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Title: Complete Measurement of the Λ Electromagnetic Form Factors

Abstract

The exclusive process e+e → Λ¯Λ, with Λ → pπ and Λ¯ → p¯π+, has been studied at √s = 2.396 GeV for measurement of the timelike Λ electric and magnetic form factors, GE and GM. A data sample, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 66.9 pb–1, was collected with the BESIII detector for this purpose. A multidimensional analysis with a complete decomposition of the spin structure of the reaction enables a determination of the modulus of the ratio R = |GE/GM| and, for the first time for any baryon, the relative phase ΔΦ = ΦE – ΦM. The resulting values are R = 0.96 ± 0.14(stat) ± 0.02(syst) and ΔΦ = 37° ± 12°(stat) ± 6°(syst), respectively. These are obtained using the recently established and most precise value of the asymmetry parameter αΛ = 0.750 ± 0.010 measured by BESIII. In addition, the cross section is measured with unprecedented precision to be σ = 118.7 ± 5.3(stat) ± 5.1(syst) pb, which corresponds to an effective form factor of |G| = 0.123 ± 0.003(stat) ± 0.003(syst). The contribution from two-photon exchange is found to be negligible. Our result enables the first complete determination of baryon timelike electromagnetic form factors.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States); Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI (United States); Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Contributing Org.:
BESIII Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1563013
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1609663
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-05ER41374; SC0010118; SC0010504; SC0012069
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review Letters Journal Volume: 123 Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; physics; form factors; particle interactions; polarization phenomena; quark model

Citation Formats

Ablikim, M., Achasov, M. N., Adlarson, P., Ahmed, S., Albrecht, M., Alekseev, M., Amoroso, A., An, F. F., An, Q., Bai, Y., Bakina, O., Baldini Ferroli, R., Ban, Y., Begzsuren, K., Bennett, J. V., Berger, N., Bertani, M., Bettoni, D., Bianchi, F., Biernat, J., Bloms, J., Boyko, I., Briere, R. A., Cai, H., Cai, X., Calcaterra, A., Cao, G. F., Cao, N., Cetin, S. A., Chai, J., Chang, J. F., Chang, W. L., Chelkov, G., Chen, D. Y., Chen, G., Chen, H. S., Chen, J. C., Chen, M. L., Chen, S. J., Chen, Y. B., Cheng, W., Cibinetto, G., Cossio, F., Cui, X. F., Dai, H. L., Dai, J. P., Dai, X. C., Dbeyssi, A., Dedovich, D., Deng, Z. Y., Denig, A., Denysenko, I., Destefanis, M., De Mori, F., Ding, Y., Dong, C., Dong, J., Dong, L. Y., Dong, M. Y., Dou, Z. L., Du, S. X., Fan, J. Z., Fang, J., Fang, S. S., Fang, Y., Farinelli, R., Fava, L., Feldbauer, F., Felici, G., Feng, C. Q., Fritsch, M., Fu, C. D., Fu, Y., Gao, Q., Gao, X. L., Gao, Y., Gao, Y., Gao, Y. G., Gao, Z., Garillon, B., Garzia, I., Gersabeck, E. M., Gilman, A., Goetzen, K., Gong, L., Gong, W. X., Gradl, W., Greco, M., Gu, L. M., Gu, M. H., Gu, S., Gu, Y. T., Guo, A. Q., Guo, L. B., Guo, R. P., Guo, Y. P., Guskov, A., Han, S., Hao, X. Q., Harris, F. A., He, K. L., Heinsius, F. H., Held, T., Heng, Y. K., Hou, Y. R., Hou, Z. L., Hu, H. M., Hu, J. F., Hu, T., Hu, Y., Huang, G. S., Huang, J. S., Huang, X. T., Huang, X. Z., Huesken, N., Hussain, T., Ikegami