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Title: The Tropical Atlantic Observing System

Abstract

The tropical Atlantic is home to multiple coupled climate variations covering a wide range of timescales and impacting societally relevant phenomena such as continental rainfall, Atlantic hurricane activity, oceanic biological productivity, and atmospheric circulation in the equatorial Pacific. The tropical Atlantic also connects the southern and northern branches of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation and receives freshwater input from some of the world's largest rivers. To address these diverse, unique, and interconnected research challenges, a rich network of ocean observations has developed, building on the backbone of the Prediction and Research Moored Array in the Tropical Atlantic (PIRATA). This network has evolved naturally over time and out of necessity in order to address the most important outstanding scientific questions and to improve predictions of tropical Atlantic severe weather and global climate variability and change. The tropical Atlantic observing system is motivated by goals to understand and better predict phenomena such as tropical Atlantic interannual to decadal variability and climate change; multidecadal variability and its links to the meridional overturning circulation; air-sea fluxes of CO 2 and their implications for the fate of anthropogenic CO 2; the Amazon River plume and its interactions with biogeochemistry, vertical mixing, and hurricanes; the highlymore » productive eastern boundary and equatorial upwelling systems; and oceanic oxygen minimum zones, their impacts on biogeochemical cycles and marine ecosystems, and their feedbacks to climate. Past success of the tropical Atlantic observing system is the result of an international commitment to sustained observations and scientific cooperation, a willingness to evolve with changing research and monitoring needs, and a desire to share data openly with the scientific community and operational centers. The observing system must continue to evolve in order to meet an expanding set of research priorities and operational challenges. This paper discusses the tropical Atlantic observing system, including emerging scientific questions that demand sustained ocean observations, the potential for further integration of the observing system, and the requirements for sustaining and enhancing the tropical Atlantic observing system.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [10];  [11];  [12];  [13];  [6];  [6];  [14];  [15];  [16];  [17];  [6] more »;  [1];  [18];  [2];  [19];  [1];  [20];  [21];  [22];  [22];  [23];  [24];  [1];  [12];  [24];  [25];  [26];  [19];  [27];  [28];  [29];  [19];  [30];  [1];  [31];  [32];  [14];  [6];  [28];  [33];  [28];  [34];  [35];  [36];  [37];  [17];  [38];  [39];  [28];  [30];  [40];  [19];  [41];  [42];  [43];  [44];  [45];  [35];  [46] « less
  1. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Miami, FL (United States). Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Lab. (AOML)
  2. GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research, Kiel (Germany); Univ. of Kiel (Germany)
  3. Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Yokohama (Japan)
  4. Univ. Complutense Madrid (Spain); Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (CSIC), Madrid (Spain)
  5. Mercator Océan, Ramonville-Saint-Agne (France); Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife (Brazil)
  6. GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research, Kiel (Germany)
  7. Federal Univ. of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis (Brazil)
  8. Univ. of Kiel (Germany)
  9. Woods Hole Research Center, Falmouth, MA (United States)
  10. Pierre and Marie Curie Univ., Paris (France)
  11. Rio de Janeiro State Univ. (UERJ) (Brazil)
  12. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Seattle, WA (United States). Pacific Marine Environmental Lab. (PMEL)
  13. Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife (Brazil)
  14. Climate, Environment, Coupling and Uncertainties (CECI) French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS)-European Center for Research and Advanced Training in Scientific Computation (CERFACS), Toulouse (France)
  15. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  16. Center for Marine Meteorology, Brest (France)
  17. Univ. of Miami, FL (United States)
  18. Federal Univ. of Bahia Ondina, Salvador (Brazil)
  19. Univ. Complutense Madrid (Spain)
  20. IRD Bretagne, Plouzané (France)
  21. Univ. of Calabar (Nigeria)
  22. Collect Location Satellites (CLS), Ramonville-Saint-Agne (France)
  23. Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States); Ocean Univ. of China, Qingdao (China)
  24. Directorate of Research and Development, Toulouse (France)
  25. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), College Park, MD (United States). NCEP Climate Prediction Center
  26. National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), Toulous (France). National Centre for Space Studies (CNES); Univ. of Cape Town (South Africa)
