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Title: Attitudes of U.S. Wind Turbine Neighbors: Analysis of a Nationwide Survey

Abstract

Experts predict continuing deployment of wind turbines in the United States, which will create more interactions between turbines and surrounding communities. Policymakers can benefit from analyses of existing wind projects that enable them to better understand likely effects on residents around proposed projects. Our analysis of a randomly drawn, representative national survey of 1705 existing U.S. wind project neighbors provides previously unavailable detail about factors influencing the attitudes of these neighbors toward their local wind projects. Overall, we find positive-leaning attitudes, which improve over time as individuals self-select into communities near existing wind projects. Hearing wind turbines leads to less-positive attitudes, although living very near to turbines does not, nor does seeing wind turbines. In fact, our findings suggest complex relationships among nearby residents’ attitudes, their perceptions about the particular fit of turbines within their landscape and community, and their perceptions of wind project impacts on property values. These findings—along with the positive correlation between perceived planning-process fairness and attitude—suggest areas of focus for wind project development that may influence social outcomes and acceptance of wind energy. The concluding discussion provides a number of policy and future research recommendations based on the research.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [1];  [5];  [6];  [6]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE (United States)
  3. Portland State Univ., Portland, OR (United States)
  4. Martin-Luther-Univ. Halle-Wittenberg, Halle (Germany); Univ. of Applied Science and Medical Univ., Hamburg (Germany)
  5. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  6. RSG, White River Junction, VT (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Wind Energy Technologies Office (EE-4WE)
OSTI Identifier:
1561349
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1564079
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Energy Policy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 134; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0301-4215
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Wind power; Social acceptance; Cross-sectional survey; Tiebout sorting; Attitudes

Citation Formats

Hoen, Ben, Firestone, Jeremy, Rand, Joseph, Elliot, Debi, Hübner, Gundula, Pohl, Johannes, Wiser, Ryan, Lantz, Eric, Haac, T. Ryan, and Kaliski, Ken. Attitudes of U.S. Wind Turbine Neighbors: Analysis of a Nationwide Survey. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2019.110981.
Hoen, Ben, Firestone, Jeremy, Rand, Joseph, Elliot, Debi, Hübner, Gundula, Pohl, Johannes, Wiser, Ryan, Lantz, Eric, Haac, T. Ryan, & Kaliski, Ken. Attitudes of U.S. Wind Turbine Neighbors: Analysis of a Nationwide Survey. United States. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2019.110981.
Hoen, Ben, Firestone, Jeremy, Rand, Joseph, Elliot, Debi, Hübner, Gundula, Pohl, Johannes, Wiser, Ryan, Lantz, Eric, Haac, T. Ryan, and Kaliski, Ken. Thu . "Attitudes of U.S. Wind Turbine Neighbors: Analysis of a Nationwide Survey". United States. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2019.110981.
@article{osti_1561349,
title = {Attitudes of U.S. Wind Turbine Neighbors: Analysis of a Nationwide Survey},
author = {Hoen, Ben and Firestone, Jeremy and Rand, Joseph and Elliot, Debi and Hübner, Gundula and Pohl, Johannes and Wiser, Ryan and Lantz, Eric and Haac, T. Ryan and Kaliski, Ken},
abstractNote = {Experts predict continuing deployment of wind turbines in the United States, which will create more interactions between turbines and surrounding communities. Policymakers can benefit from analyses of existing wind projects that enable them to better understand likely effects on residents around proposed projects. Our analysis of a randomly drawn, representative national survey of 1705 existing U.S. wind project neighbors provides previously unavailable detail about factors influencing the attitudes of these neighbors toward their local wind projects. Overall, we find positive-leaning attitudes, which improve over time as individuals self-select into communities near existing wind projects. Hearing wind turbines leads to less-positive attitudes, although living very near to turbines does not, nor does seeing wind turbines. In fact, our findings suggest complex relationships among nearby residents’ attitudes, their perceptions about the particular fit of turbines within their landscape and community, and their perceptions of wind project impacts on property values. These findings—along with the positive correlation between perceived planning-process fairness and attitude—suggest areas of focus for wind project development that may influence social outcomes and acceptance of wind energy. The concluding discussion provides a number of policy and future research recommendations based on the research.},
doi = {10.1016/j.enpol.2019.110981},
journal = {Energy Policy},
number = C,
volume = 134,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2019.110981

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