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Title: Composite Poly(norbornene) Anion Conducting Membranes for Achieving Durability, Water Management and High Power (3.4 W/cm 2 ) in Hydrogen/Oxygen Alkaline Fuel Cells

Abstract

Alkaline fuel cells and electrolyzers are of interest because they have potential advantages over their acid counterparts. High-conductivity anion conducting membranes were analyzed and used in alkaline hydrogen/oxygen fuel cells. The membranes were composed of reinforced block copolymers of poly(norbornenes) with pendant quaternary ammonium head-groups. It was found that membranes with light cross-linking provided excellent mechanical stability and allowed very high ion exchange capacity polymers to be used without penalty of excessive water uptake and swelling. The optimum membrane and fuel cell operating conditions were able to achieve a peak power density of 3.4 W/cm 2 using hydrogen and oxygen. The performance increase was greater than expected from minimizing ohmic losses. Mechanical deformations within the membrane due to excess water uptake can disrupt full cell operation. Cells were also run for over 500 h under load with no change in the membrane resistance and minimal loss of operating voltage.

Authors:
; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E); USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1562943
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1557403
Report Number(s):
[NREL/JA-5900-74566]
[Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651; /jes/166/10/F637.atom]
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC36-08GO28308]
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
[Journal Name: Journal of the Electrochemical Society Journal Volume: 166 Journal Issue: 10]; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Publisher:
The Electrochemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; fuel cells; alkaline

Citation Formats

Huang, Garrett, Mandal, Mrinmay, Peng, Xiong, Yang-Neyerlin, Ami C., Pivovar, Bryan S., Mustain, William E., and Kohl, Paul A. Composite Poly(norbornene) Anion Conducting Membranes for Achieving Durability, Water Management and High Power (3.4 W/cm 2 ) in Hydrogen/Oxygen Alkaline Fuel Cells. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1149/2.1301910jes.
Huang, Garrett, Mandal, Mrinmay, Peng, Xiong, Yang-Neyerlin, Ami C., Pivovar, Bryan S., Mustain, William E., & Kohl, Paul A. Composite Poly(norbornene) Anion Conducting Membranes for Achieving Durability, Water Management and High Power (3.4 W/cm 2 ) in Hydrogen/Oxygen Alkaline Fuel Cells. United States. doi:10.1149/2.1301910jes.
Huang, Garrett, Mandal, Mrinmay, Peng, Xiong, Yang-Neyerlin, Ami C., Pivovar, Bryan S., Mustain, William E., and Kohl, Paul A. Mon . "Composite Poly(norbornene) Anion Conducting Membranes for Achieving Durability, Water Management and High Power (3.4 W/cm 2 ) in Hydrogen/Oxygen Alkaline Fuel Cells". United States. doi:10.1149/2.1301910jes.
@article{osti_1562943,
title = {Composite Poly(norbornene) Anion Conducting Membranes for Achieving Durability, Water Management and High Power (3.4 W/cm 2 ) in Hydrogen/Oxygen Alkaline Fuel Cells},
author = {Huang, Garrett and Mandal, Mrinmay and Peng, Xiong and Yang-Neyerlin, Ami C. and Pivovar, Bryan S. and Mustain, William E. and Kohl, Paul A.},
abstractNote = {Alkaline fuel cells and electrolyzers are of interest because they have potential advantages over their acid counterparts. High-conductivity anion conducting membranes were analyzed and used in alkaline hydrogen/oxygen fuel cells. The membranes were composed of reinforced block copolymers of poly(norbornenes) with pendant quaternary ammonium head-groups. It was found that membranes with light cross-linking provided excellent mechanical stability and allowed very high ion exchange capacity polymers to be used without penalty of excessive water uptake and swelling. The optimum membrane and fuel cell operating conditions were able to achieve a peak power density of 3.4 W/cm2 using hydrogen and oxygen. The performance increase was greater than expected from minimizing ohmic losses. Mechanical deformations within the membrane due to excess water uptake can disrupt full cell operation. Cells were also run for over 500 h under load with no change in the membrane resistance and minimal loss of operating voltage.},
doi = {10.1149/2.1301910jes},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society},
number = [10],
volume = [166],
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1149/2.1301910jes

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 5 works
Citation information provided by
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Works referenced in this record:

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journal, January 2018


Highly Conducting Anion-Exchange Membranes Based on Cross-Linked Poly(norbornene): Ring Opening Metathesis Polymerization
journal, February 2019

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A strategy for disentangling the conductivity–stability dilemma in alkaline polymer electrolytes
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Anion exchange membrane fuel cells: Current status and remaining challenges
journal, January 2018


Radiation grafted membranes for superior anion exchange polymer membrane fuel cells performance
journal, August 2012


PTFE based composite anion exchange membranes: thermally induced in situ polymerization and direct hydrazine hydrate fuel cell application
journal, January 2010

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Highly Conductive Anion-Exchange Membranes Based on Cross-Linked Poly(norbornene): Vinyl Addition Polymerization
journal, March 2019

  • Mandal, Mrinmay; Huang, Garrett; Kohl, Paul A.
  • ACS Applied Energy Materials, Vol. 2, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsaem.8b02051