  27. Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)
  28. Mercator Ocean, Ramonville-Saint-Agne (France)
  29. NASA Jet Propulsion Lab., Pasadena, CA (United States)
  30. National Inst. for Space Research (INPE), Cachoeira Paulista (Brazil)
  31. Bergen Univ. (Norway); Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Bergen (Norway)
  32. National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), Toulous (France). National Centre for Space Studies (CNES)
  33. Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici, Bologna (Italy); Centre for Maritime Research and Experimentation (CMRE), La Spezia (Italy)
  34. Sorbonne Universités, Paris (France)
  35. Ecole Polytechnique, Paris (France)
  36. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Miami, FL (United States). Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Lab. (AOML); Univ. of Miami, FL (United States)
  37. Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), London (United Kingdom)
  38. Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (United States)
  39. Univ. of East Anglia, Norwich (United Kingdom)
  40. Univ. Cheikh Anta Diop (UCAD), Dakar (Senegal)
  41. Univ. of Reading (United Kingdom)
  42. Univ. of Lisbon (Portugal)
  43. Covenant Univ., Ota (Nigeria)
  44. Univ. of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou (Benin)
  45. Directorate General for Science, Technology and Nuclear Development of the Brazilian Navy, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
  46. Université de Bretagne Occidentale, Brest (France)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1561918
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Frontiers in Marine Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: APR; Journal ID: ISSN 2296-7745
Publisher:
Frontiers Research Foundation
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Foltz, Gregory R., Brandt, P., Richter, I., Rodríguez-Fonseca, B., Hernandez, F., Dengler, M., Rodrigues, R. R., Schmidt, J. O., Yu, L., Lefevre, N., Da Cunha, L. Cotrim, McPhaden, M. J., Araujo, M., Karstensen, J., Hahn, J., Martín-Rey, M., Patricola, C. M., Poli, P., Zuidema, P., Hummels, R., Perez, R. C., Hatje, V., Lübbecke, J. F., Polo, I., Lumpkin, R., Bourlès, B., Asuquo, F. E., Lehodey, P., Conchon, A., Chang, P., Dandin, P., Schmid, C., Sutton, A., Giordani, H., Xue, Y., Illig, S., Losada, T., Grodsky, S. A., Gasparin, F., Lee, T., Mohino, E., Nobre, P., Wanninkhof, R., Keenlyside, N., Garcon, V., Sánchez-Gómez, E., Nnamchi, H. C., Drévillon, M., Storto, A., Remy, E., Lazar, A., Speich, S., Goes, M., Dorrington, T., Johns, W. E., Moum, J. N., Robinson, C., Perruche, C., de Souza, R. B., Gaye, A. T., López-Parages, J., Monerie, P. -A., Castellanos, P., Benson, N. U., Hounkonnou, M. N., Duhá, J. Trotte, Laxenaire, R., and Reul, N. The Tropical Atlantic Observing System. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00206.
Foltz, Gregory R., Brandt, P., Richter, I., Rodríguez-Fonseca, B., Hernandez, F., Dengler, M., Rodrigues, R. R., Schmidt, J. O., Yu, L., Lefevre, N., Da Cunha, L. Cotrim, McPhaden, M. J., Araujo, M., Karstensen, J., Hahn, J., Martín-Rey, M., Patricola, C. M., Poli, P., Zuidema, P., Hummels, R., Perez, R. C., Hatje, V., Lübbecke, J. F., Polo, I., Lumpkin, R., Bourlès, B., Asuquo, F. E., Lehodey, P., Conchon, A., Chang, P., Dandin, P., Schmid, C., Sutton, A., Giordani, H., Xue, Y., Illig, S., Losada, T., Grodsky, S. A., Gasparin, F., Lee, T., Mohino, E., Nobre, P., Wanninkhof, R., Keenlyside, N., Garcon, V., Sánchez-Gómez, E., Nnamchi, H. C., Drévillon, M., Storto, A., Remy, E., Lazar, A., Speich, S., Goes, M., Dorrington, T., Johns, W. E., Moum, J. N., Robinson, C., Perruche, C., de Souza, R. B., Gaye, A. T., López-Parages, J., Monerie, P. -A., Castellanos, P., Benson, N. U., Hounkonnou, M. N., Duhá, J. Trotte, Laxenaire, R., & Reul, N. The Tropical Atlantic Observing System. United States. doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00206.
Foltz, Gregory R., Brandt, P., Richter, I., Rodríguez-Fonseca, B., Hernandez, F., Dengler, M., Rodrigues, R. R., Schmidt, J. O., Yu, L., Lefevre, N., Da Cunha, L. Cotrim, McPhaden, M. J., Araujo, M., Karstensen, J., Hahn, J., Martín-Rey, M., Patricola, C. M., Poli, P., Zuidema, P., Hummels, R., Perez, R. C., Hatje, V., Lübbecke, J. F., Polo, I., Lumpkin, R., Bourlès, B., Asuquo, F. E., Lehodey, P., Conchon, A., Chang, P., Dandin, P., Schmid, C., Sutton, A., Giordani, H., Xue, Y., Illig, S., Losada, T., Grodsky, S. A., Gasparin, F., Lee, T., Mohino, E., Nobre, P., Wanninkhof, R., Keenlyside, N., Garcon, V., Sánchez-Gómez, E., Nnamchi, H. C., Drévillon, M., Storto, A., Remy, E., Lazar, A., Speich, S., Goes, M., Dorrington, T., Johns, W. E., Moum, J. N., Robinson, C., Perruche, C., de Souza, R. B., Gaye, A. T., López-Parages, J., Monerie, P. -A., Castellanos, P., Benson, N. U., Hounkonnou, M. N., Duhá, J. Trotte, Laxenaire, R., and Reul, N. Fri . "The Tropical Atlantic Observing System". United States. doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00206. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1561918.
