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Title: A new RASS galaxy cluster catalogue with low contamination extending to z ~ 1 in the DES overlap region

Abstract

ABSTRACT We introduce the MARD-Y3 catalogue of between 1086 and 2171 galaxy clusters (52 per cent and 65 per cent new) produced using multicomponent matched filter (MCMF) follow-up in 5000 deg 2 of DES-Y3 optical data of the ~20 000 overlapping ROSAT All-Sky Survey source catalogue (2RXS) X-ray sources. Optical counterparts are determined as peaks in galaxy richness as a function of redshift along the line of sight towards each 2RXS source within a search region informed by an X-ray prior. All peaks are assigned a probability fcont of being a random superposition. The clusters lie at 0.02 < z < 1.1 with more than 100 clusters at z > 0.5. Residual contamination is 2.6 per cent and 9.6 per cent for the cuts adopted here. For each cluster we present the optical centre, redshift, rest frame X-ray luminosity, M 500 mass, coincidence with NWAY infrared sources, and estimators of dynamical state. About 2 per cent of MARD-Y3 clusters have multiple possible counterparts, the photo-z’s are high quality with σ Δz/(1 + z) = 0.0046, and ~1 per cent of clusters exhibit evidence of X-ray luminosity boosting from emission by cluster active galactic nuclei. Comparison with other catalogues (MCXC, RM, SPT-SZ, Planck) is performed to test consistencymore » of richness, luminosity, and mass estimates. We measure the MARD-Y 3 X-ray luminosity function and compare it to the expectation from a fiducial cosmology and externally calibrated luminosity- and richness–mass relations. Agreement is sufficient, providing evidence that MARD-Y 3 has low contamination and can be understood as a simple two step selection – X-ray and then optical – of an underlying cluster population described by the halo mass function.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [6];  [10];  [11];  [12];  [13];  [14];  [15];  [16];  [17];  [18];  [6] more »;  [2];  [9];  [19];  [6];  [13];  [20];  [21];  [13];  [22];  [23];  [11];  [16];  [6];  [24];  [25];  [26];  [27];  [28];  [25];  [29];  [6];  [30];  [16];  [15];  [31];  [11];  [32];  [16];  [33];  [22];  [34];  [17];  [6];  [34];  [13];  [17];  [35];  [5];  [36];  [37];  [38];  [39];  [40];  [7];  [41] « less
  1. Faculty of Physics, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Scheinerstr 1, D-81679 Munich, Germany; Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Giessenbachstrasse, D-85748 Garching, Germany
  2. Faculty of Physics, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Scheinerstr 1, D-81679 Munich, Germany; Excellence Cluster Universe, Boltzmannstr 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany
  3. Faculty of Physics, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Scheinerstr 1, D-81679 Munich, Germany; Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Giessenbachstrasse, D-85748 Garching, Germany; Excellence Cluster Universe, Boltzmannstr 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany
  4. Faculty of Physics, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Scheinerstr 1, D-81679 Munich, Germany
  5. Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Casilla 603, La Serena, Chile
  6. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, P.O. Box 500, Batavia, IL 60510, USA
  7. Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth PO1 3FX, UK
  8. CNRS, UMR 7095, Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, F-75014 Paris, France; Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR 7095, Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, F-75014 Paris, France
  9. Department of Physics & Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
  10. Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT), Madrid, Spain; Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia – LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400, Brazil
  11. Department of Astronomy, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1002 W. Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801, USA; National Center for Supercomputing Applications, 1205 West Clark St., Urbana, IL 61801, USA
  12. Institut de Física d’Altes Energies (IFAE), The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology, Campus UAB, E-08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain
  13. Institut d’Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), E-08034 Barcelona, Spain; Institute of Space Sciences (ICE, CSIC), Campus UAB, Carrer de Can Magrans, s/n, E-08193 Barcelona, Spain
  14. Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics & Cosmology, P.O. Box 2450, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
  15. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
  16. Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia – LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400, Brazil; Observatório Nacional, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400, Brazil
  17. Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT), Madrid, Spain
  18. Department of Physics, IIT Hyderabad, Kandi, Telangana 502285, India
  19. Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA; Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
  20. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, P.O. Box 500, Batavia, IL 60510, USA; Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
  21. Instituto de Fisica Teorica UAM/CSIC, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, E-28049 Madrid, Spain
  22. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Pevensey Building, University of Sussex, Brighton BN1 9QH, UK
  23. Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics & Cosmology, P.O. Box 2450, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Department of Physics, Stanford University, 382 Via Pueblo Mall, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA
  24. Department of Physics & Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK; Department of Physics, ETH Zurich, Wolfgang-Pauli-Strasse 16, CH-8093 Zurich, Switzerland
  25. Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
  26. Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA; Department of Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
  27. Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Giessenbachstrasse, D-85748 Garching, Germany; Universitäts-Sternwarte, Fakultät für Physik, Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München, Scheinerstr 1, D-81679 München, Germany
  28. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
  29. Australian Astronomical Optics, Macquarie University, North Ryde, NSW 2113, Australia
  30. Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia – LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400, Brazil; Departamento de Física Matemática, Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo, CP 66318, São Paulo, SP 05314-970, Brazil
  31. George P. and Cynthia Woods Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy, and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
  32. Institut de Física d’Altes Energies (IFAE), The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology, Campus UAB, E-08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain; Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats, E-08010 Barcelona, Spain
  33. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Dr., Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
  34. SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA
  35. School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
  36. Physics Department, Brandeis University, 415 South Street, Waltham, MA 02453, USA
  37. Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia – LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400, Brazil; Instituto de Física Gleb Wataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, 13083-859 Campinas, SP, Brazil
  38. Computer Science and Mathematics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA
  39. National Center for Supercomputing Applications, 1205 West Clark St., Urbana, IL 61801, USA
  40. Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
  41. Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Lemont, IL 60439, USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) (SC-21); USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Org.:
DES Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1560448
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1504476; OSTI ID: 1542503
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1812.09956; FERMILAB-PUB-18-674
Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 488; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Royal Astronomical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; galaxies: clusters: general; galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium; galaxies: distances and redshifts

