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Title: Ultrafast Self-Induced X-Ray Transparency and Loss of Magnetic Diffraction

Abstract

Using ultrafast ≃2.5 fs and ≃25 fs self-amplified spontaneous emission pulses of increasing intensity and a novel experimental scheme, we report the concurrent increase of stimulated emission in the forward direction and loss of out-of-beam diffraction contrast for a Co/Pd multilayer sample. The experimental results are quantitatively accounted for by a statistical description of the pulses in conjunction with the optical Bloch equations. Here, the dependence of the stimulated sample response on the incident intensity, coherence time, and energy jitter of the employed pulses reveals the importance of increased control of x-ray free electron laser radiation.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [8];  [1];  [8];  [9];  [1];  [8];  [8];  [3];  [8];  [10];  [11]
  1. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
  2. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
  3. Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin, Berlin (Germany)
  4. HGST a Western Digital company, San Jose, CA (United States)
  5. Technische Univ. Chemnitz, Chemnitz (Germany); Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden (Germany)
  6. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Univ. of Warwick, Coventry (United Kingdom)
  7. Stockholm Univ., Stockholm (Sweden)
  8. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  9. Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States)
  10. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Uppsala Univ., Uppsala (Sweden)
  11. SLAC National Accelerator Lab. and Dept. of Photon Science, Stanford, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1562879
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1474777
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 121; Journal Issue: 13; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Chen, Z., Higley, D. J., Beye, M., Hantschmann, M., Mehta, V., Hellwig, O., Mitra, A., Bonetti, S., Bucher, M., Carron, S., Chase, T., Jal, E., Kukreja, R., Liu, T., Reid, A. H., Dakovski, G. L., Föhlisch, A., Schlotter, W. F., Dürr, H. A., and Stöhr, J. Ultrafast Self-Induced X-Ray Transparency and Loss of Magnetic Diffraction. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/physrevlett.121.137403.
Chen, Z., Higley, D. J., Beye, M., Hantschmann, M., Mehta, V., Hellwig, O., Mitra, A., Bonetti, S., Bucher, M., Carron, S., Chase, T., Jal, E., Kukreja, R., Liu, T., Reid, A. H., Dakovski, G. L., Föhlisch, A., Schlotter, W. F., Dürr, H. A., & Stöhr, J. Ultrafast Self-Induced X-Ray Transparency and Loss of Magnetic Diffraction. United States. doi:10.1103/physrevlett.121.137403.
Chen, Z., Higley, D. J., Beye, M., Hantschmann, M., Mehta, V., Hellwig, O., Mitra, A., Bonetti, S., Bucher, M., Carron, S., Chase, T., Jal, E., Kukreja, R., Liu, T., Reid, A. H., Dakovski, G. L., Föhlisch, A., Schlotter, W. F., Dürr, H. A., and Stöhr, J. Fri . "Ultrafast Self-Induced X-Ray Transparency and Loss of Magnetic Diffraction". United States. doi:10.1103/physrevlett.121.137403. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1562879.
@article{osti_1562879,
title = {Ultrafast Self-Induced X-Ray Transparency and Loss of Magnetic Diffraction},
author = {Chen, Z. and Higley, D. J. and Beye, M. and Hantschmann, M. and Mehta, V. and Hellwig, O. and Mitra, A. and Bonetti, S. and Bucher, M. and Carron, S. and Chase, T. and Jal, E. and Kukreja, R. and Liu, T. and Reid, A. H. and Dakovski, G. L. and Föhlisch, A. and Schlotter, W. F. and Dürr, H. A. and Stöhr, J.},
abstractNote = {Using ultrafast ≃2.5 fs and ≃25 fs self-amplified spontaneous emission pulses of increasing intensity and a novel experimental scheme, we report the concurrent increase of stimulated emission in the forward direction and loss of out-of-beam diffraction contrast for a Co/Pd multilayer sample. The experimental results are quantitatively accounted for by a statistical description of the pulses in conjunction with the optical Bloch equations. Here, the dependence of the stimulated sample response on the incident intensity, coherence time, and energy jitter of the employed pulses reveals the importance of increased control of x-ray free electron laser radiation.},
doi = {10.1103/physrevlett.121.137403},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 13,
volume = 121,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

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Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: Experimental geometry for simultaneous pulse-by-pulse measurements of the transmitted and diffracted response of a Co/Pd thin film. Incident SASE pulses of ∼2.5 fs or ∼25 fs length are focused onto the sample plane and split by the sharp edge of a mirror, with one half propagating through amore » Co/Pd/SiN sample in a picture frame and the other through a pure SiN reference film for normalization purposes. The horizontal magnetic stripe domains in Co/Pd produce strong first and third order Bragg diffraction peaks on a pnCCD detector. The spatially separated undiffracted beams are allowed to propagate into a downstream spectrometer. A grating disperses the two offset beams onto a yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) fluorescence screen, yielding separate single-shot sample and reference spectra around the Co L3 resonance. The shown spectra and diffraction images are real data averaged over several pulses.« less

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Ultrafast Self-Induced X-Ray Transparency and Loss of Magnetic Diffraction
    text, January 2018


      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.