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Title: Collision-energy dependence of second-order off-diagonal and diagonal cumulants of net-charge, net-proton, and net-kaon multiplicity distributions in Au + Au collisions

Abstract

We report the first measurements of a complete second-order cumulant matrix of net-charge, net-proton, and net-kaon multiplicity distributions for the first phase of the beam energy scan program at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. This includes the centrality and, for the first time, the pseudorapidity window dependence of both diagonal and off-diagonal cumulants in $Au+Au$ collisions at $$\sqrt{s}$$$_ {NN}$$= 7.7-200 GeV. Within the available acceptance of $|η|<0.5$, the cumulants grow linearly with the pseudorapidity window. Relative to the corresponding measurements in peripheral collisions, the ratio of off-diagonal over diagonal cumulants in central collisions indicates an excess correlation between net-charge and net-kaon, as well as between net-charge and net-proton. The strength of such excess correlation increases with the collision energy. The correlation between net-proton and net-kaon multiplicity distributions is observed to be negative at $$\sqrt{s}$$$_ {NN}$$= 200 GeV and change to positive at the lowest collision energy. Model calculations based on nonthermal (UrQMD) and thermal (HRG) production of hadrons cannot explain the data. Lastly, these measurements will help map the quantum chromodynamics phase diagram, constrain hadron resonance gas model calculations and provide new insights on the energy dependence of baryon-strangeness correlations.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
Contributing Org.:
STAR Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1561932
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1546389
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; SC0017982
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 100; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9985
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Adam, J., Adamczyk, L., Adams, J. R., Adkins, J. K., Agakishiev, G., Aggarwal, M. M., Ahammed, Z., Alekseev, I., Anderson, D. M., Aoyama, R., Aparin, A., Arkhipkin, D., Aschenauer, E. C., Ashraf, M. U., Atetalla, F., Attri, A., Averichev, G. S., Bairathi, V., Barish, K., Bassill, A. J., Behera, A., Bellwied, R., Bhasin, A., Bhati, A. K., Bielcik, J., Bielcikova, J., Bland, L. C., Bordyuzhin, I. G., Brandenburg, J. D., Brandin, A. V., Bryslawskyj, J., Bunzarov, I., Butterworth, J., Caines, H., Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M., Cebra, D., Chakaberia, I., Chaloupka, P., Chan, B. K., Chang, F. -H., Chang, Z., Chankova-Bunzarova, N., Chatterjee, A., Chattopadhyay, S., Chen, J. H., Chen, X., Cheng, J., Cherney, M., Christie, W., Crawford, H. J., Csanád, M., Das, S., Dedovich, T. G., Deppner, I. M., Derevschikov, A. A., Didenko, L., Dilks, C., Dong, X., Drachenberg, J. L., Dunlop, J. C., Edmonds, T., Elsey, N., Engelage, J., Eppley, G., Esha, R., Esumi, S., Evdokimov, O., Ewigleben, J., Eyser, O., Fatemi, R., Fazio, S., Federic, P., Fedorisin, J., Feng, Y., Filip, P., Finch, E., Fisyak, Y., Fulek, L., Gagliardi, C. A., Galatyuk, T., Geurts, F., Gibson, A., Grosnick, D., Gupta, A., Guryn, W., Hamad, A. I., Hamed, A., Harris, J. W., He, L., Heppelmann, S., Heppelmann, S., Herrmann, N., Holub, L., Hong, Y., Horvat, S., Huang, B., Huang, H. Z., Huang, S. L., Huang, T., Huang, X., Humanic, T. J., Huo, P., Igo, G., Jacobs, W. W., Jentsch, A., Jia, J., Jiang, K., Jowzaee, S., Ju, X., Judd, E. G., Kabana, S., Kagamaster, S., Kalinkin, D., Kang, K., Kapukchyan, D., Kauder, K., Ke, H. W., Keane, D., Kechechyan, A., Kelsey, M., Khyzhniak, Y. V., Kikoła, D. P., Kim, C., Kinghorn, T. A., Kisel, I., Kisiel, A., Kocan, M., Kochenda, L., Kosarzewski, L. K., Kramarik, L., Kravtsov, P., Krueger, K., Kulathunga