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Title: Neutron measurements from antineutrino hydrocarbon reactions

Abstract

Charged-current antineutrino interactions on a hydrocarbon scintillator in the MINERvA detector are used to study activity from their final-state neutrons. To ensure that most of the neutrons are from the primary interaction, rather than hadronic reinteractions in the detector, the sample is limited to momentum transfers below 0.8 GeV / c . From 16 129 interactions, 15 246 neutral particle candidates are observed. The reference simulation predicts 64% of these candidates are due to neutrons from the antineutrino interaction directly but also overpredicts the number of candidates by 15% overall. This discrepancy is beyond the standard uncertainty estimates for models of neutrino interactions and neutron propagation in the detector. We explore these two aspects of the models using the measured distributions for energy deposition, time of flight, position, and speed. We also use multiplicity distributions to evaluate the presence of a two-nucleon knockout process. These results provide critical new information toward a complete description of the hadronic final state of neutrino interactions, which is vital to neutrino oscillation experiments.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25); National Science Foundation (NSF); CoNaCyT (Mexico); CNPq (Brazil)
Contributing Org.:
MINERvA Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1560719
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1527432
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1901.04892; FERMILAB-PUB-19-014-ND
Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010; PRVDAQ; 1713807
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359; PHY-0619727; PHY-1306944; PHY-1607381; PHY-1212342
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 100; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Elkins, M., Cai, T., Chaves, J., Kleykamp, J., Akbar, F., Albin, L., Aliaga, L., Andrade, D. A., Ascencio, M. V., Bashyal, A., Bellantoni, L., Bercellie, A., Betancourt, M., Bodek, A., Bravar, A., Budd, H., Caceres, G., Carneiro, M. F., Coplowe, D., da Motta, H., Dytman, S. A., Díaz, G. A., Felix, J., Fields, L., Filkins, A., Fine, R., Fiza, N., Gago, A. M., Galindo, R., Ghosh, A., Gran, R., Han, J. Y., Habig, A., Harris, D. A., Henry, S., Jena, S., Jena, D., Kordosky, M., Last, D., Le, T., Leistico, J. R., Lopez, A. G., Lovlein, A., Lu, X. -G., Maher, E., Manly, S., Mann, W. A., Marshall, C. M., Mauger, C., McGowan, A. M., McFarland, K. S., Messerly, B., Miller, J., Morfín, J. G., Mousseau, J., Naples, D., Nelson, J. K., Nguyen, C., Norrick, A., Nuruzzaman,, Olivier, A., Paolone, V., Perdue, G. N., Ramírez, M. A., Ransome, R. D., Ray, H., Rimal, D., Rodrigues, P. A., Ruterbories, D., Schellman, H., Salinas, C. J. Solano, Su, H., Syrotenko, V. S., Falero, S. Sánchez, Valencia, E., Wolcott, J., and Yaeggy, B. Neutron measurements from antineutrino hydrocarbon reactions. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.100.052002.
Elkins, M., Cai, T., Chaves, J., Kleykamp, J., Akbar, F., Albin, L., Aliaga, L., Andrade, D. A., Ascencio, M. V., Bashyal, A., Bellantoni, L., Bercellie, A., Betancourt, M., Bodek, A., Bravar, A., Budd, H., Caceres, G., Carneiro, M. F., Coplowe, D., da Motta, H., Dytman, S. A., Díaz, G. A., Felix, J., Fields, L., Filkins, A., Fine, R., Fiza, N., Gago, A. M., Galindo, R., Ghosh, A., Gran, R., Han, J. Y., Habig, A., Harris, D. A., Henry, S., Jena, S., Jena, D., Kordosky, M., Last, D., Le, T., Leistico, J. R., Lopez, A. G., Lovlein, A., Lu, X. -G., Maher, E., Manly, S., Mann, W. A., Marshall, C. M., Mauger, C., McGowan, A. M., McFarland, K. S., Messerly, B., Miller, J., Morfín, J. G., Mousseau, J., Naples, D., Nelson, J. K., Nguyen, C., Norrick, A., Nuruzzaman,, Olivier, A., Paolone, V., Perdue, G. N., Ramírez, M. A., Ransome, R. D., Ray, H., Rimal, D., Rodrigues, P. A., Ruterbories, D., Schellman, H., Salinas, C. J. Solano, Su, H., Syrotenko, V. S., Falero, S. Sánchez, Valencia, E., Wolcott, J., & Yaeggy, B. Neutron measurements from antineutrino hydrocarbon reactions. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.100.052002.