Andersson, W., Imoehl, W., Irshad, M., Ji, Q., Ji, Q. P., Ji, X. B., Ji, X. L., Jiang, H. L., Jiang, X. S., Jiang, X. Y., Jiao, J. B., Jiao, Z., Jin, D. P., Jin, S., Jin, Y., Johansson, T., Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N., Kang, X. S., Kappert, R., Kavatsyuk, M., Ke, B. C., Keshk, I. K., Khan, T., Khoukaz, A., Kiese, P., Kiuchi, R., Kliemt, R., Koch, L., Kolcu, O. B., Kopf, B., Kuemmel, M., Kuessner, M., Kupsc, A., Kurth, M., Kurth, M. G., Kühn, W., Lange, J. S., Larin, P., Lavezzi, L., Leithoff, H., Lenz, T., Li, C., Li, Cheng, Li, D. M., Li, F., Li, F. Y., Li, G., Li, H. B., Li, H. J., Li, J. C., Li, J. W., Li, Ke, Li, L. K., Li, Lei, Li, P. L., Li, P. R., Li, Q. Y., Li, W. D., Li, W. G., Li, X. H., Li, X. L., Li, X. N., Li, X. Q., Li, Z. B., Li, Z. Y., Liang, H., Liang, H., Liang, Y. F., Liang, Y. T., Liao, G. R., Liao, L. Z., Libby, J., Lin, C. X., Lin, D. X., Lin, Y. J., Liu, B., Liu, B. J., Liu, C. X., Liu, D., Liu, D. Y., Liu, F. H., Liu, Fang, Liu, Feng, Liu, H. B., Liu, H. M., Liu, Huanhuan, Liu, Huihui, Liu, J. B., Liu, J. Y., Liu, K. Y., Liu, Ke, Liu, Q., Liu, S. B., Liu, T., Liu, X., Liu, X. Y., Liu, Y. B., Liu, Z. A., Liu, Zhiqing, Long, Y. F., Lou, X. C., Lu, H. J., Lu, J. D., Lu, J. G., Lu, Y., Lu, Y. P., Luo, C. L., Luo, M. X., Luo, P. W., Luo, T., Luo, X. L., Lusso, S., Lyu, X. R., Ma, F. C., Ma, H. L., Ma, L. L., Ma, M. M., Ma, Q. M., Ma, X. N., Ma, X. X., Ma, X. Y., Ma, Y. M., Maas, F. E., Maggiora, M., Maldaner, S., Malde, S., Malik, Q. A., Mangoni, A., Mao, Y. J., Mao, Z. P., Marcello, S., Meng, Z. X., Messchendorp, J. G., Mezzadri, G., Min, J., Min, T. J., Mitchell, R. E., Mo, X. H., Mo, Y. J., Morales Morales, C., Muchnoi, N. Yu., Muramatsu, H., Mustafa, A., Nakhoul, S., Nefedov, Y., Nerling, F., Nikolaev, I. B., Ning, Z., Nisar, S., Niu, S. L., Olsen, S. L., Ouyang, Q., Pacetti, S., Pan, Y., Papenbrock, M., Patteri, P., Pelizaeus, M., Peng, H. P., Peters, K., Pettersson, J., Ping, J. L., Ping, R. G., Pitka, A., Poling, R., Prasad, V., Qi, M., Qi, T. Y., Qian, S., Qiao, C. F., Qin, N., Qin, X. P., Qin, X. S., Qin, Z. H., Qiu, J. F., Qu, S. Q., Rashid, K. H., Redmer, C. F., Richter, M., Ripka, M., Rivetti, A., Rodin, V., Rolo, M., Rong, G., Rosner, Ch., Rump, M., Sarantsev, A., Savrié, M., Schoenning, K., Shan, W., Shan, X. Y., Shao, M., Shen, C. P., Shen, P. X., Shen, X. Y., Sheng, H. Y., Shi, X., Shi, X. D., Song, J. J., Song, Q. Q., Song, X. Y., Sosio, S., Sowa, C., Spataro, S., Sui, F. F., Sun, G. X., Sun, J. F., Sun, L., Sun, S. S., Sun, X. H., Sun, Y. J., Sun, Y. K., Sun, Y. Z., Sun, Z. J., Sun, Z. T., Tan, Y. T., Tang, C. J., Tang, G. Y., Tang, X., Thoren, V., Tsednee, B., Uman, I., Wang, B., Wang, B. L., Wang, C. W., Wang, D. Y., Wang, H. H., Wang, K., Wang, L. L., Wang, L. S., Wang, M., Wang, M. Z., Wang, Meng, Wang, P. L., Wang, R. M., Wang, W. P., Wang, X., Wang, X. F., Wang, X. L., Wang, Y., Wang, Y., Wang, Y. F., Wang, Z., Wang, Z. G., Wang, Z. Y., Wang, Zongyuan, Weber, T., Wei, D. H., Weidenkaff, P., Wen, H. W., Wen, S. P., Wiedner, U., Wilkinson, G., Wolke, M., Wu, L. H., Wu, L. J., Wu, Z., Xia, L., Xia, Y., Xiao, S. Y., Xiao, Y. J., Xiao, Z. J., Xie, Y. G., Xie, Y. H., Xing, T. Y., Xiong, X. A., Xiu, Q. L., Xu, G. F., Xu, J. J., Xu, L., Xu, Q. J., Xu, W., Xu, X. P., Yan, F., Yan, L., Yan, W. B., Yan, W. C., Yan, Y. H., Yang, H. J., Yang, H. X., Yang, L., Yang, R. X., Yang, S. L., Yang, Y. H., Yang, Y. X., Yang, Yifan, Yang, Z. Q., Ye, M., Ye, M. H., Yin, J. H., You, Z. Y., Yu, B. X., Yu, C. X., Yu, J. S., Yuan, C. Z., Yuan, X. Q., Yuan, Y., Yuncu, A., Zafar, A. A., Zeng, Y., Zhang, B. X., Zhang, B. Y., Zhang, C. C., Zhang, D. H., Zhang, H. H., Zhang, H. Y., Zhang, J., Zhang, J. L., Zhang, J. Q., Zhang, J. W., Zhang, J. Y., Zhang, J. Z., Zhang, K., Zhang, L., Zhang, S. F., Zhang, T. J., Zhang, X. Y., Zhang, Y., Zhang, Y. H., Zhang, Y. T., Zhang, Yang, Zhang, Yao, Zhang, Yi, Zhang, Yu, Zhang, Z. H., Zhang, Z. P., Zhang, Z. Y., Zhao, G., Zhao, J. W., Zhao, J. Y., Zhao, J. Z., Zhao, Lei, Zhao, Ling, Zhao, M. G., Zhao, Q., Zhao, S. J., Zhao, T. C., Zhao, Y. B., Zhao, Z. G., Zhemchugov, A., Zheng, B., Zheng, J. P., Zheng, Y., Zheng, Y. H., Zhong, B., Zhou, L., Zhou, L. P., Zhou, Q., Zhou, X., Zhou, X. K., Zhou, X. R., Zhou, Xiaoyu, Zhou, Xu, Zhu, A. N., Zhu, J., Zhu, J., Zhu, K., Zhu, K. J., Zhu, S. H., Zhu, W. J., Zhu, X. L., Zhu, Y. C., Zhu, Y. S., Zhu, Z. A., Zhuang, J., Zou, B. S., Zou, J. H., and BESIII Collaboration. Complete Measurement of the Λ Electromagnetic Form Factors. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.122003.
Ablikim, M., Achasov, M. N., Adlarson, P., Ahmed, S., Albrecht, M., Alekseev, M., Amoroso, A., An, F. F., An, Q., Bai, Y., Bakina, O., Baldini Ferroli, R., Ban, Y., Begzsuren, K., Bennett, J. V., Berger, N., Bertani, M., Bettoni, D., Bianchi, F., Biernat, J., Bloms, J., Boyko, I., Briere, R. A., Cai, H., Cai, X., Calcaterra, A., Cao, G. F., Cao, N., Cetin, S. A., Chai, J., Chang, J. F., Chang, W. L., Chelkov, G., Chen, D. Y., Chen, G., Chen, H. S., Chen, J. C., Chen, M. L., Chen, S. J., Chen, Y. B., Cheng, W., Cibinetto, G., Cossio, F., Cui, X. F., Dai, H. L., Dai, J. P., Dai, X. C., Dbeyssi, A., Dedovich, D., Deng, Z. Y., Denig, A., Denysenko, I., Destefanis, M., De Mori, F., Ding, Y., Dong, C., Dong, J., Dong, L. Y., Dong, M. Y., Dou, Z. L., Du, S. X., Fan, J. Z., Fang, J., Fang, S. S., Fang, Y., Farinelli, R., Fava, L., Feldbauer, F., Felici, G., Feng, C. Q., Fritsch, M., Fu, C. D., Fu, Y., Gao, Q., Gao, X. L., Gao, Y., Gao, Y., Gao, Y. G., Gao, Z., Garillon, B., Garzia, I., Gersabeck, E. M., Gilman, A., Goetzen, K., Gong, L., Gong, W. X., Gradl, W., Greco, M., Gu, L. M., Gu, M. H., Gu, S., Gu, Y. T., Guo, A. Q., Guo, L. B., Guo, R. P., Guo, Y. P., Guskov, A., Han, S., Hao, X. Q., Harris, F. A., He, K. L., Heinsius, F. H., Held, T., Heng, Y. K., Hou, Y. R., Hou, Z. L., Hu, H. M., Hu, J. F., Hu, T., Hu, Y., Huang, G. S., Huang, J. S., Huang, X. T., Huang, X. Z., Huesken, N., Hussain, T., Ikegami