high gas densities, or with radii around $$\sim 0.5\!-\!1.5\,\mathrm{\mu m}$$ for low and medium gas densities. Silicate grains with initial radii around 10–30 nm show survival rates of up to $$40\,\mathrm{{{\ \rm per\ cent}}}$$ for medium- and high-density contrasts, while silicate material with micron-sized distributions is mostly destroyed. For both materials, the surviving dust mass is rearranged into a new size distribution that can be approximated by two components: a power-law distribution of small grains and a lognormal distribution of grains having the same size range as the initial distribution. Our results show that grain–grain collisions and sputtering are synergistic and that grain–grain collisions can play a crucial role in determining the surviving dust budget in supernova remnants.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1];  [3]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
  2. Center for Theoretical Astrophysics, Los Alamos National Lab, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA
  3. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK, School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University, Queen’s Buildings, The Parade, Cardiff CF24 3AA, UK
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); European Research Council (ERC); Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) (United Kingdom)
OSTI Identifier:
1563015
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1669087
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-19-27511
Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001; ERC-2015-AdG-694520; ST/P002307/1; ST/R002452/1; ST/R00689X/1
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Journal Volume: 489 Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Royal Astronomical Society
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Subject:
hydrodynamics; shock waves; methods: numerical; supernovae: general; supernovae: individual: Cassiopeia A; dust, extinction; ISM: supernova remnants.

Citation Formats

Kirchschlager, Florian, Schmidt, Franziska D., Barlow, M. J., Fogerty, Erica L., Bevan, Antonia, and Priestley, Felix D. Dust survival rates in clumps passing through the Cas A reverse shock – I. Results for a range of clump densities. United Kingdom: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz2399.
Kirchschlager, Florian, Schmidt, Franziska D., Barlow, M. J., Fogerty, Erica L., Bevan, Antonia, & Priestley, Felix D. Dust survival rates in clumps passing through the Cas A reverse shock – I. Results for a range of clump densities. United Kingdom. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz2399.
Kirchschlager, Florian, Schmidt, Franziska D., Barlow, M. J., Fogerty, Erica L., Bevan, Antonia, and Priestley, Felix D. Fri . "Dust survival rates in clumps passing through the Cas A reverse shock – I. Results for a range of clump densities". United Kingdom. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz2399.
@article{osti_1563015,
title = {Dust survival rates in clumps passing through the Cas A reverse shock – I. Results for a range of clump densities},
author = {Kirchschlager, Florian and Schmidt, Franziska D. and Barlow, M. J. and Fogerty, Erica L. and Bevan, Antonia and Priestley, Felix D.},
abstractNote = {ABSTRACT The reverse shock in the ejecta of core-collapse supernovae is potentially able to destroy newly formed dust material. In order to determine dust survival rates, we have performed a set of hydrodynamic simulations using the grid-based code astrobear in order to model a shock wave interacting with clumpy supernova ejecta. Dust motions and destruction rates were computed using our newly developed external, post-processing code paperboats, which includes gas drag, grain charging, sputtering, and grain–grain collisions. We have determined dust destruction rates for the oxygen-rich supernova remnant Cassiopeia A as a function of initial grain sizes and clump gas density. We found that up to $30\,\mathrm{{{\ \rm per\ cent}}}$ of the carbon dust mass is able to survive the passage of the reverse shock if the initial grain size distribution is narrow with radii around ∼10–50 nm for high gas densities, or with radii around $\sim 0.5\!-\!1.5\,\mathrm{\mu m}$ for low and medium gas densities. Silicate grains with initial radii around 10–30 nm show survival rates of up to $40\,\mathrm{{{\ \rm per\ cent}}}$ for medium- and high-density contrasts, while silicate material with micron-sized distributions is mostly destroyed. For both materials, the surviving dust mass is rearranged into a new size distribution that can be approximated by two components: a power-law distribution of small grains and a lognormal distribution of grains having the same size range as the initial distribution. Our results show that grain–grain collisions and sputtering are synergistic and that grain–grain collisions can play a crucial role in determining the surviving dust budget in supernova remnants.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stz2399},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = 4,
volume = 489,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2019},
month = {8}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz2399

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Dust processing in elliptical galaxies
journal, October 2015

  • Hirashita, Hiroyuki; Nozawa, Takaya; Villaume, Alexa
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 454, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv2095

A dusty, normal galaxy in the epoch of reionization
journal, March 2015

  • Watson, Darach; Christensen, Lise; Knudsen, Kirsten Kraiberg
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A Herschel PACS and SPIRE study of the dust content of the Cassiopeia A supernova remnant
journal, July 2010


Imaging of the Supernova Remnant Cassiopeia A with the Multiband Imaging Photometer for Spitzer (MIPS)
journal, September 2004

  • Hines, D. C.; Rieke, G. H.; Gordon, K. D.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 154, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/422583

Propagation of the Single-Scattering Distribution in Multiple Scattering: Muon Scattering in Iron
journal, March 1963


Evolution of dust properties in an interstellar filament
journal, January 2003


Evolution of interstellar dust and stardust in the solar neighbourhood
journal, December 2007


The infrared diagnostic of a dusty plasma with applications to supernova remnants
journal, November 1987


An analytical formula and important parameters for low-energy ion sputtering
journal, January 1980

  • Bohdansky, J.; Roth, J.; Bay, H. L.
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Young oxygen-rich supernova remnants. 2: an oxygen-rich emission mechanism
journal, January 1995

  • Sutherland, Ralph S.; Dopita, Michael A.
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Dust formation in primordial Type II supernovae
journal, August 2001


Newly Synthesized Elements and Pristine Dust in the Cassiopeia A Supernova Remnant
journal, August 1999

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  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 521, Issue 1
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A COOL DUST FACTORY IN THE CRAB NEBULA: A HERSCHEL STUDY OF THE FILAMENTS
journal, November 2012


The metal and dust yields of the first massive stars
journal, October 2015

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  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 454, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv2267

Abundance inhomogeneities in the Cassiopeia A supernova remnant
journal, October 1979

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  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 233
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The Temperature and Ionization of Unshocked Ejecta in Cas A
journal, October 2018


Dust grains from the heart of supernovae
journal, March 2016


Properties of dust in the detached shells around U Antilae, DR Serpentis, and V644 Scorpii
journal, December 2018