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Title: Inflationary spectral tilts as a result of the dilatation symmetry breaking

Abstract

We derive the spectral indices and their runnings of single inflation models by a new approach. We perform a dilatation transformation to the linear cosmological perturbations and derive a current (non)conservation law. Using it, we construct a dilatation charge and a Ward-Takahashi identity for the two-point correlators, and derive two exact expressions for the tree-level spectral indices. First, we apply the slow roll expansion to one of the exact expressions. We calculate the spectral indices and their runnings up to the second and the third order of slow roll parameters, respectively, with use of the “horizon crossing formalism.” By construction, our results are more rigorous and generic than the previous works. Then, we analyze another exact expression to understand how the perturbations and the slow roll parameters contribute to the spectral indices. By a numerical calculation, we confirm that only the behaviors of the slow roll parameters during a few e-folds around the horizon crossing affect significantly to the values of spectral indices. The analysis in this article indicates that if one cannot use the slow roll parameters, regardless of their values, as the expansion parameters around the horizon crossing, then one can no longer apply the slow roll expansionmore » to the spectral indices, and it is thus necessary to apply the more generic method introduced here.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2]
  1. National Taiwan Univ., Taipei (Taiwan). Leung Center for Cosmology and Particle Astrophysics, and Dept. of Physics and Center for Theoretical Sciences; Stanford Univ., CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  2. National Taiwan Univ., Taipei (Taiwan). Leung Center for Cosmology and Particle Astrophysics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1560636
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 100; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS

Citation Formats

Chen, Pisin, Matsumoto, Jiro, and Saitou, Rio. Inflationary spectral tilts as a result of the dilatation symmetry breaking. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/physrevd.100.023534.
Chen, Pisin, Matsumoto, Jiro, & Saitou, Rio. Inflationary spectral tilts as a result of the dilatation symmetry breaking. United States. doi:10.1103/physrevd.100.023534.
Chen, Pisin, Matsumoto, Jiro, and Saitou, Rio. Wed . "Inflationary spectral tilts as a result of the dilatation symmetry breaking". United States. doi:10.1103/physrevd.100.023534.
@article{osti_1560636,
title = {Inflationary spectral tilts as a result of the dilatation symmetry breaking},
author = {Chen, Pisin and Matsumoto, Jiro and Saitou, Rio},
abstractNote = {We derive the spectral indices and their runnings of single inflation models by a new approach. We perform a dilatation transformation to the linear cosmological perturbations and derive a current (non)conservation law. Using it, we construct a dilatation charge and a Ward-Takahashi identity for the two-point correlators, and derive two exact expressions for the tree-level spectral indices. First, we apply the slow roll expansion to one of the exact expressions. We calculate the spectral indices and their runnings up to the second and the third order of slow roll parameters, respectively, with use of the “horizon crossing formalism.” By construction, our results are more rigorous and generic than the previous works. Then, we analyze another exact expression to understand how the perturbations and the slow roll parameters contribute to the spectral indices. By a numerical calculation, we confirm that only the behaviors of the slow roll parameters during a few e-folds around the horizon crossing affect significantly to the values of spectral indices. The analysis in this article indicates that if one cannot use the slow roll parameters, regardless of their values, as the expansion parameters around the horizon crossing, then one can no longer apply the slow roll expansion to the spectral indices, and it is thus necessary to apply the more generic method introduced here.},
doi = {10.1103/physrevd.100.023534},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 2,
volume = 100,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
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