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Title: Fuel-Lubricant Interactions on the Propensity for Stochastic Pre-Ignition

Abstract

We investigate the impact of the interaction of lubricant and fuel properties on the propensity for stochastic pre-ignition (SPI). Findings are based on statistically significant changes in SPI tendency and magnitude, as determined by measurements of cylinder pressure. Specifically, lubricant detergents, lubricant volatility, fuel volatility, fuel chemical composition, fuel-wall impingement, and engine load were varied to study the physical and chemical effects of fuel-lubricant interactions on SPI tendency. The work illustrates that at low loads, with fuels susceptible to SPI events, lubricant detergent package effects on SPI were non-significant. However, with changes to fuel distillation, fuel-wall impingement, and most importantly engine load, lubricant detergent effects could be observed even at reduced loads This suggests that there is a thermal effect associated with the higher load operation. It was hypothesized that the thermal effect was associated with lube oil nitrogenation. To test this theory, nitromethane (CH 3NO 2) was blended at 6.5% by volume CH 3NO 2 resulted in significant sensitivity to lubricant additive package effect on SPI, even at reduced loads where no lubricant sensitivity was observed without the addition of CH 3NO 2. The combined results highlight the interplay of fuel-lubricant interaction on SPI events, but more importantly suggestmore » that there is the potential of a chemical interaction unique to high-load engine operation that results in reactive chemical processes, such as nitration, where lubricant chemistry becomes an active pathway for SPI activity.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [3]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Driven Racing Oil, Olive Branch, MS (United States)
  3. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V); USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B)
OSTI Identifier:
1561655
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Society of Automotive Engineers Technical Paper Series
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 1; Journal Issue: 24; Conference: 14. International Conference on Engines & Vehicles, Capri (Italy), 15-19 Sep 2019; Journal ID: ISSN 0148-7191
Publisher:
SAE International
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING

Citation Formats

Splitter, Derek, Kaul, Brian, Szybist, James, Speed, Lake, Zigler, Bradley, and Luecke, Jon. Fuel-Lubricant Interactions on the Propensity for Stochastic Pre-Ignition. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.4271/2019-24-0103.
Splitter, Derek, Kaul, Brian, Szybist, James, Speed, Lake, Zigler, Bradley, & Luecke, Jon. Fuel-Lubricant Interactions on the Propensity for Stochastic Pre-Ignition. United States. doi:10.4271/2019-24-0103.
Splitter, Derek, Kaul, Brian, Szybist, James, Speed, Lake, Zigler, Bradley, and Luecke, Jon. Mon . "Fuel-Lubricant Interactions on the Propensity for Stochastic Pre-Ignition". United States. doi:10.4271/2019-24-0103.
@article{osti_1561655,
title = {Fuel-Lubricant Interactions on the Propensity for Stochastic Pre-Ignition},
author = {Splitter, Derek and Kaul, Brian and Szybist, James and Speed, Lake and Zigler, Bradley and Luecke, Jon},
abstractNote = {We investigate the impact of the interaction of lubricant and fuel properties on the propensity for stochastic pre-ignition (SPI). Findings are based on statistically significant changes in SPI tendency and magnitude, as determined by measurements of cylinder pressure. Specifically, lubricant detergents, lubricant volatility, fuel volatility, fuel chemical composition, fuel-wall impingement, and engine load were varied to study the physical and chemical effects of fuel-lubricant interactions on SPI tendency. The work illustrates that at low loads, with fuels susceptible to SPI events, lubricant detergent package effects on SPI were non-significant. However, with changes to fuel distillation, fuel-wall impingement, and most importantly engine load, lubricant detergent effects could be observed even at reduced loads This suggests that there is a thermal effect associated with the higher load operation. It was hypothesized that the thermal effect was associated with lube oil nitrogenation. To test this theory, nitromethane (CH3NO2) was blended at 6.5% by volume CH3NO2 resulted in significant sensitivity to lubricant additive package effect on SPI, even at reduced loads where no lubricant sensitivity was observed without the addition of CH3NO2. The combined results highlight the interplay of fuel-lubricant interaction on SPI events, but more importantly suggest that there is the potential of a chemical interaction unique to high-load engine operation that results in reactive chemical processes, such as nitration, where lubricant chemistry becomes an active pathway for SPI activity.},
doi = {10.4271/2019-24-0103},
journal = {Society of Automotive Engineers Technical Paper Series},
number = 24,
volume = 1,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

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