skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Reassimilation of Leaf Internal CO 2 Contributes to Isoprene Emission in the Neotropical Species Inga edulis Mart.

Abstract

Isoprene (C 5H 8) is a hydrocarbon gas emitted by many tree species and has been shown to protect photosynthesis under abiotic stress. Under optimal conditions for photosynthesis, ~70%–90% of carbon used for isoprene biosynthesis is produced from recently assimilated atmospheric CO 2. While the contribution of alternative carbon sources that increase with leaf temperature and other stresses have been demonstrated, uncertainties remain regarding the biochemical source(s) of isoprene carbon. In this study, we investigated leaf isoprene emissions ($Is$) from neotropical species Inga edulis Mart. as a function of light and temperature under ambient (450 µmol m -2 s -1) and CO 2-free (0 µmol m -2 s -1) atmosphere. Is under CO 2-free atmosphere showed light-dependent emission patterns similar to those observed under ambient CO 2, but with lower light saturation point. Leaves treated with the photosynthesis inhibitor DCMU (3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea) failed to produce detectable Is in normal light under a CO 2-free atmosphere. While strong temperature-dependent Is were observed under CO 2-free atmosphere in the light, dark conditions failed to produce detectable Is even at the highest temperatures studied (40 °C). Treatment of leaves with 13C-labeled sodium bicarbonate under CO 2-free atmosphere resulted in Is with over 50% containingmore » at least one 13C atom. Is under CO 2-free atmosphere and standard conditions of light and leaf temperature represented 19% ± 7% of emissions under ambient CO 2. The results show that the reassimilation of leaf internal CO 2 contributes to Is in the neotropical species I. edulis. Through the consumption of excess photosynthetic energy, our results support a role of isoprene biosynthesis, together with photorespiration, as a key tolerance mechanism against high temperature and high light in the tropics.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4];  [3]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. National Inst. for Amazonian Research (INPA), Avenida André Araújo, Amazonas (Brazil)
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Climate and Ecosystem Science Division
  3. State Univ. of Amazonas, Avenida Darcy Vargas, Amazonas (Brazil). Faculty of Chemical Engineering
  4. State Univ. of Amazonas, Amazonas (Brazil). Meteorology Dept.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1560599
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Forests
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 1999-4907
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; abiotic stress; alternative carbon sources; CO2-free air; decarboxylation process; photosynthesis

Citation Formats

Garcia, Sabrina, Jardine, Kolby, Souza, Vinicius, Souza, Rodrigo, Duvoisin Junior, Sergio, and Gonçalves, José. Reassimilation of Leaf Internal CO2 Contributes to Isoprene Emission in the Neotropical Species Inga edulis Mart.. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.3390/f10060472.
Garcia, Sabrina, Jardine, Kolby, Souza, Vinicius, Souza, Rodrigo, Duvoisin Junior, Sergio, & Gonçalves, José. Reassimilation of Leaf Internal CO2 Contributes to Isoprene Emission in the Neotropical Species Inga edulis Mart.. United States. doi:10.3390/f10060472.
Garcia, Sabrina, Jardine, Kolby, Souza, Vinicius, Souza, Rodrigo, Duvoisin Junior, Sergio, and Gonçalves, José. Thu . "Reassimilation of Leaf Internal CO2 Contributes to Isoprene Emission in the Neotropical Species Inga edulis Mart.". United States. doi:10.3390/f10060472. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1560599.
@article{osti_1560599,
title = {Reassimilation of Leaf Internal CO2 Contributes to Isoprene Emission in the Neotropical Species Inga edulis Mart.},
author = {Garcia, Sabrina and Jardine, Kolby and Souza, Vinicius and Souza, Rodrigo and Duvoisin Junior, Sergio and Gonçalves, José},
abstractNote = {Isoprene (C5H8) is a hydrocarbon gas emitted by many tree species and has been shown to protect photosynthesis under abiotic stress. Under optimal conditions for photosynthesis, ~70%–90% of carbon used for isoprene biosynthesis is produced from recently assimilated atmospheric CO2. While the contribution of alternative carbon sources that increase with leaf temperature and other stresses have been demonstrated, uncertainties remain regarding the biochemical source(s) of isoprene carbon. In this study, we investigated leaf isoprene emissions ($Is$) from neotropical species Inga edulis Mart. as a function of light and temperature under ambient (450 µmol m-2 s-1) and CO2-free (0 µmol m-2 s-1) atmosphere. Is under CO2-free atmosphere showed light-dependent emission patterns similar to those observed under ambient CO2, but with lower light saturation point. Leaves treated with the photosynthesis inhibitor DCMU (3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea) failed to produce detectable Is in normal light under a CO2-free atmosphere. While strong temperature-dependent Is were observed under CO2-free atmosphere in the light, dark conditions failed to produce detectable Is even at the highest temperatures studied (40 °C). Treatment of leaves with 13C-labeled sodium bicarbonate under CO2-free atmosphere resulted in Is with over 50% containing at least one 13C atom. Is under CO2-free atmosphere and standard conditions of light and leaf temperature represented 19% ± 7% of emissions under ambient CO2. The results show that the reassimilation of leaf internal CO2 contributes to Is in the neotropical species I. edulis. Through the consumption of excess photosynthetic energy, our results support a role of isoprene biosynthesis, together with photorespiration, as a key tolerance mechanism against high temperature and high light in the tropics.},
doi = {10.3390/f10060472},
journal = {Forests},
number = 6,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Characterization of an Isoprene Synthase from Leaves of Quercus petraea (Mattuschka) Liebl.
journal, June 1996