Mudiyanselage, N., Kumar, L., Kunnawalkam Elayavalli, R., Kwasizur, J. H., Lacey, R., Landgraf, J. M., Lauret, J., Lebedev, A., Lednicky, R., Lee, J. H., Li, C., Li, W., Li, W., Li, X., Li, Y., Liang, Y., Licenik, R., Lin, T., Lipiec, A., Lisa, M. A., Liu, F., Liu, H., Liu, P., Liu, P., Liu, T., Liu, X., Liu, Y., Liu, Z., Ljubicic, T., Llope, W. J., Lomnitz, M., Longacre, R. S., Luo, S., Luo, X., Ma, G. L., Ma, L., Ma, R., Ma, Y. G., Magdy, N., Majka, R., Mallick, D., Margetis, S., Markert, C., Matis, H. S., Matonoha, O., Mazer, J. A., Meehan, K., Mei, J. C., Minaev, N. G., Mioduszewski, S., Mishra, D., Mohanty, B., Mondal, M. M., Mooney, I., Moravcova, Z., Morozov, D. A., Nasim, Md., Nayak, K., Nayak, T. K., Nelson, J. M., Nemes, D. B., Nie, M., Nigmatkulov, G., Niida, T., Nogach, L. V., Nonaka, T., Odyniec, G., Ogawa, A., Oh, K., Oh, S., Okorokov, V. A., Page, B. S., Pak, R., Panebratsev, Y., Pawlik, B., Pawlowska, D., Pei, H., Perkins, C., Pintér, R. L., Pluta, J., Porter, J., Posik, M., Pruthi, N. K., Przybycien, M., Putschke, J., Quintero, A., Radhakrishnan, S. K., Ramachandran, S., Ray, R. L., Reed, R., Ritter, H. G., Roberts, J. B., Rogachevskiy, O. V., Romero, J. L., Ruan, L., Rusnak, J., Rusnakova, O., Sahoo, N. R., Sahu, P. K., Salur, S., Sandweiss, J., Schambach, J., Schmidke, W. B., Schmitz, N., Schweid, B. R., Seck, F., Seger, J., Sergeeva, M., Seto, R., Seyboth, P., Shah, N., Shahaliev, E., Shanmuganathan, P. V., Shao, M., Shen, F., Shen, W. Q., Shi, S. S., Shou, Q. Y., Sichtermann, E. P., Siejka, S., Sikora, R., Simko, M., Singh, J., Singha, S., Smirnov, D., Smirnov, N., Solyst, W., Sorensen, P., Spinka, H. M., Srivastava, B., Stanislaus, T. D. S., Stefaniak, M., Stewart, D. J., Strikhanov, M., Stringfellow, B., Suaide, A. A. P., Sugiura, T., Sumbera, M., Summa, B., Sun, X. M., Sun, Y., Sun, Y., Surrow, B., Svirida, D. N., Szymanski, P., Tang, A. H., Tang, Z., Taranenko, A., Tarnowsky, T., Thomas, J. H., Timmins, A. R., Tlusty, D., Todoroki, T., Tokarev, M., Tomkiel, C. A., Trentalange, S., Tribble, R. E., Tribedy, P., Tripathy, S. K., Tsai, O. D., Tu, B., Ullrich, T., Underwood, D. G., Upsal, I., Van Buren, G., Vanek, J., Vasiliev, A. N., Vassiliev, I., Videbæk, F., Vokal, S., Voloshin, S. A., Wang, F., Wang, G., Wang, P., Wang, Y., Wang, Y., Webb, J. C., Wen, L., Westfall, G. D., Wieman, H., Wissink, S. W., Witt, R., Wu, Y., Xiao, Z. G., Xie, G., Xie, W., Xu, H., Xu, N., Xu, Q. H., Xu, Y. F., Xu, Z., Yang, C., Yang, Q., Yang, S., Yang, Y., Ye, Z., Ye, Z., Yi, L., Yip, K., Yoo, I. -K., Zbroszczyk, H., Zha, W., Zhang, D., Zhang, L., Zhang, S., Zhang, S., Zhang, X. P., Zhang, Y., Zhang, Z., Zhao, J., Zhong, C., Zhou, C., Zhu, X., Zhu, Z., Zurek, M., and Zyzak, M. Collision-energy dependence of second-order off-diagonal and diagonal cumulants of net-charge, net-proton, and net-kaon multiplicity distributions in Au + Au collisions. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/physrevc.100.014902.
