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Title: Efficient thermal management of Li-ion batteries with a passive interfacial thermal regulator based on a shape memory alloy [A passive interfacial thermal regulator based on shape memory alloy and its application to battery thermal management]

Abstract

The poor performance of lithium-ion batteries in extreme temperatures is hindering their wider adoption in the energy sector. A fundamental challenge in battery thermal management systems (BTMSs) is that hot and cold environments pose opposite requirements: thermal transmission at high temperature for battery cooling, and thermal isolation at low temperature to retain the batteries’ internally generated heat, leading to an inevitable compromise of either hot or cold performances. Here, we demonstrate a thermal regulator that adjusts its thermal conductance as a function of the temperature, just as desired for the BTMS. Without any external logic control, this thermal regulator increases battery capacity by a factor of 3 at an ambient temperature (Tambient) of -20 °C in comparison to a baseline BTMS that is always thermally conducting, while also limiting the battery temperature rise to 5 °C in a very hot environment (Tambient = 45 °C) to ensure safety. The result expands the usability of lithium-ion batteries in extreme environments and opens up new applications of thermally functional devices.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [3]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Southeast Univ., Nanjing (China)
  3. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1560563
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 2058-7546
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Hao, Menglong, Li, Jian, Park, Saehong, Moura, Scott, and Dames, Chris. Efficient thermal management of Li-ion batteries with a passive interfacial thermal regulator based on a shape memory alloy [A passive interfacial thermal regulator based on shape memory alloy and its application to battery thermal management]. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41560-018-0243-8.
Hao, Menglong, Li, Jian, Park, Saehong, Moura, Scott, & Dames, Chris. Efficient thermal management of Li-ion batteries with a passive interfacial thermal regulator based on a shape memory alloy [A passive interfacial thermal regulator based on shape memory alloy and its application to battery thermal management]. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41560-018-0243-8
Hao, Menglong, Li, Jian, Park, Saehong, Moura, Scott, and Dames, Chris. Mon . "Efficient thermal management of Li-ion batteries with a passive interfacial thermal regulator based on a shape memory alloy [A passive interfacial thermal regulator based on shape memory alloy and its application to battery thermal management]". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41560-018-0243-8. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1560563.
@article{osti_1560563,
title = {Efficient thermal management of Li-ion batteries with a passive interfacial thermal regulator based on a shape memory alloy [A passive interfacial thermal regulator based on shape memory alloy and its application to battery thermal management]},
author = {Hao, Menglong and Li, Jian and Park, Saehong and Moura, Scott and Dames, Chris},
abstractNote = {The poor performance of lithium-ion batteries in extreme temperatures is hindering their wider adoption in the energy sector. A fundamental challenge in battery thermal management systems (BTMSs) is that hot and cold environments pose opposite requirements: thermal transmission at high temperature for battery cooling, and thermal isolation at low temperature to retain the batteries’ internally generated heat, leading to an inevitable compromise of either hot or cold performances. Here, we demonstrate a thermal regulator that adjusts its thermal conductance as a function of the temperature, just as desired for the BTMS. Without any external logic control, this thermal regulator increases battery capacity by a factor of 3 at an ambient temperature (Tambient) of -20 °C in comparison to a baseline BTMS that is always thermally conducting, while also limiting the battery temperature rise to 5 °C in a very hot environment (Tambient = 45 °C) to ensure safety. The result expands the usability of lithium-ion batteries in extreme environments and opens up new applications of thermally functional devices.},
doi = {10.1038/s41560-018-0243-8},
journal = {Nature Energy},
number = 10,
volume = 3,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

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Cited by: 27 works
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