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Structure-Property Relationships in Hydroxide-Exchange Membranes with Cation Strings and High Ion-Exchange Capacity
    journal, December 2015


    Anion conducting multiblock copolymers with different tethered cations
    journal, April 2018

    • Liu, Lisha; Kohl, Paul A.
    • Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, Vol. 56, Issue 13
    • DOI: 10.1002/pola.29020

    Alkaline stability of poly(phenylene)-based anion exchange membranes with various cations
    journal, August 2012

    • Hibbs, Michael R.; Hickner, Michael A.; Coughlin, E. Bryan
    • Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics, Vol. 51, Issue 24, p. 1736-1742
    • DOI: 10.1002/polb.23149

    Radiation grafted membranes for superior anion exchange polymer membrane fuel cells performance
    journal, August 2012


    High-performance alkaline fuel cells using crosslinked composite anion exchange membrane
    journal, January 2013


    Importance of balancing membrane and electrode water in anion exchange membrane fuel cells
    journal, January 2018


    Review of cell performance in anion exchange membrane fuel cells
    journal, January 2018


    Anion exchange membrane fuel cells: Current status and remaining challenges
    journal, January 2018


    Anion exchange membranes for alkaline fuel cells: A review
    journal, July 2011

    • Merle, Géraldine; Wessling, Matthias; Nijmeijer, Kitty
    • Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 377, Issue 1-2, p. 1-35
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2011.04.043

    Anionic multiblock copolymer membrane based on vinyl addition polymerization of norbornenes: Applications in anion-exchange membrane fuel cells
    journal, January 2019


    Polyethylene-Based Block Copolymers for Anion Exchange Membranes
    journal, September 2015


    Systematic Alkaline Stability Study of Polymer Backbones for Anion Exchange Membrane Applications
    journal, April 2016


    Anion Exchange Membranes’ Evolution toward High Hydroxide Ion Conductivity and Alkaline Resiliency
    journal, June 2018


    Highly Conductive Anion-Exchange Membranes Based on Cross-Linked Poly(norbornene): Vinyl Addition Polymerization
    journal, March 2019

    • Mandal, Mrinmay; Huang, Garrett; Kohl, Paul A.
    • ACS Applied Energy Materials, Vol. 2, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1021/acsaem.8b02051

    Highly Conducting Anion-Exchange Membranes Based on Cross-Linked Poly(norbornene): Ring Opening Metathesis Polymerization
    journal, February 2019

    • Chen, Wanting; Mandal, Mrinmay; Huang, Garrett
    • ACS Applied Energy Materials, Vol. 2, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1021/acsaem.8b02052

    Steady-State dc and Impedance Investigations of H 2 /O 2 Alkaline Membrane Fuel Cells with Commercial Pt/C, Ag/C, and Au/C Cathodes
    journal, October 2006

    • Varcoe, John R.; Slade, Robert C. T.; Wright, Graham L.
    • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 110, Issue 42
    • DOI: 10.1021/jp064898b

    Anion-Conductive Multiblock Aromatic Copolymer Membranes: Structure–Property Relationships
    journal, July 2013

    • Park, Doh-Yeon; Kohl, Paul A.; Beckham, Haskell W.
    • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 117, Issue 30
    • DOI: 10.1021/jp311987v

    Versatile Route to Functionalized Vinylic Addition Polynorbornenes
    journal, September 2010

    • Martínez-Arranz, Sheila; Albéniz, Ana C.; Espinet, Pablo
    • Macromolecules, Vol. 43, Issue 18
    • DOI: 10.1021/ma101137z

    Materials for fuel-cell technologies
    journal, November 2001

    • Steele, Brian C. H.; Heinzel, Angelika
    • Nature, Vol. 414, Issue 6861, p. 345-352
    • DOI: 10.1038/35104620

    PTFE based composite anion exchange membranes: thermally induced in situ polymerization and direct hydrazine hydrate fuel cell application
    journal, January 2010

    • Zhang, Fengxiang; Zhang, Huamin; Ren, Junxia
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 20, Issue 37
    • DOI: 10.1039/c0jm01311k

    A strategy for disentangling the conductivity–stability dilemma in alkaline polymer electrolytes
    journal, January 2013

    • Pan, Jing; Li, Yao; Han, Juanjuan
    • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 6, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1039/c3ee41968a

    Beyond 1.0 W cm −2 Performance without Platinum: The Beginning of a New Era in Anion Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells
    journal, January 2018

    • Omasta, Travis J.; Peng, Xiong; Miller, Hamish A.
    • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 165, Issue 15
    • DOI: 10.1149/2.0071815jes

    Anion Conducting Ionomers for Fuel Cells and Electrolyzers
    journal, January 2017

    • Ahlfield, John; Huang, Garrett; Liu, Lisha
    • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 164, Issue 14
    • DOI: 10.1149/2.1341714jes

    Polymer and Composite Membranes for Proton-Conducting, High-Temperature Fuel Cells: A Critical Review
    journal, June 2017

    • Quartarone, Eliana; Angioni, Simone; Mustarelli, Piercarlo
    • Materials, Vol. 10, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.3390/ma10070687