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Title: Z' mediated WIMPs: dead, dying, or soon to be detected?

Abstract

Although weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) have long been among the most studied and theoretically attractive classes of candidates for the dark matter of our universe, the lack of their detection in direct detection and collider experiments has begun to dampen enthusiasm for this paradigm. In this study, we set out to appraise the status of the WIMP paradigm, focusing on the case of dark matter candidates that interact with the Standard Model through a new gauge boson. After considering a wide range of Z' mediated dark matter models, we quantitatively evaluate the fraction of the parameter space that has been excluded by existing experiments, and that is projected to fall within the reach of future direct detection experiments. Despite the existence of stringent constraints, we find that a sizable fraction of this parameter space remains viable. More specifically, if the dark matter is a Majorana fermion, we find that an order one fraction of the parameter space is in many cases untested by current experiments. Finally, future direct detection experiments with sensitivity near the irreducible neutrino floor will be able to test a significant fraction of the currently viable parameter space, providing considerable motivation for the next generation ofmore » direct detection experiments.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)
  2. King's College London (United Kingdom)
  3. Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
  4. CSIC-Univ. de València (Spain)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1560845
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1907.05893; FERMILAB-PUB-19-331-A; KCL-2019-61
Journal ID: ISSN 1475-7516; oai:inspirehep.net:1743845
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2019; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 1475-7516
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Blanco, Carlos, Escudero, Miguel, Hooper, Dan, and Witte, Samuel J. Z' mediated WIMPs: dead, dying, or soon to be detected?. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2019/11/024.
Blanco, Carlos, Escudero, Miguel, Hooper, Dan, & Witte, Samuel J. Z' mediated WIMPs: dead, dying, or soon to be detected?. United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2019/11/024.
Blanco, Carlos, Escudero, Miguel, Hooper, Dan, and Witte, Samuel J. Thu . "Z' mediated WIMPs: dead, dying, or soon to be detected?". United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2019/11/024.
@article{osti_1560845,
title = {Z' mediated WIMPs: dead, dying, or soon to be detected?},
author = {Blanco, Carlos and Escudero, Miguel and Hooper, Dan and Witte, Samuel J.},
abstractNote = {Although weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) have long been among the most studied and theoretically attractive classes of candidates for the dark matter of our universe, the lack of their detection in direct detection and collider experiments has begun to dampen enthusiasm for this paradigm. In this study, we set out to appraise the status of the WIMP paradigm, focusing on the case of dark matter candidates that interact with the Standard Model through a new gauge boson. After considering a wide range of Z' mediated dark matter models, we quantitatively evaluate the fraction of the parameter space that has been excluded by existing experiments, and that is projected to fall within the reach of future direct detection experiments. Despite the existence of stringent constraints, we find that a sizable fraction of this parameter space remains viable. More specifically, if the dark matter is a Majorana fermion, we find that an order one fraction of the parameter space is in many cases untested by current experiments. Finally, future direct detection experiments with sensitivity near the irreducible neutrino floor will be able to test a significant fraction of the currently viable parameter space, providing considerable motivation for the next generation of direct detection experiments.},
doi = {10.1088/1475-7516/2019/11/024},
journal = {Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics},
number = 11,
volume = 2019,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

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Naturalness and dark matter in the supersymmetric B − L extension of the standard model
journal, September 2017


Electroweak limits on nonuniversal Z bosons
journal, July 2002


Search for top squarks and dark matter particles in opposite-charge dilepton final states at s = 13 TeV
journal, February 2018


Supersymmetric U ( 1 ) model with multiple dark matters
journal, January 2008


Search for a dark photon in electroproduced e + e pairs with the Heavy Photon Search experiment at JLab
journal, November 2018


Unitarity limits on the mass and radius of dark-matter particles
journal, February 1990