Andersson, W., Imoehl, W., Irshad, M., Ji, Q., Ji, Q. P., Ji, X. B., Ji, X. L., Jiang, H. L., Jiang, X. S., Jiang, X. Y., Jiao, J. B., Jiao, Z., Jin, D. P., Jin, S., Jin, Y., Johansson, T., Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N., Kang, X. S., Kappert, R., Kavatsyuk, M., Ke, B. C., Keshk, I. K., Khan, T., Khoukaz, A., Kiese, P., Kiuchi, R., Kliemt, R., Koch, L., Kolcu, O. B., Kopf, B., Kuemmel, M., Kuessner, M., Kupsc, A., Kurth, M., Kurth, M. G., Kühn, W., Lange, J. S., Larin, P., Lavezzi, L., Leithoff, H., Lenz, T., Li, C., Li, Cheng, Li, D. M., Li, F., Li, F. Y., Li, G., Li, H. B., Li, H. J., Li, J. C., Li, J. W., Li, Ke, Li, L. K., Li, Lei, Li, P. L., Li, P. R., Li, Q. Y., Li, W. D., Li, W. G., Li, X. H., Li, X. L., Li, X. N., Li, X. Q., Li, Z. B., Li, Z. Y., Liang, H., Liang, H., Liang, Y. F., Liang, Y. T., Liao, G. R., Liao, L. Z., Libby, J., Lin, C. X., Lin, D. X., Lin, Y. J., Liu, B., Liu, B. J., Liu, C. X., Liu, D., Liu, D. Y., Liu, F. H., Liu, Fang, Liu, Feng, Liu, H. B., Liu, H. M., Liu, Huanhuan, Liu, Huihui, Liu, J. B., Liu, J. Y., Liu, K. Y., Liu, Ke, Liu, Q., Liu, S. B., Liu, T., Liu, X., Liu, X. Y., Liu, Y. B., Liu, Z. A., Liu, Zhiqing, Long, Y. F., Lou, X. C., Lu, H. J., Lu, J. D., Lu, J. G., Lu, Y., Lu, Y. P., Luo, C. L., Luo, M. X., Luo, P. W., Luo, T., Luo, X. L., Lusso, S., Lyu, X. R., Ma, F. C., Ma, H. L., Ma, L. L., Ma, M. M., Ma, Q. M., Ma, X. N., Ma, X. X., Ma, X. Y., Ma, Y. M., Maas, F. E., Maggiora, M., Maldaner, S., Malde, S., Malik, Q. A., Mangoni, A., Mao, Y. J., Mao, Z. P., Marcello, S., Meng, Z. X., Messchendorp, J. G., Mezzadri, G., Min, J., Min, T. J., Mitchell, R. E., Mo, X. H., Mo, Y. J., Morales Morales, C., Muchnoi, N. Yu., Muramatsu, H., Mustafa, A., Nakhoul, S., Nefedov, Y., Nerling, F., Nikolaev, I. B., Ning, Z., Nisar, S., Niu, S. L., Olsen, S. L., Ouyang, Q., Pacetti, S., Pan, Y., Papenbrock, M., Patteri, P., Pelizaeus, M., Peng, H. P., Peters, K., Pettersson, J., Ping, J. L., Ping, R. G., Pitka, A., Poling, R., Prasad, V., Qi, M., Qi, T. Y., Qian, S., Qiao, C. F., Qin, N., Qin, X. P., Qin, X. S., Qin, Z. H., Qiu, J. F., Qu, S. Q., Rashid, K. H., Redmer, C. F., Richter, M., Ripka, M., Rivetti, A., Rodin, V., Rolo, M., Rong, G., Rosner, Ch., Rump, M., Sarantsev, A., Savrié, M., Schoenning, K., Shan, W., Shan, X. Y., Shao, M., Shen, C. P., Shen, P. X., Shen, X. Y., Sheng, H. Y., Shi, X., Shi, X. D., Song, J. J., Song, Q. Q., Song, X. Y., Sosio, S., Sowa, C., Spataro, S., Sui, F. F., Sun, G. X., Sun, J. F., Sun, L., Sun, S. S., Sun, X. H., Sun, Y. J., Sun, Y. K., Sun, Y. Z., Sun, Z. J., Sun, Z. T., Tan, Y. T., Tang, C. J., Tang, G. Y., Tang, X., Thoren, V., Tsednee, B., Uman, I., Wang, B., Wang, B. L., Wang, C. W., Wang, D. Y., Wang, H. H., Wang, K., Wang, L. L., Wang, L. S., Wang, M., Wang, M. Z., Wang, Meng, Wang, P. L., Wang, R. M., Wang, W. P., Wang, X., Wang, X. F., Wang, X. L., Wang, Y., Wang, Y., Wang, Y. F., Wang, Z., Wang, Z. G., Wang, Z. Y., Wang, Zongyuan, Weber, T., Wei, D. H., Weidenkaff, P., Wen, H. W., Wen, S. P., Wiedner, U., Wilkinson, G., Wolke, M., Wu, L. H., Wu, L. J., Wu, Z., Xia, L., Xia, Y., Xiao, S. Y., Xiao, Y. J., Xiao, Z. J., Xie, Y. G., Xie, Y. H., Xing, T. Y., Xiong, X. A., Xiu, Q. L., Xu, G. F., Xu, J. J., Xu, L., Xu, Q. J., Xu, W., Xu, X. P., Yan, F., Yan, L., Yan, W. B., Yan, W. C., Yan, Y. H., Yang, H. J., Yang, H. X., Yang, L., Yang, R. X., Yang, S. L., Yang, Y. H., Yang, Y. X., Yang, Yifan, Yang, Z. Q., Ye, M., Ye, M. H., Yin, J. H., You, Z. Y., Yu, B. X., Yu, C. X., Yu, J. S., Yuan, C. Z., Yuan, X. Q., Yuan, Y., Yuncu, A., Zafar, A. A., Zeng, Y., Zhang, B. X., Zhang, B. Y., Zhang, C. C., Zhang, D. H., Zhang, H. H., Zhang, H. Y., Zhang, J., Zhang, J. L., Zhang, J. Q., Zhang, J. W., Zhang, J. Y., Zhang, J. Z., Zhang, K., Zhang, L., Zhang, S. F., Zhang, T. J., Zhang, X. Y., Zhang, Y., Zhang, Y. H., Zhang, Y. T., Zhang, Yang, Zhang, Yao, Zhang, Yi, Zhang, Yu, Zhang, Z. H., Zhang, Z. P., Zhang, Z. Y., Zhao, G., Zhao, J. W., Zhao, J. Y., Zhao, J. Z., Zhao, Lei, Zhao, Ling, Zhao, M. G., Zhao, Q., Zhao, S. J., Zhao, T. C., Zhao, Y. B., Zhao, Z. G., Zhemchugov, A., Zheng, B., Zheng, J. P., Zheng, Y., Zheng, Y. H., Zhong, B., Zhou, L., Zhou, L. P., Zhou, Q., Zhou, X., Zhou, X. K., Zhou, X. R., Zhou, Xiaoyu, Zhou, Xu, Zhu, A. N., Zhu, J., Zhu, J., Zhu, K., Zhu, K. J., Zhu, S. H., Zhu, W. J., Zhu, X. L., Zhu, Y. C., Zhu, Y. S., Zhu, Z. A., Zhuang, J., Zou, B. S., Zou, J. H., & BESIII Collaboration. Complete Measurement of the Λ Electromagnetic Form Factors. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.122003.
Ablikim, M., Achasov, M. N., Adlarson, P., Ahmed, S., Albrecht, M., Alekseev, M., Amoroso, A., An, F. F., An, Q., Bai, Y., Bakina, O., Baldini Ferroli, R., Ban, Y., Begzsuren, K., Bennett, J. V., Berger, N., Bertani, M., Bettoni, D., Bianchi, F., Biernat, J., Bloms, J., Boyko, I., Briere, R. A., Cai, H., Cai, X., Calcaterra, A., Cao, G. F., Cao, N., Cetin, S. A., Chai, J., Chang, J. F., Chang, W. L., Chelkov, G., Chen, D. Y., Chen, G., Chen, H. S., Chen, J. C., Chen, M. L., Chen, S. J., Chen, Y. B., Cheng, W., Cibinetto, G., Cossio, F., Cui, X. F., Dai, H. L., Dai, J. P., Dai, X. C., Dbeyssi, A., Dedovich, D., Deng, Z. Y., Denig, A., Denysenko, I., Destefanis, M., De Mori, F., Ding, Y., Dong, C., Dong, J., Dong, L. Y., Dong, M. Y., Dou, Z. L., Du, S. X., Fan, J. Z., Fang, J., Fang, S. S., Fang, Y., Farinelli, R., Fava, L., Feldbauer, F., Felici, G., Feng, C. Q., Fritsch, M., Fu, C. D., Fu, Y., Gao, Q., Gao, X. L., Gao, Y., Gao, Y., Gao, Y. G., Gao, Z., Garillon, B., Garzia, I., Gersabeck, E. M., Gilman, A., Goetzen, K., Gong, L., Gong, W. X., Gradl, W., Greco, M., Gu, L. M., Gu, M. H., Gu, S., Gu, Y. T., Guo, A. Q., Guo, L. B., Guo, R. P., Guo, Y. P., Guskov, A., Han, S., Hao, X. Q., Harris, F. A., He, K. L., Heinsius, F. H., Held, T., Heng, Y. K., Hou, Y. R., Hou, Z. L., Hu, H. M., Hu, J. F., Hu, T., Hu, Y., Huang, G. S., Huang, J. S., Huang, X. T., Huang, X. Z., Huesken, N., Hussain, T., Ikegami Andersson, W., Imoehl, W., Irshad, M., Ji, Q., Ji, Q. P., Ji, X. B., Ji, X. L., Jiang, H. L., Jiang, X. S., Jiang, X. Y., Jiao, J. B., Jiao, Z., Jin, D. P., Jin, S., Jin, Y., Johansson, T., Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N., Kang, X. S., Kappert, R., Kavatsyuk, M., Ke, B. C., Keshk, I. K., Khan, T., Khoukaz, A., Kiese, P., Kiuchi, R., Kliemt, R., Koch, L., Kolcu, O. B., Kopf, B., Kuemmel, M., Kuessner, M., Kupsc, A., Kurth, M., Kurth, M. G., Kühn, W., Lange, J. 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S., Zou, J. H., and BESIII Collaboration. Fri . "Complete Measurement of the Λ Electromagnetic Form Factors". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.122003.
