skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: The Transport of Asian Dust and Combustion Aerosols and Associated Ozone to North America as Observed From a Mountaintop Monitoring Site in the California Coast Range

Abstract

Aerosol and tropospheric ozone transport to North America has important implications for regional air quality and climate. We present data from Chews Ridge, a remote mountaintop site in California, in February–September 2012, which identifies separate Asian dust and Asian combustion aerosol signals and quantifies exogenous ozone. We use positive matrix factorization of size-fractionated aerosol X-ray fluorescence data and 206Pb/ 207Pb and 208Pb/ 207Pb isotope measurements to isolate aerosol signals of Asian origins and find good agreement between both types source attribution techniques. Power spectra of Asian dust and Asian combustion signals reveal two distinct peaks, one seasonal (~90 days) and one monthly (~25–30 days). Overall, 89% of the Asian dust signal occurs in March–May, compared with June–September, whereas only 51% of the Asian combustion signal occurs in March–May. Nearly half the Pb observed at Chews Ridge was derived from Asia (46%; 8.3% from Asian dust, 23% from Asian combustion, and 15% of the Asian Pb signal was not explained by the positive matrix factorization). A positive correlation between deseasonalized ozone concentrations and the Asian factors suggests that ozone is elevated by 6.3 ± 0.8 ppb due to transpacific transport. Scanning mobility particle size spectra were also measured from May to September and indicate that newmore » particles are often produced and grow throughout the afternoon during onshore flow. We hypothesize that particle nucleation on the windward edge of the continent is an important source of new particles.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [5];  [3]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States). Dept. of Land Air and Water Resources; National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  3. Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States). Dept. of Land Air and Water Resources
  4. Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States). Atmospheric Sciences
  5. Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States). Air Quality Research Center
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1561890
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 123; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-897X
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Asher, Elizabeth C., Christensen, John N., Post, Andrew, Perry, Kevin, Cliff, Steven S., Zhao, Yongjing, Trousdell, Justin, and Faloona, Ian. The Transport of Asian Dust and Combustion Aerosols and Associated Ozone to North America as Observed From a Mountaintop Monitoring Site in the California Coast Range. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1029/2017JD028075.
Asher, Elizabeth C., Christensen, John N., Post, Andrew, Perry, Kevin, Cliff, Steven S., Zhao, Yongjing, Trousdell, Justin, & Faloona, Ian. The Transport of Asian Dust and Combustion Aerosols and Associated Ozone to North America as Observed From a Mountaintop Monitoring Site in the California Coast Range. United States. doi:10.1029/2017JD028075.
Asher, Elizabeth C., Christensen, John N., Post, Andrew, Perry, Kevin, Cliff, Steven S., Zhao, Yongjing, Trousdell, Justin, and Faloona, Ian. Mon . "The Transport of Asian Dust and Combustion Aerosols and Associated Ozone to North America as Observed From a Mountaintop Monitoring Site in the California Coast Range". United States. doi:10.1029/2017JD028075. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1561890.
@article{osti_1561890,
title = {The Transport of Asian Dust and Combustion Aerosols and Associated Ozone to North America as Observed From a Mountaintop Monitoring Site in the California Coast Range},
author = {Asher, Elizabeth C. and Christensen, John N. and Post, Andrew and Perry, Kevin and Cliff, Steven S. and Zhao, Yongjing and Trousdell, Justin and Faloona, Ian},
abstractNote = {Aerosol and tropospheric ozone transport to North America has important implications for regional air quality and climate. We present data from Chews Ridge, a remote mountaintop site in California, in February–September 2012, which identifies separate Asian dust and Asian combustion aerosol signals and quantifies exogenous ozone. We use positive matrix factorization of size-fractionated aerosol X-ray fluorescence data and 206Pb/207Pb and 208Pb/207Pb isotope measurements to isolate aerosol signals of Asian origins and find good agreement between both types source attribution techniques. Power spectra of Asian dust and Asian combustion signals reveal two distinct peaks, one seasonal (~90 days) and one monthly (~25–30 days). Overall, 89% of the Asian dust signal occurs in March–May, compared with June–September, whereas only 51% of the Asian combustion signal occurs in March–May. Nearly half the Pb observed at Chews Ridge was derived from Asia (46%; 8.3% from Asian dust, 23% from Asian combustion, and 15% of the Asian Pb signal was not explained by the positive matrix factorization). A positive correlation between deseasonalized ozone concentrations and the Asian factors suggests that ozone is elevated by 6.3 ± 0.8 ppb due to transpacific transport. Scanning mobility particle size spectra were also measured from May to September and indicate that new particles are often produced and grow throughout the afternoon during onshore flow. We hypothesize that particle nucleation on the windward edge of the continent is an important source of new particles.},
doi = {10.1029/2017JD028075},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres},
number = 10,
volume = 123,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Compilation of Pb isotope data from XRF‐RDI samples from Chews Ridge, as well as samples from throughout northern and central California and Asia. Inset illustrates how the %Asian Pb (of total Pb) is derived. Data from Bollhöfer and Rosman (2001, 2002), Tan et al. (2006), Díaz‐Somoano et al.,more » 2009, and Ewing et al. (2010).« less