Adam, J., Adamczyk, L., Adams, J. R., Adkins, J. K., Agakishiev, G., Aggarwal, M. M., Ahammed, Z., Alekseev, I., Anderson, D. M., Aoyama, R., Aparin, A., Arkhipkin, D., Aschenauer, E. C., Ashraf, M. U., Atetalla, F., Attri, A., Averichev, G. S., Bairathi, V., Barish, K., Bassill, A. J., Behera, A., Bellwied, R., Bhasin, A., Bhati, A. K., Bielcik, J., Bielcikova, J., Bland, L. C., Bordyuzhin, I. G., Brandenburg, J. D., Brandin, A. V., Bryslawskyj, J., Bunzarov, I., Butterworth, J., Caines, H., Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M., Cebra, D., Chakaberia, I., Chaloupka, P., Chan, B. K., Chang, F. -H., Chang, Z., Chankova-Bunzarova, N., Chatterjee, A., Chattopadhyay, S., Chen, J. H., Chen, X., Cheng, J., Cherney, M., Christie, W., Crawford, H. J., Csanád, M., Das, S., Dedovich, T. G., Deppner, I. M., Derevschikov, A. A., Didenko, L., Dilks, C., Dong, X., Drachenberg, J. L., Dunlop, J. C., Edmonds, T., Elsey, N., Engelage, J., Eppley, G., Esha, R., Esumi, S., Evdokimov, O., Ewigleben, J., Eyser, O., Fatemi, R., Fazio, S., Federic, P., Fedorisin, J., Feng, Y., Filip, P., Finch, E., Fisyak, Y., Fulek, L., Gagliardi, C. A., Galatyuk, T., Geurts, F., Gibson, A., Grosnick, D., Gupta, A., Guryn, W., Hamad, A. I., Hamed, A., Harris, J. W., He, L., Heppelmann, S., Heppelmann, S., Herrmann, N., Holub, L., Hong, Y., Horvat, S., Huang, B., Huang, H. Z., Huang, S. L., Huang, T., Huang, X., Humanic, T. J., Huo, P., Igo, G., Jacobs, W. W., Jentsch, A., Jia, J., Jiang, K., Jowzaee, S., Ju, X., Judd, E. G., Kabana, S., Kagamaster, S., Kalinkin, D., Kang, K., Kapukchyan, D., Kauder, K., Ke, H. W., Keane, D., Kechechyan, A., Kelsey, M., Khyzhniak, Y. V., Kikoła, D. P., Kim, C., Kinghorn, T. A., Kisel, I., Kisiel, A., Kocan, M., Kochenda, L., Kosarzewski, L. K., Kramarik, L., Kravtsov, P., Krueger, K., Kulathunga Mudiyanselage, N., Kumar, L., Kunnawalkam Elayavalli, R., Kwasizur, J. H., Lacey, R., Landgraf, J. M., Lauret, J., Lebedev, A., Lednicky, R., Lee, J. H., Li, C., Li, W., Li, W., Li, X., Li, Y., Liang, Y., Licenik, R., Lin, T., Lipiec, A., Lisa, M. A., Liu, F., Liu, H., Liu, P., Liu, P., Liu, T., Liu, X., Liu, Y., Liu, Z., Ljubicic, T., Llope, W. J., Lomnitz, M., Longacre, R. S., Luo, S., Luo, X., Ma, G. L., Ma, L., Ma, R., Ma, Y. G., Magdy, N., Majka, R., Mallick, D., Margetis, S., Markert, C., Matis, H. S., Matonoha, O., Mazer, J. A., Meehan, K