Elkins, M., Cai, T., Chaves, J., Kleykamp, J., Akbar, F., Albin, L., Aliaga, L., Andrade, D. A., Ascencio, M. V., Bashyal, A., Bellantoni, L., Bercellie, A., Betancourt, M., Bodek, A., Bravar, A., Budd, H., Caceres, G., Carneiro, M. F., Coplowe, D., da Motta, H., Dytman, S. A., Díaz, G. A., Felix, J., Fields, L., Filkins, A., Fine, R., Fiza, N., Gago, A. M., Galindo, R., Ghosh, A., Gran, R., Han, J. Y., Habig, A., Harris, D. A., Henry, S., Jena, S., Jena, D., Kordosky, M., Last, D., Le, T., Leistico, J. R., Lopez, A. G., Lovlein, A., Lu, X. -G., Maher, E., Manly, S., Mann, W. A., Marshall, C. M., Mauger, C., McGowan, A. M., McFarland, K. S., Messerly, B., Miller, J., Morfín, J. G., Mousseau, J., Naples, D., Nelson, J. K., Nguyen, C., Norrick, A., Nuruzzaman,, Olivier, A., Paolone, V., Perdue, G. N., Ramírez, M. A., Ransome, R. D., Ray, H., Rimal, D., Rodrigues, P. A., Ruterbories, D., Schellman, H., Salinas, C. J. Solano, Su, H., Syrotenko, V. S., Falero, S. Sánchez, Valencia, E., Wolcott, J., and Yaeggy, B. Thu . "Neutron measurements from antineutrino hydrocarbon reactions". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.100.052002.
@article{osti_1560719,
title = {Neutron measurements from antineutrino hydrocarbon reactions},
author = {Elkins, M. and Cai, T. and Chaves, J. and Kleykamp, J. and Akbar, F. and Albin, L. and Aliaga, L. and Andrade, D. A. and Ascencio, M. V. and Bashyal, A. and Bellantoni, L. and Bercellie, A. and Betancourt, M. and Bodek, A. and Bravar, A. and Budd, H. and Caceres, G. and Carneiro, M. F. and Coplowe, D. and da Motta, H. and Dytman, S. A. and Díaz, G. A. and Felix, J. and Fields, L. and Filkins, A. and Fine, R. and Fiza, N. and Gago, A. M. and Galindo, R. and Ghosh, A. and Gran, R. and Han, J. Y. and Habig, A. and Harris, D. A. and Henry, S. and Jena, S. and Jena, D. and Kordosky, M. and Last, D. and Le, T. and Leistico, J. R. and Lopez, A. G. and Lovlein, A. and Lu, X. -G. and Maher, E. and Manly, S. and Mann, W. A. and Marshall, C. M. and Mauger, C. and McGowan, A. M. and McFarland, K. S. and Messerly, B. and Miller, J. and Morfín, J. G. and Mousseau, J. and Naples, D. and Nelson, J. K. and Nguyen, C. and Norrick, A. and Nuruzzaman, and Olivier, A. and Paolone, V. and Perdue, G. N. and Ramírez, M. A. and Ransome, R. D. and Ray, H. and Rimal, D. and Rodrigues, P. A. and Ruterbories, D. and Schellman, H. and Salinas, C. J. Solano and Su, H. and Syrotenko, V. S. and Falero, S. Sánchez and Valencia, E. and Wolcott, J. and Yaeggy, B.},
abstractNote = {Charged-current antineutrino interactions on a hydrocarbon scintillator in the MINERvA detector are used to study activity from their final-state neutrons. To ensure that most of the neutrons are from the primary interaction, rather than hadronic reinteractions in the detector, the sample is limited to momentum transfers below 0.8 GeV / c . From 16 129 interactions, 15 246 neutral particle candidates are observed. The reference simulation predicts 64% of these candidates are due to neutrons from the antineutrino interaction directly but also overpredicts the number of candidates by 15% overall. This discrepancy is beyond the standard uncertainty estimates for models of neutrino interactions and neutron propagation in the detector. We explore these two aspects of the models using the measured distributions for energy deposition, time of flight, position, and speed. We also use multiplicity distributions to evaluate the presence of a two-nucleon knockout process. These results provide critical new information toward a complete description of the hadronic final state of neutrino interactions, which is vital to neutrino oscillation experiments.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.100.052002},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 5,
volume = 100,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
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DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.100.052002

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