13 C Labeling Reveals Chloroplastic and Extrachloroplastic Pools of Dimethylallyl Pyrophosphate and Their Contribution to Isoprene Formation
journal, July 2004

  • Loreto, Francesco; Pinelli, Paola; Brancaleoni, Enzo
  • Plant Physiology, Vol. 135, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1104/pp.104.039537

Isoprene Emission from Aspen Leaves: Influence of Environment and Relation to Photosynthesis and Photorespiration
journal, May 1989


The Influence of Light and Temperature on Isoprene Emission Rates from Live Oak
journal, October 1979


An imperative need for global change research in tropical forests
journal, September 2013


How light, temperature, and measurement and growth [CO2] interactively control isoprene emission in hybrid aspen
journal, November 2014

  • Niinemets, Ülo; Sun, Zhihong
  • Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol. 66, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/jxb/eru443

Contribution of Various Carbon Sources Toward Isoprene Biosynthesis in Poplar Leaves Mediated by Altered Atmospheric CO2 Concentrations
journal, February 2012


Response of isoprene emission and carbon metabolism to drought in white poplar ( Populus alba ) saplings
journal, July 2007


Concentration of isoprene in artificial and thylakoid membranes
journal, September 2015

  • Harvey, Christopher M.; Li, Ziru; Tjellström, Henrik
  • Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes, Vol. 47, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10863-015-9625-9

Enhanced isoprene emission capacity and altered light responsiveness in aspen grown under elevated atmospheric CO 2 concentration
journal, August 2012


Modelling metabolic CO 2 evolution - a fresh perspective on respiration : Modelling metabolic CO
journal, May 2013

  • Sweetlove, Lee J.; Williams, Thomas C. R.; Cheung, C. Y. Maurice
  • Plant, Cell & Environment, Vol. 36, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1111/pce.12105

Abiotic stresses and induced BVOCs
journal, March 2010


Ecological and evolutionary aspects of isoprene emission from plants
journal, February 1999

  • Harley, Peter C.; Monson, Russell K.; Lerdau, Manuel T.
  • Oecologia, Vol. 118, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s004420050709

Gas Phase Measurements of Pyruvic Acid and Its Volatile Metabolites
journal, April 2010

  • Jardine, Kolby J.; Sommer, Evan D.; Saleska, Scott R.
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 44, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/es903544p

Alternative Carbon Sources for Isoprene Emission
journal, December 2018

  • de Souza, Vinícius Fernandes; Niinemets, Ülo; Rasulov, Bahtijor
  • Trends in Plant Science, Vol. 23, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.tplants.2018.09.012

Protection by Isoprene against Singlet Oxygen in Leaves
journal, April 2002

  • Affek, Hagit P.; Yakir, Dan
  • Plant Physiology, Vol. 129, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1104/pp.010909