., Mei, J. C., Minaev, N. G., Mioduszewski, S., Mishra, D., Mohanty, B., Mondal, M. M., Mooney, I., Moravcova, Z., Morozov, D. A., Nasim, Md., Nayak, K., Nayak, T. K., Nelson, J. M., Nemes, D. B., Nie, M., Nigmatkulov, G., Niida, T., Nogach, L. V., Nonaka, T., Odyniec, G., Ogawa, A., Oh, K., Oh, S., Okorokov, V. A., Page, B. S., Pak, R., Panebratsev, Y., Pawlik, B., Pawlowska, D., Pei, H., Perkins, C., Pintér, R. L., Pluta, J., Porter, J., Posik, M., Pruthi, N. K., Przybycien, M., Putschke, J., Quintero, A., Radhakrishnan, S. K., Ramachandran, S., Ray, R. L., Reed, R., Ritter, H. G., Roberts, J. B., Rogachevskiy, O. V., Romero, J. L., Ruan, L., Rusnak, J., Rusnakova, O., Sahoo, N. R., Sahu, P. K., Salur, S., Sandweiss, J., Schambach, J., Schmidke, W. B., Schmitz, N., Schweid, B. R., Seck, F., Seger, J., Sergeeva, M., Seto, R., Seyboth, P., Shah, N., Shahaliev, E., Shanmuganathan, P. V., Shao, M., Shen, F., Shen, W. Q., Shi, S. S., Shou, Q. Y., Sichtermann, E. P., Siejka, S., Sikora, R., Simko, M., Singh, J., Singha, S., Smirnov, D., Smirnov, N., Solyst, W., Sorensen, P., Spinka, H. M., Srivastava, B., Stanislaus, T. D. S., Stefaniak, M., Stewart, D. J., Strikhanov, M., Stringfellow, B., Suaide, A. A. P., Sugiura, T., Sumbera, M., Summa, B., Sun, X. M., Sun, Y., Sun, Y., Surrow, B., Svirida, D. N., Szymanski, P., Tang, A. H., Tang, Z., Taranenko, A., Tarnowsky, T., Thomas, J. H., Timmins, A. R., Tlusty, D., Todoroki, T., Tokarev, M., Tomkiel, C. A., Trentalange, S., Tribble, R. E., Tribedy, P., Tripathy, S. K., Tsai, O. D., Tu, B., Ullrich, T., Underwood, D. G., Upsal, I., Van Buren, G., Vanek, J., Vasiliev, A. N., Vassiliev, I., Videbæk, F., Vokal, S., Voloshin, S. A., Wang, F., Wang, G., Wang, P., Wang, Y., Wang, Y., Webb, J. C., Wen, L., Westfall, G. D., Wieman, H., Wissink, S. W., Witt, R., Wu, Y., Xiao, Z. G., Xie, G., Xie, W., Xu, H., Xu, N., Xu, Q. H., Xu, Y. F., Xu, Z., Yang, C., Yang, Q., Yang, S., Yang, Y., Ye, Z., Ye, Z., Yi, L., Yip, K., Yoo, I. -K., Zbroszczyk, H., Zha, W., Zhang, D., Zhang, L., Zhang, S., Zhang, S., Zhang, X. P., Zhang, Y., Zhang, Z., Zhao, J., Zhong, C., Zhou, C., Zhu, X., Zhu, Z., Zurek, M., & Zyzak, M. Collision-energy dependence of second-order off-diagonal and diagonal cumulants of net-charge, net-proton, and net-kaon multiplicity distributions in Au + Au collisions. United States. doi:10.1103/physrevc.100.014902.