Extra gauge bosons in E 6
journal, September 1986


Heavy-quark contribution to the proton's magnetic moment
journal, April 2007


Gauge Theory for Baryon and Lepton Numbers with Leptoquarks
journal, June 2013


Dark photon search in the mass range between 1.5 and 3.4 GeV/ c 2
journal, November 2017


Concentrated dark matter: Enhanced small-scale structure from codecaying dark matter
journal, March 2018


Dark matter vs. neutrinos: the effect of astrophysical uncertainties and timing information on the neutrino floor
journal, March 2015


Experimental targets for photon couplings of the QCD axion
journal, February 2018

  • Agrawal, Prateek; Fan, JiJi; Reece, Matthew
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2018, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP02(2018)006

Leptophilic dark matter from gauged lepton number: phenomenology and gravitational wave signatures
journal, February 2019


Limit on the production of a low-mass vector boson in e + e U γ , U e + e with the KLOE experiment
journal, November 2015


Search for neutrino decay
journal, January 1986


Casting a wide signal net with future direct dark matter detection experiments
journal, July 2018

  • Gelmini, Graciela B.; Takhistov, Volodymyr; Witte, Samuel J.
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2018, Issue 07
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2018/07/009

micrOMEGAs_3: A program for calculating dark matter observables
journal, March 2014


Light vectors coupled to bosonic currents
journal, March 2019


Anomalies on orbifolds
journal, September 2001


Origin of the gamma rays from the Galactic Center
journal, December 2011


Search for heavy neutrinos mixing with tau neutrinos
journal, May 2001


Hidden on-shell mediators for the Galactic Center γ -ray excess
journal, August 2014


Z gauge bosons at the Fermilab Tevatron
journal, November 2004


Search for a Dark Photon in e + e Collisions at BaBar
journal, November 2014


Dark Matter Search Results from a One Ton-Year Exposure of XENON1T
journal, September 2018


(In)visible Z ′ and dark matter
journal, August 2009


Scrutinizing the evidence for dark matter in cosmic-ray antiprotons
journal, May 2019


RS1, custodial isospin and precision tests
journal, August 2003


LIMITS ON THE MASS OF LIGHT (PSEUDO)SCALAR PARTICLES FROM BETHE-HEITLER e + e− and μ + μ PAIR PRODUCTION IN A PROTON-IRON BEAM DUMP EXPERIMENT
journal, June 1992

  • BlÜMlein, J.; Brunner, J.; Grabosch, H. J.
  • International Journal of Modern Physics A, Vol. 07, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1142/S0217751X9200171X

The windows for kinetically mixed Z′-mediated dark matter and the galactic center gamma ray excess
journal, August 2014

  • Cline, James M.; Dupuis, Grace; Liu, Zuowei
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP08(2014)131

The characterization of the gamma-ray signal from the central Milky Way: A case for annihilating dark matter
journal, June 2016


GeV-scale thermal WIMPs: Not even slightly ruled out
journal, July 2018


Structure of electroweak corrections due to extended gauge symmetries
journal, January 2004


Search for dark matter produced in association with a Higgs boson decaying to γγ or τ +τ − at s = 13 $$ \sqrt{s}=13 $$ TeV
journal, September 2018

  • Sirunyan, A. M.; Tumasyan, A.; Adam, W.
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2018, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP09(2018)046

A robust excess in the cosmic-ray antiproton spectrum: Implications for annihilating dark matter
journal, May 2019


The Diffuse Supernova Neutrino Background
journal, November 2010


Supernova neutrino physics with xenon dark matter detectors: A timely perspective
journal, November 2016


Complementarity of dark matter detectors in light of the neutrino background
journal, October 2014


Baryonic dark matter
journal, May 2014


Background model systematics for the Fermi GeV excess
journal, March 2015

  • Calore, Francesca; Cholis, Ilias; Weniger, Christoph
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2015, Issue 03
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2015/03/038

Topcolor assisted technicolor
journal, February 1995


Reactor Neutrino Spectra
journal, October 2016


Strange matrix elements in the proton from neutral-current experiments
journal, December 1988