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Title: Front-end electronic readout system for the Belle II imaging Time-Of-Propagation detector

Abstract

The Time-Of-Propagation detector is a Cherenkov particle identification detector based on quartz radiator bars for the Belle II experiment at the SuperKEKB ee collider. The purpose of the detector is to identify the type of charged hadrons produced in ee collisions, and requires a single photon timing resolution below 100 picoseconds. A novel front-end electronic system was designed, built, and integrated to acquire data from the 8192 microchannel plate photomultiplier tube channels in the detector. Waveform sampling of these analog signals is done by switched-capacitor array application-specific integrated circuits. The processes of triggering, digitization of windows of interest, readout, and data transfer to the Belle II data acquisition system are managed by Xilinx Zynq-7000 programmable system on a chip devices.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1562464
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1532780; OSTI ID: 1546623
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-145482; BNL-212079-2019-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830; SC0012047; SC0010504; SC0010073; SC0007914; SC0012704
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 941; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; super B-factory; Belle II particle identification; front-end electronics; Cherenkov radiation; signal sampling; system on a chip

Citation Formats

Kotchetkov, Dmitri, Hartbrich, Oskar, Andrew, Matthew, Barrett, Matthew, Bessner, Martin, Bhardwaj, Vishal, Browder, Thomas, Cercillieux, Julien, Conrad, Ryan, Danko, Istvan, Dubey, Shawn, Fast, James, Fulsom, Bryan, Ketter, Christopher, Kirby, Brian, Loos, Alyssa, Macchiarulo, Luca, Maček, Boštjan, Nishimura, Kurtis, Purohit, Milind, Rosenfeld, Carl, Sang, Ziru, Savinov, Vladimir, Varner, Gary, Visser, Gerard, Weber, Tobias, and Wood, Lynn. Front-end electronic readout system for the Belle II imaging Time-Of-Propagation detector. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2019.162342.
Kotchetkov, Dmitri, Hartbrich, Oskar, Andrew, Matthew, Barrett, Matthew, Bessner, Martin, Bhardwaj, Vishal, Browder, Thomas, Cercillieux, Julien, Conrad, Ryan, Danko, Istvan, Dubey, Shawn, Fast, James, Fulsom, Bryan, Ketter, Christopher, Kirby, Brian, Loos, Alyssa, Macchiarulo, Luca, Maček, Boštjan, Nishimura, Kurtis, Purohit, Milind, Rosenfeld, Carl, Sang, Ziru, Savinov, Vladimir, Varner, Gary, Visser, Gerard, Weber, Tobias, & Wood, Lynn. Front-end electronic readout system for the Belle II imaging Time-Of-Propagation detector. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2019.162342.
Kotchetkov, Dmitri, Hartbrich, Oskar, Andrew, Matthew, Barrett, Matthew, Bessner, Martin, Bhardwaj, Vishal, Browder, Thomas, Cercillieux, Julien, Conrad, Ryan, Danko, Istvan, Dubey, Shawn, Fast, James, Fulsom, Bryan, Ketter, Christopher, Kirby, Brian, Loos, Alyssa, Macchiarulo, Luca, Maček, Boštjan, Nishimura, Kurtis, Purohit, Milind, Rosenfeld, Carl, Sang, Ziru, Savinov, Vladimir, Varner, Gary, Visser, Gerard, Weber, Tobias, and Wood, Lynn. Tue . "Front-end electronic readout system for the Belle II imaging Time-Of-Propagation detector". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2019.162342.
@article{osti_1562464,
title = {Front-end electronic readout system for the Belle II imaging Time-Of-Propagation detector},
author = {Kotchetkov, Dmitri and Hartbrich, Oskar and Andrew, Matthew and Barrett, Matthew and Bessner, Martin and Bhardwaj, Vishal and Browder, Thomas and Cercillieux, Julien and Conrad, Ryan and Danko, Istvan and Dubey, Shawn and Fast, James and Fulsom, Bryan and Ketter, Christopher and Kirby, Brian and Loos, Alyssa and Macchiarulo, Luca and Maček, Boštjan and Nishimura, Kurtis and Purohit, Milind and Rosenfeld, Carl and Sang, Ziru and Savinov, Vladimir and Varner, Gary and Visser, Gerard and Weber, Tobias and Wood, Lynn},
abstractNote = {The Time-Of-Propagation detector is a Cherenkov particle identification detector based on quartz radiator bars for the Belle II experiment at the SuperKEKB ee collider. The purpose of the detector is to identify the type of charged hadrons produced in ee collisions, and requires a single photon timing resolution below 100 picoseconds. A novel front-end electronic system was designed, built, and integrated to acquire data from the 8192 microchannel plate photomultiplier tube channels in the detector. Waveform sampling of these analog signals is done by switched-capacitor array application-specific integrated circuits. The processes of triggering, digitization of windows of interest, readout, and data transfer to the Belle II data acquisition system are managed by Xilinx Zynq-7000 programmable system on a chip devices.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2019.162342},
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment},
number = C,
volume = 941,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

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