Adam, J., Adamczyk, L., Adams, J. R., Adkins, J. K., Agakishiev, G., Aggarwal, M. M., Ahammed, Z., Alekseev, I., Anderson, D. M., Aoyama, R., Aparin, A., Arkhipkin, D., Aschenauer, E. C., Ashraf, M. U., Atetalla, F., Attri, A., Averichev, G. S., Bairathi, V., Barish, K., Bassill, A. J., Behera, A., Bellwied, R., Bhasin, A., Bhati, A. K., Bielcik, J., Bielcikova, J., Bland, L. C., Bordyuzhin, I. G., Brandenburg, J. D., Brandin, A. V., Bryslawskyj, J., Bunzarov, I., Butterworth, J., Caines, H., Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M., Cebra, D., Chakaberia, I., Chaloupka, P., Chan, B. K., Chang, F. -H., Chang, Z., Chankova-Bunzarova, N., Chatterjee, A., Chattopadhyay, S., Chen, J. H., Chen, X., Cheng, J., Cherney, M., Christie, W., Crawford, H. J., Csanád, M., Das, S., Dedovich, T. G., Deppner, I. M., Derevschikov, A. A., Didenko, L., Dilks, C., Dong, X., Drachenberg, J. L., Dunlop, J. C., Edmonds, T., Elsey, N., Engelage, J., Eppley, G., Esha, R., Esumi, S., Evdokimov, O., Ewigleben, J., Eyser, O., Fatemi, R., Fazio, S., Federic, P., Fedorisin, J., Feng, Y., Filip, P., Finch, E., Fisyak, Y., Fulek, L., Gagliardi, C. A., Galatyuk, T., Geurts, F., Gibson, A., Grosnick, D., Gupta, A., Guryn, W., Hamad, A. I., Hamed, A., Harris, J. W., He, L., Heppelmann, S., Heppelmann, S., Herrmann, N., Holub, L., Hong, Y., Horvat, S., Huang, B., Huang, H. Z., Huang, S. L., Huang, T., Huang, X., Humanic, T. J., Huo, P., Igo, G., Jacobs, W. W., Jentsch, A., Jia, J., Jiang, K., Jowzaee, S., Ju, X., Judd, E. G., Kabana, S., Kagamaster, S., Kalinkin, D., Kang, K., Kapukchyan, D., Kauder, K., Ke, H. W., Keane, D., Kechechyan, A., Kelsey, M., Khyzhniak, Y. V., Kikoła, D. P., Kim, C., Kinghorn, T. A., Kisel, I., Kisiel, A., Kocan, M., Kochenda, L., Kosarzewski, L. K., Kramarik, L., Kravtsov, P., Krueger, K., Kulathunga Mudiyanselage, N., Kumar, L., Kunnawalkam Elayavalli, R., Kwasizur, J. H., Lacey, R., Landgraf, J. M., Lauret, J., Lebedev, A., Lednicky, R., Lee, J. H., Li, C., Li, W., Li, W., Li, X., Li, Y., Liang, Y., Licenik, R., Lin, T., Lipiec, A., Lisa, M. A., Liu, F., Liu, H., Liu, P., Liu, P., Liu, T., Liu, X., Liu, Y., Liu, Z., Ljubicic, T., Llope, W. J., Lomnitz, M., Longacre, R. S., Luo, S., Luo, X., Ma, G. L., Ma, L., Ma, R., Ma, Y. G., Magdy, N., Majka, R., Mallick, D., Margetis, S., Markert, C., Matis, H. S., Matonoha, O., Mazer, J. A., Meehan, K., Mei, J. C., Minaev, N. G., Mioduszewski, S., Mishra, D., Mohanty, B., Mondal, M. M., Mooney, I., Moravcova, Z., Morozov, D. A., Nasim, Md., Nayak, K., Nayak, T. K., Nelson, J. M., Nemes, D. B., Nie, M., Nigmatkulov, G., Niida, T., Nogach, L. V., Nonaka, T., Odyniec, G., Ogawa, A., Oh, K., Oh, S., Okorokov, V. A., Page, B. S., Pak, R., Panebratsev, Y., Pawlik, B., Pawlowska, D., Pei, H., Perkins, C., Pintér, R. L., Pluta, J., Porter, J., Posik, M., Pruthi, N. K., Przybycien, M., Putschke, J., Quintero, A., Radhakrishnan, S. K., Ramachandran, S., Ray, R. L., Reed, R., Ritter, H. G., Roberts, J. B., Rogachevskiy, O. V., Romero, J. L., Ruan, L., Rusnak, J., Rusnakova