Citation Formats

Klein, M., Grandis, S., Mohr, J. J., Paulus, M., Abbott, T. M. C., Annis, J., Avila, S., Bertin, E., Brooks, D., Buckley-Geer, E., Rosell, A. Carnero, Kind, M. Carrasco, Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Cunha, C. E., D’Andrea, C. B., da Costa, L. N., De Vicente, J., Desai, S., Diehl, H. T., Dietrich, J. P., Doel, P., Evrard, A. E., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., Frieman, J., García-Bellido, J., Gaztanaga, E., Giles, P. A., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gutierrez, G., Hartley, W. G., Hollowood, D. L., Honscheid, K., Hoyle, B., James, D. J., Jeltema, T., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Lima, M., Maia, M. A. G., March, M., Marshall, J. L., Menanteau, F., Miquel, R., Ogando, R. L. C., Plazas, A. A., Romer, A. K., Roodman, A., Sanchez, E., Scarpine, V., Schindler, R., Serrano, S., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Smith, M., Smith, R. C., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Suchyta, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., and Vikram, V. A new RASS galaxy cluster catalogue with low contamination extending to z ~ 1 in the DES overlap region. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz1463.
Klein, M., Grandis, S., Mohr, J. J., Paulus, M., Abbott, T. M. C., Annis, J., Avila, S., Bertin, E., Brooks, D., Buckley-Geer, E., Rosell, A. Carnero, Kind, M. Carrasco, Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Cunha, C. E., D’Andrea, C. B., da Costa, L. N., De Vicente, J., Desai, S., Diehl, H. T., Dietrich, J. P., Doel, P., Evrard, A. E., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., Frieman, J., García-Bellido, J., Gaztanaga, E., Giles, P. A., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gutierrez, G., Hartley, W. G., Hollowood, D. L., Honscheid, K., Hoyle, B., James, D. J., Jeltema, T., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Lima, M., Maia, M. A. G., March, M., Marshall, J. L., Menanteau, F., Miquel, R., Ogando, R. L. C., Plazas, A. A., Romer, A. K., Roodman, A., Sanchez, E., Scarpine, V., Schindler, R., Serrano, S., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Smith, M., Smith, R. C., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Suchyta, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., & Vikram, V. A new RASS galaxy cluster catalogue with low contamination extending to z ~ 1 in the DES overlap region. United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz1463.
Klein, M., Grandis, S., Mohr, J. J., Paulus, M., Abbott, T. M. C., Annis, J., Avila, S., Bertin, E., Brooks, D., Buckley-Geer, E., Rosell, A. Carnero, Kind, M. Carrasco, Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Cunha, C. E., D’Andrea, C. B., da Costa, L. N., De Vicente, J., Desai, S., Diehl, H. T., Dietrich, J. P., Doel, P., Evrard, A. E., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., Frieman, J., García-Bellido, J., Gaztanaga, E., Giles, P. A., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gutierrez, G., Hartley, W. G., Hollowood, D. L., Honscheid, K., Hoyle, B., James, D. J., Jeltema, T., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Lima, M., Maia, M. A. G., March, M., Marshall, J. L., Menanteau, F., Miquel, R., Ogando, R. L. C., Plazas, A. A., Romer, A. K., Roodman, A., Sanchez, E., Scarpine, V., Schindler, R., Serrano, S., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Smith, M., Smith, R. C., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Suchyta, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., and Vikram, V. Wed . "A new RASS galaxy cluster catalogue with low contamination extending to z ~ 1 in the DES overlap region". United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz1463.
@article{osti_1560448,
title = {A new RASS galaxy cluster catalogue with low contamination extending to z ~ 1 in the DES overlap region},