Isoprene Increases Thermotolerance of Fosmidomycin-Fed Leaves
journal, April 2001

  • Sharkey, Thomas D.; Chen, Xiuyin; Yeh, Sansun
  • Plant Physiology, Vol. 125, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1104/pp.125.4.2001

The 1-Deoxy-D-Xylulose-5-Phosphate Pathway of Isoprenoid Biosynthesis in Plants
journal, June 1999


Photorespiratory and respiratory decarboxylations in leaves of C 3 plants under different CO 2 concentrations and irradiances
journal, December 2007


Water stress, temperature, and light effects on the capacity for isoprene emission and photosynthesis of kudzu leaves
journal, September 1993

  • Sharkey, Thomas D.; Loreto, Francesco
  • Oecologia, Vol. 95, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF00320984

Characterization of Aspen Isoprene Synthase, an Enzyme Responsible for Leaf Isoprene Emission to the Atmosphere
journal, June 1995


Is it useful to ask why plants emit isoprene?: Isoprene synthase evolution
journal, December 2012

  • Sharkey, Thomas D.
  • Plant, Cell & Environment, Vol. 36, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1111/pce.12038

Internal recycling of respired CO 2 may be important for plant functioning under changing climate regimes
journal, December 2013

  • Bloemen, Jasper; Anne McGuire, Mary; Aubrey, Doug P.
  • Plant Signaling & Behavior, Vol. 8, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.4161/psb.27530

How will Earth's surface temperature change in future decades?: SURFACE TEMPERATURE FORECASTS
journal, August 2009

  • Lean, Judith L.; Rind, David H.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 36, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009GL038932

Relationships among Isoprene Emission Rate, Photosynthesis, and Isoprene Synthase Activity as Influenced by Temperature
journal, March 1992

  • Monson, Russell K.; Jaeger, Charles H.; Adams, William W.
  • Plant Physiology, Vol. 98, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1104/pp.98.3.1175

Temperature Response of Isoprene Emission in Vivo Reflects a Combined Effect of Substrate Limitations and Isoprene Synthase Activity: A Kinetic Analysis
journal, September 2010

  • Rasulov, Bahtijor; Hüve, Katja; Bichele, Irina
  • Plant Physiology, Vol. 154, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1104/pp.110.162081

Network Analysis of the MVA and MEP Pathways for Isoprenoid Synthesis
journal, April 2013


Dynamic Balancing of Isoprene Carbon Sources Reflects Photosynthetic and Photorespiratory Responses to Temperature Stress
journal, October 2014

  • Jardine, Kolby; Chambers, Jeffrey; Alves, Eliane G.
  • Plant Physiology, Vol. 166, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1104/pp.114.247494

Contribution of Different Carbon Sources to Isoprene Biosynthesis in Poplar Leaves
journal, April 2004

  • Schnitzler, Jörg-Peter; Graus, Martin; Kreuzwieser, Jürgen
  • Plant Physiology, Vol. 135, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1104/pp.103.037374

The emission factor of volatile isoprenoids: stress, acclimation, and developmental responses
journal, January 2010


Urgent need for warming experiments in tropical forests
journal, March 2015

  • Cavaleri, Molly A.; Reed, Sasha C.; Smith, W. Kolby
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 21, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12860

Emerging concept for the role of photorespiration as an important part of abiotic stress response
journal, March 2013


Global Climate Forcing by Criteria Air Pollutants
journal, November 2012


Secondary Organic Aerosol Formation from Isoprene Photooxidation
journal, March 2006

  • Kroll, Jesse H.; Ng, Nga L.; Murphy, Shane M.
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 40, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1021/es0524301

Formation of Secondary Organic Aerosols Through Photooxidation of Isoprene
journal, February 2004


Methanol and isoprene emissions from the fast growing tropical pioneer species Vismia guianensis (Aubl.) Pers. (Hypericaceae) in the central Amazon forest
journal, January 2016

  • Jardine, Kolby J.; Jardine, Angela B.; Souza, Vinicius F.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 16, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-16-6441-2016

An Evaluation of the Recycling in Measurements of Photorespiration
journal, April 1987


Estimation of photorespiratory carbon dioxide recycling during photosynthesis
journal, January 1999

