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Title: Attitudes of U.S. Wind Turbine Neighbors: Analysis of a Nationwide Survey

Abstract

Experts predict continuing deployment of wind turbines in the United States, which will create more interactions between turbines and surrounding communities. Policymakers can benefit from analyses of existing wind projects that enable them to better understand likely effects on residents around proposed projects. Our analysis of a randomly drawn, representative national survey of 1705 existing U.S. wind project neighbors provides previously unavailable detail about factors influencing the attitudes of these neighbors toward their local wind projects. Overall, we find positive-leaning attitudes, which improve over time as individuals self-select into communities near existing wind projects. Hearing wind turbines leads to less-positive attitudes, although living very near to turbines does not, nor does seeing wind turbines. In fact, our findings suggest complex relationships among nearby residents' attitudes, their perceptions about the particular fit of turbines within their landscape and community, and their perceptions of wind project impacts on property values. These findings - along with the positive correlation between perceived planning-process fairness and attitude - suggest areas of focus for wind project development that may influence social outcomes and acceptance of wind energy. The concluding discussion provides a number of policy and future research recommendations based on the research.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Renewable Power Office. Wind Energy Technologies Office
OSTI Identifier:
1561349
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1564079; OSTI ID: 1571389
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5000-74815
Journal ID: ISSN 0301-4215; S0301421519305683; 110981; PII: S0301421519305683
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Energy Policy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Energy Policy Journal Volume: 134 Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0301-4215
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Subject:
17 WIND ENERGY; Wind power; Social acceptance; Cross-sectional survey; Tiebout sorting; Attitudes; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; wind power; social acceptance; cross-sectional survey; attitudes

Citation Formats

Hoen, Ben, Firestone, Jeremy, Rand, Joseph, Elliot, Debi, Hübner, Gundula, Pohl, Johannes, Wiser, Ryan, Lantz, Eric, Haac, T. Ryan, and Kaliski, Ken. Attitudes of U.S. Wind Turbine Neighbors: Analysis of a Nationwide Survey. United Kingdom: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2019.110981.
Hoen, Ben, Firestone, Jeremy, Rand, Joseph, Elliot, Debi, Hübner, Gundula, Pohl, Johannes, Wiser, Ryan, Lantz, Eric, Haac, T. Ryan, & Kaliski, Ken. Attitudes of U.S. Wind Turbine Neighbors: Analysis of a Nationwide Survey. United Kingdom. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2019.110981.
Hoen, Ben, Firestone, Jeremy, Rand, Joseph, Elliot, Debi, Hübner, Gundula, Pohl, Johannes, Wiser, Ryan, Lantz, Eric, Haac, T. Ryan, and Kaliski, Ken. Fri . "Attitudes of U.S. Wind Turbine Neighbors: Analysis of a Nationwide Survey". United Kingdom. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2019.110981.
@article{osti_1561349,
title = {Attitudes of U.S. Wind Turbine Neighbors: Analysis of a Nationwide Survey},
author = {Hoen, Ben and Firestone, Jeremy and Rand, Joseph and Elliot, Debi and Hübner, Gundula and Pohl, Johannes and Wiser, Ryan and Lantz, Eric and Haac, T. Ryan and Kaliski, Ken},
abstractNote = {Experts predict continuing deployment of wind turbines in the United States, which will create more interactions between turbines and surrounding communities. Policymakers can benefit from analyses of existing wind projects that enable them to better understand likely effects on residents around proposed projects. Our analysis of a randomly drawn, representative national survey of 1705 existing U.S. wind project neighbors provides previously unavailable detail about factors influencing the attitudes of these neighbors toward their local wind projects. Overall, we find positive-leaning attitudes, which improve over time as individuals self-select into communities near existing wind projects. Hearing wind turbines leads to less-positive attitudes, although living very near to turbines does not, nor does seeing wind turbines. In fact, our findings suggest complex relationships among nearby residents' attitudes, their perceptions about the particular fit of turbines within their landscape and community, and their perceptions of wind project impacts on property values. These findings - along with the positive correlation between perceived planning-process fairness and attitude - suggest areas of focus for wind project development that may influence social outcomes and acceptance of wind energy. The concluding discussion provides a number of policy and future research recommendations based on the research.},
doi = {10.1016/j.enpol.2019.110981},
journal = {Energy Policy},
number = C,
volume = 134,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2019.110981

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Cited by: 1 work
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Works referencing / citing this record:

A continuously updated, geospatially rectified database of utility-scale wind turbines in the United States
journal, January 2020

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