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Isoprene and monoterpene fluxes measured above Amazonian rainforest and their dependence on light and temperature
journal, May 2002


Flood or Drought: How Do Aerosols Affect Precipitation?
journal, September 2008


Asian aerosols in North America: Frequency and concentration of fine dust
journal, January 2002

  • VanCuren, Richard A.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 107, Issue D24
  • DOI: 10.1029/2002JD002204

Measured black carbon deposition on the Sierra Nevada snow pack and implication for snow pack retreat
journal, January 2010

  • Hadley, O. L.; Corrigan, C. E.; Kirchstetter, T. W.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 10, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-10-7505-2010

Revisiting the evidence of increasing springtime ozone mixing ratios in the free troposphere over western North America: TROPOSPHERIC OZONE TRENDS IN WESTERN NA
journal, October 2015

  • Lin, Meiyun; Horowitz, Larry W.; Cooper, Owen R.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL065311

Understanding and controlling rotations in factor analytic models
journal, January 2002

  • Paatero, Pentti; Hopke, Philip K.; Song, Xin-Hua
  • Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems, Vol. 60, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0169-7439(01)00200-3

Seasonality and weather-driven variability of transpacific transport
journal, January 2005

  • Holzer, Mark; Hall, Timothy M.; Stull, Roland B.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 110, Issue D23
  • DOI: 10.1029/2005JD006261

Evaluating inter-continental transport of fine aerosols:(2) Global health impact
journal, September 2009


Global Air Quality and Pollution
journal, December 2003


Global data set of biogenic VOC emissions calculated by the MEGAN model over the last 30 years
journal, January 2014

  • Sindelarova, K.; Granier, C.; Bouarar, I.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 14, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-14-9317-2014

Unraveling the sources of ground level ozone in the Intermountain Western United States using Pb isotopes
journal, October 2015


Long-Range Atmospheric Transport of Soil Dust from Asia to the Tropical North Pacific: Temporal Variability
journal, September 1980


Blue Hazes in the Atmosphere
journal, August 1960


Characterization of the 8-stage Rotating Drum Impactor under low concentration conditions
journal, October 2016


Asian dust transported one full circuit around the globe
journal, July 2009

  • Uno, Itsushi; Eguchi, Kenta; Yumimoto, Keiya
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 2, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo583

US surface ozone trends and extremes from 1980 to 2014: quantifying the roles of rising Asian emissions, domestic controls, wildfires, and climate
journal, January 2017

  • Lin, Meiyun; Horowitz, Larry W.; Payton, Richard
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 17, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-17-2943-2017

Magnitudes and sources of precipitation and dry deposition fluxes of indestrial and natural leads to the North Pacific at Enewetak
journal, January 1982

  • Settle, Dorothy M.; Patterson, Clair C.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 87, Issue C11
  • DOI: 10.1029/JC087iC11p08857

Increasing springtime ozone mixing ratios in the free troposphere over western North America
journal, January 2010

  • Cooper, O. R.; Parrish, D. D.; Stohl, A.
  • Nature, Vol. 463, Issue 7279
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature08708

Low-level transpacific transport
journal, January 2007

  • Holzer, Mark; Hall, Timothy M.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 112, Issue D9
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006JD007828

Atmospheric Aerosols: Composition, Transformation, Climate and Health Effects
journal, November 2005


Gas-Phase Tropospheric Chemistry of Volatile Organic Compounds: 1. Alkanes and Alkenes
journal, March 1997

  • Atkinson, R.
  • Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, Vol. 26, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.556012

High secondary aerosol contribution to particulate pollution during haze events in China
journal, September 2014

  • Huang, Ru-Jin; Zhang, Yanlin; Bozzetti, Carlo
  • Nature, Vol. 514, Issue 7521
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature13774

Highly reactive light‐dependent monoterpenes in the Amazon
journal, March 2015

  • Jardine, A. B.; Jardine, K. J.; Fuentes, J. D.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014GL062573

Evidence for Asian dust effects from aerosol plume measurements during INTEX-B 2006 near Whistler, BC
journal, January 2009

  • Leaitch, W. R.; Macdonald, A. M.; Anlauf, K. G.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 9, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-9-3523-2009

Large-Scale Structure of the June–July 1996 Marine Boundary Layer along California and Oregon
journal, June 2000


Evolution of Asian aerosols during transpacific transport in INTEX-B
journal, January 2009

  • Dunlea, E. J.; DeCarlo, P. F.; Aiken, A. C.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 9, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-9-7257-2009

Natural aerosols explain seasonal and spatial patterns of Southern Ocean cloud albedo
journal, July 2015

  • McCoy, Daniel T.; Burrows, Susannah M.; Wood, Robert
  • Science Advances, Vol. 1, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1500157