  • Delfine, Sebastiano; Di Marco, Giorgio; Loreto, Francesco
  • Functional Plant Biology, Vol. 26, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1071/PP99096

Photorespiration: metabolic pathways and their role in stress protection
journal, October 2000

  • Wingler, Astrid; Lea, Peter J.; Quick, W. Paul
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 355, Issue 1402
  • DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2000.0712

A unified mechanism of action for volatile isoprenoids in plant abiotic stress
journal, April 2009

  • Vickers, Claudia E.; Gershenzon, Jonathan; Lerdau, Manuel T.
  • Nature Chemical Biology, Vol. 5, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1038/nchembio.158

Stress-induced changes in carbon sources for isoprene production in Populus deltoides
journal, June 2004


Estimates of global terrestrial isoprene emissions using MEGAN (Model of Emissions of Gases and Aerosols from Nature)
journal, January 2006

  • Guenther, A.; Karl, T.; Harley, P.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.5194/acpd-6-107-2006

El Niño drought increased canopy turnover in Amazon forests
journal, March 2018

  • Leitold, Veronika; Morton, Douglas C.; Longo, Marcos
  • New Phytologist, Vol. 219, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1111/nph.15110

Xylem-transported glucose as an additional carbon source for leaf isoprene formation in Quercus robur
journal, November 2002


Increased Thermostability of Thylakoid Membranes in Isoprene-Emitting Leaves Probed with Three Biophysical Techniques
journal, August 2011

  • Velikova, Violeta; Várkonyi, Zsuzsanna; Szabó, Milán
  • Plant Physiology, Vol. 157, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1104/pp.111.182519

Atmospheric Degradation of Volatile Organic Compounds
journal, December 2003

  • Atkinson, Roger; Arey, Janet
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 103, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr0206420

Emission of Isoprene from Salt-Stressed Eucalyptus globulus Leaves
journal, August 2000


C 3 plants enhance rates of photosynthesis by reassimilating photorespired and respired CO 2 : Intracellular CO
journal, July 2012


Isoprene research - 60 years later, the biology is still enigmatic: Isoprene research
journal, March 2017

  • Sharkey, Thomas D.; Monson, Russell K.
  • Plant, Cell & Environment, Vol. 40, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1111/pce.12930

The oxidative pentose phosphate pathway: structure and organisation
journal, June 2003


Rapid appearance of 13C in biogenic isoprene when 13CO2 is fed to intact leaves
journal, June 1993


Photosynthetic Electron Transport Controls Expression of the High Light Inducible Gene in the Cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus Strain PCC 7942
journal, May 2004

  • Salem, Kavitha; van Waasbergen, Lorraine G.
  • Plant and Cell Physiology, Vol. 45, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1093/pcp/pch072

Why only some plants emit isoprene: Phylogeny of isoprene
journal, October 2012

  • Monson, Russell K.; Jones, Ryan T.; Rosenstiel, Todd N.
  • Plant, Cell & Environment, Vol. 36, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1111/pce.12015

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Ecological and evolutionary aspects of isoprene emission from plants
    journal, February 1999

    • Harley, Peter C.; Monson, Russell K.; Lerdau, Manuel T.
    • Oecologia, Vol. 118, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1007/s004420050709

    Concentration of isoprene in artificial and thylakoid membranes
    journal, September 2015

    • Harvey, Christopher M.; Li, Ziru; Tjellström, Henrik
    • Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes, Vol. 47, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1007/s10863-015-9625-9

    Abiotic stresses and induced BVOCs
    journal, March 2010


    Alternative Carbon Sources for Isoprene Emission
    journal, December 2018

    • de Souza, Vinícius Fernandes; Niinemets, Ülo; Rasulov, Bahtijor
    • Trends in Plant Science, Vol. 23, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.tplants.2018.09.012

    Atmospheric Degradation of Volatile Organic Compounds
    journal, December 2003

    • Atkinson, Roger; Arey, Janet
    • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 103, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1021/cr0206420

    Secondary Organic Aerosol Formation from Isoprene Photooxidation
    journal, March 2006

    • Kroll, Jesse H.; Ng, Nga L.; Murphy, Shane M.
    • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 40, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1021/es0524301

    Gas Phase Measurements of Pyruvic Acid and Its Volatile Metabolites
    journal, April 2010