, O., Sahoo, N. R., Sahu, P. K., Salur, S., Sandweiss, J., Schambach, J., Schmidke, W. B., Schmitz, N., Schweid, B. R., Seck, F., Seger, J., Sergeeva, M., Seto, R., Seyboth, P., Shah, N., Shahaliev, E., Shanmuganathan, P. V., Shao, M., Shen, F., Shen, W. Q., Shi, S. S., Shou, Q. Y., Sichtermann, E. P., Siejka, S., Sikora, R., Simko, M., Singh, J., Singha, S., Smirnov, D., Smirnov, N., Solyst, W., Sorensen, P., Spinka, H. M., Srivastava, B., Stanislaus, T. D. S., Stefaniak, M., Stewart, D. J., Strikhanov, M., Stringfellow, B., Suaide, A. A. P., Sugiura, T., Sumbera, M., Summa, B., Sun, X. M., Sun, Y., Sun, Y., Surrow, B., Svirida, D. N., Szymanski, P., Tang, A. H., Tang, Z., Taranenko, A., Tarnowsky, T., Thomas, J. H., Timmins, A. R., Tlusty, D., Todoroki, T., Tokarev, M., Tomkiel, C. A., Trentalange, S., Tribble, R. E., Tribedy, P., Tripathy, S. K., Tsai, O. D., Tu, B., Ullrich, T., Underwood, D. G., Upsal, I., Van Buren, G., Vanek, J., Vasiliev, A. N., Vassiliev, I., Videbæk, F., Vokal, S., Voloshin, S. A., Wang, F., Wang, G., Wang, P., Wang, Y., Wang, Y., Webb, J. C., Wen, L., Westfall, G. D., Wieman, H., Wissink, S. W., Witt, R., Wu, Y., Xiao, Z. G., Xie, G., Xie, W., Xu, H., Xu, N., Xu, Q. H., Xu, Y. F., Xu, Z., Yang, C., Yang, Q., Yang, S., Yang, Y., Ye, Z., Ye, Z., Yi, L., Yip, K., Yoo, I. -K., Zbroszczyk, H., Zha, W., Zhang, D., Zhang, L., Zhang, S., Zhang, S., Zhang, X. P., Zhang, Y., Zhang, Z., Zhao, J., Zhong, C., Zhou, C., Zhu, X., Zhu, Z., Zurek, M., and Zyzak, M. Mon . "Collision-energy dependence of second-order off-diagonal and diagonal cumulants of net-charge, net-proton, and net-kaon multiplicity distributions in Au + Au collisions". United States. doi:10.1103/physrevc.100.014902.
@article{osti_1561932,
title = {Collision-energy dependence of second-order off-diagonal and diagonal cumulants of net-charge, net-proton, and net-kaon multiplicity distributions in Au + Au collisions},
author = {Adam, J. and Adamczyk, L. and Adams, J. R. and Adkins, J. K. and Agakishiev, G. and Aggarwal, M. M. and Ahammed, Z. and Alekseev, I. and Anderson, D. M. and Aoyama, R. and Aparin, A. and Arkhipkin, D. and Aschenauer, E. C. and Ashraf, M. U. and Atetalla, F. and Attri, A. and Averichev, G. S. and Bairathi, V. and Barish, K. and Bassill, A. J. and Behera, A. and Bellwied, R. and Bhasin, A. and Bhati, A. K. and Bielcik, J. and Bielcikova, J. and Bland, L. C. and Bordyuzhin, I. G. and Brandenburg, J. D. and Brandin, A. V. and Bryslawskyj, J. and Bunzarov, I. and Butterworth, J. and Caines, H. and Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M. and Cebra, D. and Chakaberia, I. and Chaloupka, P. and Chan, B. K. and Chang, F. -H. and Chang, Z. and Chankova-Bunzarova, N. and Chatterjee, A. and Chattopadhyay, S. and Chen, J. H. and Chen, X. and Cheng, J. and Cherney, M. and Christie, W. and Crawford, H. J. and Csanád, M. and Das, S. and Dedovich, T. G. and Deppner, I. M. and Derevschikov, A. A. and Didenko, L. and Dilks, C. and Dong, X. and Drachenberg, J. L. and Dunlop, J. C. and Edmonds, T. and Elsey, N. and