author = {Klein, M. and Grandis, S. and Mohr, J. J. and Paulus, M. and Abbott, T. M. C. and Annis, J. and Avila, S. and Bertin, E. and Brooks, D. and Buckley-Geer, E. and Rosell, A. Carnero and Kind, M. Carrasco and Carretero, J. and Castander, F. J. and Cunha, C. E. and D’Andrea, C. B. and da Costa, L. N. and De Vicente, J. and Desai, S. and Diehl, H. T. and Dietrich, J. P. and Doel, P. and Evrard, A. E. and Flaugher, B. and Fosalba, P. and Frieman, J. and García-Bellido, J. and Gaztanaga, E. and Giles, P. A. and Gruen, D. and Gruendl, R. A. and Gschwend, J. and Gutierrez, G. and Hartley, W. G. and Hollowood, D. L. and Honscheid, K. and Hoyle, B. and James, D. J. and Jeltema, T. and Kuehn, K. and Kuropatkin, N. and Lima, M. and Maia, M. A. G. and March, M. and Marshall, J. L. and Menanteau, F. and Miquel, R. and Ogando, R. L. C. and Plazas, A. A. and Romer, A. K. and Roodman, A. and Sanchez, E. and Scarpine, V. and Schindler, R. and Serrano, S. and Sevilla-Noarbe, I. and Smith, M. and Smith, R. C. and Soares-Santos, M. and Sobreira, F. and Suchyta, E. and Swanson, M. E. C. and Tarle, G. and Thomas, D. and Vikram, V.},
abstractNote = {ABSTRACT We introduce the MARD-Y3 catalogue of between 1086 and 2171 galaxy clusters (52 per cent and 65 per cent new) produced using multicomponent matched filter (MCMF) follow-up in 5000 deg2 of DES-Y3 optical data of the ~20 000 overlapping ROSAT All-Sky Survey source catalogue (2RXS) X-ray sources. Optical counterparts are determined as peaks in galaxy richness as a function of redshift along the line of sight towards each 2RXS source within a search region informed by an X-ray prior. All peaks are assigned a probability fcont of being a random superposition. The clusters lie at 0.02 < z < 1.1 with more than 100 clusters at z > 0.5. Residual contamination is 2.6 per cent and 9.6 per cent for the cuts adopted here. For each cluster we present the optical centre, redshift, rest frame X-ray luminosity, M500 mass, coincidence with NWAY infrared sources, and estimators of dynamical state. About 2 per cent of MARD-Y3 clusters have multiple possible counterparts, the photo-z’s are high quality with σΔz/(1 + z) = 0.0046, and ~1 per cent of clusters exhibit evidence of X-ray luminosity boosting from emission by cluster active galactic nuclei. Comparison with other catalogues (MCXC, RM, SPT-SZ, Planck) is performed to test consistency of richness, luminosity, and mass estimates. We measure the MARD-Y3 X-ray luminosity function and compare it to the expectation from a fiducial cosmology and externally calibrated luminosity- and richness–mass relations. Agreement is sufficient, providing evidence that MARD-Y3 has low contamination and can be understood as a simple two step selection – X-ray and then optical – of an underlying cluster population described by the halo mass function.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stz1463},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = 1,
volume = 488,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

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Planck 2015 results : XXVII. The second
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MASS CALIBRATION AND COSMOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF THE SPT-SZ GALAXY CLUSTER SAMPLE USING VELOCITY DISPERSION σ v AND X-RAY Y X MEASUREMENTS
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Dark Energy Survey Year 1 results: weak lensing mass calibration of redMaPPer galaxy clusters
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Testing for X-Ray–SZ Differences and Redshift Evolution in the X-Ray Morphology of Galaxy Clusters
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The dynamical state of galaxy groups and their luminosity content: Group dynamics and luminosity content
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The XXL Survey: XXXV. The role of cluster mass in AGN activity★
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The ROSAT-ESO Flux Limited X-ray (REFLEX) Galaxy cluster survey: V. The cluster catalogue
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