    • Jardine, Kolby J.; Sommer, Evan D.; Saleska, Scott R.
    • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 44, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1021/es903544p

    A unified mechanism of action for volatile isoprenoids in plant abiotic stress
    journal, April 2009

    • Vickers, Claudia E.; Gershenzon, Jonathan; Lerdau, Manuel T.
    • Nature Chemical Biology, Vol. 5, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1038/nchembio.158

    Xylem-transported glucose as an additional carbon source for leaf isoprene formation in Quercus robur
    journal, November 2002


    Characterization of Aspen Isoprene Synthase, an Enzyme Responsible for Leaf Isoprene Emission to the Atmosphere
    journal, June 1995


    How light, temperature, and measurement and growth [CO2] interactively control isoprene emission in hybrid aspen
    journal, November 2014

    • Niinemets, Ülo; Sun, Zhihong
    • Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol. 66, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1093/jxb/eru443

    Photosynthetic Electron Transport Controls Expression of the High Light Inducible Gene in the Cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus Strain PCC 7942
    journal, May 2004

    • Salem, Kavitha; van Waasbergen, Lorraine G.
    • Plant and Cell Physiology, Vol. 45, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1093/pcp/pch072

    An imperative need for global change research in tropical forests
    journal, September 2013


    Photorespiration: metabolic pathways and their role in stress protection
    journal, October 2000

    • Wingler, Astrid; Lea, Peter J.; Quick, W. Paul
    • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 355, Issue 1402
    • DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2000.0712

    Protection by Isoprene against Singlet Oxygen in Leaves
    journal, April 2002

    • Affek, Hagit P.; Yakir, Dan
    • Plant Physiology, Vol. 129, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1104/pp.010909

    Contribution of Different Carbon Sources to Isoprene Biosynthesis in Poplar Leaves
    journal, April 2004

    • Schnitzler, Jörg-Peter; Graus, Martin; Kreuzwieser, Jürgen
    • Plant Physiology, Vol. 135, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1104/pp.103.037374

    13 C Labeling Reveals Chloroplastic and Extrachloroplastic Pools of Dimethylallyl Pyrophosphate and Their Contribution to Isoprene Formation
    journal, July 2004

    • Loreto, Francesco; Pinelli, Paola; Brancaleoni, Enzo
    • Plant Physiology, Vol. 135, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1104/pp.104.039537

    Temperature Response of Isoprene Emission in Vivo Reflects a Combined Effect of Substrate Limitations and Isoprene Synthase Activity: A Kinetic Analysis
    journal, September 2010

    • Rasulov, Bahtijor; Hüve, Katja; Bichele, Irina
    • Plant Physiology, Vol. 154, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1104/pp.110.162081

    Increased Thermostability of Thylakoid Membranes in Isoprene-Emitting Leaves Probed with Three Biophysical Techniques
    journal, August 2011

    • Velikova, Violeta; Várkonyi, Zsuzsanna; Szabó, Milán
    • Plant Physiology, Vol. 157, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1104/pp.111.182519

    Dynamic Balancing of Isoprene Carbon Sources Reflects Photosynthetic and Photorespiratory Responses to Temperature Stress
    journal, October 2014

    • Jardine, Kolby; Chambers, Jeffrey; Alves, Eliane G.
    • Plant Physiology, Vol. 166, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1104/pp.114.247494

    Emission of Isoprene from Salt-Stressed Eucalyptus globulus Leaves
    journal, August 2000


    Isoprene Increases Thermotolerance of Fosmidomycin-Fed Leaves
    journal, April 2001

    • Sharkey, Thomas D.; Chen, Xiuyin; Yeh, Sansun
    • Plant Physiology, Vol. 125, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1104/pp.125.4.2001

    An Evaluation of the Recycling in Measurements of Photorespiration
    journal, April 1987


    Isoprene Emission from Aspen Leaves: Influence of Environment and Relation to Photosynthesis and Photorespiration
    journal, May 1989


    Relationships among Isoprene Emission Rate, Photosynthesis, and Isoprene Synthase Activity as Influenced by Temperature
    journal, March 1992

    • Monson, Russell K.; Jaeger, Charles H.; Adams, William W.
    • Plant Physiology, Vol. 98, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1104/pp.98.3.1175