@article{osti_1563013,
title = {Complete Measurement of the Λ Electromagnetic Form Factors},
author = {Ablikim, M. and Achasov, M. N. and Adlarson, P. and Ahmed, S. and Albrecht, M. and Alekseev, M. and Amoroso, A. and An, F. F. and An, Q. and Bai, Y. and Bakina, O. and Baldini Ferroli, R. and Ban, Y. and Begzsuren, K. and Bennett, J. V. and Berger, N. and Bertani, M. and Bettoni, D. and Bianchi, F. and Biernat, J. and Bloms, J. and Boyko, I. and Briere, R. A. and Cai, H. and Cai, X. and Calcaterra, A. and Cao, G. F. and Cao, N. and Cetin, S. A. and Chai, J. and Chang, J. F. and Chang, W. L. and Chelkov, G. and Chen, D. Y. and Chen, G. and Chen, H. S. and Chen, J. C. and Chen, M. L. and Chen, S. J. and Chen, Y. B. and Cheng, W. and Cibinetto, G. and Cossio, F. and Cui, X. F. and Dai, H. L. and Dai, J. P. and Dai, X. C. and Dbeyssi, A. and Dedovich, D. and Deng, Z. Y. and Denig, A. and Denysenko, I. and Destefanis, M. and De Mori, F. and Ding, Y. and Dong, C. and Dong, J. and Dong, L. Y. and Dong, M. Y. and Dou, Z. L. and Du, S. X. and Fan, J. Z. and Fang, J. and Fang, S. S. and Fang, Y. and Farinelli, R. and Fava, L. and Feldbauer, F. and Felici, G. and Feng, C. Q. and Fritsch, M. and Fu, C. D. and Fu, Y. and Gao, Q. and Gao, X. L. and Gao, Y. and Gao, Y. and Gao, Y. G. and Gao, Z. and Garillon, B. and Garzia, I. and Gersabeck, E. M. and Gilman, A. and Goetzen, K. and Gong, L. and Gong, W. X. and Gradl, W. and Greco, M. and Gu, L. M. and Gu, M. H. and Gu, S. and Gu, Y. T. and Guo, A. Q. and Guo, L. B. and Guo, R. P. and Guo, Y. P. and Guskov, A. and Han, S. and Hao, X. Q. and Harris, F. A. and He, K. L. and Heinsius, F. H. and Held, T. and Heng, Y. K. and Hou, Y. R. and Hou, Z. L. and Hu, H. M. and Hu, J. F. and Hu, T. and Hu, Y. and Huang, G. S. and Huang, J. S. and Huang, X. T. and Huang, X. Z. and Huesken, N. and Hussain, T. and Ikegami Andersson, W. and Imoehl, W. and Irshad, M. and Ji, Q. and Ji, Q. P. and Ji, X. B. and Ji, X. L. and Jiang, H. L. and Jiang, X. S. and Jiang, X. Y. and Jiao, J. B. and Jiao, Z. and Jin, D. P. and Jin, S. and Jin, Y. and Johansson, T. and Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N. and Kang, X. S. and Kappert, R. and Kavatsyuk, M. and Ke, B. C. and Keshk, I. K. and Khan, T. and Khoukaz, A. and Kiese, P. and Kiuchi, R. and Kliemt, R. and Koch, L. and Kolcu, O. B. and Kopf, B. and Kuemmel, M. and Kuessner, M. and Kupsc, A. and Kurth, M. and Kurth, M. G. and Kühn, W. and Lange, J. S. and Larin, P. and Lavezzi, L. and Leithoff, H. and Lenz, T. and Li, C. and Li, Cheng and Li, D. M. and Li, F. and Li, F. Y. and Li, G. and Li, H. B. and Li, H. J. and Li, J. C. and Li, J. W. and Li, Ke and Li, L. K. and Li, Lei and