Engelage, J. and Eppley, G. and Esha, R. and Esumi, S. and Evdokimov, O. and Ewigleben, J. and Eyser, O. and Fatemi, R. and Fazio, S. and Federic, P. and Fedorisin, J. and Feng, Y. and Filip, P. and Finch, E. and Fisyak, Y. and Fulek, L. and Gagliardi, C. A. and Galatyuk, T. and Geurts, F. and Gibson, A. and Grosnick, D. and Gupta, A. and Guryn, W. and Hamad, A. I. and Hamed, A. and Harris, J. W. and He, L. and Heppelmann, S. and Heppelmann, S. and Herrmann, N. and Holub, L. and Hong, Y. and Horvat, S. and Huang, B. and Huang, H. Z. and Huang, S. L. and Huang, T. and Huang, X. and Humanic, T. J. and Huo, P. and Igo, G. and Jacobs, W. W. and Jentsch, A. and Jia, J. and Jiang, K. and Jowzaee, S. and Ju, X. and Judd, E. G. and Kabana, S. and Kagamaster, S. and Kalinkin, D. and Kang, K. and Kapukchyan, D. and Kauder, K. and Ke, H. W. and Keane, D. and Kechechyan, A. and Kelsey, M. and Khyzhniak, Y. V. and Kikoła, D. P. and Kim, C. and Kinghorn, T. A. and Kisel, I. and Kisiel, A. and Kocan, M. and Kochenda, L. and Kosarzewski, L. K. and Kramarik, L. and Kravtsov, P. and Krueger, K. and Kulathunga Mudiyanselage, N. and Kumar, L. and Kunnawalkam Elayavalli, R. and Kwasizur, J. H. and Lacey, R. and Landgraf, J. M. and Lauret, J. and Lebedev, A. and Lednicky, R. and Lee, J. H. and Li, C. and Li, W. and Li, W. and Li, X. and Li, Y. and Liang, Y. and Licenik, R. and Lin, T. and Lipiec, A. and Lisa, M. A. and Liu, F. and Liu, H. and Liu, P. and Liu, P. and Liu, T. and Liu, X. and Liu, Y. and Liu, Z. and Ljubicic, T. and Llope, W. J. and Lomnitz, M. and Longacre, R. S. and Luo, S. and Luo, X. and Ma, G. L. and Ma, L. and Ma, R. and Ma, Y. G. and Magdy, N. and Majka, R. and Mallick, D. and Margetis, S. and Markert, C. and Matis, H. S. and Matonoha, O. and Mazer, J. A. and Meehan, K. and Mei, J. C. and Minaev, N. G. and Mioduszewski, S. and Mishra, D. and Mohanty, B. and Mondal, M. M. and Mooney, I. and Moravcova, Z. and Morozov, D. A. and Nasim, Md. and Nayak, K. and Nayak, T. K. and Nelson, J. M. and Nemes, D. B. and Nie, M. and Nigmatkulov, G. and Niida, T. and Nogach, L. V. and Nonaka, T. and Odyniec, G. and Ogawa, A. and Oh, K. and Oh, S. and Okorokov, V. A. and Page, B. S. and Pak, R. and Panebratsev, Y. and Pawlik, B. and Pawlowska, D. and Pei, H. and Perkins, C. and Pintér, R. L. and Pluta, J. and Porter, J. and Posik, M. and Pruthi, N. K. and Przybycien, M. and Putschke, J. and Quintero, A. and Radhakrishnan, S. K. and Ramachandran, S. and Ray, R. L. and Reed, R. and Ritter, H. G. and Roberts, J. B. and Rogachevskiy, O. V. and Romero, J. L. and Ruan, L. and Rusnak, J. and Rusnakova, O. and Sahoo, N. R. and Sahu, P. K. and Salur, S. and Sandweiss, J. and Schambach, J. and Schmidke, W. B. and Schmitz, N. and Schweid, B. R. and Seck, F. and Seger, J. and Sergeeva, M. and Seto, R. and Seyboth, P. and Shah, N. and Shahaliev, E. and Shanmuganathan, P. V. and Shao, M. and Shen, F. and Shen, W. Q. and Shi, S. S. and Shou, Q. Y. and Sichtermann, E. P. and Siejka, S. and Sikora, R. and Simko, M. and Singh, J. and Singha, S. and