    Urgent need for warming experiments in tropical forests
    journal, March 2015

    • Cavaleri, Molly A.; Reed, Sasha C.; Smith, W. Kolby
    • Global Change Biology, Vol. 21, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12860

    Enhanced isoprene emission capacity and altered light responsiveness in aspen grown under elevated atmospheric CO 2 concentration
    journal, August 2012


    Rapid appearance of 13C in biogenic isoprene when 13CO2 is fed to intact leaves
    journal, June 1993


    Stress-induced changes in carbon sources for isoprene production in Populus deltoides
    journal, June 2004


    Photorespiratory and respiratory decarboxylations in leaves of C 3 plants under different CO 2 concentrations and irradiances
    journal, December 2007


    C 3 plants enhance rates of photosynthesis by reassimilating photorespired and respired CO 2 : Intracellular CO
    journal, July 2012


    The Influence of Light and Temperature on Isoprene Emission Rates from Live Oak
    journal, October 1979


    Characterization of an Isoprene Synthase from Leaves of Quercus petraea (Mattuschka) Liebl.
    journal, June 1996


    Emerging concept for the role of photorespiration as an important part of abiotic stress response
    journal, March 2013


    Response of isoprene emission and carbon metabolism to drought in white poplar ( Populus alba ) saplings
    journal, July 2007


    El Niño drought increased canopy turnover in Amazon forests
    journal, March 2018

    • Leitold, Veronika; Morton, Douglas C.; Longo, Marcos
    • New Phytologist, Vol. 219, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1111/nph.15110

    Why only some plants emit isoprene: Phylogeny of isoprene
    journal, October 2012

    • Monson, Russell K.; Jones, Ryan T.; Rosenstiel, Todd N.
    • Plant, Cell & Environment, Vol. 36, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1111/pce.12015

    Is it useful to ask why plants emit isoprene?: Isoprene synthase evolution
    journal, December 2012

    • Sharkey, Thomas D.
    • Plant, Cell & Environment, Vol. 36, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1111/pce.12038

    Modelling metabolic CO 2 evolution - a fresh perspective on respiration : Modelling metabolic CO
    journal, May 2013

    • Sweetlove, Lee J.; Williams, Thomas C. R.; Cheung, C. Y. Maurice
    • Plant, Cell & Environment, Vol. 36, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1111/pce.12105

    Isoprene research - 60 years later, the biology is still enigmatic: Isoprene research
    journal, March 2017

    • Sharkey, Thomas D.; Monson, Russell K.
    • Plant, Cell & Environment, Vol. 40, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1111/pce.12930

    Formation of Secondary Organic Aerosols Through Photooxidation of Isoprene
    journal, February 2004


    Network Analysis of the MVA and MEP Pathways for Isoprenoid Synthesis
    journal, April 2013


    Global Climate Forcing by Criteria Air Pollutants
    journal, November 2012


    The 1-Deoxy-D-Xylulose-5-Phosphate Pathway of Isoprenoid Biosynthesis in Plants
    journal, June 1999


    Contribution of Various Carbon Sources Toward Isoprene Biosynthesis in Poplar Leaves Mediated by Altered Atmospheric CO2 Concentrations
    journal, February 2012


    Internal recycling of respired CO 2 may be important for plant functioning under changing climate regimes
    journal, December 2013

    • Bloemen, Jasper; Anne McGuire, Mary; Aubrey, Doug P.
    • Plant Signaling & Behavior, Vol. 8, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.4161/psb.27530

    Methanol and isoprene emissions from the fast growing tropical pioneer species Vismia guianensis (Aubl.) Pers. (Hypericaceae) in the central Amazon forest
    journal, January 2016

    • Jardine, Kolby J.; Jardine, Angela B.; Souza, Vinicius F.
    • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 16, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.5194/acp-16-6441-2016

    Estimates of global terrestrial isoprene emissions using MEGAN (Model of Emissions of Gases and Aerosols from Nature)
    journal, January 2006

    • Guenther, A.; Karl, T.; Harley, P.
    • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, Vol. 6, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.5194/acpd-6-107-2006

    The emission factor of volatile isoprenoids: stress, acclimation, and developmental responses
    journal, January 2010