Li, P. L. and Li, P. R. and Li, Q. Y. and Li, W. D. and Li, W. G. and Li, X. H. and Li, X. L. and Li, X. N. and Li, X. Q. and Li, Z. B. and Li, Z. Y. and Liang, H. and Liang, H. and Liang, Y. F. and Liang, Y. T. and Liao, G. R. and Liao, L. Z. and Libby, J. and Lin, C. X. and Lin, D. X. and Lin, Y. J. and Liu, B. and Liu, B. J. and Liu, C. X. and Liu, D. and Liu, D. Y. and Liu, F. H. and Liu, Fang and Liu, Feng and Liu, H. B. and Liu, H. M. and Liu, Huanhuan and Liu, Huihui and Liu, J. B. and Liu, J. Y. and Liu, K. Y. and Liu, Ke and Liu, Q. and Liu, S. B. and Liu, T. and Liu, X. and Liu, X. Y. and Liu, Y. B. and Liu, Z. A. and Liu, Zhiqing and Long, Y. F. and Lou, X. C. and Lu, H. J. and Lu, J. D. and Lu, J. G. and Lu, Y. and Lu, Y. P. and Luo, C. L. and Luo, M. X. and Luo, P. W. and Luo, T. and Luo, X. L. and Lusso, S. and Lyu, X. R. and Ma, F. C. and Ma, H. L. and Ma, L. L. and Ma, M. M. and Ma, Q. M. and Ma, X. N. and Ma, X. X. and Ma, X. Y. and Ma, Y. M. and Maas, F. E. and Maggiora, M. and Maldaner, S. and Malde, S. and Malik, Q. A. and Mangoni, A. and Mao, Y. J. and Mao, Z. P. and Marcello, S. and Meng, Z. X. and Messchendorp, J. G. and Mezzadri, G. and Min, J. and Min, T. J. and Mitchell, R. E. and Mo, X. H. and Mo, Y. J. and Morales Morales, C. and Muchnoi, N. Yu. and Muramatsu, H. and Mustafa, A. and Nakhoul, S. and Nefedov, Y. and Nerling, F. and Nikolaev, I. B. and Ning, Z. and Nisar, S. and Niu, S. L. and Olsen, S. L. and Ouyang, Q. and Pacetti, S. and Pan, Y. and Papenbrock, M. and Patteri, P. and Pelizaeus, M. and Peng, H. P. and Peters, K. and Pettersson, J. and Ping, J. L. and Ping, R. G. and Pitka, A. and Poling, R. and Prasad, V. and Qi, M. and Qi, T. Y. and Qian, S. and Qiao, C. F. and Qin, N. and Qin, X. P. and Qin, X. S. and Qin, Z. H. and Qiu, J. F. and Qu, S. Q. and Rashid, K. H. and Redmer, C. F. and Richter, M. and Ripka, M. and Rivetti, A. and Rodin, V. and Rolo, M. and Rong, G. and Rosner, Ch. and Rump, M. and Sarantsev, A. and Savrié, M. and Schoenning, K. and Shan, W. and Shan, X. Y. and Shao, M. and Shen, C. P. and Shen, P. X. and Shen, X. Y. and Sheng, H. Y. and Shi, X. and Shi, X. D. and Song, J. J. and Song, Q. Q. and Song, X. Y. and Sosio, S. and Sowa, C. and Spataro, S. and Sui, F. F. and Sun, G. X. and Sun, J. F. and Sun, L. and Sun, S. S. and Sun, X. H. and Sun, Y. J. and Sun, Y. K. and Sun, Y. Z. and Sun, Z. J. and Sun, Z. T. and Tan, Y. T. and Tang, C. J. and Tang, G. Y. and Tang, X. and Thoren, V. and Tsednee, B. and Uman, I. and Wang, B. and Wang, B. L. and Wang, C. W. and Wang, D. Y. and Wang, H. H. and Wang, K. and Wang, L. L. and Wang, L. S. and Wang, M. and Wang, M. Z. and Wang, Meng and Wang, P. L. and Wang, R. M. and Wang, W. P. and Wang, X. and Wang, X. F. and Wang, X. L. and Wang, Y. and Wang, Y. and Wang, Y. F. and Wang, Z. and Wang, Z. G. and Wang, Z. Y. and Wang, Zongyuan and Weber, T. and Wei, D. H. and Weidenkaff, P. and Wen, H. W. and Wen, S. P. and Wiedner, U. and Wilkinson, G. and Wolke, M. and Wu, L. H. and Wu, L. J. and Wu, Z. and Xia, L. and Xia, Y. and Xiao, S. Y. and Xiao, Y. J. and Xiao, Z. J. and Xie, Y. G. and