Smirnov, D. and Smirnov, N. and Solyst, W. and Sorensen, P. and Spinka, H. M. and Srivastava, B. and Stanislaus, T. D. S. and Stefaniak, M. and Stewart, D. J. and Strikhanov, M. and Stringfellow, B. and Suaide, A. A. P. and Sugiura, T. and Sumbera, M. and Summa, B. and Sun, X. M. and Sun, Y. and Sun, Y. and Surrow, B. and Svirida, D. N. and Szymanski, P. and Tang, A. H. and Tang, Z. and Taranenko, A. and Tarnowsky, T. and Thomas, J. H. and Timmins, A. R. and Tlusty, D. and Todoroki, T. and Tokarev, M. and Tomkiel, C. A. and Trentalange, S. and Tribble, R. E. and Tribedy, P. and Tripathy, S. K. and Tsai, O. D. and Tu, B. and Ullrich, T. and Underwood, D. G. and Upsal, I. and Van Buren, G. and Vanek, J. and Vasiliev, A. N. and Vassiliev, I. and Videbæk, F. and Vokal, S. and Voloshin, S. A. and Wang, F. and Wang, G. and Wang, P. and Wang, Y. and Wang, Y. and Webb, J. C. and Wen, L. and Westfall, G. D. and Wieman, H. and Wissink, S. W. and Witt, R. and Wu, Y. and Xiao, Z. G. and Xie, G. and Xie, W. and Xu, H. and Xu, N. and Xu, Q. H. and Xu, Y. F. and Xu, Z. and Yang, C. and Yang, Q. and Yang, S. and Yang, Y. and Ye, Z. and Ye, Z. and Yi, L. and Yip, K. and Yoo, I. -K. and Zbroszczyk, H. and Zha, W. and Zhang, D. and Zhang, L. and Zhang, S. and Zhang, S. and Zhang, X. P. and Zhang, Y. and Zhang, Z. and Zhao, J. and Zhong, C. and Zhou, C. and Zhu, X. and Zhu, Z. and Zurek, M. and Zyzak, M.},
abstractNote = {We report the first measurements of a complete second-order cumulant matrix of net-charge, net-proton, and net-kaon multiplicity distributions for the first phase of the beam energy scan program at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. This includes the centrality and, for the first time, the pseudorapidity window dependence of both diagonal and off-diagonal cumulants in $Au+Au$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$$_ {NN}$= 7.7-200 GeV. Within the available acceptance of $|η|<0.5$, the cumulants grow linearly with the pseudorapidity window. Relative to the corresponding measurements in peripheral collisions, the ratio of off-diagonal over diagonal cumulants in central collisions indicates an excess correlation between net-charge and net-kaon, as well as between net-charge and net-proton. The strength of such excess correlation increases with the collision energy. The correlation between net-proton and net-kaon multiplicity distributions is observed to be negative at $\sqrt{s}$$_ {NN}$= 200 GeV and change to positive at the lowest collision energy. Model calculations based on nonthermal (UrQMD) and thermal (HRG) production of hadrons cannot explain the data. Lastly, these measurements will help map the quantum chromodynamics phase diagram, constrain hadron resonance gas model calculations and provide new insights on the energy dependence of baryon-strangeness correlations.},
doi = {10.1103/physrevc.100.014902},
journal = {Physical Review C},
number = 1,
volume = 100,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

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