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Title: Measurement of the B 10 ( α , n 0 ) 13 N cross section for 2.2 < E α < 4.9 MeV and its application as a diagnostic at the National Ignition Facility

Abstract

We present that the National Ignition Facility (NIF) provides the opportunity to study nuclear reactions under controlled conditions at high temperatures and pressures at a level never before achieved. However, the timescale of the deuterium-tritium (DT) implosion is only a few nanoseconds, making data collection and diagnostics very challenging. One method that has been proposed for obtaining additional information about the conditions of the implosion is to activate a dopant material using the α particles produced from the DT fuel as a diagnostic. The yield of the activated material can give a measure of the mixing that occurs in the capsule. One of the reactions that has been proposed is 10B(α,n)13N as it produces a radioactive reactant product with a convenient half-life of ≈10 min. Although this reaction has several advantages for the application at hand, it has not seen much study in the present literature, resulting in large uncertainties in the cross section. Furthermore, for the current application, the cross section must be well characterized. With this motivation, the 10B(α,n)13N cross section has been remeasured for 2.2 < Eα < 4.9MeV with the angle-integrated ground-state cross section reported for the first time. Lastly, the present results, combined with previousmore » measurements, allow for a determination of the cross section to a significantly higher degree of accuracy and precision than obtained previously and are shown to be consistent with thick-target measurements. Preliminary calculations are performed to test the feasibility of this reaction as a diagnostic for a NIF implosion.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [1];  [4];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1] more »;  [2];  [5];  [1];  [6];  [1] « less
  1. Univ. of Notre Dame, IN (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  4. Univ. of Notre Dame, IN (United States); Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)
  5. Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ (United States)
  6. National Inst. of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1561661
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1560314
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; AC52-07NA27344; NA0002132
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 100; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9985
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Liu, Qian, Febbraro, Michael T., deBoer, R J., Boeltzig, Axel, Chen, Y., Cerjan, C., Couder, Manoel, Frentz, Brent, Gorres, Jochim, Henry, E. A., Lamere, Ed, Macon, Kevin T., Manukyan, Khachatur V., Morales, Luis, O'Malley, P. D., Pain, Steven D., Peters, William A., Schneider, D., Seymour, Christopher, Seymour, Gwen, Temanson, Eli S., Toomey, Rebecca, Kolk, B. Vande, Weaver, Jamie, and Wiescher, Michael. Measurement of the B10(α,n0)13N cross section for 2.2<Eα<4.9MeV and its application as a diagnostic at the National Ignition Facility. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.100.034601.
Liu, Qian, Febbraro, Michael T., deBoer, R J., Boeltzig, Axel, Chen, Y., Cerjan, C., Couder, Manoel, Frentz, Brent, Gorres, Jochim, Henry, E. A., Lamere, Ed, Macon, Kevin T., Manukyan, Khachatur V., Morales, Luis, O'Malley, P. D., Pain, Steven D., Peters, William A., Schneider, D., Seymour, Christopher, Seymour, Gwen, Temanson, Eli S., Toomey, Rebecca, Kolk, B. Vande, Weaver, Jamie, & Wiescher, Michael. Measurement of the B10(α,n0)13N cross section for 2.2<Eα<4.9MeV and its application as a diagnostic at the National Ignition Facility. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.100.034601.
Liu, Qian, Febbraro, Michael T., deBoer, R J., Boeltzig, Axel, Chen, Y., Cerjan, C., Couder, Manoel, Frentz, Brent, Gorres, Jochim, Henry, E. A., Lamere, Ed, Macon, Kevin T., Manukyan, Khachatur V., Morales, Luis, O'Malley, P. D., Pain, Steven D., Peters, William A., Schneider, D., Seymour, Christopher, Seymour, Gwen, Temanson, Eli S., Toomey, Rebecca, Kolk, B. Vande, Weaver, Jamie, and Wiescher, Michael. Tue . "Measurement of the B10(α,n0)13N cross section for 2.2<Eα<4.9MeV and its application as a diagnostic at the National Ignition Facility". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.100.034601. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1561661.
@article{osti_1561661,
title = {Measurement of the B10(α,n0)13N cross section for 2.2<Eα<4.9MeV and its application as a diagnostic at the National Ignition Facility},
author = {Liu, Qian and Febbraro, Michael T. and deBoer, R J. and Boeltzig, Axel and Chen, Y. and Cerjan, C. and Couder, Manoel and Frentz, Brent and Gorres, Jochim and Henry, E. A. and Lamere, Ed and Macon, Kevin T. and Manukyan, Khachatur V. and Morales, Luis and O'Malley, P. D. and Pain, Steven D. and Peters, William A. and Schneider, D. and Seymour, Christopher and Seymour, Gwen and Temanson, Eli S. and Toomey, Rebecca and Kolk, B. Vande and Weaver, Jamie and Wiescher, Michael},
abstractNote = {We present that the National Ignition Facility (NIF) provides the opportunity to study nuclear reactions under controlled conditions at high temperatures and pressures at a level never before achieved. However, the timescale of the deuterium-tritium (DT) implosion is only a few nanoseconds, making data collection and diagnostics very challenging. One method that has been proposed for obtaining additional information about the conditions of the implosion is to activate a dopant material using the α particles produced from the DT fuel as a diagnostic. The yield of the activated material can give a measure of the mixing that occurs in the capsule. One of the reactions that has been proposed is 10B(α,n)13N as it produces a radioactive reactant product with a convenient half-life of ≈10 min. Although this reaction has several advantages for the application at hand, it has not seen much study in the present literature, resulting in large uncertainties in the cross section. Furthermore, for the current application, the cross section must be well characterized. With this motivation, the 10B(α,n)13N cross section has been remeasured for 2.2 < Eα < 4.9MeV with the angle-integrated ground-state cross section reported for the first time. Lastly, the present results, combined with previous measurements, allow for a determination of the cross section to a significantly higher degree of accuracy and precision than obtained previously and are shown to be consistent with thick-target measurements. Preliminary calculations are performed to test the feasibility of this reaction as a diagnostic for a NIF implosion.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.100.034601},
journal = {Physical Review C},
number = 3,
volume = 100,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

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