Xie, Y. H. and Xing, T. Y. and Xiong, X. A. and Xiu, Q. L. and Xu, G. F. and Xu, J. J. and Xu, L. and Xu, Q. J. and Xu, W. and Xu, X. P. and Yan, F. and Yan, L. and Yan, W. B. and Yan, W. C. and Yan, Y. H. and Yang, H. J. and Yang, H. X. and Yang, L. and Yang, R. X. and Yang, S. L. and Yang, Y. H. and Yang, Y. X. and Yang, Yifan and Yang, Z. Q. and Ye, M. and Ye, M. H. and Yin, J. H. and You, Z. Y. and Yu, B. X. and Yu, C. X. and Yu, J. S. and Yuan, C. Z. and Yuan, X. Q. and Yuan, Y. and Yuncu, A. and Zafar, A. A. and Zeng, Y. and Zhang, B. X. and Zhang, B. Y. and Zhang, C. C. and Zhang, D. H. and Zhang, H. H. and Zhang, H. Y. and Zhang, J. and Zhang, J. L. and Zhang, J. Q. and Zhang, J. W. and Zhang, J. Y. and Zhang, J. Z. and Zhang, K. and Zhang, L. and Zhang, S. F. and Zhang, T. J. and Zhang, X. Y. and Zhang, Y. and Zhang, Y. H. and Zhang, Y. T. and Zhang, Yang and Zhang, Yao and Zhang, Yi and Zhang, Yu and Zhang, Z. H. and Zhang, Z. P. and Zhang, Z. Y. and Zhao, G. and Zhao, J. W. and Zhao, J. Y. and Zhao, J. Z. and Zhao, Lei and Zhao, Ling and Zhao, M. G. and Zhao, Q. and Zhao, S. J. and Zhao, T. C. and Zhao, Y. B. and Zhao, Z. G. and Zhemchugov, A. and Zheng, B. and Zheng, J. P. and Zheng, Y. and Zheng, Y. H. and Zhong, B. and Zhou, L. and Zhou, L. P. and Zhou, Q. and Zhou, X. and Zhou, X. K. and Zhou, X. R. and Zhou, Xiaoyu and Zhou, Xu and Zhu, A. N. and Zhu, J. and Zhu, J. and Zhu, K. and Zhu, K. J. and Zhu, S. H. and Zhu, W. J. and Zhu, X. L. and Zhu, Y. C. and Zhu, Y. S. and Zhu, Z. A. and Zhuang, J. and Zou, B. S. and Zou, J. H. and BESIII Collaboration},
abstractNote = {The exclusive process e+e– → Λ¯Λ, with Λ → pπ– and Λ¯ → p¯π+, has been studied at √s = 2.396 GeV for measurement of the timelike Λ electric and magnetic form factors, GE and GM. A data sample, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 66.9 pb–1, was collected with the BESIII detector for this purpose. A multidimensional analysis with a complete decomposition of the spin structure of the reaction enables a determination of the modulus of the ratio R = |GE/GM| and, for the first time for any baryon, the relative phase ΔΦ = ΦE – ΦM. The resulting values are R = 0.96 ± 0.14(stat) ± 0.02(syst) and ΔΦ = 37° ± 12°(stat) ± 6°(syst), respectively. These are obtained using the recently established and most precise value of the asymmetry parameter αΛ = 0.750 ± 0.010 measured by BESIII. In addition, the cross section is measured with unprecedented precision to be σ = 118.7 ± 5.3(stat) ± 5.1(syst) pb, which corresponds to an effective form factor of |G| = 0.123 ± 0.003(stat) ± 0.003(syst). The contribution from two-photon exchange is found to be negligible. Our result enables the first complete determination of baryon timelike electromagnetic form factors.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.122003},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 12,
volume = 123,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

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DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.122003

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