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Title: Formation of Incommensurate Charge Density Waves in Cuprates

Abstract

Although charge density waves (CDWs) are omnipresent in cuprate high-temperature superconductors, they occur at signi cantly di erent wavevectors, confounding e orts to understand their formation mechanism. Here, we use resonant inelastic x-ray scattering to investigate the dopingand temperature-dependent CDW evolution in La 2-xBa xCuO 4 (x = 0:115 - 0:155). We discovered that the CDW develops in two stages with decreasing temperature. A precursor CDW with quasi-commensurate wavevector emerges rst at high-temperature. This doping-independent precursor CDW correlation originates from the CDW phase mode coupled with a phonon and \seeds" the low-temperature CDW with strongly doping dependent wavevector. Our observation reveals the precursor CDW and its phase mode as the building blocks of the highly intertwined electronic ground state in the cuprates.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [1];  [2];  [5];  [1]
  1. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  2. Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
  3. Univ. di Roma (Italy)
  4. Brandenburg Univ. of Technology, Cottbus (Germany)
  5. European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), Grenoble (France)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1560731
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1557111; OSTI ID: 1566289
Report Number(s):
BNL-211969-2019-JAAM; BNL-212099-2019-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 2160-3308
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; 1047478; SC00112704
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review. X
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2160-3308
Publisher:
American Physical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Miao, Hu, Fumagalli, R., Rossi, M., Lorenzana, J., Siebold, G., Yakhou-Harris, F., Kummer, K., Brookes, N. B., Gu, G. D., Braicovich, L., Ghiringhelli, G., and Dean, M. P. M. Formation of Incommensurate Charge Density Waves in Cuprates. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevX.9.031042.
Miao, Hu, Fumagalli, R., Rossi, M., Lorenzana, J., Siebold, G., Yakhou-Harris, F., Kummer, K., Brookes, N. B., Gu, G. D., Braicovich, L., Ghiringhelli, G., & Dean, M. P. M. Formation of Incommensurate Charge Density Waves in Cuprates. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevX.9.031042.
Miao, Hu, Fumagalli, R., Rossi, M., Lorenzana, J., Siebold, G., Yakhou-Harris, F., Kummer, K., Brookes, N. B., Gu, G. D., Braicovich, L., Ghiringhelli, G., and Dean, M. P. M. Fri . "Formation of Incommensurate Charge Density Waves in Cuprates". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevX.9.031042.
@article{osti_1560731,
title = {Formation of Incommensurate Charge Density Waves in Cuprates},
author = {Miao, Hu and Fumagalli, R. and Rossi, M. and Lorenzana, J. and Siebold, G. and Yakhou-Harris, F. and Kummer, K. and Brookes, N. B. and Gu, G. D. and Braicovich, L. and Ghiringhelli, G. and Dean, M. P. M.},
abstractNote = {Although charge density waves (CDWs) are omnipresent in cuprate high-temperature superconductors, they occur at signi cantly di erent wavevectors, confounding e orts to understand their formation mechanism. Here, we use resonant inelastic x-ray scattering to investigate the dopingand temperature-dependent CDW evolution in La2-xBaxCuO4 (x = 0:115 - 0:155). We discovered that the CDW develops in two stages with decreasing temperature. A precursor CDW with quasi-commensurate wavevector emerges rst at high-temperature. This doping-independent precursor CDW correlation originates from the CDW phase mode coupled with a phonon and \seeds" the low-temperature CDW with strongly doping dependent wavevector. Our observation reveals the precursor CDW and its phase mode as the building blocks of the highly intertwined electronic ground state in the cuprates.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevX.9.031042},
journal = {Physical Review. X},
number = 3,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {8}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevX.9.031042

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: CDWs in the cuprates. (a) Schematic phase diagram of the cuprates. A ubiquitous CDW dome is observed below the pseudogap temperature and coexists with superconductivity. (b) The doping-dependent CDW wavevector, QCDW, in various cuprate families at low temperature. (c) Schematically shows the $L$-edge RIXS process and experimental setup.more » |i〉, |n〉 and |f〉 represent initial, intermediate and final states, respectively. Solid and empty circles represent occupied and unoccupied states, respectively. (d) Typical RIXS intensity map of La2-$x$Ba$x$CuO4 ($x$ = 0.115) at 20 K. The momentum transfer is obtained by rotating the sample about the $θ$ or $χ$ axis. (e) Integrated RIXS intensity in a ±100 meV energy window of (d) shows a strong CDW peak at $Q$CDW = 0.225 r.l.u.« less

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    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.