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Title: A Perspective Around Cephalopods and Their Parasites, and Suggestions on How to Increase Knowledge in the Field

Abstract

Although interest in several areas of cephalopod research has emerged over the last decades (e.g., neurobiology, aquaculture, genetics, and welfare), especially following their 2010 inclusion in the EU Directive on the use of animals for experimental purposes, knowledge regarding the parasites of cephalopods is lacking. Cephalopods can be intermediate, paratenic, or definitive hosts to a range of parasites with a wide variety of life cycle strategies. Here, we briefly review the current knowledge in cephalopod parasitological research, summarizing the main parasite groups that affect these animals. We also emphasize some topics that, in our view, should be addressed in future research, including: (i) better understanding of life cycles and transmission pathways of common cephalopod parasites; (ii) improve knowledge of all phases of the life cycle (i.e., paralarvae, juveniles, adults and senescent animals) and on species from polar deep sea regions; (iii) exploration of the potential of using cephalopod-parasite specificity to assess population boundaries of both, hosts and parasites; (iv) risk evaluation of the potential of standard aquacultural practices to result in parasite outbreaks; (v) evaluation and description of the physiological and behavioral effects of parasites on their cephalopod hosts; (vi) standardization of the methods for accurate parasite sampling and identification;more » (vii) implementation of the latest molecular methods to facilitate and enable research in above mentioned areas; (viii) sharing of information and samples among researchers and aquaculturists. In our view, addressing these topics would allow us to better understand complex host-parasite interactions, yield insights into cephalopod life history, and help improve the rearing and welfare of these animals in captivity.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Univ. degli Studi del Sannio, Benevento (Italy); Association for Cephalopod Research, Naples (Italy)
  2. Univ. of South Bohemia, Ceské Budejovice (Czechia); Biology Centre Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Ceské Budejovice (Czechia)
  3. Univ. of South Bohemia, Ceské Budejovice (Czechia); Masaryk Univ., Brno (Czechia)
  4. Univ. degli Studi del Sannio, Benevento (Italy)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1560547
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Frontiers in Physiology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 1664-042X
Publisher:
Frontiers
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; Cephalopoda; parasites; pathogens; diseases; welfare

Citation Formats

Roumbedakis, Katina, Drábková, Marie, Tyml, Tomáš, and di Cristo, Carlo. A Perspective Around Cephalopods and Their Parasites, and Suggestions on How to Increase Knowledge in the Field. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.3389/fphys.2018.01573.
Roumbedakis, Katina, Drábková, Marie, Tyml, Tomáš, & di Cristo, Carlo. A Perspective Around Cephalopods and Their Parasites, and Suggestions on How to Increase Knowledge in the Field. United States. doi:10.3389/fphys.2018.01573.
Roumbedakis, Katina, Drábková, Marie, Tyml, Tomáš, and di Cristo, Carlo. Tue . "A Perspective Around Cephalopods and Their Parasites, and Suggestions on How to Increase Knowledge in the Field". United States. doi:10.3389/fphys.2018.01573. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1560547.
@article{osti_1560547,
title = {A Perspective Around Cephalopods and Their Parasites, and Suggestions on How to Increase Knowledge in the Field},
author = {Roumbedakis, Katina and Drábková, Marie and Tyml, Tomáš and di Cristo, Carlo},
abstractNote = {Although interest in several areas of cephalopod research has emerged over the last decades (e.g., neurobiology, aquaculture, genetics, and welfare), especially following their 2010 inclusion in the EU Directive on the use of animals for experimental purposes, knowledge regarding the parasites of cephalopods is lacking. Cephalopods can be intermediate, paratenic, or definitive hosts to a range of parasites with a wide variety of life cycle strategies. Here, we briefly review the current knowledge in cephalopod parasitological research, summarizing the main parasite groups that affect these animals. We also emphasize some topics that, in our view, should be addressed in future research, including: (i) better understanding of life cycles and transmission pathways of common cephalopod parasites; (ii) improve knowledge of all phases of the life cycle (i.e., paralarvae, juveniles, adults and senescent animals) and on species from polar deep sea regions; (iii) exploration of the potential of using cephalopod-parasite specificity to assess population boundaries of both, hosts and parasites; (iv) risk evaluation of the potential of standard aquacultural practices to result in parasite outbreaks; (v) evaluation and description of the physiological and behavioral effects of parasites on their cephalopod hosts; (vi) standardization of the methods for accurate parasite sampling and identification; (vii) implementation of the latest molecular methods to facilitate and enable research in above mentioned areas; (viii) sharing of information and samples among researchers and aquaculturists. In our view, addressing these topics would allow us to better understand complex host-parasite interactions, yield insights into cephalopod life history, and help improve the rearing and welfare of these animals in captivity.},
doi = {10.3389/fphys.2018.01573},
journal = {Frontiers in Physiology},
number = ,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {11}
}

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