@article{osti_1561918,
title = {The Tropical Atlantic Observing System},
author = {Foltz, Gregory R. and Brandt, P. and Richter, I. and Rodríguez-Fonseca, B. and Hernandez, F. and Dengler, M. and Rodrigues, R. R. and Schmidt, J. O. and Yu, L. and Lefevre, N. and Da Cunha, L. Cotrim and McPhaden, M. J. and Araujo, M. and Karstensen, J. and Hahn, J. and Martín-Rey, M. and Patricola, C. M. and Poli, P. and Zuidema, P. and Hummels, R. and Perez, R. C. and Hatje, V. and Lübbecke, J. F. and Polo, I. and Lumpkin, R. and Bourlès, B. and Asuquo, F. E. and Lehodey, P. and Conchon, A. and Chang, P. and Dandin, P. and Schmid, C. and Sutton, A. and Giordani, H. and Xue, Y. and Illig, S. and Losada, T. and Grodsky, S. A. and Gasparin, F. and Lee, T. and Mohino, E. and Nobre, P. and Wanninkhof, R. and Keenlyside, N. and Garcon, V. and Sánchez-Gómez, E. and Nnamchi, H. C. and Drévillon, M. and Storto, A. and Remy, E. and Lazar, A. and Speich, S. and Goes, M. and Dorrington, T. and Johns, W. E. and Moum, J. N. and Robinson, C. and Perruche, C. and de Souza, R. B. and Gaye, A. T. and López-Parages, J. and Monerie, P. -A. and Castellanos, P. and Benson, N. U. and Hounkonnou, M. N. and Duhá, J. Trotte and Laxenaire, R. and Reul, N.},
abstractNote = {The tropical Atlantic is home to multiple coupled climate variations covering a wide range of timescales and impacting societally relevant phenomena such as continental rainfall, Atlantic hurricane activity, oceanic biological productivity, and atmospheric circulation in the equatorial Pacific. The tropical Atlantic also connects the southern and northern branches of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation and receives freshwater input from some of the world's largest rivers. To address these diverse, unique, and interconnected research challenges, a rich network of ocean observations has developed, building on the backbone of the Prediction and Research Moored Array in the Tropical Atlantic (PIRATA). This network has evolved naturally over time and out of necessity in order to address the most important outstanding scientific questions and to improve predictions of tropical Atlantic severe weather and global climate variability and change. The tropical Atlantic observing system is motivated by goals to understand and better predict phenomena such as tropical Atlantic interannual to decadal variability and climate change; multidecadal variability and its links to the meridional overturning circulation; air-sea fluxes of CO2 and their implications for the fate of anthropogenic CO2; the Amazon River plume and its interactions with biogeochemistry, vertical mixing, and hurricanes; the highly productive eastern boundary and equatorial upwelling systems; and oceanic oxygen minimum zones, their impacts on biogeochemical cycles and marine ecosystems, and their feedbacks to climate. Past success of the tropical Atlantic observing system is the result of an international commitment to sustained observations and scientific cooperation, a willingness to evolve with changing research and monitoring needs, and a desire to share data openly with the scientific community and operational centers. The observing system must continue to evolve in order to meet an expanding set of research priorities and operational challenges. This paper discusses the tropical Atlantic observing system, including emerging scientific questions that demand sustained ocean observations, the potential for further integration of the observing system, and the requirements for sustaining and enhancing the tropical Atlantic observing system.},
doi = {10.3389/fmars.2019.00206},
journal = {Frontiers in Marine Science},
number = APR,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

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Predicting Sargassum blooms in the Caribbean Sea from MODIS observations
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Ocean Salinities Reveal Strong Global Water Cycle Intensification During 1950 to 2000
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A quick look at the 2012 record flood in the Amazon Basin: AMAZON FLOOD IN 2012
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Increasing Magnitude of Hurricane Rapid Intensification in the Central and Eastern Tropical Atlantic: Hurricanes and Rapid Intesnification
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