The elemental signature of transported Asian dust at Mauna Loa observatory
journal, January 1996


Trans-Pacific transport and evolution of aerosols: evaluation of quasi-global WRF-Chem simulation with multiple observations
journal, January 2016

  • Hu, Zhiyuan; Zhao, Chun; Huang, Jianping
  • Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 9, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.5194/gmd-9-1725-2016

Meteorological indices for Asian outflow and transpacific transport on daily to interannual timescales
journal, January 2005


Interpreting aerosol lifetimes using the GEOS-Chem model and constraints from radionuclide measurements
journal, January 2014

  • Croft, B.; Pierce, J. R.; Martin, R. V.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 14, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-14-4313-2014

Long-term changes in lower tropospheric baseline ozone concentrations at northern mid-latitudes
journal, January 2012

  • Parrish, D. D.; Law, K. S.; Staehelin, J.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 12, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-12-11485-2012

Variations in tropospheric submicron particle size distributions across the European continent 2008–2009
journal, January 2014

  • Beddows, D. C. S.; Dall'Osto, M.; Harrison, R. M.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 14, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-14-4327-2014

Summertime influence of Asian pollution in the free troposphere over North America
journal, January 2007

  • Liang, Q.; Jaeglé, L.; Hudman, R. C.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 112, Issue D12
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006JD007919

Iron deficiency limits phytoplankton growth in the north-east Pacific subarctic
journal, January 1988

  • Martin, John H.; Fitzwater, Steve E.
  • Nature, Vol. 331, Issue 6154
  • DOI: 10.1038/331341a0

Size-resolved aerosol chemistry on Whistler Mountain, Canada with a high-resolution aerosol mass spectrometer during INTEX-B
journal, January 2009

  • Sun, Y.; Zhang, Q.; Macdonald, A. M.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 9, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-9-3095-2009

Particle Loss Calculator – a new software tool for the assessment of the performance of aerosol inlet systems
journal, January 2009

  • von der Weiden, S. -L.; Drewnick, F.; Borrmann, S.
  • Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Vol. 2, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.5194/amt-2-479-2009

Formation of Secondary Organic Aerosols Through Photooxidation of Isoprene
journal, February 2004


The Effects of Tropospheric Ozone on Net Primary Productivity and Implications for Climate Change
journal, June 2012


The rise and fall of leaded gasoline
journal, March 1990


Stable Lead Isotope Compositions In Selected Coals From Around The World And Implications For Present Day Aerosol Source Tracing
journal, February 2009

  • Díaz-Somoano, M.; Kylander, M. E.; López-Antón, M. A.
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 43, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/es801818r

The temporal stability in lead isotopic signatures at selected sites in the Southern and Northern Hemispheres
journal, April 2002


Pb Isotopes as an Indicator of the Asian Contribution to Particulate Air Pollution in Urban California
journal, December 2010

  • Ewing, Stephanie A.; Christensen, John N.; Brown, Shaun T.
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 44, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1021/es101450t

Six ‘new’ episodes of trans-Pacific transport of air pollutants
journal, January 2003


Particle characteristics following cloud-modified transport from Asia to North America: CLOUD-MODIFIED TRANSPORT FROM ASIA
journal, July 2004

  • Brock, Charles A.; Hudson, Paula K.; Lovejoy, Edward R.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 109, Issue D23
  • DOI: 10.1029/2003JD004198

Trans-Pacific dust events observed at Whistler, British Columbia during INTEX-B
journal, January 2008

  • McKendry, I. G.; Macdonald, A. M.; Leaitch, W. R.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 8, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-8-6297-2008

Formation of atmospheric particles from organic acids produced by forests
journal, October 1998

  • Kavouras, Ilias G.; Mihalopoulos, Nikolaos; Stephanou, Euripides G.
  • Nature, Vol. 395, Issue 6703
  • DOI: 10.1038/27179

Improving Source Apportionment of Fine Particles in the Eastern United States Utilizing Temperature-Resolved Carbon Fractions
journal, October 2005


Comprehensive Study of Lead Pollution in Shanghai by Multiple Techniques
journal, December 2006

  • Tan, M. G.; Zhang, G. L.; Li, X. L.
  • Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 78, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1021/ac061365q

Calibration studies of the drum impactor
journal, April 1988


?How to find bananas in the atmospheric aerosol?: new approach for analyzing atmospheric nucleation and growth events
journal, April 2007


Aerosols from Overseas Rival Domestic Emissions over North America
journal, August 2012


Isotopic source signatures for atmospheric lead: the Northern Hemisphere
journal, June 2001


A Climatology of Atmospheric Wavenumber Spectra of Wind and Temperature Observed by Commercial Aircraft
journal, May 1985


Optical and chemical properties of aerosols transported to Mount Bachelor during spring 2010
journal, January 2011

  • Fischer, E. V.; Perry, K. D.; Jaffe, D. A.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 116, Issue D18
  • DOI: 10.1029/2011JD015932